Mayor of Los Angeles
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The mayor of the City of Los Angeles is the official head and chief executive officer of
Los Angeles, California Los Angeles (; es, Los Ángeles; "The Angels"), officially the City of Los Angeles and often abbreviated as L.A., is the largest city in California California is a U.S. state, state in the Western United States. With over 39.3milli ...
, United States. The officeholder is elected for a four-year term and limited to serving no more than two terms. Under the
Constitution of California The Constitution of California ( es, Constitución del Estado de California) is the primary organizing law for the U.S. state of California California is a U.S. state, state in the Western United States. With over 39.3million residents ...
, all judicial, school, county and city offices, including those of chartered cities, are nonpartisan. There are 42 people who have served as mayor in Los Angeles since 1850, when
California California is a U.S. state, state in the Western United States. With over 39.3million residents across a total area of approximately , it is the List of states and territories of the United States by population, most populous and the List of ...
became a state following the American
Conquest of California The Conquest of California, also known as the Conquest of Alta California or the California Campaign, was an important military campaign of the Mexican–American War carried out by the United States in Alta California Alta California ('Uppe ...
. Prior to the conquest,
Californios Californios are Hispanic people native to the U.S. state of California California is a U.S. state, state in the Western United States. With over 39.3million residents across a total area of approximately , it is the List of states and terr ...
served as Mayor of Los Angeles during the Spanish and Mexican eras since 1781.
Eric Garcetti Eric Michael Garcetti (born February 4, 1971) is an American politician and diplomat serving as the 42nd and current mayor of Los Angeles since 2013. A member of the Democratic Party (United States), Democratic Party, he was first elected in the ...

Eric Garcetti
has been the city's current mayor since 2013.


Duties and powers

Los Angeles has a
strong mayor Strong may refer to: Places United States *Strong, Arkansas Strong is a city in Union County, Arkansas, Union County, Arkansas, United States. The population was 558 at the United States Census 2010, 2010 census. Geography Strong is located in th ...
–council form of government, giving the mayor the position of chief executive of the city. The mayor is given the authority to appoint general managers and commissioners, remove officials from city posts, and is required to propose a budget each year. Most of the mayor's appointments and proposals are subject to approval by the
Los Angeles City Council The Los Angeles City Council is the legislative body of the City of Los Angeles Los Angeles (; es, Los Ángeles; "The Angels"), officially the City of Los Angeles and often abbreviated as L.A., is the List of cities and towns in Californi ...
, but the mayor has the power of veto or approval of City Council legislation. The organization of the mayor's office changes with administration, but is almost always governed by a chief of staff, deputy chief of staff, director of communications, and several deputy mayors. Each mayor also organizes his office into different offices, usually containing the Los Angeles Housing Team, Los Angeles Business Team, International Trade Office, Mayor's Volunteer Corps, and Office of Immigrant Affairs, among other divisions. The mayor has an office in the
Los Angeles City Hall Los Angeles City Hall, completed in 1928, is the center of the government of the city of Los Angeles Los Angeles (; es, Los Ángeles; "The Angels"), officially the City of Los Angeles and often abbreviated as L.A., is the List of cities ...

Los Angeles City Hall
and resides at the Mayor's Mansion,
Getty House The Getty House is the official residence of the mayor of Los Angeles, California. It is located at 605 South Irving Boulevard in Windsor Square, Los Angeles, Windsor Square, a historic district located on the east of the Hancock Park, Los Ange ...
, located in
Windsor Square Windsor Square is a small, historic neighborhood in the Mid-Wilshire, Wilshire region of Los Angeles, California. It is known for its lush greenery and its giant houses. It is highly diverse in ethnic makeup, with a population older and better-educ ...
. As of 2017, the mayor received a salary of $248,141.


Election

The mayor is elected in citywide election. Elections follow a
two-round system The two-round system, also known as the second ballot, runoff voting, or ballotage, is a voting method Voting is a method for a group, such as a meeting or an electorate Electorate may refer to: * The people who are eligible to vote in an E ...
. The first round of the election is called the
primary election Primary elections, often abbreviated to primaries, are a process by which voters can indicate their preference for their party's candidate, or a candidate in general, in an upcoming general election, local election, or by-election. Depending on t ...
. The candidate receiving a majority of the vote in the primary is elected outright. If no candidate receives a majority, the top two candidates advance to a runoff election, called the
general election A general election is a political voting election where generally all or most members of a given political body are chosen. These are usually held for a nation, state, or territory's primary legislative body, and are different from by-elections (o ...
. The city charter allows for
write-in candidate A write-in candidate is a candidate whose name does not appear on the ballot but seeks election by asking voters to cast a vote for the candidate by physically writing in the person's name on the ballot. Depending on electoral law it may be possib ...
s for the primary election, but not for the runoff in the general election. The mayor is elected to a four-year term, with a limit of two consecutive terms. The office of mayor is officially
nonpartisan Nonpartisanism is a lack of affiliation with, and a lack of bias toward, a political party A political party is an organization that coordinates candidates to compete in a particular country's elections. It is common for the members of a pa ...
by state law, although most mayoral candidates identify a party preference. Elections for mayor were held in odd-numbered years from 1909 until 2013. In October 2014, the Los Angeles City Council recommended consolidating city elections with gubernatorial and presidential elections in even-numbered years in an effort to increase turnout. On March 3, 2015, voters passed a charter amendment to extend the term of the mayor elected in 2017 to five-and-a-half years. From 2022 and onward, mayoral elections will be consolidated with the statewide gubernatorial elections held every four years. The most recent election was held in March 2017. Incumbent mayor
Eric Garcetti Eric Michael Garcetti (born February 4, 1971) is an American politician and diplomat serving as the 42nd and current mayor of Los Angeles since 2013. A member of the Democratic Party (United States), Democratic Party, he was first elected in the ...

Eric Garcetti
was re-elected for a second term.


Succession

In the case of an office vacancy, the city council has a choice to appoint a new mayor or to hold a
special election A by-election (also spelled bye-election), also known as a special election in the United States and the Philippines, or a bypoll (India), is an election used to fill an office that has become vacant between general elections. In most cases these ...
. The replacement, if appointed, will serve until the next regularly scheduled primary for a city general election. If any portion remains on the term, a special election will be held to elect a candidate to serve the remainder of the term. The mayor is subject to
recall Recall may refer to: * Recall (bugle call), a signal to stop * Recall (information retrieval), a statistical measure * ReCALL (journal), ''ReCALL'' (journal), an academic journal about computer-assisted language learning * Recall (memory) * Recall ...
by registered voters if at least 15 percent of eligible voters sign a recall petition within 120 days of the first day of circulation. If the petition is successful, a special election is held asking whether the incumbent should be removed and who among a list of candidates should replace the incumbent. If the recall is successful, the replacement candidate with the majority of votes succeeds the ousted incumbent. If no replacement candidate receives a majority of the votes, a special runoff election is held between the top two candidates.


List of mayors of Los Angeles

As of , 42 individuals have served as mayor of Los Angeles since its incorporation as a city in the state of California. Six individuals served non-consecutive terms, the first of which began in 1854 and the last of which ended in 1921. Those who served non-consecutive terms are only counted once in the official count of mayoralties.
Stephen Clark Foster Stephen Clark Foster (December 17, 1820 – January 27, 1898) was a politician, the first American mayor of Los Angeles, California, Los Angeles under United States military rule. Foster served in the state constitutional convention, and was e ...

Stephen Clark Foster
was also appointed as Mayor of Los Angeles in 1848 prior to California statehood and official incorporation of the city. The longest term was that of Tom Bradley, who served for 20 years over five terms prior to the establishment of successive term limits. The shortest term, not counting city council presidents serving as acting mayor, was that of William Stephens, who was appointed to serve for less than two weeks after
Arthur Cyprian Harper Arthur Cyprian Harper (1866–1948) was the 26th Mayor of Los Angeles, California, from December 13, 1906, to March 11, 1909. He was forced to resign in the wake of a recall drive due to dishonesty that marked his administration. While mayor, ...
resigned from office. Two mayors died in office:
Henry Mellus Henry Mellus (August 24, 1816 – December 26, 1860) served as the eighth Mayor of Los Angeles The Mayor of the City of Los Angeles is the official head and chief executive officer of Los Angeles, California, United States. The officeholder is e ...
and Frederick A. MacDougall. Three Hispanics have served as mayor since incorporation: Antonio F. Coronel, Cristóbal Aguilar, and
Antonio Villaraigosa Antonio Ramón Villaraigosa (; né Villar Jr.; born January 23, 1953) is an American lawyer and politician who served as the 41st Mayor of Los Angeles from 2005 to 2013. Before becoming mayor, he was a member of the California State Assembly (19 ...

Antonio Villaraigosa
. Many other Hispanics served as mayor prior to California joining the United States including , who also briefly served as acting mayor post-statehood in his role as city council president. Tom Bradley is the only African American to have served as mayor, but was the city's longest-serving mayor. Two French Canadians have served as mayor, including , who served for three distinct periods, and
Prudent Beaudry Prudent Beaudry (1819 – May 29, 1893) was an American politician who served as the 13th mayor of Los Angeles The Mayor of the City of Los Angeles is the official head and chief executive officer of Los Angeles, California, United States. The ...
. This list includes three Presidents of the City Council who served as Acting Mayor due to a vacancy in the office of the mayor but who were not officially appointed as mayor. The Council Presidents are not included in the count of mayors. , fifth officeholder, was also appointed mayor in 1848 before the city's incorporation. , 24th officeholder, was instrumental in developing the
Los Angeles Aqueduct The Los Angeles Aqueduct system, comprising the Los Angeles Aqueduct (Owens Valley aqueduct) and the Second Los Angeles Aqueduct, is a water conveyance system, built and operated by the Los Angeles Department of Water and Power. The Owens Valley ...
. Image:Los Angeles Mayor Tom Bradley meets with Rodolfo Escalera (Crop).jpg, 200px, Tom Bradley (American politician), Thomas Bradley, 38th officeholder, was the city's longest-serving mayor and Los Angeles' only African American mayor to date. † Council presidents who temporarily served as acting mayor in case of a vacancy but were not officially appointed to the position are not included in the count of mayors.


Living former mayors

As of , three former mayors of Los Angeles were alive, the oldest being Richard J. Riordan (1993–2001, born 1930). The most recent mayor to die was Thomas Bradley (1973–1993), on September 29, 1998.


See also

*
History of Los Angeles Early United States era: 1848-1870 According to historian Mary P. Ryan, "The U.S. army swept into California with the surveyor as well as the sword and quickly translated Spanish and Mexican practices into cartographic representations."Ryan, Mar ...
* Timeline of Los Angeles


Notes

* Stephen Clark Foster previously served as mayor of Los Angeles under United States military rule prior to official incorporation. * On January 13, 1855, Stephen Clark Foster resigned as mayor to lead a Lynching, lynch mob. After the lynching, Foster was reelected as mayor in a special election and returned to office for the remainder of his term. * In cases where the same person served non-consecutive terms as mayor, the city only counts one mayoralty. * On September 22, 1856, Stephen Clark Foster resigned as mayor to attend to the executorship of the estate of his brother-in-law. City Council president Manuel Requena served as acting mayor until a special election could be held. Requena's term as acting mayor is not counted as an official mayoralty. * Manuel Requena previously served two terms as Alcalde of Los Angeles under Independent Mexican rule prior to California statehood in the United States. * On December 26, 1860, Henry Mellus died in office. City Council president Wallace Woodworth served as acting mayor until a special election could be held. Woodworth's term as acting mayor is not counted as an official mayoralty. * On May 8, 1867, Damien Marchesseault assumed the office of mayor, interrupting the term of Cristóbal Aguilar. After three months, Marchesseault was deposed and Aguilar was restored as mayor. * On November 16, 1878, Frederick A. MacDougal died in office. Bernard Cohn was appointed as mayor until a special election could be held. * John Bryson's term lasted a little over two months before he was legislated out of service with the adoption of a new city charter. * City Council president William Hartshorn Bonsall served as acting mayor for a week during the vacancy between the terms of Henry T. Hazard and Thomas E. Rowan. Bonsall's term as acting mayor is not counted as an official mayoralty. * On March 11, 1909 Arthur Harper was forced to resign in the wake of a recall drive. William Stephens was appointed mayor for less than two weeks until a new election could be held. * On September 2, 1916, Charles Sebastian resigned as mayor amid personal scandal. Frederick Woodman was appointed to finish the balance of Sebastian's term and later was elected to a full term in his own right. * On September 16, 1938 Frank Shaw was successfully recalled from office amid allegations of corruption. Fletcher Bowron was elected to take Shaw's place.


References


External links


Official City of Los Angeles : Office of Mayor website

City of Los Angeles Officials Database
{{DEFAULTSORT:Mayor Of Los Angeles, California Mayors of Los Angeles, Government of Los Angeles History of Los Angeles, Mayors Lists of mayors of places in California, Los Angeles Los Angeles-related lists Politicians from Greater Los Angeles 1850 establishments in California