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McLean (/məˈkleɪn/ mə-KLAYN)[4] is a census-designated place (CDP) in Fairfax County in Northern Virginia. McLean is home to many diplomats, businessmen, members of Congress, and high-ranking government officials partially due to its proximity to Washington, D.C. and the Central Intelligence Agency. It is the location of Hickory Hill, the former home of Ethel Kennedy, the widow of Robert F. Kennedy. It is also the location of Salona, the former home of Light-Horse Harry Lee, the Revolutionary War hero. The community had an estimated total population of 53,673 in 2015, according to estimates prepared by the United States
United States
Census Bureau.[5] It is located between the Potomac River
Potomac River
and the town of Vienna. McLean is known for its luxury homes and its nearby high-end shopping destinations: the Tysons Corner Center
Tysons Corner Center
and the Tysons Galleria. The two McLean zip codes - 22101 and 22102 - are among the most expensive ZIP Codes in Virginia
Virginia
and the United States.[6] In 2018, data from the American Community Survey
American Community Survey
revealed that McLean was the 3rd wealthiest city in the United States, based on its poverty rate of 2.6% and its median household income of $190,258.[7]

Contents

1 History 2 Geography 3 Demographics 4 Economy 5 Government and infrastructure 6 Education

6.1 Primary and secondary schools 6.2 Higher education 6.3 Public libraries 6.4 Weekend educational programs

7 Transportation 8 Parks and recreation 9 Notable residents 10 References 11 External links

History[edit] The community received its name from John Roll McLean, the former publisher and owner of “The Washington Post.” Along with Stephen Benton Elkins and French aristocrat Jean-Pierre Guenard, in 1902 he bought the charter for the Great Falls and Old Dominion Railroad. Completed in 1906, it connected the area with Washington, D.C.
Washington, D.C.
McLean named a railroad station costing $1,500, of which $500 was raised locally, after himself where the rail line (traveling on the present route of Old Dominion Drive) crossed the old Chain Bridge Road.[8] The community itself was founded in 1910, when the communities of Lewinsville and Langley merged. Geography[edit] McLean is located at 38°56′03″N 77°10′39″W / 38.93417°N 77.17750°W / 38.93417; -77.17750 (38.9342776, -77.1774801) at an elevation of 285 feet (87 m).[3][9] Located on the Capital Beltway (Interstate 495) in Northern Virginia, central McLean is 8 miles (13 km) northwest of downtown Washington, D.C.
Washington, D.C.
and 9 miles (14 km) northeast of Fairfax, the county seat.[10] The community lies in the Piedmont upland on the west bank of the Potomac River.[11][12] The river forms the community's northern and eastern borders, and a number of its smaller tributaries flow north and northeast through the CDP. From west to east, these include Bull Neck Run, Scott Run, Dead Run, Turkey Run, and Pimmit Run.[12] According to the United States
United States
Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 24.88 square miles (64.4 km2) of which 24.79 square miles (64.2 km2) is land and 0.09 square miles (0.23 km2) is water.[13] As a suburb of Washington, D.C., McLean is a part of both the Washington Metropolitan Area
Washington Metropolitan Area
and the larger Baltimore-Washington Metropolitan Area. The CDP includes the unincorporated communities of Langley, Lewinsville, and West McLean, and it borders several other Washington suburbs including: Potomac and Cabin John, Maryland
Cabin John, Maryland
to the north; Brookmont, Maryland
Brookmont, Maryland
to the northeast; Arlington to the southeast; Falls Church to the south; Idylwood, Pimmit Hills, and Tysons Corner
Tysons Corner
to the southwest; Wolf Trap to the west; and Great Falls to the northwest.[13][14] McLean has a humid subtropical climate (Cfa) and is in hardiness zone 7a. Demographics[edit]

Historical population

Census Pop.

1970 17,698

1980 35,664

101.5%

1990 38,168

7.0%

2000 38,929

2.0%

2010 48,115

23.6%

Est. 2012 48,051

−0.1%

* U.S. Decennial Census

As of the 2010 census, there were 48,115 people, 17,063 households, and 13,453 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 1,940.9 people per square mile (749.4/km²). There were 17,756 housing units at an average density of 716.3 per square mile (276.6/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 79.3% White, 14.9% Asian, 1.8% African American, 0.1% Native American, 0.8% from other races, and 3.0% from two or more races. Hispanics and Latinos of any race were 4.9% of the population.[1] There were 17,063 households out of which 39.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 70.5% were married couples living together, 2.4% had a male householder with no wife present, 6.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 21.2% were non-families. Of all households, 18.0% were made up of individuals, and 10.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.80, and the average family size was 3.17.[1] The median age was 45.1 years. 26.9% of the population was under the age of 18, 4.3% was 18 to 24, 18.6% was 25 to 44, 33.2% was 45 to 64, and 17.0% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the community was 48.2% male and 51.8% female.[1] The median income for a household in the CDP was $164,888, and the median income for a family was $194,832. Males had a median income of $132,714 versus $87,663 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $87,073. About 1.3% of families and 2.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.6% of those under the age of 18 and 3.2% of those 65 and older.[1] Economy[edit] Capital One, Mars, Geebo, Booz Allen Hamilton, Freddie Mac, Hilton Worldwide and the Gannett Company
Gannett Company
are among the companies based in McLean, Virginia.[15] Many businesses in neighboring Tysons Corner, particularly those east of Leesburg Pike (VA Route 7) have a McLean mailing address, because the US Postal Service boundary for West McLean ( ZIP Code
ZIP Code
22102) generally follows Leesburg Pike. As of 2012, 61.6% of the population over the age of 16 was in the labor force. 0.4% was in the armed forces, and 61.2% was in the civilian labor force with 58.4% employed and 2.9% unemployed. The occupational composition of the employed civilian labor force was: 73.2% in management, business, science, and arts; 17.9% in sales and office occupations; 5.5% in service occupations; 2.0% in natural resources, construction, and maintenance; 1.4% in production, transportation, and material moving. The three industries employing the largest percentages of the working civilian labor force were: professional, scientific, and management, and administrative and waste management services (27.8%); educational services, health care, and social assistance (17.7%); and public administration (16.6%).[1] The cost of living in McLean is very high; compared to a U.S. average of 100, the cost of living index for the community is 142.6.[16] As of 2012, the median home value in the community was $908,000, the median selected monthly owner cost was $3,803 for housing units with a mortgage and $1,000+ for those without, and the median gross rent was $2,000+.[1] Government and infrastructure[edit]

The Central Intelligence Agency
Central Intelligence Agency
headquarters

The headquarters of the Central Intelligence Agency
Central Intelligence Agency
is located in the Langley area of McLean and the headquarters of the Office of the Director of National Intelligence is also located in McLean. The U.S. Department of Transportation's Turner-Fairbank Highway Research Center is also located down the street from the CIA
CIA
headquarters.[17] Education[edit]

Langley High School is one of two high schools within the McLean CDP

Primary and secondary schools[edit] McLean residents are zoned to schools in the Fairfax County Public Schools (FCPS). FCPS public elementary schools within the CDP include Chesterbrook; Churchill Road; Haycock; Kent Gardens; Franklin Sherman, and Spring Hill.[17] FCPS public middle schools within the CDP include James Fenimore Cooper Middle School and Henry Wadsworth Longfellow Middle School.[17] FCPS public high schools within the CDP include Langley High School and McLean High School.[17] In addition, the Mount Daniel School of the Falls Church City Public Schools is physically within McLean.[17][18] Several private schools, ranging from pre-school to 12th grade, are located in McLean, including The Langley School, The Madeira School; The Potomac School; Oakcrest School; Saint Luke School; Saint John School;[19] Brooksfield Montessori,;[20] The Montessori School of McLean and the Country Day School.[21] The German School Washington, D.C.
Washington, D.C.
was previously in McLean.[22] Higher education[edit] Nearby colleges and universities include the Marymount University
Marymount University
in Arlington and DeVry University
DeVry University
(Arlington campus). The University of Virginia's School of Continuing and Professional Studies has an academic center in Falls Church, just south of McLean. George Mason University is located 9 miles southwest of McLean in Fairfax, Virginia. Public libraries[edit] Fairfax County Public Library
Fairfax County Public Library
operates the Dolley Madison Library in the CDP.[17][23] Weekend educational programs[edit] The Washington Japanese Language School (WJLS, ワシントン日本語学校 Washington Nihongo Gakkō), a supplementary weekend Japanese school, previously held classes at St. Luke Catholic School in McLean.[24] The institution, giving supplemental education to Japanese-speaking children in the Washington DC area, was founded in 1958,[25] making it the oldest Japanese government-sponsored supplementary school in the U.S.[26] The Polish School of Washington, D.C.
Washington, D.C.
holds classes on Saturdays at Longfellow Middle School, which are funded by the Polish Embassy in Washington D.C. ABRACE Inc., a Brazilian Portuguese heritage language program, holds weekly classes at McLean High School
McLean High School
for children ages 3 to 18.[27] Transportation[edit] The Capital Beltway, George Washington Memorial Parkway, Interstate 66, Dulles Access Road, Dolley Madison Boulevard/Chain Bridge Road, Georgetown Pike, and Old Dominion Drive all run through McLean. McLean Station on the Washington Metro
Washington Metro
Silver Line opened in 2014, two miles west of the village near Tysons Corner. Parks and recreation[edit] The Mount Daniel School Park, operated by The City of Falls Church, is physically within McLean.[17][28] Clemyjontri Park, opened in 2006,[29] with its 2-acre playground, carousel and picnic pavailion is a popular destination for families. Claude Moore Colonial Farm
Claude Moore Colonial Farm
is also popular with history buffs and families.[30] Notable residents[edit] Main article: List of people from McLean, Virginia Due to its proximity to Washington, D.C., numerous figures from American politics and government live or have lived in McLean including former Vice-President Dick Cheney
Dick Cheney
and his family,[31] U.S. Army General and former Secretary of State Colin Powell, U.S. Supreme Court Justice Anthony Kennedy
Anthony Kennedy
and former Justice Antonin Scalia, and U.S. Senators Byron Dorgan, Patrick Leahy, Don Nickles,[32] and George Washington University law professor Jonathan Turley. Foreign diplomats such as Turki bin Faisal Al Saud
Turki bin Faisal Al Saud
and Bandar bin Sultan
Bandar bin Sultan
have also lived in McLean.[32] Other famous residents have included former Republican Speaker of the House of Representatives Newt Gingrich, author and political activist Gore Vidal,[32] science fiction writer James Tiptree, Jr.,[33] and Bradley Beal
Bradley Beal
a Washington Wizards player. References[edit]

^ a b c d e f g "American FactFinder 2". United States
United States
Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-07-31.  ^ "American FactFinder". United States
United States
Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  ^ a b "US Board on Geographic Names". United States
United States
Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  ^ Kelly, John (2008). "New in Town, Stranger?". Local Pronunciations. Retrieved 2008-07-17.  ^ See https://factfinder.census.gov/faces/nav/jsf/pages/community_facts.xhtml ^ http://www.bizjournals.com/washington/news/2013/08/13/top-25-wealthiest-zip-codes-in-the.html ^ "The 10 wealthiest cities in the United States". Tribune Media.  ^ "Along the 0. D. Railroad". The Washington Post. July 7, 1920.  ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States
United States
Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.  ^ " Virginia
Virginia
Official State Transportation Map - Cities in Detail". Virginia
Virginia
Department of Transportation. Retrieved 2011-07-31.  ^ "Piedmont province". The Geology of Virginia. The College of William & Mary Department of Geology. Retrieved 2011-07-31.  ^ a b "Fairfax County Transportation Plan" (PDF). Fairfax County Department of Transportation. Oct 2006. Retrieved 2011-07-31.  ^ a b "Virginia: 2010 - Population and Housing Counts" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. July 2012. Retrieved 2013-12-10.  ^ "Maryland: 2000 - Population and Housing Counts" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. September 2003. Retrieved 2011-07-31.  ^ "Locations." Mars, Incorporated. Retrieved on September 1, 2009. ^ "McLean, Virginia". City-Data.com. Retrieved 2013-12-10.  ^ a b c d e f g "McLean CDP, Virginia
Virginia
Archived April 30, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on September 1, 2009. ^ "Contact Us." Mount Daniel School. Retrieved on March 24, 2010. ^ stjohnacademy.org ^ "McLean Elementary Schools". Great Schools. 2008. Retrieved 2008-07-14.  ^ Country Day School ^ "Deutscher Bundestag
Bundestag
4. Wahlperiode Drucksache IV/3672" (Archived 2016-03-12 at WebCite). Bundestag
Bundestag
(West Germany). 23 June 1965. Retrieved on 12 March 2016. p. 29/51. "Deutsche Schule Washington 5025 Kirby Road, MC.LEAN Va./USA" ^ "Library Branches". Fairfax County Public Library. Retrieved on October 21, 2009. ^ "ワシントン日本語学校概要". Washington Japanese Language School. May 6, 2003. Retrieved on April 16, 2015. "学校事務局 Washington Japanese Language School Holy Cross Church, Quinn Hall内. 4900 Strathmore Avenue, Garrett Park, MD 20896" and "ホーリークロス校 Holy Cross Church Elementary School 4900 Strathmore Ave, Garret Park, MD 20896" and "プレプ校 Georgetown Preparatory School 10900 Rockville Pike, North Bethesda, MD 20852" and "セントルーク校 St.Luke Catholic School 7005 Georgetown Pike, McLean, VA 22101" ^ "English Archived 2014-05-02 at the Wayback Machine.." Washington Japanese Language School. Retrieved on April 30, 2014. "Washington Japanese Language School c/o Holy Cross Church, Quinn Hall, 4900 Strathmore Avenue, Garrett Park, MD 20896" ^ "Andrew M. Saidel" (Archived 2015-04-15 at WebCite). Japan-America Society of Greater Philadelphia (JASGP; フィラデルフィア日米協会とは). Retrieved on April 16, 2015. ^ "ABRACE, Inc". ABRACE, Inc. Retrieved 2017-04-23.  ^ "Map of Parks." City of Falls Church. Retrieved on March 24, 2010. ^ "Clemyjontri Park". Fairfax County Website. Retrieved October 24, 2014.  ^ "Claude Moore Colonial Farm". Claude Moore Colonial Farm
Claude Moore Colonial Farm
Website. Retrieved October 24, 2014.  ^ As Dick Cheney
Dick Cheney
Prepares to Depart, His Mystery Lingers ^ a b c Crowley, Michael (September 11, 2006). "Welcome to McLean, home of America's ruling class". The New Republic. Retrieved March 23, 2009.  ^ Phillips, Julie (2007). James Tiptree, Jr.: The Double Life of Alice B. Sheldon. New York: Picador. ISBN 978-0-312-42694-1. 

External links[edit]

Media related to McLean, Virginia
Virginia
at Wikimedia Commons McLean (Virginia) travel guide from Wikivoyage

v t e

McLean, Virginia

Education

Primary & Secondary Schools

Fairfax County Public Schools

Langley High School McLean High School

Madeira School Oakcrest School Potomac School

Other education

Fairfax County Public Library

Landmarks

George Bush Center for Intelligence Hickory Hill Turner-Fairbank Highway Research Center McLean Station
McLean Station
(in Tysons Corner)

This list is incomplete.

v t e

Municipalities and communities of Fairfax County, Virginia, United States

County seat: Fairfax

Towns

Clifton Herndon Vienna

CDPs

Annandale Bailey's Crossroads Belle Haven Burke Burke Centre Centreville Chantilly Crosspointe Dranesville Dunn Loring Fair Lakes Fair Oaks Fairfax Station Floris Fort Belvoir Fort Hunt Franconia Franklin Farm George Mason Great Falls Greenbriar Groveton Hayfield Huntington Hybla Valley Idylwood Kings Park Kings Park West Kingstowne Lake Barcroft Laurel Hill Lincolnia Long Branch Lorton Mantua Mason Neck McLean McNair Merrifield Mount Vernon Newington Newington Forest North Springfield Oakton Pimmit Hills Ravensworth Reston Rose Hill Seven Corners South Run Springfield Tysons Wakefield West Falls Church West Springfield Wolf Trap Woodburn Woodlawn

Unincorporated communities

Accotink Arcturus Barkers Crossroads Blevinstown Browns Mill Butts Corner Cobbs Corner Colchester Colchester Hunt Comptons Corner Cooktown Crowells Corner Culmore Donovans Corner Doveville Farrs Corner Five Forks Four Corners Hattontown Hollindale Jermantown Langley Lees Corner Lewinsville Lewis Park Makleys Corner New Alexandria Oak Hill Odricks Corner Pohick Rainbow Rutherford Schneider Crossroads Shady Oak Sleepy Hollow South Alexandria Strathmeade Springs Uniontown Westhampton West McLean

Ghost towns

Matildaville

.