A memoir (US: /ˈmemwɑːr/; from French: mémoire: memoria, meaning memory or reminiscence) is a collection of memories that an individual writes about moments or events, both public or private, that took place in the subject's/person’s life. The assertions made in the work are understood to be factual. While memoir has historically been defined as a subcategory of biography or autobiography since the late 20th century, the genre is differentiated in form, presenting a narrowed focus. A biography or autobiography tells the story "of a life", while a memoir often tells a story "from a life", such as touchstone events and turning points from the author's life. The author of a memoir may be referred to as a memoirist or a memorialist.
1 Early memoirs 2 From the eighteenth century 3 Memoirs today 4 Collections 5 Academia 6 See also 7 References
Memoirs have been written since the ancient times, as shown by Julius
Caesar's Commentarii de Bello Gallico, also known as Commentaries on
the Gallic Wars. In the work, Caesar describes the battles that took
place during the nine years that he spent fighting local armies in the
Gallic Wars. His second memoir,
Commentarii de Bello Civili
From the eighteenth century
Over the latter half of the 18th through the mid-20th century,
memoirists generally included those who were noted within their chosen
profession. These authors wrote as a way to record and publish their
own account of their public exploits. Authors included politicians or
people in court society and were later joined by military leaders and
businessmen. An exception to these models is Henry David Thoreau's
1854 memoir Walden, which presents his experiences over the course of
two years in a cabin he built near
Memoirs today In the early 1990s, memoirs written by ordinary people experienced a sudden upsurge, as an increasing number of people realized that their ancestors’ and their own stories were about to disappear, in part as a result of the opportunities and distractions of technological advances. At the same time, psychology and other research began to show that familiarity with genealogy helps people find their place in the world and that life review helps people come to terms with their own past. With the advent of inexpensive digital book production in the first decade of the 21st century, the genre exploded. Memoirs written as a way to pass down a personal legacy, rather than as a literary work of art or historical document, are emerging as a personal and family responsibility. The Association of Personal Historians formed in Amherst, Massachusetts, in the early days of the modern memoir, as an international trade association for professionals who assist individuals, families, and organizations in documenting their life stories, preferably in archival formats.  The APH dissolved in 2017.
With the expressed interest of preserving history through the eyes of
those who lived it, some organizations  work with
potential memoirists to bring their work to fruition. The Veterans
History Project, for example, compiles the memoirs of those who have
served in a branch of the
United States Armed Forces
Academia The term 'memoir' has been used in an academic context to describe an essay on a learned subject. Examples include explanatory texts accompanying geologic maps.
See also Association of Personal Historians Diary Fake memoirs Histoire de ma vie Last will and testament References
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^ "memoir". Merriam-Webster.com. Merriam-Webster. July 5, 2015.
^ "memoir". Oxford Dictionaries. Oxford University Press. July 5, 2015.
^ ‹See Tfd›(in French) Viennot, Éliane, Marguerite de Valois et l'écriture de l'histoire, 1574-1614, Études Épistémè, 17, spring 2010.
^ Saintsbury, George (1911). Saint-Simon, Louis de Rouvroy, Duc de, In Chisholm, Hugh. Encyclopædia Britannica, 24 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press, pp. 47, 48.
^ Ledoux, Denis (2006). Turning Memories Into Memoirs: A Handbook for Writing LIfestories. Writer. ISBN 978-0974277349.
^ Henke, Harold (2001). Electronic Books and ePublishing: A Practical Guide for Authors. Springer Science & Business Media. ISBN 978-1852334352. Retrieved 2014-12-12.
^ Balzer, Paula (2011). Writing & Selling Your Memoir: How to Craft Your Life Story So That Somebody Else Will Actually Want to Read It. Writer. ISBN 978-1599631356. Retrieved 2014-12-12.
^ Wright, Chris (2002-01-17). "Ordinary people". The Phoenix. Phoenix Media/Communications Group.
^ " Veterans History Project (Library of Congress)". loc.gov.
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