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Islam
Islam
portal

* v * t * e

In Islam
Islam
, a MATURIDI (Arabic : ماتريدي‎‎) is one who follows Abu Mansur Al Maturidi's systematic theology (kalam ), which is close to the Ash\'ari theology. The school is known as Maturidism or Maturidiyyah. It is considered one of the orthodox theologies in Sunni Islam
Sunni Islam
alongside the Ash'ari
Ash'ari
school. Māturīdism has been the predominant theological orientation among later Hanafisand enjoyed a preeminent status in the Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire
and Mughal India
Mughal India
. Many Turkic tribes and Asian Muslims practice Maturidism.

CONTENTS

* 1 Views * 2 See also * 3 External links * 4 References

VIEWS

Points about which the Maturidis differ from the Ash'aris are, among others, the nature of belief and the place of human reason. The Maturidis state that iman (faith) does not increase nor decrease with actions; it is rather taqwa (piety) which increases and decreases. The Ash'aris say that belief does in fact increase and decrease according to the taqwa.

Part of a series on Islam
Islam
Aqidah
Aqidah

Five Pillars of Islam
Five Pillars of Islam

* Shahada
Shahada
* Salah
Salah
* Sawm
Sawm
* Zakat
Zakat
* Hajj
Hajj

Sunni Islam
Sunni Islam
1 SIX ARTICLES OF BELIEF

* God * Prophets * Holy books * Angels * The Last Judgement * Predestination

SUNNI THEOLOGICAL TRADITIONS

* Ilm al- Kalam
Kalam

* Ash\'ari * Maturidi

* Traditionalist

Shi\'a 2 TWELVER

* PRINCIPLES

* Tawhid
Tawhid
* Adalah
Adalah
* Prophecy * Imamah * Qiyamah

* PRACTICES

* Salah
Salah
* Sawm
Sawm
* Zakat
Zakat
* Hajj
Hajj
* Khums
Khums
* Jihad
Jihad
* Commanding what is just * Forbidding what is evil * Tawalla * Tabarra
Tabarra

SEVEN PILLARS OF ISMAILISM

* Walayah * Tawhid
Tawhid
* Salah
Salah
* Zakat
Zakat
* Sawm
Sawm
* Hajj
Hajj
* Jihad
Jihad

OTHER SHIA CONCEPTS OF AQIDAH

* Imamate * Batin * Sixth Pillar of Islam
Islam

Other schools of theology

* Ibadi
Ibadi
* Jahmi * Khawarij
Khawarij
3 * Murji\'ah * Muʿtazila * Qadariyah
Qadariyah
* Sufism
Sufism
4

Including: 1 Ahmadiyya
Ahmadiyya
, Qutbism
Qutbism
top: 0.2em;">2 Alawites
Alawites
, Assassins , Druzes top: 0.2em;">3 Azariqa, Ajardi, Haruriyyah, Najdattop: 0.2em;">4 Alevism
Alevism
, Bektashi Order
Bektashi Order
font-size:115%;padding-top: 0.6em;">

* v * t * e

Regarding the increased emphasis placed on the role of human reason, the Maturidis say that the unaided human mind is able to find out that the more major sins such as alcohol or murder are immoral and evil without the aid of revelation. The Ash'aris disagree, and conclude that the unaided human mind is unable to determine if something is good or evil, lawful or unlawful, moral or immoral, without the direct aid of divine revelation. Another point where Ash'aris and Maturidis differ regarding the role of human reason is divine amnesty for certain non-Muslims in the afterlife.

Both the Ash'aris and Maturidis follow occasionalism , a philosophy which refutes the basis for causality, but also proves the existence and nature of the Islamic belief of the tawhid (oneness of God ) through formal logic .

This theology is popular where the Hanafi
Hanafi
school of law is followed, particularly the lands of the former Turkic Ottoman and Mughal empires, viz. in Turkey
Turkey
, Tatarstan
Tatarstan
, Bashkortostan
Bashkortostan
, the Balkans
Balkans
, the Caucasus
Caucasus
, the Levant
Levant
, Afghanistan
Afghanistan
, Central Asia
Central Asia
, northwest China , Pakistan
Pakistan
, Bangladesh
Bangladesh
, and India
India
.

SEE ALSO

* Ash\'ari * Mu\'tazili * Athari
Athari
* Early Islamic philosophy
Early Islamic philosophy
* Islamic philosophy
Islamic philosophy
* Islamization of knowledge * Islamic schools and branches
Islamic schools and branches
* Kalam
Kalam

EXTERNAL

.