Metacritic is a website that aggregates reviews of media products:
films, TV shows, music albums, video games, and formerly, books. For
each product, the scores from each review are averaged (a weighted
Metacritic was created by Jason Dietz, Marc
Doyle, and Julie Doyle Roberts in 1999. The site provides an excerpt
from each review and hyperlinks to its source. A color of green,
yellow or red summarizes the critics' recommendations. It has been
described as the video game industry's "premier" review
Metacritic's scoring converts each review into a percentage, either
mathematically from the mark given, or which the site decides
subjectively from a qualitative review. Before being averaged, the
scores are weighted according to the critic's fame, stature, and
volume of reviews.
3 Video games
5 See also
7 External links
Metacritic was launched in January 2001 by Marc Doyle, his
sister Julie Doyle Roberts, and a classmate from the University of
Southern California law school, Jason Dietz, after two years of
developing the site.
Rotten Tomatoes was already compiling movie
reviews, but Doyle, Roberts and Dietz saw an opportunity to cover a
broader range of media. They sold
Metacritic were later acquired by the CBS
In August 2010, the website's appearance was revamped. In
June 2018, the website introduced the 'Metacritic: Must-See' label for
films that attain scores of 81% or more, with at least 15 professional
reviews for the given film. In September 2018, it added the
'Metacritic: Must-Play' certification for video games attaining a
score of 90% or more, and a minimum number of 15 reviews from industry
Scores are weighted averages. Certain publications are given more
significance "because of their stature".
said that it will not reveal the relative weight assigned to each
Games Editor Marc Doyle was interviewed by Keith Stuart of The
Guardian to "get a look behind the metascoring process". Stuart wrote:
"The metascore phenomenon, namely
Metacritic and GameRankings, have
become an enormously important element of online games journalism over
the past few years". Doyle said that because video games
lead to a greater investment of time and money, gamers are more
informed about reviews than are fans of film or music; they want to
know "whether that hotly anticipated title is going to
The rating indication of metascores is:
Generally favorable reviews
Mixed or average reviews
Generally unfavorable reviews
Metacritic is regarded as the foremost online review aggregation site
for the video game industry.
Nick Wingfield of
The Wall Street Journal
The Wall Street Journal has written that Metacritic
"influence[s] the sales of games and the stocks of video game
publishers". He explains its influence as coming from the higher cost
of buying video games than music or movie tickets. Many
executives say that low scores "can hurt the long-term sales
potential". Wingfield wrote that
Wall Street pays attention
GameRankings because the sites typically post scores
before sales data are publicly available, citing the respective rapid
rise and fall in company values after
BioShock and Spider-Man 3 were
In an interview with The Guardian, Marc Doyle cited "two major
publishers" that "conducted comprehensive statistical surveys through
which they've been able to draw a correlation between high metascores
and stronger sales" in certain genres. He claimed that an
increasing number of businesses and financial analysts use Metacritic
as "an early indicator of a game's potential sales and, by extension,
the publisher's stock price".
In 2004, Jason Hall and Marcus Johnson of
Warner Bros. began
"including 'quality metrics' in contracts with partners licensing its
movies for games": if a product does not at least achieve a specific
score, some deals require the publisher to pay higher
Microsoft began using
Metacritic averages to de-list
Xbox Live Arcade
Xbox Live Arcade games.
A study done in 2015 over 88
Xbox 360 and 80
PS3 games from 2012 found
that "metacritic scores have no impact in determining actual
Some game reviewers take issue with the way
Metacritic assigns scores.
When a reviewer gives a rating of "A",
Metacritic assigns it a value
of 100, and for "F" a value of zero; some[who?] think a score
of 50 would be more appropriate. For a "B–", Metacritic
assigns a value of 67, yet some publishers, developers, and
websurfers[who?] believe it should be closer to 80, in line
with the conversion often used in the US education system.
Joe Dodson, former editor at Game Revolution, criticized Metacritic
and similar sites for turning reviews into scores that are too
low. However, Doyle responded: "I feel that ANY scale
simply needs to be converted directly with its lowest possible grade
equating to 0, and the highest to 100".
Doyle said that some publishers want him to include extra critics, and
exclude others, usually because they have given a poor review. Another
common complaint from US publishers is that British critics should not
be reviewing games that are based on American sports like the NFL,
NASCAR, or the NBA. Doyle said: "Conversely, many European publishers
feel that American critics are not qualified or properly situated to
review football, rally, F1, cricket, and rugby games...once I've
decided to track a publication, I cannot pick and choose which reviews
I list on
Metacritic based on such individual judgments".
Publishers often try to persuade Doyle to exclude reviews they feel
are unfair, but he said that once a publication is included, he
refuses to omit any of its reviews. A Washington Post
Uncharted 4 was assigned with a rating of 40/100 by
Metacritic; this was the only "negative" review of the
game. Gamers who did not like the review petitioned
Metacritic to remove the Post as a trusted source.
As a result of its perceived negative influence on the industry,
several reviewing sites, including
Kotaku and Eurogamer, have dropped
numerical reviews that would appear in Metacritic, instead favoring a
qualitative assessment of a game.
Metacritic has been criticized for how it handles banning users and
their reviews, with no notice or formal process for
appeal. Critics and developers have pointed out the
website's lack of personal management along with its automatic
systems, since a video game can be review bombed with low ratings to
damage its reputation. In the same respect, a game can be given
multiple 10 ratings by throwaway accounts to make it appear more
popular than it actually is. Signal Studios president and creative
director Douglas Albright described the website as having "no
This section needs expansion with: more details. You can help by
adding to it. (March 2019)
Metacritic lists over 9,000 films ranked by aggregate score on a
Marcus rating scale.
Internet Movie Database (IMDb)
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^ "How We Create the Metascore Magic". Archived from the original on
2015-09-28. Retrieved 2013-10-28.
^ a b "OpenCritic's Gamer-Centric Style Is Everything Metacritic
Should Have Been".
^ a b Mike Rose. "Gamasutra -
Metacritic is here to stay, but can we
^ "Metacritic: The History", Metacritic.com
^ a b c d e f g h i Nick Wingfield (2007-09-20). "High Scores Matter
To Game Makers, Too". The
Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 2008-02-15.
^ "Columbia Journalism Review - CJR's guide to what the major media
companies own". Retrieved 2011-11-28.
^ "Welcome to the New Metacritic". Metacritic.
CBS Corporation. 2010.
^ "New on Metacritic: Must-See Movies".
CBS Corporation. Retrieved
^ "New on Metacritic: Must-Play Games".
CBS Corporation. Retrieved
^ "Frequently Asked Questions". Metacritic. Retrieved 2015-07-29.
^ a b c d e f g Keith Stuart (2008-01-17). "Interview: the science and
art of Metacritic". The Guardian. Retrieved 2008-02-15.
^ "How We Create the Metascore Magic". Metacritic.
Inc. Archived from the original on 2015-09-28. Retrieved 2012-05-13.
^ Chris Remo (2008-05-22). "
Microsoft To Delist Low-Ranking XBLA
Titles, Raise Size Limit". GamaSutra. Retrieved 2008-05-22.
^ Joe Keiser (2008-05-22). "EXCLUSIVE INTERVIEW: MS to Delist XBLA
Titles". Next Generation. Archived from the original on January 24,
2012. Retrieved 2008-05-29.
^ Khan, Imad (2015-12-11). "Do
Metacritic scores affect game sales?".
The Daily Dot.
^ "Uncharted 4: A Thief's End for Playstation 4 Reviews". Metacritic.
Retrieved August 6, 2018.
^ Schreier, Jason (May 16, 2016). "Reviewer Targeted For Giving
Uncharted 4 Negative Review". Kotaku. Retrieved May 16, 2016.
^ Tolito, Stephan (2012-01-30). "How We Will Review Games". Kotaku.
^ Welsh, Oli (2015-02-10). "
Eurogamer has dropped review scores".
Eurogamer. Retrieved 2015-02-10.
Metacritic Bans "Bombing" Users – Bans several users only after a
request by developers". Retrieved 2011-09-23.
Metacritic criticized by company president – Exclaims site
without standards". Retrieved 2011-09-22.
^ "Best Movies of All Time". Metacritic.
Wikidata has the property:
Metacritic ID (P1712) (see uses)
"How We Create the Metascore Magic"
Joseph Ianniello, Acting President and Chief Executive Officer
David R. Andelman
Joseph A. Califano Jr.
William S. Cohen
Charles K. Gifford
Bruce S. Gordon
Broadcast TV assets
The CW (co-owned with Warner Bros.)
Decades (co-owned with Weigel Broadcasting)
CBS Broadcast Center
CBS Studio Center
Ed Sullivan Theater
CBS Television Studios
CBS Television Distribution
Big Ticket Entertainment
CBS Television Stations CBS/DEC O&O
CBS Sports Network
AXS TV (minority stake)
CBS Studios International
Ten Network Holdings
CBS All Access
CBS Sports HQ
Simon & Schuster
Atria Publishing Group
Gallery Publishing Group
Simon & Schuster
Simon & Schuster Audio Publishing
Simon & Schuster Children’s Publishing
CBS News Radio
CBS Sports Radio
CBS Consumer Products
CBS Home Entertainment
CBS Sports HQ
CBS Paramount Domestic Television
CBS Paramount Network Television
Paramount Stations Group
CBS Television City
Westinghouse Electric Corporation
Gulf and Western Industries
vteVideo game journalismReview aggregators
Video game magazines
Electronic Gaming Monthly
US (Ziff Davis)
US (Future Publ.)
Official Xbox Magazine
Video game websites
Rock, Paper, Shotgun
Film websitesBox office
Box Office Mojo
News and magazines
Our Culture Mag
Têtes à claques
Video digital distribution platforms