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The Info List - Merionethshire


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MERIONETHSHIRE or MERIONETH (Welsh : Meirionnydd or Sir Feirionnydd) is one of thirteen historic counties of Wales
Wales
, a vice county and a former administrative county.

CONTENTS

* 1 Name * 2 Geography

* 3 History

* 3.1 Administration

* 4 Main towns * 5 Places of special interest (with grid reference) * 6 See also * 7 References

NAME

The spelling of the Welsh name in standard modern orthography is Meirionnydd (for the geographical area) or Sir Feirionnydd (for the county), with a double , but the variant with a single is sometimes found in older works.

GEOGRAPHY

Merionethshire
Merionethshire
is a maritime county, bounded to the north by Caernarfonshire , to the east by Denbighshire
Denbighshire
, to the south by Montgomeryshire and Cardiganshire , and to the west by Cardigan Bay . With a total area of 1,731 km² (668 sq miles), it is one of the more sparsely populated counties in Great Britain
Great Britain
.

The Merioneth area remains one of the strongest Welsh-speaking parts of Wales
Wales
. The coastline consists alternately of cliffs and stretches of sand and the area generally is the most mountainous in Wales; a large part of the Snowdonia National Park lies within it. The greatest heights are Aran Fawddwy
Aran Fawddwy
905 m (2,970 ft) and Cadair Idris 893 m (2,929 ft). The chief rivers are the Dwyryd , the Mawddach and the Dyfi . Waterfalls and small lakes are numerous, the largest being Bala Lake (4 miles long and 1-mile (1.6 km) broad).

HISTORY

The county was formed in 1284 under the terms of the Statute of Rhuddlan from the Cantrefi of:

* Meirionnydd * Dunoding (but only the larger Ardudwy commote ) * Penllyn and the Lordship of Dinmael

Merioneth was an important part of the Welsh slate industry in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, with major quarrying centres at Blaenau Ffestiniog
Blaenau Ffestiniog
in the north of the county and Corris in the south.

ADMINISTRATION

An administrative county of Merioneth was created under the Local Government Act 1888 on 1 April 1889. The first election to the new authority was held in January 1889. The county was abolished under the Local Government Act 1972
Local Government Act 1972
on 1 April 1974. The bulk formed the Meirionnydd district of Gwynedd
Gwynedd
, with a small area in the north east, Edeirnion Rural District , becoming part of the Glyndŵr district of Clwyd .

As a result of the Local Government (Wales) Act 1994 , which came into force on 1 April 1996, the Glyndŵr area was made a part of the new Denbighshire
Denbighshire
principal area, with the rest forming a new Caernarfonshire and Merionethshire
Merionethshire
principal area. The latter area was, however, renamed Gwynedd
Gwynedd
almost immediately.

MAIN TOWNS

The main towns are

* Dolgellau
Dolgellau
(former county town, and administrative centre) * Aberdyfi
Aberdyfi
* Bala * Barmouth
Barmouth
* Blaenau Ffestiniog
Blaenau Ffestiniog
* Corwen * Ffestiniog * Harlech * Tywyn
Tywyn

The main industries today are agriculture, forestry and tourism.

PLACES OF SPECIAL INTEREST (WITH GRID REFERENCE)

* Cadair Idris (SH711130) * Castell y Bere (SH667085) * Cymer Abbey
Cymer Abbey
(SH721195) * Harlech Castle (SH5731) * Portmeirion
Portmeirion
Italianate village (SH589372) * Rhug Chapel (SJ063439) * Tomen-y-mur Roman Fort (SH7038) * Ffestiniog Railway (SH6946) * Corris Railway (SH7507) * Talyllyn Railway (SH5800) * Fairbourne Railway (SH6112)

SEE ALSO

* List of Lord Lieutenants of Merioneth * List of Custodes Rotulorum of Merioneth * List of Sheriffs of Merioneth * List of MPs for Merioneth

REFERENCES

* ^ Vision of Britain - 1831 Census * ^ Double 'nn' is found in the title of a number of Welsh-language books, e.g. Crwydro Meirionnydd, a companion to the area by T. I. Ellis (Llandybie, 1954), and the county atlas published by the old county council (Atlas Merionnydd, Y Bala, 1972). * ^ For the single 'n' variant see, for example, Melville Richards, Welsh Administrative and Territorial Units. University of Wales
Wales
Press, Cardiff 1969. * ^ "Merioneth County Council Elections". Cambrian News. 25 January 1889. p. 8. Retrieved 8 July 2015. * ^ "The County of Gwynedd
Gwynedd
(Electoral Changes) Order 2002, Welsh Statutory Instrument 2002 No. 3274 (W.312)". Office of Public Sector Information. 2002. Retrieved 2008-07-27.

* v * t * e

Historic counties of Wales

* Anglesey
Anglesey
* Brecknockshire
Brecknockshire
* Caernarfonshire * Cardiganshire * Carmarthenshire
Carmarthenshire
* Denbighshire
Denbighshire
* Flintshire * Glamorganshire * Merionethshire * Monmouthshire * Montgomeryshire * Pembrokeshire
Pembrokeshire
* Radnorshire
Radnorshire

Coordinates : 52°50′N 3°50′W / 52.833°N 3.833°W

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