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The Info List - Martha Chase


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MARTHA COWLES CHASE (November 30, 1927 – August 8, 2003), also known as MARTHA C. EPSTEIN, was an American geneticist known for having in 1952, with Alfred Hershey
Alfred Hershey
, experimentally helped to confirm that DNA
DNA
rather than protein is the genetic material of life. She was greatly respected as a geneticist.

CONTENTS

* 1 Early life and college education * 2 Research and later life * 3 Key paper * 4 References * 5 External links

EARLY LIFE AND COLLEGE EDUCATION

Chase was born in 1927 in Cleveland, Ohio
Cleveland, Ohio
. She had only one sister, Ruth Chase. In 1950 she received her bachelor\'s degree from the College of Wooster and in 1964 her PhD
PhD
from the University of Southern California .

RESEARCH AND LATER LIFE

In 1952 Chase met the American bacteriophage expert Alfred Hershey
Alfred Hershey
at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory from the Carnegie Institution of Washington . This was where the well-known Hershey–Chase experiment was performed. The experiment helped to confirm that it was DNA, and not protein, that was the genetic material through which traits were inherited. They proved this by testing that the DNA, not the protein , of the bacteriophage T2 (a virus that infects bacteria ) entered E coli upon infection. This result was contrary to prevailing scientific opinion at the time.

In 1953 Chase moved to a post at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory in Tennessee, and she later also worked at the University of Rochester
University of Rochester
. During the 1950s she returned to Cold Spring Harbor to take part in meetings of the Phage Group of biologists.

She met and married fellow scientist Richard Epstein in California in the late 1950s, and changed her name to Martha C. Epstein. The marriage was brief and they divorced shortly after with no kids. A series of personal setbacks through the 1960s ended Chase's career in science. She spent decades suffering from a form of dementia that robbed her of short-term memory. She died of pneumonia on August 8, 2003, at the age of 75.

KEY PAPER

* Hershey, A. D. and Martha Chase. "Independent Functions of Viral Protein
Protein
and Nucleic Acid in Growth of Bacteriophage." J. Gen. Physiol., 36 (1): 39-56. September 20, 1952.

REFERENCES

* ^ Dawson, Milly (2003-08-20). " Martha Chase
Martha Chase