The MAYOR OF LONDON is an elected politician who, along with the
London Assembly of 25 members, is accountable for the strategic
Greater London . The current mayor is
Sadiq Khan , who
took up office on 9 May 2016. The position was held by Ken Livingstone
from the creation of the role on 4 May 2000, until he was defeated in
May 2008 by
Boris Johnson , who served two terms before being
succeeded by Khan.
The role, created in 2000 after the
London devolution referendum in
1998, was the first directly elected mayor in the United Kingdom .
The Mayor of
London is the mayor of the entirety of Greater London,
City of London
City of London , for which there is also the ceremonial
Lord Mayor of the
City of London
City of London . Each
London Borough also has a
ceremonial mayor or, in Hackney , Lewisham , Newham or Tower Hamlets ,
an elected mayor.
* 1 Background
* 2 Elections
* 2.1 Most recent election
* 3 List of Mayors
* 4 Powers and functions
* 5 Initiatives
* 6 Salary
* 7 See also
* 8 References
* 9 External links
Greater London Council , the elected governance for Greater
London , was abolished in 1986 by the
Local Government Act 1985
Local Government Act 1985 .
Strategic functions were split off to various joint arrangements.
Londoners voted in a referendum in 1998 to create new governance
structures for Greater London. The directly elected Mayor of London
was created by the
Greater London Authority Act 1999 in 2000 as part
of the reforms.
London mayoral elections
The Mayor is elected by the supplementary vote method for a fixed
term of four years, with elections taking place in May. As with most
elected posts in the United Kingdom, there is a deposit, in this case
of £10,000 which is returnable on the candidate's winning at least 5%
of the first choice votes cast. The size of the Greater London
electorate means that the Mayor has the third-largest personal mandate
of any directly-elected politician in Europe, after the President of
France and the
President of Portugal
President of Portugal .
MOST RECENT ELECTION
London mayoral election, 2016
The most recent
London mayoral election was held on 5 May 2016. The
results were announced on 7 May at 00:30, despite British television
Sky News announcing
Sadiq Khan as the winner hours
earlier. Mr. Sadiq Khan, member of the Labour party, is the first
Muslim to be elected Mayor of London.
Boris Johnson did not run for re-election for a third
term in office, as he was elected the Member of Parliament for the
Conservative Party in Uxbridge and South Ruislip in the 2015 General
MAYOR OF LONDON ELECTION 5 MAY 2016
First Round Votes Transfer Votes
Labour GAIN from Conservative
LIST OF MAYORS
(for political parties)
Independent Labour Conservative
TERM OF OFFICE
PREVIOUS AND CONCURRENT OCCUPATIONS
4 May 2000
4 May 2008
Technician at the Chester Beatty cancer research laboratory
Leader of the
Greater London Council (1981–1986 )
MP for Brent East (1987–2001)
4 May 2008
9 May 2016
Journalist (editor of
The Spectator , 1999–2005)
MP for Henley (2001–2008)
MP for Uxbridge and South Ruislip (2015–present)
9 May 2016
Human rights lawyer (1997–2005)
MP for Tooting (2005–2016)
Minister of State for Transport
Minister of State for Transport (2009–2010)
Shadow Secretary of State for Justice
Shadow Secretary of State for Justice (2010–2015)
POWERS AND FUNCTIONS
Most powers are derived from the
Greater London Authority Act 1999
with additional functions coming from the
Greater London Authority Act
2007 , the
Localism Act 2011
Localism Act 2011 and Police Reform and Social
Responsibility Act 2011 .
The main functions are:
* Strategic planning, including housing, waste management, the
environment and production of the
* Refuse or permit planning permission on strategic grounds
* Transport policy, delivered by functional body Transport for
* Fire and emergency planning, delivered by functional body London
Fire and Emergency Planning Authority
* Policing and crime policy, delivered by functional body Mayor\'s
Office for Policing and Crime (before 2012 by functional body
Metropolitan Police Authority )
* Economic development, delivered directly by the Greater London
Authority through subsidiary company
GLA Land and Property (before
2012 by functional body
London Development Agency )
* Power to create development corporations, such as the London
Legacy Development Corporation
The remaining local government functions are performed by the London
borough councils . There is some overlap, for example the borough
councils are responsible for waste management, but the mayor is
required to produce a waste management strategy. In 2010, the Mayor
launched an initiative in partnership with the Multi-academy Trust AET
to transform schools across London. This led to the establishment of
Academies Enterprise Trust (LAET ) which was intended to be a
group of ten academies, but it only reached a group of four before the
Mayor withdrew in 2013.
GREATER LONDON AUTHORITY
LONDON BOROUGH COUNCILS
Leisure and recreation
Initiatives taken by
Ken Livingstone as Mayor of
London included the
London congestion charge
London congestion charge on private vehicles using city centre London
on weekdays, the creation of the
London Climate Change Agency , the
London Energy Partnership and the founding of the international Large
Cities Climate Leadership Group , now known as C40 Cities Climate
Leadership Group. The congestion charge led to many new buses being
introduced across London. In August 2003, Livingstone oversaw the
introduction of the
Oyster card electronic ticketing system for
Transport for London services.
They have also included the
London Partnerships Register which was a
voluntary scheme without legal force for same sex couples to register
their partnership, and paved the way for the introduction by the
United Kingdom Parliament of civil partnerships . Unlike civil
London Partnerships Register was open to
heterosexual couples who favour a public commitment other than
As Mayor of London,
Ken Livingstone was also a supporter of the
London Olympics in 2012 , and is known to encourage sport in London;
especially when sport can be combined with helping charities like The
London Marathon and British 10K charity races. However, Livingstone,
in a Mayoral election debate on the
BBC 's Question Time in April 2008
did state that the primary reason he supported the Olympic bid, was to
secure funding for the redevelopment of the East End of London. In
July 2007, he brought the Tour de France cycle race to London.
In May 2008,
Boris Johnson introduced a new transport safety
initiative to put 440 high visibility police officers on bus hubs, and
the immediate vicinity. A ban on alcohol on underground, bus,
Docklands Light Railway, and tram services and stations across the
capital was announced.
Also in May 2008,
Boris Johnson announced the closure of The Londoner
newspaper, saving approximately £2.9 million. A percentage of this
saving will be spent on planting 10,000 new street trees.
Boris Johnson extended the coverage of Oyster card
electronic ticketing to all National Rail overground train services.
Also in 2010,
Boris Johnson opened a cycle hire scheme (originally
Barclays , now Santander ) with 5,000 bicycles available
for hire across London. Although initiated by his predecessor, Ken
Livingstone, the scheme rapidly acquired the nickname of "Boris
Boris Johnson set up the Outer
London Fund, a money pot of
up to £50 million designed to help facilitate better, more effective
local high streets. Areas in
London were given the chance to submit
proposals for two separate pots of money, which would be granted to
them if their bid was successful. Successful bids for Phase 1 included
Enfield, Muswell Hill and Bexley Town Centre. The recipients of
Phase 2 funding are still to be announced.
In January 2013,
Boris Johnson appointed journalist Andrew Gilligan
as the first Cycling Commissioner for London. In March 2013, Boris
Johnson announced £1 billion of investment in infrastructure to make
cycling safer in London, including a 15-mile (24 km) East to West
segregated 'Crossrail for bikes'.
At the General Election of 7 May 2015,
Boris Johnson was elected as
MP for Uxbridge and Ruislip South, with 50.2% of the vote on a turnout
of 63.4%, and he continued to serve until the mayoral election in May
Sadiq Khan was elected as his successor.
The Mayor of London's salary is £143,911 per year, which is similar
to that of a Government Cabinet minister .
Deputy Mayor of London
Foreign relations of the Mayor of London
* Timeline of
London § 21st century
* ^ "Mayor of London". debretts.com. Retrieved 6 April 2016.
* ^ Parker, George; Sullivan, Conor (22 April 2016). "Zac v Sadiq:
the race to become London’s next mayor". Financial Times. Retrieved
9 May 2017.
* ^ "About
London Elects". londonelects.org.uk. Retrieved 6 April
* ^ "Official election result declaration,
London Elects" (PDF).
* ^ "
Sadiq Khan Vows To Be \'Mayor For All Londoners\'". Sky News.
7 May 2016. Retrieved 9 May 2016. But because of the processes
involved, he won't be technically in office until just after midnight
* ^ Playing a strategic role in planning Greater London
Authority. London.gov.uk. Retrieved on 2013-12-06.
* ^ What can the Mayor of
London actually do?. Full Fact
(2012-04-03). Retrieved on 2013-12-06.
* ^ The Mayor\'s Waste Management Strategies Greater London
Authority. London.gov.uk (2011-11-18). Retrieved on 2013-12-06.
* ^ James Rogers (19 August 2003). "
London fare freeze to boost
smartcard use". Computer Weekly. Retrieved 19 September 2014.
* ^ GLA Press Release – New action on transport safety Archived
28 May 2008 at the
Wayback Machine .
* ^ GLA Press Release – Plan to ban alcohol on the transport
network Archived 13 May 2008 at the
Wayback Machine .
* ^ GLA Press Release – Closure of
The Londoner newspaper
Archived 17 May 2008 at the
Wayback Machine .
* ^ Oyster Oyster pay as you go on National Rail Archived 27 March
2012 at the
Wayback Machine .
* ^ "Outer
London Fund". www.london.gov.uk. Archived from the
original on 24 December 2011.
* ^ "Successful Outer
London Bids". www.london.gov.uk. Archived
from the original on 30 January 2012.
* ^ "Will Muswell Hill have a Town Square?". My Muswell. 23
* ^ James Cleverly (5 August 2011). "Bexley Outer
www.jamescleverly.blogspot.com. Archived from the original on 25
Andrew Gilligan appointed \'Cycling Czar\' by mayor Johnson.
BikeRadar (2013-01-28). Retrieved on 2013-12-06.
* ^ "\'Crossrail for bikes\' set for London".
BBC News. 7 March
2013. Retrieved 6 April 2016.
* ^ "Uxbridge & Ruislip South".
Greater London Authority – Annual Budget Archived 11 April
2007 at the
Wayback Machine .
* Page about the process of nomination Archived 5 July 2008 at