McLean (/məˈkleɪn/ mə-KLAYN) is a census-designated place (CDP)
in Fairfax County in Northern Virginia. McLean is home to many
diplomats, businessmen, members of Congress, and high-ranking
government officials partially due to its proximity to Washington,
D.C. and the Central Intelligence Agency. It is the location of
Hickory Hill, the former home of Ethel Kennedy, the widow of Robert F.
Kennedy. It is also the location of Salona, the former home of
Light-Horse Harry Lee, the Revolutionary War hero. The community had
an estimated total population of 53,673 in 2015, according to
estimates prepared by the
United States Census Bureau. It is
located between the
Potomac River and the town of Vienna. McLean is
known for its luxury homes and its nearby high-end shopping
Tysons Corner Center
Tysons Corner Center and the Tysons Galleria. The
two McLean zip codes - 22101 and 22102 - are among the most expensive
ZIP Codes in
Virginia and the United States. In 2018, data from the
American Community Survey
American Community Survey revealed that McLean was the 3rd wealthiest
city in the United States, based on its poverty rate of 2.6% and its
median household income of $190,258.
5 Government and infrastructure
6.1 Primary and secondary schools
6.2 Higher education
6.3 Public libraries
6.4 Weekend educational programs
8 Parks and recreation
9 Notable residents
11 External links
The community received its name from John Roll McLean, the former
publisher and owner of “The Washington Post.” Along with Stephen
Benton Elkins and French aristocrat Jean-Pierre Guenard, in 1902 he
bought the charter for the Great Falls and Old Dominion Railroad.
Completed in 1906, it connected the area with
Washington, D.C. McLean
named a railroad station costing $1,500, of which $500 was raised
locally, after himself where the rail line (traveling on the present
route of Old Dominion Drive) crossed the old Chain Bridge Road. The
community itself was founded in 1910, when the communities of
Lewinsville and Langley merged.
McLean is located at 38°56′03″N 77°10′39″W /
38.93417°N 77.17750°W / 38.93417; -77.17750 (38.9342776,
-77.1774801) at an elevation of 285 feet (87 m). Located on the
Capital Beltway (Interstate 495) in Northern Virginia, central McLean
is 8 miles (13 km) northwest of downtown
Washington, D.C. and 9
miles (14 km) northeast of Fairfax, the county seat.
The community lies in the Piedmont upland on the west bank of the
Potomac River. The river forms the community's northern and
eastern borders, and a number of its smaller tributaries flow north
and northeast through the CDP. From west to east, these include Bull
Neck Run, Scott Run, Dead Run, Turkey Run, and Pimmit Run.
According to the
United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area
of 24.88 square miles (64.4 km2) of which 24.79 square miles
(64.2 km2) is land and 0.09 square miles (0.23 km2) is
As a suburb of Washington, D.C., McLean is a part of both the
Washington Metropolitan Area
Washington Metropolitan Area and the larger Baltimore-Washington
Metropolitan Area. The CDP includes the unincorporated communities of
Langley, Lewinsville, and West McLean, and it borders several other
Washington suburbs including: Potomac and
Cabin John, Maryland
Cabin John, Maryland to the
Brookmont, Maryland to the northeast; Arlington to the
southeast; Falls Church to the south; Idylwood, Pimmit Hills, and
Tysons Corner to the southwest; Wolf Trap to the west; and Great Falls
to the northwest.
McLean has a humid subtropical climate (Cfa) and is in hardiness zone
* U.S. Decennial Census
As of the 2010 census, there were 48,115 people, 17,063 households,
and 13,453 families residing in the CDP. The population density was
1,940.9 people per square mile (749.4/km²). There were 17,756 housing
units at an average density of 716.3 per square mile (276.6/km²). The
racial makeup of the CDP was 79.3% White, 14.9% Asian, 1.8% African
American, 0.1% Native American, 0.8% from other races, and 3.0% from
two or more races. Hispanics and Latinos of any race were 4.9% of the
There were 17,063 households out of which 39.6% had children under the
age of 18 living with them, 70.5% were married couples living
together, 2.4% had a male householder with no wife present, 6.0% had a
female householder with no husband present, and 21.2% were
non-families. Of all households, 18.0% were made up of individuals,
and 10.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.80, and the average family size was
The median age was 45.1 years. 26.9% of the population was under the
age of 18, 4.3% was 18 to 24, 18.6% was 25 to 44, 33.2% was 45 to 64,
and 17.0% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the
community was 48.2% male and 51.8% female.
The median income for a household in the CDP was $164,888, and the
median income for a family was $194,832. Males had a median income of
$132,714 versus $87,663 for females. The per capita income for the CDP
was $87,073. About 1.3% of families and 2.6% of the population were
below the poverty line, including 2.6% of those under the age of 18
and 3.2% of those 65 and older.
Capital One, Mars, Geebo, Booz Allen Hamilton, Freddie Mac, Hilton
Worldwide and the
Gannett Company are among the companies based in
McLean, Virginia. Many businesses in neighboring Tysons Corner,
particularly those east of Leesburg Pike (VA Route 7) have a McLean
mailing address, because the US Postal Service boundary for West
ZIP Code 22102) generally follows Leesburg Pike.
As of 2012, 61.6% of the population over the age of 16 was in the
labor force. 0.4% was in the armed forces, and 61.2% was in the
civilian labor force with 58.4% employed and 2.9% unemployed. The
occupational composition of the employed civilian labor force was:
73.2% in management, business, science, and arts; 17.9% in sales and
office occupations; 5.5% in service occupations; 2.0% in natural
resources, construction, and maintenance; 1.4% in production,
transportation, and material moving. The three industries employing
the largest percentages of the working civilian labor force were:
professional, scientific, and management, and administrative and waste
management services (27.8%); educational services, health care, and
social assistance (17.7%); and public administration (16.6%).
The cost of living in McLean is very high; compared to a U.S. average
of 100, the cost of living index for the community is 142.6. As of
2012, the median home value in the community was $908,000, the median
selected monthly owner cost was $3,803 for housing units with a
mortgage and $1,000+ for those without, and the median gross rent was
Government and infrastructure
Central Intelligence Agency
Central Intelligence Agency headquarters
The headquarters of the
Central Intelligence Agency
Central Intelligence Agency is located in the
Langley area of McLean and the headquarters of the Office of the
Director of National Intelligence is also located in McLean. The U.S.
Department of Transportation's Turner-Fairbank Highway Research Center
is also located down the street from the
Langley High School is one of two high schools within the McLean CDP
Primary and secondary schools
McLean residents are zoned to schools in the Fairfax County Public
FCPS public elementary schools within the CDP include Chesterbrook;
Churchill Road; Haycock; Kent Gardens; Franklin Sherman, and Spring
Hill. FCPS public middle schools within the CDP include James
Fenimore Cooper Middle School and Henry Wadsworth Longfellow Middle
School. FCPS public high schools within the CDP include Langley
High School and McLean High School.
In addition, the Mount Daniel School of the Falls Church City Public
Schools is physically within McLean.
Several private schools, ranging from pre-school to 12th grade, are
located in McLean, including The Langley School, The Madeira School;
The Potomac School; Oakcrest School; Saint Luke School; Saint John
School; Brooksfield Montessori,; The Montessori School of
McLean and the Country Day School.
The German School
Washington, D.C. was previously in McLean.
Nearby colleges and universities include the
Marymount University in
DeVry University (Arlington campus). The University of
Virginia's School of Continuing and Professional Studies has an
academic center in Falls Church, just south of McLean. George Mason
University is located 9 miles southwest of McLean in Fairfax,
Fairfax County Public Library
Fairfax County Public Library operates the Dolley Madison Library in
Weekend educational programs
The Washington Japanese Language School (WJLS,
ワシントン日本語学校 Washington Nihongo Gakkō), a
supplementary weekend Japanese school, previously held classes at St.
Luke Catholic School in McLean. The institution, giving
supplemental education to Japanese-speaking children in the Washington
DC area, was founded in 1958, making it the oldest Japanese
government-sponsored supplementary school in the U.S.
The Polish School of
Washington, D.C. holds classes on Saturdays at
Longfellow Middle School, which are funded by the Polish Embassy in
Washington D.C. ABRACE Inc., a Brazilian Portuguese heritage language
program, holds weekly classes at
McLean High School
McLean High School for children ages
3 to 18.
The Capital Beltway, George Washington Memorial Parkway, Interstate
66, Dulles Access Road, Dolley Madison Boulevard/Chain Bridge Road,
Georgetown Pike, and Old Dominion Drive all run through McLean. McLean
Station on the
Washington Metro Silver Line opened in 2014, two miles
west of the village near Tysons Corner.
Parks and recreation
The Mount Daniel School Park, operated by The City of Falls Church, is
physically within McLean. Clemyjontri Park, opened in
2006, with its 2-acre playground, carousel and picnic pavailion is
a popular destination for families.
Claude Moore Colonial Farm
Claude Moore Colonial Farm is also
popular with history buffs and families.
Main article: List of people from McLean, Virginia
Due to its proximity to Washington, D.C., numerous figures from
American politics and government live or have lived in McLean
including former Vice-President
Dick Cheney and his family, U.S.
Army General and former Secretary of State Colin Powell, U.S. Supreme
Anthony Kennedy and former Justice Antonin Scalia, and
U.S. Senators Byron Dorgan, Patrick Leahy, Don Nickles, and George
Washington University law professor Jonathan Turley. Foreign diplomats
Turki bin Faisal Al Saud
Turki bin Faisal Al Saud and
Bandar bin Sultan
Bandar bin Sultan have also lived
in McLean. Other famous residents have included former Republican
Speaker of the House of Representatives Newt Gingrich, author and
political activist Gore Vidal, science fiction writer James
Tiptree, Jr., and
Bradley Beal a Washington Wizards player.
^ a b c d e f g "American FactFinder 2".
United States Census Bureau.
^ "American FactFinder".
United States Census Bureau. Archived from
the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
^ a b "US Board on Geographic Names".
United States Geological Survey.
2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
^ Kelly, John (2008). "New in Town, Stranger?". Local Pronunciations.
^ "The 10 wealthiest cities in the United States". Tribune
^ "Along the 0. D. Railroad". The Washington Post. July 7, 1920.
^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990".
United States Census
Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
Virginia Official State Transportation Map - Cities in Detail".
Virginia Department of Transportation. Retrieved 2011-07-31.
^ "Piedmont province". The Geology of Virginia. The College of William
& Mary Department of Geology. Retrieved 2011-07-31.
^ a b "Fairfax County Transportation Plan" (PDF). Fairfax County
Department of Transportation. Oct 2006. Retrieved 2011-07-31.
^ a b "Virginia: 2010 - Population and Housing Counts" (PDF). United
States Census Bureau. July 2012. Retrieved 2013-12-10.
^ "Maryland: 2000 - Population and Housing Counts" (PDF). United
States Census Bureau. September 2003. Retrieved 2011-07-31.
^ "Locations." Mars, Incorporated. Retrieved on September 1, 2009.
^ "McLean, Virginia". City-Data.com. Retrieved 2013-12-10.
^ a b c d e f g "McLean CDP,
Virginia Archived April 30, 2011, at the
Wayback Machine.." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on September 1, 2009.
^ "Contact Us." Mount Daniel School. Retrieved on March 24, 2010.
^ "McLean Elementary Schools". Great Schools. 2008. Retrieved
^ Country Day School
Bundestag 4. Wahlperiode Drucksache IV/3672" (Archived
2016-03-12 at WebCite).
Bundestag (West Germany). 23 June 1965.
Retrieved on 12 March 2016. p. 29/51. "Deutsche Schule Washington 5025
Kirby Road, MC.LEAN Va./USA"
^ "Library Branches". Fairfax County Public Library. Retrieved on
October 21, 2009.
^ "ワシントン日本語学校概要". Washington Japanese Language
School. May 6, 2003. Retrieved on April 16, 2015. "学校事務局
Washington Japanese Language School Holy Cross Church, Quinn Hall内.
4900 Strathmore Avenue, Garrett Park, MD 20896" and
"ホーリークロス校 Holy Cross Church Elementary School 4900
Strathmore Ave, Garret Park, MD 20896" and "プレプ校 Georgetown
Preparatory School 10900 Rockville Pike, North Bethesda, MD 20852" and
"セントルーク校 St.Luke Catholic School 7005 Georgetown Pike,
McLean, VA 22101"
^ "English Archived 2014-05-02 at the Wayback Machine.." Washington
Japanese Language School. Retrieved on April 30, 2014. "Washington
Japanese Language School c/o Holy Cross Church, Quinn Hall, 4900
Strathmore Avenue, Garrett Park, MD 20896"
^ "Andrew M. Saidel" (Archived 2015-04-15 at WebCite). Japan-America
Society of Greater Philadelphia (JASGP;
フィラデルフィア日米協会とは). Retrieved on April 16,
^ "ABRACE, Inc". ABRACE, Inc. Retrieved 2017-04-23.
^ "Map of Parks." City of Falls Church. Retrieved on March 24, 2010.
^ "Clemyjontri Park". Fairfax County Website. Retrieved October 24,
^ "Claude Moore Colonial Farm".
Claude Moore Colonial Farm
Claude Moore Colonial Farm Website.
Retrieved October 24, 2014.
Dick Cheney Prepares to Depart, His Mystery Lingers
^ a b c Crowley, Michael (September 11, 2006). "Welcome to McLean,
home of America's ruling class". The New Republic. Retrieved March 23,
^ Phillips, Julie (2007). James Tiptree, Jr.: The Double Life of Alice
B. Sheldon. New York: Picador. ISBN 978-0-312-42694-1.
Media related to McLean,
Virginia at Wikimedia Commons
McLean (Virginia) travel guide from Wikivoyage
Primary & Secondary
Fairfax County Public Schools
Langley High School
McLean High School
Fairfax County Public Library
George Bush Center for Intelligence
Turner-Fairbank Highway Research Center
McLean Station (in Tysons Corner)
This list is incomplete.
Municipalities and communities of Fairfax County, Virginia, United
County seat: Fairfax
Kings Park West
West Falls Church