HOME
The Info List - Medicine Hat


--- Advertisement ---



Medicine Hat
Medicine Hat
is a city in southeast Alberta, Canada
Canada
located along the South Saskatchewan River. It is approximately 169 km (105 mi) east of Lethbridge
Lethbridge
and 295 km (183 mi) southeast of Calgary. This city and the adjacent Town of Redcliff to the northwest are within Cypress County. Medicine Hat
Medicine Hat
was the sixth-largest city in Alberta
Alberta
in 2016 with a population of 63,230. Started as a railroad town, today Medicine Hat
Medicine Hat
is served by the Trans- Canada
Canada
Highway (Highway 1) and the eastern terminus of the Crowsnest Highway
Crowsnest Highway
(Highway 3). Nearby communities considered part of the Medicine Hat
Medicine Hat
area include the Town of Redcliff (abutting the city's northwest boundary) and the hamlets of Desert Blume, Dunmore, Irvine, Seven Persons, and Veinerville. The Cypress Hills (including Cypress Hills Interprovincial Park) is a relatively short distance (by car) to the southeast of the city. Historically, Medicine Hat
Medicine Hat
has been known for its large natural gas fields, being immortalized by Rudyard Kipling
Rudyard Kipling
as having "all hell for a basement".[8][9] Because of these reserves, the city is known as "The Gas City".

Contents

1 History

1.1 Name origins and ancient history 1.2 Modern founding 1.3 Progress and growth

2 Geography

2.1 Climate 2.2 2013 Alberta
Alberta
floods 2.3 Neighbourhoods

2.3.1 Housing

3 Demographics 4 Attractions

4.1 Parks

5 Sports 6 Government 7 Infrastructure 8 Education 9 Media 10 Law enforcement 11 Military 12 Notable people 13 See also 14 References 15 External links 16 Further reading

History[edit] Name origins and ancient history[edit] The name "Medicine Hat" is the English translation of Saamis (SA-MUS) – the Blackfoot word for the eagle tail feather headdress worn by medicine men – or "Medicine Hat".[10] Several legends are associated with the name of a mythical mer-man river serpent named Soy-yee-daa-bee – the Creator – who appeared to a hunter and instructed him to sacrifice his wife to get mystical powers which were manifest in a special hat. Another legend tells of a battle long ago between the Blackfoot and the Cree
Cree
in which a retreating Cree "Medicine Man" lost his headdress in the South Saskatchewan River. A number of natural factors have always made Medicine Hat
Medicine Hat
a gathering place. The gently sloping valley with its converging waterways and hardy native cottonwood trees attracted both the migratory bison herds which passed through the area, and humans who used the waterways and hunted the bison. Before Europeans arrived, the historic Blackfoot, Cree
Cree
and Assiniboine
Assiniboine
nations used the area for hundreds of years, but they had been preceded for thousands of years by previous indigenous cultures. Beginning in 1971, archeological excavations supervised by scholars from Medicine Hat College
Medicine Hat College
(MHC) were conducted at what became known as Saamis Archeological Site along Seven Persons
Seven Persons
Creek, near a historic Blackfoot buffalo jump. These revealed numerous artifacts associated with bands of First Nations
First Nations
ancestors, known as the Old Women's Phase to archeologists. They found "quantities of stone tools, fire cracked rock, butchered bone and pottery", marking this as an important spot. Most of the bones were identified as bison. Additional excavations were conducted in 1972 and 1973, and a field school for college students was based there. They "excavated and mapped over 3,200 sq. ft. of living floors and nearly 80 features including hearths and stone boiling pits. Radiocarbon dates indicate the Saamis Site was initially occupied about AD 1500 and again around AD 1750",[11] well before most European contact. Also in this area, further to the west, other MHC students and faculty were part of an excavation in 2000 at what became known as the Hillside Campsite, where two layers of finds were made. The upper layer had artifacts from the Old Women's Phase, but the lower layers were found to be much older, containing Pelican Lake Phase remains that were dated to between 1000 and 1500 BC.[11] Modern founding[edit]

Canadian Pacific Railway
Canadian Pacific Railway
Station (1906)

In 1883, when the Canadian Pacific Railway
Canadian Pacific Railway
(CPR) reached Medicine Hat and crossed the river, European Canadians established a town site. They named it from the First Nations
First Nations
legends. As growth took place, in 1889 Medicine Hat
Medicine Hat
built the first hospital west of Winnipeg. The CPR established this town as a railway divisional point. The frontier settlement was incorporated as a town on October 31, 1898, and as a city on May 9, 1906. Medicine Hat
Medicine Hat
is halfway between Winnipeg
Winnipeg
and Vancouver, British Columbia, on the Pacific Coast. Progress and growth[edit] Rich in natural resources including natural gas, coal, clay, and farmland, the town became industrialized and was known in its early days as "the Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
of the West", referring to the industrial city in western Pennsylvania of the United States. A number of large industries located here, attracted by the cheap and plentiful energy resources. Coal mines, brick works, pottery and glass bottle manufacturing plants, flour mills, etc. became established. With transportation access via the railway and river, the town became a service and trade center for the agriculture and its products, both commodity crops and livestock, of the surrounding area. Between 1909–1914 the town had an economic boom that increased the population to more than 10,000. Little growth occurred between the World Wars. During World War II, one of the largest prisoner-of-war camps (P.O.W.) in Canada
Canada
was established here in the mid-1940s, used primarily to hold German and Italian prisoners. It was not until the 1950s of the post-war period that the town again had commercial growth. In the 21st century, Medicine Hat
Medicine Hat
promotes its quality of life and affordable cost of living, enjoying the savings of a city-owned gas utility and power generation plant. Major industries have included chemical plants, a Goodyear tire and rubber plant, greenhouses, numerous oil and gas related companies, a foundry, I-XL Industries (a brickworks dating from the 1880s),[12] to name a few. Friends of Medalta is a non-profit that has been formed to preserve some of the city's industrial heritage.

Medicine Hat
Medicine Hat
Teepee at night

Medicine Hat
Medicine Hat
Speedway Derby

Geography[edit] The Medicine Hat
Medicine Hat
landscape is dominated by the South Saskatchewan River valley. In addition, the tributaries Seven Persons
Seven Persons
Creek and Ross Creek both flow into the South Saskatchewan River
South Saskatchewan River
within the boundaries of the city. These waterways have cut a dramatic valley landscape with numerous cliffs, and finger coulees throughout the city. Beyond the city and river valley, the land is flat to slightly rolling and is characterized by short-grass vegetation. Located about 40 km (25 mi) to the east at 50°0′38.2″N 110°6′48.3″W / 50.010611°N 110.113417°W / 50.010611; -110.113417 (Badlands Guardian) lies the Badlands Guardian Geological Feature. It is a landscape formation taking the form of a head wearing a feathered headdress. The head is 1,000 ft (300 m) wide. It is in inverse relief, formed by valleys rather than raised ground. Climate[edit] Located in the steppe region known as Palliser's Triangle, Medicine Hat has a semi-arid, continental climate (Köppen climate classification BSk), with cold winters, and warm to hot, dry summers. Frequently, the winter cold is ameliorated by mild and dry Chinook winds blowing from the west, and hot summer daytime temperatures are made more tolerable by low humidity and rapid cooling in the evening hours. As Medicine Hat
Medicine Hat
receives less precipitation annually than most other cities on the Canadian Prairies
Canadian Prairies
and plentiful sunshine (it is widely known as "The sunniest city in Canada"),[13] it is a popular retirement city. Maximum precipitation typically occurs in the late spring and early summer. The highest temperature ever recorded in Medicine Hat
Medicine Hat
was 42.2 °C (108 °F) on July 12, 1886.[13] The coldest temperature ever recorded was −46.1 °C (−51 °F) on February 4, 1887.[13]

Climate data for Medicine Hat
Medicine Hat
Airport, 1981−2010 normals, extremes 1883−present

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high humidex 16.5 20.9 25.4 30.5 37.0 39.0 42.3 41.1 38.4 30.7 22.8 17.2 42.3

Record high °C (°F) 18.3 (64.9) 21.1 (70) 28.9 (84) 35.6 (96.1) 37.2 (99) 41.7 (107.1) 42.2 (108) 41.1 (106) 37.8 (100) 33.9 (93) 24.4 (75.9) 20.0 (68) 42.2 (108)

Average high °C (°F) −2.8 (27) 0.3 (32.5) 6.1 (43) 13.9 (57) 19.3 (66.7) 23.4 (74.1) 27.5 (81.5) 27.0 (80.6) 20.5 (68.9) 13.8 (56.8) 4.0 (39.2) −1.4 (29.5) 12.7 (54.9)

Daily mean °C (°F) −8.4 (16.9) −5.5 (22.1) 0.1 (32.2) 7.0 (44.6) 12.4 (54.3) 16.7 (62.1) 20.0 (68) 19.3 (66.7) 13.2 (55.8) 6.9 (44.4) −1.8 (28.8) −7.0 (19.4) 6.1 (43)

Average low °C (°F) −14.1 (6.6) −11.3 (11.7) −6.0 (21.2) 0.0 (32) 5.4 (41.7) 9.9 (49.8) 12.4 (54.3) 11.6 (52.9) 5.9 (42.6) 0.0 (32) −7.5 (18.5) −12.6 (9.3) −0.5 (31.1)

Record low °C (°F) −46.1 (−51) −46.1 (−51) −38.9 (−38) −26.7 (−16.1) −11.1 (12) −1.1 (30) 1.2 (34.2) −0.6 (30.9) −12.8 (9) −28.7 (−19.7) −37.8 (−36) −45.6 (−50.1) −46.1 (−51)

Record low wind chill −54.2 −50.7 −44.5 −31 −12.6 −2.9 0.0 0.0 −12.8 −37.6 −49.2 −58.9 −58.9

Average precipitation mm (inches) 12.6 (0.496) 7.7 (0.303) 18.5 (0.728) 20.4 (0.803) 43.8 (1.724) 65.4 (2.575) 36.3 (1.429) 34.2 (1.346) 37.4 (1.472) 19.1 (0.752) 15.0 (0.591) 12.1 (0.476) 322.6 (12.701)

Average rainfall mm (inches) 0.6 (0.024) 0.4 (0.016) 5.1 (0.201) 14.4 (0.567) 37.8 (1.488) 65.4 (2.575) 36.3 (1.429) 33.8 (1.331) 35.6 (1.402) 12.3 (0.484) 2.5 (0.098) 0.8 (0.031) 244.8 (9.638)

Average snowfall cm (inches) 14.9 (5.87) 9.2 (3.62) 15.5 (6.1) 6.3 (2.48) 5.6 (2.2) 0.0 (0) 0.0 (0) 0.4 (0.16) 1.7 (0.67) 6.9 (2.72) 14.4 (5.67) 13.3 (5.24) 88.2 (34.72)

Average precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm) 7.7 6.3 8.4 7.3 10.2 10.9 8.3 6.9 7.6 5.8 7.3 7.9 94.7

Average rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm) 0.73 0.52 2.1 5.5 9.8 10.9 8.3 6.9 7.4 4.4 1.8 0.84 59.2

Average snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm) 7.8 6.4 7.0 2.9 1.4 0.0 0.0 0.04 0.46 2.2 6.4 7.7 42.2

Mean monthly sunshine hours 110.0 138.1 174.2 240.3 282.8 303.4 353.5 323.9 221.4 181.5 114.6 98.6 2,544.3

Percent possible sunshine 41.2 48.6 47.4 58.3 59.3 62.5 71.7 72.3 58.3 54.3 42.0 38.9 54.6

Source: Environment Canada[13]

2013 Alberta
Alberta
floods[edit] During the 2013 Alberta
Alberta
floods Medicine Hat, located on the South Saskatchewan River downstream from the confluence of the Bow and Oldman Rivers was hit with significant flooding.[14] The city evacuated 10,000 residents ahead of the flooding, and facilities including the Medicine Hat Arena had begun to flood late Sunday evening, June 23.[15] The South Saskatchewan River
South Saskatchewan River
peaked at 5,460 m3/s (193,000 cu ft/s), which was below earlier predictions of 6,000 m3/s (210,000 cu ft/s),[16] but exceeded the highest recorded rate of 5,100 m3/s (180,000 cu ft/s) in 1995.[17] Neighbourhoods[edit]

This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (June 2014) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

Cottonwood – A community located above the Cottonwood golf course, between the light industrial area and the airport. Overlooks the World's Largest Teepee. Crescent Heights – Mainly built in the 1950s through to the 1960s. Located on the north side of city on the entire hill above the river valley. Crestwood and Norwood – This is an older area of town mainly built in the 1950s. It is located on a plateau southeast of the South Flats and the Seven Person's Creek. The Medicine Hat
Medicine Hat
Stampede and Exhibition centre is within this area. Hamptons - A four-phase neighbourhood approved for development in 2005. It is located in south Medicine Hat, and is bounded by South Boundary Road to the south, 13 Avenue SE to the east, South Vista Heights to the west and Southridge to the north. It features architectural controls implemented by the developer.[18] North Flats – The oldest area in Medicine Hat. Located northeast of the CPR marshalling yards near the South Saskatchewan River
South Saskatchewan River
and downtown. An inner-city neighbourhood that is home to residential and industrial uses. This area is in the east valley. Park Meadows – An area that was developed in the 1990s, adjacent to Crestwood. Primarily residential with several apartments. Parkview – A subdivision developed in the 1990s, and located north of the South Saskatchewan River. It is adjacent to Police Point Park and Medicine Hat
Medicine Hat
Golf and Country Club. Ranchlands – A neighbourhood developed in the mid 2000s and located in the northeast sector of the city. The neighbourhood includes residential lands both above and in the South Saskatchewan River valley. River Heights – Located on the Southwest Hill north of the hospital, and south of the South Saskatchewan River. Includes River Heights Elementary School and an extended care wing, which was originally a part of the hospital. Riverside – A mature inner-city neighbourhood along the north bank of the South Saskatchewan River. The community has experienced gentrification. Mature trees and boulevards line the streets. Ross Glen – Low density middle-class neighbourhood located in the southeast end of the city. Saamis Heights – Located west of South Ridge in the south sector of the city. Saamis Heights was developed in under five years. The community borders the Seven Person's Creek valley and thus provides some walkout view lots. South Flats – Located south of the CPR marshalling yard, also in the valley, and adjacent to downtown. South Ridge – The first residential development south of the Trans- Canada
Canada
Highway. First developed in the late 1970s. Adjacent to the World's Largest Teepee. South Vista Heights – A new residential suburban community south of the Trans- Canada
Canada
Highway. Southeast Hill – One of the oldest areas of the city. It originally overlooked downtown on the north side of the hill and Kin Coulee
Coulee
on the south side. Originally this area housed CPR workers. It is home to four schools. Southlands – A community that opened in 2007. It is home to a significant regional commercial centre including Walmart, Staples, Canadian Tire
Canadian Tire
and The Home Depot. The residential community includes parks, future school sites, many low residential lots, and several large multi-family sites. Southview – Located in the southeast part of the city between Ross Glen and Crestwood. Southwest Hill – Located west of Division Avenue next to the SE Hill area. It is home to five schools and the city's hospital.

Housing[edit] The average home price in Medicine Hat
Medicine Hat
as of the end of September 2012 was $258,535.[19] Demographics[edit]

Federal census population history

Year Pop. ±%

1901 1,570 —    

1906 3,050 +94.3%

1911 5,608 +83.9%

1916 9,272 +65.3%

1921 9,634 +3.9%

1926 9,536 −1.0%

1931 10,300 +8.0%

1936 9,592 −6.9%

1941 10,571 +10.2%

1946 12,859 +21.6%

1951 16,364 +27.3%

1956 20,826 +27.3%

1961 24,484 +17.6%

1966 25,574 +4.5%

1971 26,518 +3.7%

1976 32,811 +23.7%

1981 40,380 +23.1%

1986 41,804 +3.5%

1991 43,625 +4.4%

1996 46,783 +7.2%

2001 51,249 +9.5%

2006 56,997 +11.2%

2011 60,005 +5.3%

2016 63,260 +5.4%

Source: Statistics Canada [20][21][22][23][24][25][26][27][28][29][30] [31][32][33][34][35][36][37][38][39][40][41][31][4]

In the 2016 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, the City of Medicine Hat
Medicine Hat
recorded a population of 63,260 living in 26,652 of its 27,970 total private dwellings, a change of 7000540000000000000♠5.4% from its 2011 population of 60,005. With a land area of 112.04 km2 (43.26 sq mi), it had a population density of 564.6/km2 (1,462.4/sq mi) in 2016.[4] The population of the City of Medicine Hat
Medicine Hat
according to its 2015 municipal census is 63,018,[6] a change of 7000300000000000000♠3% from its 2012 municipal census population of 61,180,[42] In the 2011 Census, the City of Medicine Hat
Medicine Hat
had a population of 60,005 living in 25,445 of its 27,342 total dwellings, a change of 5.3% from its 2006 population of 56,997. With a land area of 112.01 km2 (43.25 sq mi), it had a population density of 535.7/km2 (1,387.5/sq mi) in 2011.[31] Also in 2011, the Medicine Hat
Medicine Hat
population centre had a population of 65,671,[43] while the Medicine Hat
Medicine Hat
census agglomeration had a population of 72,807.[44] The population centre includes the adjacent Town of Redcliff to the northwest and a small portion of Cypress County
Cypress County
to the east[45] that includes the Hamlet of Veinerville,[46] while the census agglomeration includes Redcliff and Cypress County
Cypress County
in its entirety.[47] More than 89 percent of residents identified English as their first language at the time of the 2006 census, while 6 percent identified German and just over 1 percent each identified Spanish and French as their first language learned. The next most common languages were Ukrainian, Chinese, Dutch, and Polish.[48] More than 79 percent of residents identified as Christian
Christian
at the time of the 2001 census while almost 20 percent indicated they had no religious affiliation. For specific denominations Statistics Canada counted 16,175 Roman Catholics (26.5 percent), 9,445 members of the United Church of Canada
Canada
(15.5 percent), and 6,170 Lutherans (slightly more than 10 percent).[49] Less numerous denominations included 3,780 Anglicans (more than 6 percent), 1,745 members of the Evangelical Missionary Church (almost 3 percent), 1,470 Baptists
Baptists
(over 2 percent), 1,220 identifying as Pentecostal (2 percent), 1,220 Latter-day Saints (2 percent), and 675 Presbyterians (just over 1 percent). Attractions[edit]

Saamis Tepee, installed 1991

The Medicine Hat
Medicine Hat
Clay Industries National Historic District[50] is a living, working museum based on the Medalta Potteries and Hycroft China Factory Complexes as the focal points of the 150-acre (0.6 km2) district. It offers guided tours, educational and arts programming, as well as experience through collections, exhibits, and interpretation. This nationally recognized industrial historic district is a cultural initiative of the Friends of Medalta Society with federal, provincial, municipal and private support. They are working to restore, preserve and culturally develop the Medicine Hat Clay Industries National Historic District for education and public enjoyment.[51] Located in downtown Medicine Hat, The Esplanade[52] is a large multi-purpose cultural centre. The facility features a 700+ seat performing arts theatre, art gallery, museum, archives, gift shop, and cafe. The Esplanade officially opened in October 2005. The Medicine Hat
Medicine Hat
Family Leisure Centre is the largest indoor multi-purpose sports facility in the city. The building is 90,000 sq ft (8,000 m2) and is sited on 57 acres (0.23 km2) in the north end of the city. The facility includes an Olympic-sized ice rink, 50 m (160 ft) pool, waterslide, diving platforms, kiddies pool, wave pool, and cafe. It is being renovated to include an indoor soccer facility, track, and improved fitness centre. These will almost double the size of the facility. In the area surrounding the Leisure Centre facility are several other sportvenues including; four ball diamonds, lighted football field, three soccer pitches, and one of the largest BMX
BMX
racing facilities in Southern Alberta. The Medicine Hat
Medicine Hat
Drag Racing Association[53] is located just off the Trans- Canada
Canada
Highway on Boundary Road or the spectators entrance on Box Springs Road. This is Alberta's only sanctioned National Hot Rod Association (NHRA) track and is a 1/4 mile in length. The facility supports affordable family entertainment and encourages people to race the strip, not the street. The seasons typically run from May till September, with events featuring jet and alcohol cars, bracket racing, and the NHRA National open, which attracts approximately 300 cars from all over North America. Medicine Hat Public Library
Medicine Hat Public Library
is located across the street from The Esplanade. It has over 10,000 annual members and is the resource library for the Shortgrass Library System[54] of Southern Alberta.

The Shannon House

The Shannon House is a historical landmark built in 1906 by James Shannon for his wife and nine children. He had purchased the land and a team of horses for $40.00 in 1895. The family kept the property for three generations, using part of it as a campground in the early 20th century. In 1930, they built the Maple Leaf motel on the property to generate some income. In 1990 a local family bought the property. With a view toward keeping the prominent property as part of the community, they adapted it as the Saamis Memorial Funeral Chapel & Crematorium. Now named the Saamis Teepee, this work of public art is the world's tallest teepee. It was installed in 1991 south of the Trans-Canada Highway and at the edge of the Blackfoot buffalo jump, above the Saamis Archeological Site along Seven Persons
Seven Persons
Creek. Commissioned for the 1988 Winter Olympics
1988 Winter Olympics
in Calgary
Calgary
as a symbol of Canada's Plains Indians, it stood 215 ft (66 m) high (more than 20 stories) and is 160 ft (49 m) in diameter at the base. The sculpture was designed by Steve Illes of steel and concrete. He had the teepee painted “white for purity, red for the rising and setting sun, and blue for flowing waters”. Within the teepee are ten circles, with painted illustrations that express ideas about the cultures of the Plains tribes. Explanation are on plaques set in the base.[55] Although designed to withstand extreme temperatures and winds up to 240 km/h (150 mph), during a severe windstorm in January 2007, a portion of the teepee was damaged. Inspection revealed that extensive weathering had weakened the structure. The necessary repairs resulted in lowering the height of Saamis Teepee by approximately 15 ft (4.6 m). Parks[edit] There are over 100 km (62 mi) of walking trails in the city. All of the major parks are linked by the extensive trail system.

View of the pond at Echodale Regional Park

Police Point Park was an early North-West Mounted Police
North-West Mounted Police
outpost. It has 300-acre (1.2 km2) and shale paths next to the South Saskatchewan River. It is one of Southern Alberta's well-known birding destinations. The Medicine Hat
Medicine Hat
Interpretive Program building is located on-site, to run programs and inform the public about nature around the city. Strathcona Island Park is located along the south bank of the South Saskatchewan River. The park has 5 km (3.1 mi) of walking trails, playgrounds, a water park, ball diamonds, a pavilion centre, washrooms, ice skating, kitchens and fire pits. The park is heavily treed. Kin Coulee
Coulee
Park is located along the banks of Seven Persons
Seven Persons
Creek. This 100-acre (0.4 km2) park is almost entirely manicured. The park features a skateboard park, two ball diamonds, beach volleyball courts, fire pits, a band shell, washrooms, and two playgrounds. It is the venue for the annual Canada
Canada
Day festival and fireworks. Echodale Regional Park is a 650 km2 (251.0 sq mi) park that includes a manmade swimming lake. Amenities include a beach, walking trails, fire pits, canoe rentals, paddle boats, snack bar, washrooms and historic ranch. Central Park – located in the Southeast Hill neighbourhood, this is surrounded by large cottonwood trees and, on the north side, a row of cedar trees. It has play structures and a spray-deck, and a street basketball court. Riverside Veterans' Memorial Park – located downtown across River Road from the South Saskatchewan River
South Saskatchewan River
and across 6th Avenue from City Hall. It contains the city's Cenotaph, a WWII-era Sherman tank, a brick mural by James Marshall, and two Canadian Pacific Railway locomotives.

Panoramic view of Echodale Regional Park

Sports[edit] The city is home to the Medicine Hat
Medicine Hat
Tigers, a major junior ice hockey team in the Western Hockey League
Western Hockey League
(WHL). Established in 1970, the team has won seven division titles, five WHL league championships and back-to-back Canadian Hockey League
Canadian Hockey League
(CHL) Memorial Cups in 1987 and 1988 in its history. Numerous Tigers alumni moved on to play in the National Hockey League
National Hockey League
(NHL). Lanny McDonald
Lanny McDonald
played WHL hockey for the Medicine Hat
Medicine Hat
Tigers. He played in 1971-1972 and scored 50 goals and assisted on 64 goals. In 1972-1973 seasons he scored 62 goals and 77 assists.[56] They play at the Canalta Centre
Canalta Centre
which opened in 2015 and replaced the Medicine Hat
Medicine Hat
Arena. The city is also home to the Medicine Hat
Medicine Hat
Mavericks, a summer collegiate baseball team in the Western Major Baseball League
Western Major Baseball League
(WMBL). Established in 2003, the team plays at Athletic Park stadium, formerly home to the Medicine Hat
Medicine Hat
Blue Jays, in downtown Medicine Hat. Government[edit] In 2012 the riding of Medicine Hat
Medicine Hat
was renamed to Medicine Hat—Cardston—Warner. Jim Hillyer of the Conservative Party of Canada
Canada
(CPC) was elected in the 2015 election. Hillyer died in 2016 and in a special by-election, held on October 24, 2016, Glen Motz (CPC) was elected. LaVar Payne (CPC) was the Member of Parliament for Medicine Hat
Medicine Hat
since October 2008, and was re-elected in the 2011 election. He announced in 2014 that he would not be running in the next election in October 2015. Previous to Payne the MP was Monte Solberg
Monte Solberg
(CPC). Medicine Hat
Medicine Hat
has two provincial ridings. One is named Medicine Hat, and is represented by Bob Wanner
Bob Wanner
of the New Democratic Party (NDP), while the other one is named Cypress-Medicine Hat, and is represented by Drew Barnes
Drew Barnes
of the Wildrose Party.[57] Infrastructure[edit] Alberta
Alberta
Transportation is currently negotiating with landowners south of the city to secure land for the future Highway 1 (Trans-Canada Highway) bypass.[58] The bypass is expected to be constructed in the next 10–20 years.[citation needed] The city owns the gas production, gas distribution, electric generation and electric distribution utilities that serve the citizens. The city-owned gas utility is the 30th largest natural gas producer (by volume produced) in Canada.[citation needed] The city is working on design of the South-West Sector Sanitary Trunk main, extension of South Boundary Road from Strachan Road to Southridge Drive, and a South-West Sector water transmission line. This infrastructure will accommodate the development of new residential communities west of South Ridge Dr, and south of the Seven Persons Creek. The city is served by the Medicine Hat Airport
Medicine Hat Airport
and Medicine Hat Transit. Acute medical care is provided to residents at Medicine Hat
Medicine Hat
Regional Hospital.[59] Beginning in 2009, several ICT business leaders began working together to facilitate economic growth and diversify the local economy by building a robust community network based on fiber optic technologies. Education[edit] Medicine Hat School District No. 76 has been serving the needs of public school students since it came into existence in 1886. The district has five trustees and comprises three secondary schools, Alexandra Middle School (formerly Alexandra Junior High School), Crescent Heights High School and Medicine Hat
Medicine Hat
High School, 12 elementary (K–6) schools, a special needs school for the severely disabled, as well as an Alternative School program which incorporates a joint partnership with the YMCA Teen Moms' Program, YMCA Stay-in-School Program, a program with the former Palliser Health Region for secondary students and a program supported by Alberta Children Services for students with behavioural needs. French immersion programming is provided as an option. The district currently works with the BHTH Institution for Education,[60] part of the International Education Association of Western Canada, to operate an international educational program in China and three schools have joined this program, Tangshan Caofeidian #2 School, Qinhuangdao Foreign Language School, and Shandong Weifang Middle School. The Medicine Hat
Medicine Hat
Catholic/Separate School District provides educational programming for students from kindergarten through Grade 12. French immersion programming is provided as an option in select District schools. It operates one high school, Monsignor McCoy, and nine other schools.[61] Medicine Hat
Medicine Hat
also has a Francophone school, École Les Cyprès,[62] and a public/charter school, the Centre for Academic and Personal Excellence (CAPE). Medicine Hat College
Medicine Hat College
is located in the south part of the city. The first students were accepted to the college in 1965. Now with over 2,500 students and three campuses, the college has grown into an integral part of the community. The Medicine Hat College
Medicine Hat College
Rattlers athletic program include basketball, volleyball, golf, soccer and futsal. Media[edit] Main article: Media in Medicine Hat Medicine Hat
Medicine Hat
has several radio and television stations broadcasting from it, and can receive a few distant AM radio stations from Calgary. Medicine Hat News
Medicine Hat News
publishes a daily newspaper.[63] Law enforcement[edit] Medicine Hat
Medicine Hat
funds and employs its own municipal police service, the Medicine Hat Police Service
Medicine Hat Police Service
and dates back to 1899.[64] Military[edit] Medicine Hat
Medicine Hat
is home to the South Alberta
Alberta
Light Horse (SALH), an army reserve unit. The SALH dates back to 1885 when it took part in the North-West Rebellion. Since then it has gained battle honours in the First and Second World Wars and today its members continue to serve overseas on United Nations
United Nations
and North Atlantic Treaty Organization missions. Currently the SALH has members serving in Afghanistan. During the First World War the 175th (Medicine Hat) Battalion, CEF, commanded by Nelson Spencer, was a unit in the Canadian Expeditionary Force. Medicine Hat
Medicine Hat
was also home to a British Commonwealth Air Training Plan airfield and a POW camp during the Second World War. Canadian Forces Base Suffield is located 50 km (31 mi) west of the city. It is estimated that the base contributes C$120 million annually to the local economy, principally through its two lodger units: British Army Training Unit Suffield, and Defence Research and Development Canada
Canada
– Suffield). Notable people[edit]

Amanda (Falk) Cook, singer and worship leader with Bethel Music
Bethel Music
and winner of eight GMA Covenant Awards[65] Jurgen Gothe, radio broadcaster[66] Richard Hortness, Olympic swimmer[67] Trevor Linden, former professional hockey player, member of the Order of Canada, president of hockey operations for Vancouver
Vancouver
Canucks[68] and recipient of the Order of British Columbia[69] Dawson Murschell, Darts Player Bud Olson, former Member of Parliament and Senator for Medicine Hat, former Lieutenant Governor of Alberta[70] Chris Osgood, former professional hockey player[71] Kalan Porter, singer-songwriter known for winning season 2 of Canadian Idol MacKenzie Porter, TV actress known for Marci in Travelers and Naomi in Hell on Wheels Richard E. Taylor, co-recipient of the 1990 Nobel Prize in Physics[72] Arnold Tremere, Executive Director of the Canadian International Grains Institute (government official)[73] Jadyn Wong, actress known for her role as Happy in the American TV series Scorpion

See also[edit]

List of communities in Alberta

References[edit]

^ Peggy Revell (February 8, 2012). "Deputy premier tours Hat's projects". Medicine Hat
Medicine Hat
News. Alberta
Alberta
Newspaper Group Limited Partnership. Archived from the original on January 29, 2013. Retrieved June 6, 2012.  ^ "Location and History Profile: City of Medicine Hat" (PDF). Alberta Municipal Affairs. June 17, 2016. p. 92. Retrieved June 18, 2016.  ^ "Municipal Officials Search". Alberta
Alberta
Municipal Affairs. September 22, 2017. Retrieved September 25, 2017.  ^ a b c d "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2016 and 2011 censuses – 100% data (Alberta)". Statistics Canada. February 8, 2017. Retrieved February 8, 2017.  ^ " Alberta
Alberta
Private Sewage Systems 2009 Standard of Practice Handbook: Appendix A.3 Alberta
Alberta
Design Data (A.3.A. Alberta
Alberta
Climate Design Data by Town)" (PDF) (PDF). Safety Codes Council. January 2012. pp. 212–215 (PDF pages 226–229). Retrieved October 8, 2013.  ^ a b 2015 Municipal Affairs Population List (PDF). Alberta
Alberta
Municipal Affairs. ISBN 978-1-4601-2630-1. Retrieved February 27, 2016.  ^ About Medicine Hat: Quality of Life City of Medicine Hat. Retrieved June 7, 2011. ^ Brennan, Brian (2003), Boondoggles, Bonanzas, and Other Alberta Stories, Fifth House, p. 43, ISBN 1-894004-94-9, This part of the country seems to have all hell for a basement, and the only trap door appears to be in Medicine Hat. And don’t you ever think of changing the name of your town. It’s all your own and the only hat of its kind on earth.  ^  Chelsea Schofield (2010-09-24). " Rudyard Kipling
Rudyard Kipling
Sings Another Prairie Tune". Curator Magazine. Retrieved 2017-04-30.  ^ "City of Medicine Hat : What's in a Name". medicine-hat.ab.ca. Archived from the original on 2012-08-31.  ^ a b Dr. Laurie Milne, "Uncovering Medicine Hat’s history", Medicine Hat College
Medicine Hat College
website, 2010 ^ "I-XL Industries Acquired by Friends of Medalta in Hope of Preserving Medicine Hat's Industrial Heritage" Archived July 9, 2013, at the Wayback Machine. ^ a b c d " Medicine Hat
Medicine Hat
A, Alberta". Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment Canada. Retrieved May 14, 2014.  ^ " Medicine Hat
Medicine Hat
Flood Potential 2013: Current News & Events". City of Medicine Hat. June 21, 2013. Archived from the original on October 21, 2013. Retrieved June 21, 2013.  ^ Stephenson, Amanda (June 23, 2013). "Floodwaters expected to cleave Medicine Hat". Calgary
Calgary
Herald. Retrieved June 23, 2013.  ^ " Medicine Hat
Medicine Hat
floodwaters starting to recede". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. June 24, 2013. Retrieved June 24, 2013.  ^ " Medicine Hat
Medicine Hat
fears rising river after Calgary
Calgary
floods". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. June 23, 2013. Retrieved June 23, 2013.  ^ "Bylaw No. 3617: Hamptons Area Structure Plan". City of Medicine Hat. May 31, 2005. Archived from the original on May 8, 2013. Retrieved December 29, 2012.  ^ " Medicine Hat
Medicine Hat
Market Report" (PDF). Canadian Homebuilders' Association. October 2012. Retrieved December 29, 2012. [dead link] ^ "Table IX: Population of cities, towns and incorporated villages in 1906 and 1901 as classed in 1906". Census of the Northwest Provinces, 1906. Sessional Paper No. 17a. Ottawa: Government of Canada. 1907. p. 100.  ^ "Table I: Area and Population of Canada
Canada
by Provinces, Districts and Subdistricts in 1911 and Population in 1901". Census of Canada, 1911. Volume I. Ottawa: Government of Canada. 1912. pp. 2–39.  ^ "Table I: Population of Manitoba, Saskatchewan, and Alberta
Alberta
by Districts, Townships, Cities, Towns, and Incorporated Villages in 1916, 1911, 1906, and 1901". Census of Prairie Provinces, 1916. Population and Agriculture. Ottawa: Government of Canada. 1918. pp. 77–140.  ^ "Table 8: Population by districts and sub-districts according to the Redistribution Act of 1914 and the amending act of 1915, compared for the census years 1921, 1911 and 1901". Census of Canada, 1921. Ottawa: Government of Canada. 1922. pp. 169–215.  ^ "Table 7: Population of cities, towns and villages for the province of Alberta
Alberta
in census years 1901-26, as classed in 1926". Census of Prairie Provinces, 1926. Census of Alberta, 1926. Ottawa: Government of Canada. 1927. pp. 565–567.  ^ "Table 12: Population of Canada
Canada
by provinces, counties or census divisions and subdivisions, 1871-1931". Census of Canada, 1931. Ottawa: Government of Canada. 1932. pp. 98–102.  ^ "Table 4: Population in incorporated cities, towns and villages, 1901-1936". Census of the Prairie Provinces, 1936. Volume I: Population and Agriculture. Ottawa: Dominion Bureau of Statistics. 1938. pp. 833–836.  ^ "Table 10: Population by census subdivisions, 1871–1941". Eighth Census of Canada, 1941. Volume II: Population by Local Subdivisions. Ottawa: Dominion Bureau of Statistics. 1944. pp. 134–141.  ^ "Table 6: Population by census subdivisions, 1926-1946". Census of the Prairie Provinces, 1946. Volume I: Population. Ottawa: Dominion Bureau of Statistics. 1949. pp. 401–414.  ^ "Table 6: Population by census subdivisions, 1871–1951". Ninth Census of Canada, 1951. Volume I: Population, General Characteristics. Ottawa: Dominion Bureau of Statistics. 1953. p. 6.73–6.83.  ^ "Table 6: Population by sex, for census subdivisions, 1956 and 1951". Census of Canada, 1956. Population, Counties and Subdivisions. Ottawa: Dominion Bureau of Statistics. 1957. p. 6.50–6.53.  ^ a b c "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2011 and 2006 censuses". Statistics Canada. February 8, 2012. Retrieved February 8, 2012.  ^ "Table 6: Population by census subdivisions, 1901–1961". 1961 Census of Canada. Series 1.1: Historical, 1901–1961. Volume I: Population. Ottawa: Dominion Bureau of Statistics. 1963. p. 6.77-6.83.  ^ "Population by specified age groups and sex, for census subdivisions, 1966". Census of Canada, 1966. Population, Specified Age Groups and Sex for Counties and Census Subdivisions, 1966. Ottawa: Dominion Bureau of Statistics. 1968. p. 6.50–6.53.  ^ "Table 2: Population of Census Subdivisions, 1921–1971". 1971 Census of Canada. Volume I: Population, Census Subdivisions (Historical). Ottawa: Statistics Canada. 1973. p. 2.102-2.111.  ^ "Table 3: Population for census divisions and subdivisions, 1971 and 1976". 1976 Census of Canada. Census Divisions and Subdivisions, Western Provinces and the Territories. Volume I: Population, Geographic Distributions. Ottawa: Statistics Canada. 1977. p. 3.40–3.43.  ^ "Table 4: Population and Total Occupied Dwellings, for Census Divisions and Subdivisions, 1976 and 1981". 1981 Census of Canada. Volume II: Provincial series, Population, Geographic distributions (Alberta). Ottawa: Statistics Canada. 1982. p. 4.1–4.10. ISBN 0-660-51095-2.  ^ "Table 2: Census Divisions and Subdivisions – Population and Occupied Private Dwellings, 1981 and 1986". Census Canada
Canada
1986. Population and Dwelling Counts – Provinces and Territories (Alberta). Ottawa: Statistics Canada. 1987. p. 2.1–2.10. ISBN 0-660-53463-0.  ^ "Table 2: Population and Dwelling Counts, for Census Divisions and Census Subdivisions, 1986 and 1991 – 100% Data". 91 Census. Population and Dwelling Counts – Census Divisions and Census Subdivisions. Ottawa: Statistics Canada. 1992. pp. 100–108. ISBN 0-660-57115-3.  ^ "Table 10: Population and Dwelling Counts, for Census Divisions, Census Subdivisions (Municipalities) and Designated Places, 1991 and 1996 Censuses – 100% Data". 96 Census. A National Overview – Population and Dwelling Counts. Ottawa: Statistics Canada. 1997. pp. 136–146. ISBN 0-660-59283-5.  ^ "Population and Dwelling Counts, for Canada, Provinces and Territories, and Census Divisions, 2001 and 1996 Censuses - 100% Data (Alberta)". Statistics Canada. Retrieved April 1, 2012.  ^ "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2006 and 2001 censuses - 100% data (Alberta)". Statistics Canada. January 6, 2010. Retrieved April 1, 2012.  ^ "Council Packet for Tuesday, August 7, 2012". City of Medicine Hat. p. PDF page 191 of 304. Archived from the original on July 5, 2015. Retrieved August 6, 2012.  ^ "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and population centres, 2011 and 2006 censuses (Alberta)". Statistics Canada. February 8, 2012. Retrieved February 17, 2012.  ^ "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, census metropolitan areas and census agglomerations, 2011 and 2006 censuses (Alberta)". Statistics Canada. February 8, 2011. Retrieved March 4, 2011.  ^ Census Tract Reference Maps, by Census Metropolitan Areas or Census Agglomerations: Medicine Hat
Medicine Hat
CA (2 of 3) (PDF) (Map). Statistics Canada. November 14, 2013. Retrieved June 26, 2013.  ^ Veinerville
Veinerville
(Map). Cypress County. December 2012. Retrieved June 26, 2013.  ^ Census Tract Reference Maps, by Census Metropolitan Areas or Census Agglomerations: Medicine Hat
Medicine Hat
CA (1 of 3) (PDF) (Map). Statistics Canada. November 14, 2013. Retrieved June 26, 2013.  ^ "Medicine Hat". Detailed Mother Tongue (186), Knowledge of Official Languages (5), Age Groups (17A) and Sex (3) for the Population of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2001 and 2006 Censuses - 20% Sample Data. Statistics Canada. November 20, 2007. Retrieved February 6, 2008.  ^ "Medicine Hat". Religion (95A), Age Groups (7A) and Sex (3) for Population, for Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas 1 and Census Agglomerations, 1991 and 2001 Censuses - 20% Sample Data. Statistics Canada. March 1, 2007. Retrieved February 6, 2008.  ^ " Medicine Hat
Medicine Hat
Clay Industries National Historic District". Medalta.org. August 5, 2011. Retrieved October 9, 2011.  ^ Medicine Hat
Medicine Hat
Clay Industries National Historic District ^ "The Esplanade". Esplanade.ca. Retrieved October 9, 2011.  ^ " Medicine Hat
Medicine Hat
Drag Race Association". Mhdra.com. Retrieved October 9, 2011.  ^ Shortgrass Library System. " Shortgrass Library System Homepage". Shortgrass.ca. Retrieved October 9, 2011.  ^ "The Saamis Tepee", in The Great White North, Hammerson Peters website ^ "Lanny McDonald". hockeyDB.com. Retrieved May 5, 2016.  ^ "Electorate of the City of Medicine Hat" (PDF). City of Medicine Hat. Archived from the original (PDF) on September 26, 2010. Retrieved August 27, 2010.  ^ multiple (2010). The Rough Guide to Canada. Rough Guides. p. 661. ISBN 978-1-84836-503-2.  ^ Alberta
Alberta
Health Services. "Facility". Alberta
Alberta
Health Services.  ^ BHTH Institution ^ "Schools and Programs". Medicine Hat
Medicine Hat
Catholic Board of Education. Retrieved January 2, 2013.  ^ "École Les Cyprès". Conseil scolaire du Sud de l'Alberta. February 21, 2012. Archived from the original on July 4, 2013.  ^ " Medicine Hat
Medicine Hat
News". Alta Newspaper Group Limited Partnership. Retrieved March 13, 2013.  ^ Historical Overview of the Medicine Hat
Medicine Hat
Police Service ^ "Amanda Cook Artist Profile".  ^ "Gothe understands the magic of his medium". Broadcast Week, August 15, 1987. ^ Rooney, Sean, "Richard Hortness: A dream realized", Medicine Hat News, retrieved February 9, 2010 [dead link] ^ "VIDEO: Linden, Levy, McDonald join Order of Canada". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. November 4, 2011. Retrieved May 13, 2012.  ^ "2003 Recipient: Trevor Linden
Trevor Linden
- Vancouver". Government of British Columbia. Retrieved May 13, 2012.  ^ "The Honourable H.A. "Bud" Olson, P. C., 1996-2000". Legislative Assembly of Alberta. Archived from the original on November 13, 2012. Retrieved December 29, 2012.  ^ "Chris Osgood's hockey statistics profile at". Hockeydb.com. November 26, 1972. Retrieved October 9, 2011.  ^ " Richard E. Taylor
Richard E. Taylor
- Biographical". nobelprize.org.  ^ "Gone but not forgotten - Tremere". Home arrow Obituaries - Medicine Hat arrow TREMERE. gonebutnotforgotten.ca. 2008. Retrieved December 12, 2008. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Medicine Hat, Alberta.

Medicine Hat
Medicine Hat
travel guide from Wikivoyage Official website

Places adjacent to Medicine Hat

Redcliff Brooks Calgary Oyen Schuler

Medicine Hat

Irvine Maple Creek

Seven Persons Bow Island Lethbridge Fort Benton Dunmore Cypress Hills Interprovincial Park Havre

Further reading[edit]

Babs Congram and Laurie Milne Brumley, The Saamis Site: A Late Prehistoric-Protohistoric Campsite in Medicine Hat, Alberta, National Museums of Canada: 1978.

v t e

Subdivisions of Alberta

Subdivisions

Regions Census divisions Census agglomerations Municipalities Municipal districts (counties) Specialized municipalities School authorities

Communities

Cities Towns Villages Summer villages Hamlets Indian reserves and settlements Metis settlements Ghost towns Designated places

Cities and urban service areas

Airdrie Brooks Calgary Camrose Chestermere Cold Lake Edmonton
Edmonton
(capital) Fort McMurray Fort Saskatchewan Grande Prairie Lacombe Leduc Lethbridge Lloydminster Medicine Hat Red Deer Sherwood Park Spruce Grove St. Albert Wetaskiwin

Category P

.