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MARUNOUCHI (丸の内) is a central commercial district of Tokyo located in Chiyoda between Tokyo Station
Tokyo Station
and the Imperial Palace . The name, meaning "inside the circle", derives from its location within the palace's outer moat. It is also Tokyo's financial district and the country's three largest banks are headquartered there.

CONTENTS

* 1 History * 2 Places in Marunouchi
Marunouchi
* 3 Companies based in Marunouchi
Marunouchi
* 4 Rail and subway stations * 5 References

HISTORY

In 1590, before Tokugawa Ieyasu
Tokugawa Ieyasu
entered Edo Castle , the area now known as Marunouchi
Marunouchi
was an inlet of Edo Bay and had the name Hibiya. With the expansion of the castle, this inlet was filled, beginning in 1592.

A new outer moat was constructed, and the earlier moat became the inner moat. The area took the name Okuruwauchi (御曲輪内, "within the enclosure") around 1629, when Edo Castle was completed.

Daimyōs , particularly shinpan and fudai , constructed their mansions here, and with 24 such estates, the area also became known as daimyō kōji (大名小路 "daimyo alley"). The offices of the North and South Magistrates, and that of the Finance Magistrate, were also here.

Following the Meiji Restoration
Meiji Restoration
, Marunouchi
Marunouchi
came under control of the national government, which erected barracks and parade grounds for the army .

Those moved in 1890, and Iwasaki Yanosuke
Iwasaki Yanosuke
, brother of the founder (and later the second leader) of Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
, purchased the land for 1.5 million yen . As the company developed the land, it came to be known as Mitsubishi-ga-hara (the " Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Fields").

Much of the land remains under the control of Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Estate , and the headquarters of many companies in the Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Group are in Marunouchi.

The government of Tokyo
Tokyo
constructed its headquarters on the site of the former Kōchi han in 1894. They moved it to the present Tokyo Metropolitan Government Building in Shinjuku in 1991, and the new Tokyo
Tokyo
International Forum and Toyota Tsusho
Toyota Tsusho
Corporation now stands on the site. Nearly a quarter of Japan's GDP is generated in this area.

Tokyo Station
Tokyo Station
opened in 1914, and the Marunouchi Building
Marunouchi Building
in 1923. Tokyo Station
Tokyo Station
was reopened on 1 October 2012 after a 5-year refurbishment.

PLACES IN MARUNOUCHI

Pre-1923 postcard with a view of the Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
headquarters in Marunouchi
Marunouchi
and its environs, looking towards the Imperial Palace Tokyo
Tokyo
international forum

* Marunouchi
Marunouchi
Oazo * Marunouchi Building
Marunouchi Building
* Shin- Marunouchi Building
Marunouchi Building
* JP Tower
JP Tower
* Tokyo
Tokyo
International Forum * Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Ichigokan Museum, Tokyo
Tokyo
* Tokyo Station
Tokyo Station
, the city's main intercity rail terminal * Meiji Seimei Kan
Meiji Seimei Kan

COMPANIES BASED IN MARUNOUCHI

This section NEEDS ADDITIONAL CITATIONS FOR VERIFICATION . Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources . Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (December 2009) (Learn how and when to remove this template message )

Calbee
Calbee
has its headquarters in the Marunouchi
Marunouchi
Trust Tower Main. Konica Minolta
Konica Minolta
has its headquarters in the Marunouchi
Marunouchi
Center Building in Marunouchi.

* Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Group companies:

* The Bank
Bank
of Tokyo- Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
UFJ * Meiji Yasuda Life Insurance * Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Corporation * Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Electric * Nippon Yusen
Nippon Yusen
* Tokio Marine Nichido
Tokio Marine Nichido

* Asahi Glass
Asahi Glass
* Hitachi
Hitachi
* Furukawa Electric * Nikko Citigroup
Nikko Citigroup
* Toyota Tsusho
Toyota Tsusho

Marunouchi
Marunouchi
also houses the Japan offices of Aeroméxico
Aeroméxico
(Pacific Century Place Marunouchi
Marunouchi
), Citigroup
Citigroup
, Nikko Cordial , Nikko Citigroup
Citigroup
, Banca Commerciale Italiana , Rabobank , JPMorgan Chase
JPMorgan Chase
, Bank
Bank
Negara Indonesia , Bank
Bank
of India , Bayerische Landes Bank
Bank
, Bloomberg , BT Asia Securities , First National Bank
Bank
of Boston , KPMG , Latham & Watkins
Latham & Watkins
, Mellon Bank
Bank
, Morgan, Lewis & Bockius , Morrison & Foerster , Overseas Union Bank
Bank
, Philadelphia National Bank
Bank
, PricewaterhouseCoopers
PricewaterhouseCoopers
, Ropes "> Standard & Poor\'s , Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu , Bain "> The American pharmaceutical company Excellence Health Inc., opened their Japan office in Marunouchi
Marunouchi
in Spring, 2017.

Japan Airlines
Japan Airlines
used to have its headquarters in the Tokyo
Tokyo
Building in Marunouchi.

RAIL AND SUBWAY STATIONS

* Nijūbashimae Station ( Chiyoda Line ) * Otemachi Station ( Chiyoda Line , Hanzomon Line , Marunouchi Line
Marunouchi Line
, Toei Mita Line
Toei Mita Line
, Tozai Line ) * Tokyo Station
Tokyo Station
(Chūō Line , Keihin-Tohoku Line
Keihin-Tohoku Line
, Keiyo Line , Marunouchi Line
Marunouchi Line
, Shinkansen
Shinkansen
, Sōbu Line , Yamanote Line
Yamanote Line
, Yokosuka Line )

REFERENCES

* ^ "前史(江戸時代~明治23年)". * ^ Nakata, Hiroko, " Tokyo
Tokyo
Station\'s Marunouchi
Marunouchi
side restored to 1914 glory", Japan Times , 23 October 2012, p. 3 * ^ "Corporate Information." Calbee
Calbee
. Retrieved on March 27, 2010. * ^ "Company Overview." Konica Minolta
Konica Minolta
. Retrieved on May 12, 2009. * ^ "About The Bank
Bank
of Tokyo- Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
UFJ, Ltd." The Bank
Bank
of Tokyo- Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
UFJ . Retrieved on December 7, 2009. * ^ "Fact Sheet." Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Corporation . Retrieved on September 28, 2011. * ^ "Corporate Profile." Tokio Marine Nichido
Tokio Marine Nichido
. Retrieved on July 24, 2011. "Address of Head Office 2-1 Marunouchi
Marunouchi
1-chome, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo" * ^ "Company Profile." Asahi Glass
Asahi Glass
. Retrieved on April 2, 2014. * ^ "Company Profile Archived 2014-03-19 at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
.." Furukawa Electric . Retrieved on March 21, 2014. * ^ "com03.jpg." Aeroméxico
Aeroméxico
. Retrieved on October 13, 2010. * ^ "Office Locations Asia." Standard border:solid #aaa 1px">

* Tokyo
Tokyo
portal

Wikimedia Commons has media related to MARUNOUCHI .

Coordinates : 35°40′52.87″N 139°45′51.67″E / 35.6813528°N 139.7643528°E / 35.6813528; 139.7643528

* v * t * e

Neighborhoods of Tokyo
Tokyo

* Akasaka * Akihabara
Akihabara
* Aobadai
Aobadai
* Aomi * Aoyama * Ariake * Asagaya
Asagaya
* Asakusa
Asakusa
* Asakusabashi * Azabu
Azabu
* Awajichō * Daikanyama * Den-en-chōfu
Den-en-chōfu
* Ebisu * Ebisuminami * Futako Tamagawa
Futako Tamagawa
* Ginza
Ginza
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Gotanda
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Hamamatsuchō
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Harajuku
* Hibiya
Hibiya
* Higashi * Higashi-Kanda
Higashi-Kanda
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Hongō
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Iidabashi
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Ikebukuro
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Iwamotochō
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Kagurazaka
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Kasumigaseki
* Kichijōji
Kichijōji
* Komaba * Koishikawa
Koishikawa
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Nihonbashi
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Nishi-Shinjuku
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Ōizumigakuenchō
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Ōmori
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Roppongi
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Ryōgoku
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Shibuya
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Shinbashi
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Shiodome
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