Metacritic is a website that aggregates reviews of media products:
music albums, video games, films, TV shows, and formerly, books. For
each product, the scores from each review are averaged (a weighted
Metacritic was created by Jason Dietz, Marc Doyle, and
Julie Doyle Roberts in 1999. The site provides an excerpt from each
review and hyperlinks to its source. A color of green, yellow or red
summarizes the critics' recommendations. It has been described as the
video game industry's "premier" review aggregator.
Metacritic's scoring converts each review into a percentage, either
mathematically from the mark given, or which the site decides
subjectively from a qualitative review. Before being averaged, the
scores are weighted according to the critic's fame, stature, and
volume of reviews.
3 Video games
5 Critic weights
6 See also
8 External links
Metacritic was launched in January 2001 by Marc Doyle, his sister
Julie Doyle Roberts, and a classmate from the University of Southern
California law school, Jason Dietz, after two years of developing the
Rotten Tomatoes was already compiling movie reviews, but Doyle,
Roberts and Dietz saw an opportunity to cover a broader range of
media. They sold
CNET in 2005.
CNET and Metacritic
are now owned by the
CBS Corporation. Doyle, 36, is now a senior
product manager at
CNET but he also acts as games editor of
Metacritic". Speaking of video games, he said: "A website like ours
helps people cut through...unobjective promotional language". "By
giving consumers, and web users specifically, early information on the
objective quality of a game, not only are they more educated about
their choices, but it forces publishers to demand more from their
developers, license owners to demand more from their licensees, and
eventually, hopefully, the games get better". He added that the review
process is not taken as seriously when unconnected magazines and
websites provide reviews in isolation.
In August 2010, the website's appearance was revamped; reaction from
users was overwhelmingly negative.
Scores are weighted averages. Certain publications are given more
significance "because of their stature".
Games Editor Marc Doyle was interviewed by Keith Stuart of The
Guardian to "get a look behind the metascoring process". Stuart wrote:
"The metascore phenomenon, namely
Metacritic and GameRankings, have
become an enormously important element of online games journalism over
the past few years". Doyle said that because video games lead to a
greater investment of time and money, gamers are more informed about
reviews than are fans of film or music; they want to know "whether
that hotly anticipated title is going to deliver".
The rating scale of metascores is:
Generally favorable reviews
Mixed or average reviews
Generally unfavorable reviews
Metacritic is regarded as the foremost online review aggregation site
for the video game industry.
Nick Wingfield of
The Wall Street Journal
The Wall Street Journal has written that Metacritic
"influence[s] the sales of games and the stocks of video game
publishers". He explains its influence as coming from the higher cost
of buying video games than music or movie tickets. Many executives
say that low scores "can hurt the long-term sales potential".
Wingfield wrote that
Wall Street pays attention to
GameRankings because the sites typically post scores before sales data
are publicly available, citing the respective rapid rise and fall in
company values after
BioShock and Spider-Man 3 were released.
In an interview with The Guardian, Marc Doyle cited "two major
publishers" that "conducted comprehensive statistical surveys through
which they've been able to draw a correlation between high metascores
and stronger sales" in certain genres. He claimed that an
increasing number of businesses and financial analysts use Metacritic
as "an early indicator of a game's potential sales and, by extension,
the publisher's stock price".
In 2004, Jason Hall and Marcus Johnson of
Warner Bros. began
"including 'quality metrics' in contracts with partners licensing its
movies for games": if a product does not at least achieve a specific
score, some deals require the publisher to pay higher royalties.
Microsoft began using
Metacritic averages to de-list
Xbox Live Arcade
Xbox Live Arcade games.
Some game reviewers take issue with the way
Metacritic assigns scores.
When a reviewer gives a rating of "A",
Metacritic assigns it a value
of 100, and for "F" a value of zero; some think a score of 50 would be
more appropriate. For a "B–",
Metacritic assigns a value of 67,
yet some publishers, developers and websurfers believe it should be
closer to 80, in line with the conversion often used in the US
education system. Joe Dodson, former editor at Game Revolution,
Metacritic and similar sites for turning reviews into
scores that are too low. However, Doyle responded: "I feel that ANY
scale simply needs to be converted directly with its lowest possible
grade equating to 0, and the highest to 100".
Doyle said that some publishers want him to include extra critics, and
exclude others, usually because they have given a poor review. Another
common complaint from US publishers is that British critics should not
be reviewing games that are based on American sports like the NFL,
NASCAR, or the NBA. Doyle said: "Conversely, many European publishers
feel that American critics are not qualified or properly situated to
review football, rally, F1, cricket and rugby games...once I've
decided to track a publication, I cannot pick and choose which reviews
I list on
Metacritic based on such individual judgments".
Publishers often tried to persuade Doyle to exclude reviews they feel
are unfair, but he said that once a publication is included, he
refuses to omit any of its reviews. A
Washington Post review of
Uncharted 4 was assigned with a rating of 40% by Metacritic; this was
the only "negative" review of the game. Gamers who did not like the
Metacritic to remove the Post as a trusted
As a result of its perceived negative influence on the industry,
several reviewing sites, including
Kotaku and Eurogamer, have dropped
numerical reviews that would appear in Metacritic, instead favoring a
qualitative assessment of a game.
Metacritic has been criticised for how it handles banning users and
their reviews, with no notice or formal process for appeal, and
users have complained to the
Better Business Bureau
Better Business Bureau about the
difficulty of contacting the company. Critics and developers have
pointed out the website's lack of personal management along with its
automatic systems, since a video game can be review bombed with low
ratings to damage its reputation. In the same respect, a game can be
given multiple 10 ratings by throwaway accounts to make it appear more
popular than it actually is. Signal Studios president and creative
director Douglas Albright described the website as having "no
Metacritic lists over 9,000 films ranked by aggregate score on a
Marcus rating scale.
Metacritic has said that it will not reveal the relative weight
assigned to each reviewer.
Internet Movie Database (IMDb)
^ "metacritic.com Traffic Statistics". Alexa Internet. Retrieved
December 28, 2017.
^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-09-28. Retrieved
^ a b "OpenCritic's Gamer-Centric Style Is Everything Metacritic
Should Have Been".
^ a b Mike Rose. "Gamasutra -
Metacritic is here to stay, but can we
^ "Metacritic: The History", Metacritic.com
^ a b c d e f g h i j Nick Wingfield (2007-09-20). "High Scores Matter
To Game Makers, Too". The
Wall Street Journal. Retrieved
^ "Columbia Journalism Review - CJR's guide to what the major media
companies own". Retrieved 2011-11-28.
^ a b c d e f g h Keith Stuart (2008-01-17). "Interview: the science
and art of Metacritic". The Guardian. Retrieved 2008-02-15.
^ "Give Us Your Feedback!". Metacritic.
CBS Corporation. 2010.
^ "Welcome to the New Metacritic". Metacritic.
CBS Corporation. 2010.
^ "How We Create the Metascore Magic". Metacritic.
Inc. Archived from the original on 2015-09-28. Retrieved
^ Chris Remo (2008-05-22). "
Microsoft To Delist Low-Ranking XBLA
Titles, Raise Size Limit". GamaSutra. Retrieved 2008-05-22.
^ Joe Keiser (2008-05-22). "EXCLUSIVE INTERVIEW: MS to Delist XBLA
Titles". Next Generation. Archived from the original on January 24,
2012. Retrieved 2008-05-29.
^ Schreier, Jason (May 16, 2016). "Reviewer Targeted For Giving
Uncharted 4 Negative Review". Kotaku. Retrieved May 16, 2016.
^ Tolito, Stephan (2012-01-30). "How We Will Review Games". Kotaku.
^ Welsh, Oli (2015-02-10). "
Eurogamer has dropped review scores".
Eurogamer. Retrieved 2015-02-10.
Metacritic Bans "Bombing" Users – Bans several users only after a
request by developers". Retrieved 2011-09-23.
^ "Publicly available BBB complaints – Describes as a majority to
have issues with
CBS refusing contact". Retrieved 2014-03-01.
Metacritic criticized by company president – Exclaims site
without standards". Retrieved 2011-09-22.
^ "Best Movies of All Time". Metacritic.
^ "Frequently Asked Questions". Metacritic. Retrieved
Wikidata has the property:
Metacritic ID (P1712) (see talk; uses)
"How We Create the Metascore Magic"
David R. Andelman
Joseph A. Califano Jr.
William S. Cohen
Charles K. Gifford
Bruce S. Gordon
Broadcast TV assets
The CW (co-owned with Warner Bros.)
Decades (co-owned with Weigel Broadcasting)
CBS Broadcast Center
CBS Studio Center
CBS Television City
Ed Sullivan Theater
CBS Television Studios
CBS Television Distribution
Big Ticket Entertainment
CBS Television Stations
CBS Sports Network
Pop (50% with Lionsgate)
AXS TV (minority stake)
CBS Studios International
CBS All Access
CBS Sports HQ
Simon & Schuster
Atria Publishing Group
Gallery Publishing Group
Simon & Schuster
Simon & Schuster Audio Publishing
Simon & Schuster Children’s Publishing
CBS News Radio
CBS Sports Radio
CBS Consumer Products
CBS Home Entertainment
CBS Sports HQ
CBS Paramount Domestic Television
CBS Paramount Network Television
Paramount Stations Group
Westinghouse Electric Corporation
Gulf and Western Industries
Video game journalism
Video game magazines
Electronic Gaming Monthly
US (Ziff Davis)
US (Future Publ.)
Official Xbox Magazine
Video game websites
Rock, Paper, Shotgun