The Info List - Markham, Ontario

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Markham (/ˈmɑːrkəm/; 2016 population 328,966[1]) is a city in the Regional Municipality of York
Regional Municipality of York
within the Greater Toronto Area
Greater Toronto Area
of Southern Ontario, Canada. It is located approximately 30 km (19 mi) northeast of Downtown Toronto. The city is the fourth-most populous community within the Greater Toronto Area
Greater Toronto Area
after Toronto, Mississauga
and Brampton
and is York Region's most populous municipality.[3] Markham is also Canada's 16th largest city. Markham changed its status from town to city on July 1, 2012.[4] The city gained its name from the first Lieutenant-Governor of Upper Canada, John Graves Simcoe
John Graves Simcoe
(in office 1791–1796), who named the area after his friend, William Markham, the Archbishop of York
Archbishop of York
from 1776 to 1807. The first European settlement in Markham occurred when William Berczy, a German artist and developer, led a group of approximately sixty-four German families to North America. While they planned to settle in New York, disputes over finances and land tenure led Berczy to negotiate with Simcoe for 64,000 acres (260 km2) in Markham Township in 1794.[5] Through much of Markham's history the community has been described[by whom?] as an agricultural community. A turn towards a more urbanized community within the township began after World War II
World War II
when the township began to feel the effects of urban encroachment from Toronto. The completion of Highway 404 during the mid-1970s accelerated urban development in Markham.[6] As of 2013[update] tertiary industry mainly drives Markham. As of 2010[update] "business services" employed the largest proportion of workers in Markham – nearly 22% of its labour force.[7] The city also has over 1,100 technology and life-sciences companies, with IBM as the city's largest employer.[8][9] A number of multinational companies also have their Canadian headquarters located in Markham, including: Honda Canada, Hyundai,[10] Advanced Micro Devices,[11] Johnson & Johnson, Avaya,[12] IBM,[13] Motorola,[14] Oracle,[15] Toshiba,[16] Toyota Financial Services, [17] Huawei and Honeywell.


1 History 2 Geography

2.1 Topography 2.2 Climate

3 Neighbourhoods 4 Demographics 5 Government

5.1 City Council 5.2 Markham Civic Centre 5.3 Elections 5.4 By-laws

6 City services

6.1 Police 6.2 Fire 6.3 Hospitals

7 Education

7.1 Post-secondary 7.2 Primary and secondary schools

8 Economy 9 Performing arts 10 Culture 11 Sports

11.1 Community centres and recreational facilities

12 Parks and pathways 13 City issues

13.1 Urban growth 13.2 Transit plan

14 Attractions 15 Annual events 16 Shopping 17 Local media 18 Transportation

18.1 Roads 18.2 Rail 18.3 Public transit 18.4 Air

19 Notable people 20 Partner Cities

20.1 Cultural Collaboration Cities 20.2 Friendship cities 20.3 Sister cities

21 See also 22 References

22.1 Notes

23 External links

History[edit] Main article: History of Markham, Ontario Indigenous people lived in what is now Markham for many thousands of years before Europeans arrived in the area. These people include the Haudenosaunee Confederacy (the Iroquois), the Huron Wendat, the Petun and the Neutral.[18]

Farmers lined up to sell cream at Albert Reesor's Locust Hill Creamery, c. 1900 in Locust Hill, Ontario

Objects recovered by the a local mill owner, the Milne Family, in the 1870's give evidence of a village within the boundaries of the present Milne Conservation Area.[18] Markham was first surveyed as a township in 1793 by William Berczy, who in 1794 led 75 German families including the Ramers, Reesors, Wheters, Burkholders, Bunkers, Wicks and Lewis from Upstate New York to an area of Markham now known as German Mills.[19] Each family was granted 200 acres (0.81 km2) of land; however the lack of roads in the region led many to settle in York (now Toronto) and Niagara. German Mills later became a ghost town. Between 1803 and 1812, another attempt at settling the region was made. The largest group of settlers were Pennsylvania Dutch, most of whom were Mennonites. These highly skilled craftsmen and knowledgeable farmers settled the region and founded Reesorville, named after the Mennonite
settler Joseph Reesor.[20] In 1825, Reesorville was renamed to Markham having taken the name of the unincorporated village (see Markham Village, Ontario). By 1830, a large number of Irish, Scottish and English families began immigrating to Upper Canada, many settling in Markham.[21] Markham's early years blended the rigours of the frontier with the development of agriculture-based industries. The many rivers and streams in the township soon supported water-powered saw and gristmills and later wooden mills. With improved transportation routes, such as the construction of Yonge Street
Yonge Street
in the 1800s, along with the growing population, urbanization increased. In 1842 the township population was 5,698; 29,005 acres (117.38 km2) were under cultivation (second highest in the province), and the township had eleven gristmills and twenty-four sawmills.[22] The 1846 Gazeteer indicates a population of about 300, mostly Canadians, Pennsylvanian Dutch (actually Pennsylvania Deitsch or German), other Germans, Americans, Irish, and a few from Britain. There were two churches with a third being built. There were tradesmen of various types, a grist mill, an oatmill mill, five stores, a distillery and a threshing machine maker. There were eleven grist and twenty-four saw mills in the surrounding township.[23] In 1850, the first form of structured municipal government formed in Markham.[24] By 1857, most of the township had been cleared of timber and was under cultivation. Villages like Thornhill, Unionville, and Markham greatly expanded.[25] In 1851 Markham Village
"was a considerable village, containing between eight and nine hundred inhabitants, pleasantly situated on the Rouge River. It contains two grist mills ... a woollen factory, oatmeal mill, barley mill, and distillery, foundry, two tanneries, brewery, etc., a temperance hall and four churches... ."[26] In 1871, with a township population of 8,152,[27] the Toronto and Nipissing Railway built the first rail line to Markham Village
and Unionville, which is still used today by the GO Transit
GO Transit
commuter services. In 1972, Markham was incorporated as a town, as its population skyrocketed due to urban sprawl from Toronto. In 1976, Markham's population was approximately 56,000. Since that time, the population has more than quintupled with explosive growth in new subdivisions. Much of Markham's farmland has disappeared, but is still found north of Major Mackenzie Drive. Controversy over the development of the environmentally sensitive Oak Ridges Moraine
Oak Ridges Moraine
will likely curb development north of Major Mackenzie Drive. Ever since the 1980s, Markham has been recognized as a suburb of Toronto. As of 2006, the city now comprises of six major communities, which include Berczy Village, Cornell, Markham Village, Milliken, Thornhill, and Unionville. Many high-tech companies have head offices located in Markham for the relative abundance of land, low tax rates and good transportation routes. Broadcom
Canada, ATI Technologies (now known as AMD Graphics Product Group), IBM
Canada, Motorola
Canada, Honeywell
Canada and many other well-known companies have chosen Markham as their home in Canada. Hence, the city has been branding itself as Canada's "High-Tech Capital". An Ontario Historical Plaque was erected in front of the Markham Museum
Markham Museum
by the province to commemorate the founding of Markham's role in Ontario's heritage.[28] Town council voted on May 29, 2012, to change Markham's legal designation from "town" to "city"; according to councillor Alex Chiu, who introduced the motion, the change of designation merely reflects the fact that many people already think of Markham as a city.[4] Some residents objected to the change because it will involve unknown costs without any demonstrated benefits. The designation officially took effect on July 1.[4] Geography[edit]

Suburban tract housing in southeastern Markham

Public housing in Cachet, Ontario.

Markham covers an area of 212.47 km2 (82.04 sq mi) and Markham's City Centre is at 43°53′N 79°15′W / 43.883°N 79.250°W / 43.883; -79.250. It is bounded by 5 municipalities; in the west is Vaughan
with the boundary along Yonge Street
Yonge Street
between Steeles Avenue
Steeles Avenue
and Highway 7 and Richmond Hill with the boundary along Highway 7 from Yonge Street
Yonge Street
to Highway 404 and at Highway 404 from Highway 7 to 19th Avenue and Stouffville Road. In the south, it borders Toronto
with the boundary along Steeles Avenue. In the North it borders Whitchurch–Stouffville
with the boundary from Highway 404 to York-Durham Line between 19th Avenue and Stouffville Road. In the East it borders Pickering along the York-Durham Line. Topography[edit] Markham's average altitude is at 200 m (660 ft) and in general consists of gently rolling hills. The city is intersected by two rivers; the Don River and Rouge River, as well as their tributaries. To the north is the Oak Ridges Moraine, which further elevates the elevation towards the north. Climate[edit] Markham borders and shares the same climate as Toronto. On an average day, Markham is generally 1–2 °C (1.8–3.6 °F) cooler than in downtown Toronto. It has a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dfb) and features warm, humid summers with significant rainfall occurring from May to October and cold, snowy winters. The highest temperature recorded was 37.8 °C (100 °F) on August 8, 2001, and the lowest temperature recorded was −35.2 °C (−31 °F) on January 16, 1994.[29]

Climate data for Markham 1981–2010 (Toronto/Buttonville Municipal Airport)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high humidex 16.0 14.4 29.2 35.7 41.0 44.6 50.9 47.4 43.6 37.8 24.9 20.6 50.9

Record high °C (°F) 14.9 (58.8) 14.9 (58.8) 26.0 (78.8) 31.7 (89.1) 34.6 (94.3) 36.6 (97.9) 37.2 (99) 37.8 (100) 34.4 (93.9) 31.0 (87.8) 22.1 (71.8) 18.0 (64.4) 37.8 (100)

Average high °C (°F) −1.5 (29.3) −0.9 (30.4) 4.5 (40.1) 12.1 (53.8) 19.1 (66.4) 24.6 (76.3) 27.1 (80.8) 26.0 (78.8) 21.5 (70.7) 14.1 (57.4) 7.2 (45) 0.9 (33.6) 12.9 (55.2)

Daily mean °C (°F) −5.8 (21.6) −5.6 (21.9) −0.4 (31.3) 6.7 (44.1) 13.0 (55.4) 18.6 (65.5) 21.2 (70.2) 20.2 (68.4) 15.7 (60.3) 8.9 (48) 3.1 (37.6) −2.9 (26.8) 7.7 (45.9)

Average low °C (°F) −10.1 (13.8) −10.2 (13.6) −5.3 (22.5) 1.2 (34.2) 6.8 (44.2) 12.6 (54.7) 15.2 (59.4) 14.3 (57.7) 9.9 (49.8) 3.6 (38.5) −1.1 (30) −6.8 (19.8) 2.5 (36.5)

Record low °C (°F) −35.2 (−31.4) −25.7 (−14.3) −25.6 (−14.1) −10.1 (13.8) −2.1 (28.2) 1.9 (35.4) 6.9 (44.4) 4.2 (39.6) −2.0 (28.4) −7.4 (18.7) −15.0 (5) −26.0 (−14.8) −35.2 (−31.4)

Record low wind chill −42.6 −37.4 −35.6 −18.6 −4.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 −4.2 −8.8 −23.9 −36.6 −42.6

Average precipitation mm (inches) 62.1 (2.445) 50.5 (1.988) 53.2 (2.094) 74.1 (2.917) 79.6 (3.134) 82.8 (3.26) 79.0 (3.11) 76.2 (3) 81.8 (3.22) 68.0 (2.677) 80.0 (3.15) 65.7 (2.587) 852.9 (33.579)

Average rainfall mm (inches) 26.0 (1.024) 22.9 (0.902) 33.6 (1.323) 66.7 (2.626) 79.5 (3.13) 82.8 (3.26) 78.8 (3.102) 76.2 (3) 81.8 (3.22) 66.7 (2.626) 68.3 (2.689) 34.2 (1.346) 717.4 (28.244)

Average snowfall cm (inches) 38.9 (15.31) 29.9 (11.77) 19.3 (7.6) 7.5 (2.95) 0.1 (0.04) 0.0 (0) 0.0 (0) 0.0 (0) 0.0 (0) 0.6 (0.24) 12.1 (4.76) 34.2 (13.46) 142.6 (56.14)

Average precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm) 16.7 12.9 12.0 12.3 12.0 11.8 11.2 9.9 10.8 13.2 14.5 15.3 152.7

Average rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm) 5.8 3.8 6.7 10.8 12.0 11.8 11.2 9.9 10.8 13.0 11.3 6.6 113.7

Average snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm) 13.4 10.8 7.0 2.9 0.13 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.48 4.7 10.8 50.2

Average relative humidity (%) (at 1500 LST) 69.6 64.0 57.8 52.9 52.3 53.9 53.4 55.9 59.2 62.4 68.9 71.1 60.1

Source: Environment Canada[29]


Skyline of Markham viewed from Highway 7 and Town Centre Blvd. Unionville High School, FLATO Markham Theatre, and City Hall are the three buildings to the left. (2008)

Markham is made up of many original 19th century communities (many of which, despite being technically suburban districts today, are still signed with official 'city limits' signs on major roads) and/or each with a distinctive character:

Almira[30] Angus Glen Armadale Bayview Glen Berczy Village Box Grove Brown's Corners Bullock Buttonville Cachet Cashel Cathedraltown Cedar Grove Cedarwood Cornell

Crosby Dollar Downtown Markham Dickson's Hill German Mills Greensborough Hagermans Corners Langstaff Legacy Locust Hill Markham Village Middlefield Milliken Mills Milnesville Mongolia

Mount Joy Quantztown Raymerville – Markville East Rouge Fairways Sherwood – Amber Glen South Unionville Thornhill Underwood, Ontario Unionville Uptown Markham Victoria Square Vinegar Hill Wismer Commons

Thornhill and Unionville are popularly seen as being separate communities. Thornhill actually straddles the Markham-Vaughan municipal boundary (portions of it in both municipalities). Unionville is actually a single community with three sub-communities:

original Unionville lying along Highway 7 and Kennedy Road South Unionville
South Unionville
is a newer residential community (beginning from the 1990s onwards) south of Highway 7 to Highway 407 and from McCowan to Kennedy Road Upper Unionville is a new residential development being built on the northeast corner of 16th Avenue and Kennedy Road

Demographics[edit] According to the 2011 Canadian Census,[31] the population of Markham is 301,709, a 15.3% increased from 2006, which is approximately 3 times faster than Canada as a whole. Markham's land mass is 212.58 km2 with a population density is 1,419.3 people per km2. The median age is 39.6 years old which is slightly lower than the median age of Canada at 40.6 years old. According to the 2011 National Household Survey, 89.3% of Markham's residents are Canadian citizens, and about 14.5% of residents are recent immigrants (from 2001 to 2011). The racial make up of Markham is; East Asian
East Asian
(39.7%), White (27.5%), South Asian (19.1%), Southeast Asian (3.9%), Black (3.2%), West Asian
West Asian
& Arab (3.2%), Latin American (0.5%), Aboriginal (0.2%), and 1.9% of the population is multiracial while the rest of the population (0.7%) is of another group. Markham has the highest visible minority population of any major Canadian city (over 100,000 residents) at 72.3%, and is one of eight major cities with no majority racial group. Religiously speaking, 29.9% of Markham's population does not affiliate with any religion. For those who do, the religious make up is Christian (44.1%), Hindu (10.1%), Muslim
(7.3%), Buddhist
(4.4%), Jewish (2.4%) and Sikh (1.4%). The rest fall into another category.

Religions in Markham















Irreligious/No affiliation


Distribution of religions (2011 NHS)

As far as education goes, for those who are 25 to 64 years old, the highest levels of education achieved are as follows: 69.5% of people have a post-secondary degree, 20.5% have a high school diploma or equivalent, and 10.0% have less than a high school diploma. Markham's unemployment rate is 8.1%, just over the national average of 7.8%. Its median household income before taxes is $86,022; after taxes it is $75,135, quite a bit higher than the national average of $54,089. The median value of a dwelling unit in Markham is $500,741 which is 1.8 times higher than the national average of $280,552.

Canada 2016 Census Population % of total population

group Source: [1] Chinese 147,725 45.1

White 72,250 22.1

South Asian 58,270 17.8

Black 9,655 2.9

Filipino 8,905 2.7

West Asian 7,910 2.4

Arab 3,250 1.0

Korean 4,355 1.3

Southeast Asian 2,520 0.8

Other visible minority 2,920 0.9

Latin American 1,750 0.5

Multiple visible minority 6,895 2.1

Total population 327,400 100

Mother tongue [32] Percentage

English 38.5%

Cantonese 15.8%

Chinese, not otherwise specified 10.4%

Tamil 4.9%

Mandarin 4.8%

Urdu 2.1%

Persian 1.9%

Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1.6%

Gujarati 1.6%

Panjabi (Punjabi) 1.5%

Italian 1.4%

Government[edit] See also: List of mayors of Markham, Ontario City Council[edit] Markham City Council consists of Frank Scarpitti
Frank Scarpitti
as mayor, four regional councillors and eight ward councillors each representing one of the city's eight wards. Scarpitti replaced Don Cousens, who was a former Progressive Conservative MPP for Markham and a Presbyterian church minister. The mayor and four regional councillors are elected by the community to represent the City of Markham at the regional level. Councillors are paid by the municipality for their services, but in many municipalities, members of council usually serve part-time and work at other jobs as well. The current members of council were elected by the residents to a four-year term of office, in accordance with standards set by the province. The selection of members for the offices of mayor and regional councillors are made town-wide, while ward councillors are elected by individual ward. Markham Civic Centre[edit]

Markham Civic Centre

The city council is located at the Markham Civic Centre
Markham Civic Centre
at the intersection of York Regional Road 7
York Regional Road 7
and Warden Avenue. The site of the previous offices on Woodbine Avenue has been redeveloped for commercial uses. The historic town hall on Main Street is now a restored office building. The Mayor's Youth Task Force was created to discuss issues facing young people in the city and to plan and publicize events. Its primary purpose is to encourage youth participation within the community. Elections[edit] Main articles: Markham municipal election, 2006 and Markham municipal election, 2010 By-laws[edit] The city is permitted to create and enforce by-laws upon residents on various matters affecting the town. The by-laws are generally enforced by City By-Law enforcement officers, but they may involve York Regional Police if violations are deemed too dangerous for the officers to handle. In addition the by-laws can be linked to various provincial acts and enforced by the town. Violation of by-laws is subject to fines of up to $20,000 CAD. The by-laws of Markham include:

Toogood Pond

Animal Control (see Dog Owners' Liability Act of Ontario) Construction Permits Driveway Extensions Fencing and Swimming Pools Heritage Conservation (see Ontario Heritage Act) Home-Based Businesses Noise Parking Property Standards Registration of Basement Apartments and Second Suites Sewers Site Alteration Waste Collection Water Use

City services[edit]

Fire engine of Markham Fire and Emergency Services

Police[edit] There are no courts in Markham, but the city is served by an Ontario Court of Justice in Newmarket, as well as an Ontario Small Claims court in Richmond Hill. There are also served by a Provincial Offence Court in Richmond Hill. The Ontario Court of Appeal is located in Toronto, while the Supreme Court of Canada
Supreme Court of Canada
is located in Ottawa, Ontario. Policing is provided by York Regional Police
York Regional Police
at a station (5 District) at the corner of McCowan Road and Carlton Road and Highway 7. Highway 404, Highway 407 and parts of Highway 48 are patrolled by the Ontario Provincial Police. Toronto
Police Service is responsible for patrol on Steeles from Yonge Street
Yonge Street
to the York—Durham Line. Fire[edit] Markham Fire and Emergency Services was established in 1970 as Markham Fire Department and replaced various local volunteer fire units. There are 9 fire stations currently serving Markham. Toronto/Buttonville Municipal Airport is also served by Markham's Fire service. Hospitals[edit] Markham Stouffville Hospital
Markham Stouffville Hospital
located in the far eastern end of the city, is Markham's main healthcare facility. Markham is also home to Shouldice Hospital, one of the world's premier facilities for people suffering from hernias. For those living near Steeles, they sometimes will be able to receive treatment at The Scarborough Hospital Birchmount Campus in Toronto/Scarborough. Education[edit] Post-secondary[edit]

Seneca College, Markham Campus

Markham currently does not have any universities itself, but Seneca College has campuses at Highways 7 and 404 and at Buttonville Municipal Airport. In May 2015, York University
York University
announced plans to open a new campus in the Markham Centre area, in collaboration with Seneca College.[33][34] Primary and secondary schools[edit] Markham has a number of both public and Catholic high schools. All have consistently scored high on standardized tests and have some of the highest rate of graduates attending universities.[citation needed] The York Region District School Board
York Region District School Board
operates secular Anglophone public schools. The York Catholic District School Board
York Catholic District School Board
operates Anglophone Catholic schools. The Conseil scolaire Viamonde
Conseil scolaire Viamonde
operates secular Francophone schools, and the Conseil scolaire de district catholique Centre-Sud operates Catholic Francophone schools.

Secular, Anglophone public schools

Bill Crothers Secondary School Bill Hogarth Secondary School Bur Oak Secondary School Markham District High School Markville Secondary School Middlefield Collegiate Institute Milliken Mills High School Pierre Elliott Trudeau High School Thornhill Secondary School Thornlea Secondary School Unionville High School

Anglophone Catholic schools

St. Brother André Catholic High School St. Augustine Catholic High School St. Robert Catholic High School Father Michael McGivney Catholic Academy

Economy[edit] In the 19th century Markham had a vibrant, independent community with mills, distilleries and breweries around the Highway 7 and 48 intersection. The Thomas Speight Wagon Works exported products (wagons, horsecars) around the world, and Markham had a reputation as being more active than York (the former name for Toronto) early on. Most of these industries disappeared leaving farming as the main source of business. Light industries and businesses began to move into Markham in the 1980s attracted by land and lower taxes. Today, it claims to be "Canada's Hi-Tech Capital" with a number of key companies in the area, such as IBM, Motorola, Toshiba, Lucent, Honeywell, Apple, Genesis Microchip, and is home to the head office of graphics card producer ATI (recently merged with AMD). Over 1,100 technology and life science companies have offices in Markham, employing over one fifth of the total workforce.[35] In 2014, the top five employers in the city in order are IBM
Canada, the City of Markham, TD Waterhouse Inc., Markham Stouffville Hospital and AMD Technologies Inc.[36] Yogen Früz
Yogen Früz
has its headquarters in Markham.[37] Markham also maintains economic and cultural cooperation agreements with the city of Laval, Quebec, which is the second largest city in the Greater Montreal
Greater Montreal
area. Performing arts[edit]

Markham Theatre

Markham is home to several locally oriented performing arts groups:

Kindred Spirits Orchestra Markham Little Theatre Markham Youth Theatre Unionville Theatre Company Markham Concert Band

A key arts venue is the ' Markham Theatre
Markham Theatre
For Performing Arts', at the Markham Civic Centre
Markham Civic Centre
located at Highway 7 and Warden Avenue. The facility is owned by the City of Markham and under the city's Culture Department. Culture[edit]

Thornhill Village
Library, built 1851

Until the 1970s, Markham was mostly farmland and marsh, as reflected in events like the Markham Fair. Markham has several theatres, Markham Little Theatre at the Markham Museum,[38] the Markham Youth Theatre, and the Markham Theatre. The Markham Public Library
Markham Public Library
system has 7 branches, with over 600,000 items in its collections. Markham offers a mix of activities for its residents to promote its idea of being a place for all. It does this through cultural, entertainment and institutional activities in hopes that its residents will find one or more of these events attractive. Activities are also free to take place on streets and squares where people live, work, shop and play to make events more accessible for its residents. Its buildings and public transportation are designed with an attractive and inviting attitude in mind to create a more comfortable space. The City also values the importance of a “walkable” downtown as it allows its residents to enjoy buildings and services being in walking distance of each other. This space is pedestrian friendly, creating an accessible space for all. Overall, Markham aims to put its residents and their families first, bringing jobs closer into its boundaries and protecting the environment.[39] Sports[edit] Main article: Sports in Markham, Ontario Community centres and recreational facilities[edit] Recreation Department runs programs in these facilities and maintained by the city's Operations Department:

Aaniin Community Centre - library, indoor pool, muli-purpose rooms Angus Glen Community Centre – library, tennis courts, indoor pool Armadale Community Centre – multi-purpose rooms, outdoor tennis courts Centennial Community Centre – multi-purpose rooms, indoor ice rink, indoor pool, squash courts, gym Cornell Community Centre – library, indoor pool, multi-purpose rooms, gym, indoor track, fitness centre Crosby Community Centre – indoor ice rink, multi-purpose rooms Markham Pan Am Centre
Markham Pan Am Centre
– indoor pools, gym, fitness centre Markham Village
Community Centre – library, indoor ice rink Milliken Community Centre – library, indoor pool, multi-purpose rooms, indoor ice rink Mount Joy Community Centre – outdoor soccer pitches, indoor ice rink, multi-purpose rooms R.J. Clatworthy Community Centre – indoor ice rink, multi-purpose rooms Rouge River Community Centre – multi-purpose rooms, outdoor pool Thornhill Community Centre – indoor ice rink, multi-purpose rooms, indoor track, library, squash court, gym

Parks and pathways[edit] Markham has scenic pathways running over 22 km over its region. These pathways include 12 bridges allowing walkers, joggers and cyclists to make use and enjoy the sights it has to offer. Markham’s green space includes woodlots, ravines and valleys that are not only enjoyable to its residents, but are important for the continued growth of plants and animals in the region. These natural spaces are the habitats for rare plant and insect species, offering food and homes essential for the survival of different native insects and birds.[40] Further information: List of parks in Markham, Ontario Parks and pathways are maintained by the City's Operations Department.

Circular pathway along Berczy Park

City issues[edit] Like most cities and towns in the Greater Toronto
Area, Markham has a few issues it must deal with: Urban growth[edit] There is a desire by the city to control urban sprawl by requesting higher density for new development. The city plan calls for more growth along Highway 7 and less towards the farmland to the north. A similar development in Cornell promotes the need for services to be closer to residences. Transit plan[edit] Linked to the concern of urban growth, Markham through York Region Transit (YRT) has implemented a transit system called Viva to ease the strain on the region's congested roads. Viva is similar to YRT but is used as an express bus service with the ability to change traffic signals to help reduce delays. The YRT is also planning to build a transit terminal somewhere near Cornell soon. Attractions[edit]

Frederick Horsman Varley Art Gallery

Markham GO Station

Markham has retained its historic past in part of the town. Here a just few places of interest:

Frederick Horsman Varley Art Gallery Heintzman House – Home of Colonel George Crookshank, Sam Francis and Charles Heintzman of Heintzman & Co., the piano manufacturer. Markham Museum Markham Village Markham Heritage Estates – a unique, specially designed heritage subdivision owned by the City of Markham Reesor Farm Market Cathedral of the Transfiguration Thornhill village

Heritage streets preserve the old town feeling:

Main Street Markham (Markham Road/Highway 48) Main Street Unionville
Main Street Unionville
(Kennedy Road/Highway 7)

There are still farms operating in the northern reaches of the town, but there are a few 'theme' farms in other parts of Markham:

Galten Farms Forsythe Family Farms Adventure Valley

Markham's heritage railway stations are either an active station or converted to other uses:

Markham GO Station
Markham GO Station
– built in 1871 by Toronto
and Nipissing Railway and last used by CN Rail in the 1990s and restored in 2000 as active GO station and community use Locust Hill Station – built in 1936 in Locust Hill, Ontario
Locust Hill, Ontario
and last used by the CPR in 1969; re-located in 1983 to the grounds of the Markham Museum; replaced earlier station built in the late 19th Century for the Ontario and Quebec Railway and burned down in 1935. Unionville Station – built in 1871 by the Toronto
and Nipissing Railway, later by Via Rail
Via Rail
and by GO Transit
GO Transit
from 1982 to 1991; it was sold to the city in 1989 and restored as a community centre within the historic Unionville Main Street area. The building features classic Canadian Railway Style found in Markham and (old) Unionville Stations.

Annual events[edit] Events taking place annually include the Night It Up! Night Market, Taste of Asia
Taste of Asia
Festival, Tony Roman Memorial Hockey Tournament, Markham Youth Week, Unionville Festival, Markham Village
Music Festival, Markham Jazz Festival, Milliken Mills Children's Festival, Markham Ribfest & Music Festival, Doors Open Markham, Thornhill Village Festival, Markham Fair, Olde Tyme Christmas Unionville, Markham Santa Claus Parade and Markham Festival of Lights. Shopping[edit] Markham is home to several large malls of 100+ stores. These include:

King Square Shopping Mall (1000+ stores) Market Village
(170 stores) CF Markville
CF Markville
(160+ stores) Pacific Mall
Pacific Mall
(450 mini-shops) Langham Square (700 stores) First Markham Place (180 stores) and Woodside Power Centre

There are also a lot of higher-profile malls in nearby Toronto, and elsewhere in York Region. Many shopping centres in Markham are also Asian-oriented. This is a reflection of the large Asian, particularly Chinese Canadian, population found in Markham. They carry a wide variety of traditional Chinese products, apparel, and foods. On Highway 7, between Woodbine and Warden Avenues, is First Markham Place, containing numerous shops and restaurants; this is several kilometres east of Richmond Hill's Chinese malls. Further east along Highway 7 is an older plaza is at the southwest quadrant with the intersection with Kennedy Road. Pacific Mall
Pacific Mall
is the most well-known Chinese mall in Markham, located at Kennedy Road and Steeles Avenue
Steeles Avenue
East, which, combined with neighbouring Market Village
Mall and Splendid China
Mall, forms the second largest Chinese shopping area in North America, after the Golden Village
in Richmond, British Columbia.[citation needed] In close proximity, at Steeles East and Warden Avenue, there is the New Century Plaza mall and a half-block away there is a plaza of Chinese shops anchored by a T & T Supermarket. There are also some smaller shopping centres in Markham, such as:

Albion Mall Alderland Centre J-Town Markham Town Square Metro Square Peachtree Centre New Kennedy Square The Shops on Steeles and 404 Thornhill Square Shopping Centre

Local media[edit]

Markham Review – local monthly newspaper TLM The Local Magazine – local satire & lifestyle magazine[41] Markham Economist and Sun – community paper owned by Metroland Media Group The Liberal – serving Thornhill and Richmond Hill – community paper owned by Metroland Media Group The York Region Business Times – business news York Region Media Group – Online news which includes some Metroland Media papers North of the City – magazine for York Region Rogers Cable 10 – community TV station for York Region, owned by Rogers Media Markham News24' – Hyper-local, video-based news website focusing on municipal politics, crime, lifestyle and business features Sing Tao Daily – an ethnic Chinese newspaper that serves the Greater Toronto

Transportation[edit] Main article: Transportation in Markham, Ontario Roads[edit] Main articles: List of municipal roads in Markham, Ontario
List of municipal roads in Markham, Ontario
and List of regional roads in York Region, Ontario Major highways passing through Markham include Highway 404 (from Toronto
to just south of Lake Simcoe) and Highway 407, a toll highway that passes north of Toronto
and connects Markham with Vaughan, Brampton
and Burlington. Highway 407 runs parallel to Highway 7, also known as York Regional Road 7, which is a major east-west artery suffering from congestion due to development along its route. Other major east-west routes include 16th Avenue, Major MacKenzie Drive, and Steeles Avenue
Steeles Avenue
which forms Markham's southern boundary with Toronto. Rail[edit] Main article: GO Transit Passenger rail service in Markham is provided by the GO Transit Stouffville line, which is a commuter rail line stretching from Lincolnville to downtown Toronto. The line operates only at rush hour and uses tracks owned by Metrolinx, the provincial transit agency. Five stations on the Stouffville line
Stouffville line
serve Markham, of which 4 are within the municipal borders. Metrolinx
announced in 2015 that the Stouffville Line would get an expansion in service, bringing all day both directional trains from Union Station to Unionville GO Station.[42] Markham's section of this GO line also came under the spotlight in 2015 as City of Toronto
Mayor John Tory's announced SMART Track plan for rapid transit expansion in Toronto
includes the rail spur between Union Station and the Unionville GO.[43] Public transit[edit]

VIVA Warden station in Markham

York Region Transit
York Region Transit
(YRT) connects Markham with surrounding municipalities in York Region, and was created in 2001 from the merger of Markham Transit, Richmond Hill Transit, Newmarket Transit
Newmarket Transit
and Vaughan
Transit. YRT to connects to the Toronto
Transit Commission (TTC) subway system by way of Viva bus rapid transit from Finch station along Yonge Street, and Don Mills station through Unionville and on to Markville Mall. YRT has two major terminals in Markham: Unionville GO Terminal and Markham Stouffville Hospital
Markham Stouffville Hospital
Bus Terminal. The new Cornell Terminal which will be located on Rose Way near Ninth Line and Highway 7 is approved and construction would begin by late 2017 and to be completed on June 2019 which will result in major restructuring routes in Markham.[44] This new bus terminal will replace the transit hub along Church Street at Country Glen Road. The TTC also provides service in Markham on several north-south routes, such as Warden Avenue, Birchmount Road, McCowan Road and Markham Road. These routes charge riders a double fare if they are travelling across the Steeles border. GO Transit
GO Transit
provides train service on the old trackbed of the Toronto and Nipissing Railway, which connects Markham with downtown Toronto
on the Stouffville commuter rail service. The line has stops at several stations in Markham, namely Unionville GO Station, Centennial GO Station, Markham GO Station, and Mount Joy GO Station. The Richmond Hill commuter rail line provides service to the Langstaff GO Station, which straddles Markham and Richmond Hill but is used primarily by residents of west-central Markham and southern Richmond Hill. Air[edit] Toronto/Buttonville Municipal Airport, Canada's 11th busiest airport (Ontario's 4th busiest).[45] The airport permits general aviation and business commuter traffic to Ottawa
and Montreal, Quebec. Operators at Buttonville include:

NexJet Aviation Inc Executive Edge Air Charter Aviation Limited Canadian Flyers International Flightexec, an executive air charter and air ambulance for Ornge (Ontario Air Ambulance) Million Air, an executive air charter Toronto
Airways Limited, a flight training school[46] Seneca College
Seneca College
of Applied Arts and Technology, a College with Aviation Program-based here[47] Buttonville Flying Club[48] Leggat Aviation Ltd., an authorized Cessna Dealership that specializes in new aircraft sales, full service and parts supply[49]

Markham Airport
Markham Airport
or Toronto/Markham Airport, (TC LID: CNU8), is a private airport operating 2.6 nautical miles (4.8 km; 3.0 mi) north of Markham, north of Elgin Mills Road. The airport is owned and operated by Markham Airport
Markham Airport
Inc. and owned by a numbered Ontario company owned by the Thomson family of Toronto. The airport is not part of the Greater Toronto
Airports Authority (GTAA). The airport consists of a single 2,013 ft (614 m) runway for small and private aircraft only (with night flying capabilities). The Royal Canadian Air Cadets Gliding Program uses the north side or the runway 09/27 for glider operations in the spring and fall months, and use a northern traffic pattern. Notable people[edit] Main article: List of people from Markham, Ontario Partner Cities[edit] Cultural Collaboration Cities[edit]

Eabametoong First Nation[50][51]

Friendship cities[edit]

Foshan, Guangdong, China Zibo, Shandong, China

Sister cities[edit]

Cary, NC, United States Nördlingen, Bavaria, Germany Pearland, TX, United States Huadu, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China[52] Wuhan, Hubei, China[53] Las Piñas City, Metro Manila, Philippines[54]

See also[edit]

York Region, Ontario portal

List of townships in Ontario


"(Code 3519036) Census Profile". 2011 census. Statistics Canada. 2012. Retrieved 2012-02-08.  "(Code 3519036) Census Profile". 2016 census. Statistics Canada. 2017. Retrieved 2017-02-12. 


^ a b c Statistics Canada: 2017 ^ "Markham". Natural Resources Canada. October 6, 2016.  ^ Tuckey, Bryan (24 July 2015). "Why Markham is the next highrise community". Toronto
Star. Retrieved 12 April 2016.  ^ a b c "Markham to change from town to city". CBC News, May 30, 2012. ^ "A history of the town of Markham". City of Markham. The Corporation of the City of Markham. 2012. Retrieved 2013-04-09. In May 1794, Berczy negotiated with Simcoe for 64,000 acres in Markham Township, soon to be known as the German Company Lands.The Berczy settlers, joined by several Pennsylvania German families, set out for Upper Canada.Sixty-four families arrived that year [...]  ^ "A history of the town of Markham". City of Markham. The Corporation of the City of Markham. 2012. Retrieved 2013-04-09.  ^ "Labour Force Profile" (PDF). Economic Profile Year End 2010. Town of Markham Economic Development Department. 2010. p. 10. Retrieved 26 May 2011.  ^ "Why is Markham Canadaès High-Tech Capital?". Town of Markham. The Corporation of the Town of Markham. 2011. Retrieved 26 May 2011.  ^ "Top 10 Employers in Markham" (PDF). Town of Markham. April 2011. Retrieved 26 May 2011.  ^ http://www.hyundaicanada.com/contact-us.aspx ^ "AMD Locations". AMD. Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. 2011. Retrieved 26 May 2011.  ^ "Connect with Avaya". Avaya. Avaya
Inc. 2011. Retrieved 26 May 2011.  ^ "IBM: Helping Canada and the World Work Better". About IBM. IBM. Retrieved 26 May 2011.  ^ "Office Locations". About Us. Motorola
Solutions, Inc. 2011. Retrieved 26 May 2011.  ^ "Contact Us - Oracle Canada". www.oracle.com.  ^ "Contact Us". Support. Toshiba
Canada. 2011. Retrieved 26 May 2011.  ^ "Toyota Canada - Cars, Pickup Trucks, SUVs, Hybrids and Crossovers". Toyota Canada.  ^ a b City of Markham (2014). "Aboriginal Presence in the Rouge Valley". City of Markham Tourism.  ^ For a complete history, cf. Isabel Champion, ed., Markham: 1793–1900 (Markham, ON: Markham Historical Society, 1979). ^ See I. Champion, Markham: 1793–1900 (Markham, ON: Markham Historical Society, 1979), p. 248; also Markham Village
– A Brief History 1800–1919 Archived 2011-06-10 at the Wayback Machine., Markham Public Library
Markham Public Library
(website). ^ For a complete history of Markham's early years, cf. Isabel Champion, ed., Markham: 1793–1900 "Markham: 1793–1900". Retrieved 2018-01-18.  (Markham, ON: Markham Historical Society, 1979). ^ Markham, Canadian Gazetteer (Toronto: Roswell, 1849), 111. ^ Smith, Wm. H. (1846). Smith's Canadian Gazetteer - Statistical and General Information Respecting All Parts of the Upper Province, or Canada West:. Toronto: H. & W. ROWSELL. p. 111.  ^ Cf. C.P. Mulvany, et al, The Township of Markham, History of Toronto and County of York, Ontario (Toronto: C.B. Robinson, 1885), 114ff. ^ Cf. the detailed 1878 map, Township of Markham, Illustrated historical atlas of the county of York and the township of West Gwillimbury & town of Bradford in the county of Simcoe, Ont. (Toronto : Miles & Co., 1878). ^ C.P. Mulvany, et al., "The Village
of Markham," History of Toronto and County of York, Ontario (Toronto: C.B. Robinson, 1885), p. 198. ^ C.P. Mulvany, et al., "The Township of Markham," History of Toronto and County of York, Ontario (Toronto: C.B. Robinson, 1885), p. 121. ^ "Ontario Plaque". Ontarioplaques.com. 2009-09-22. Retrieved 2011-03-10.  ^ a b " Toronto
Buttonville Airport". Canadian Climate Normals 1981−2010. Environment Canada. Retrieved 2014-04-12.  ^ Cf. Isabel Champion, ed., Markham: 1793–1900 (Markham, ON: Markham Historical Society, 1979), pp. 225; 121f.; 148; 227; 338. See also articles on Almira from the Stouffville Tribune. ^ Statistics Canada: 2012 ^ "Census Profile for Markham, Town". statcan.gc.ca. Retrieved 2012-10-26.  ^ "Yes to York". York University. Retrieved 21 May 2015.  ^ Javed, Noor; Honderich, Holly (2015-05-20). "The university-college partnership will serve an estimated 4,000 students in York Region". The Toronto
Star. ISSN 0319-0781. Retrieved 2015-11-18.  ^ "STATISTICS AND DEMOGRAPHICS". City of Markham. City of Markham. 2014. Retrieved 2015-11-20.  ^ "Top 100 Employers in Markham, 2014" (PDF). City of Markham. City of Markham. April 2015. Retrieved 2015-11-20.  ^ "Contact Us." Yogen Früz. Retrieved on March 15, 2014. "Yogen Früz headquarters 210 Shields Court; Markham, Ontario
Markham, Ontario
L3R 8V2, Canada" ^ Markham Museum
Markham Museum
Facilities ^ "City of Markham – Vision". www.markham.ca. Retrieved 2016-09-26.  ^ "City of Markham – Trees, Parks & Pathways". www.markham.ca. Retrieved 2016-09-26.  ^ "The Local Magazine - News, Views and Opinions". www.thelocalmagazine.com.  ^ Kalinowski, Tess (2015-08-07). "The new train service is expected to be in the off-peak hours". The Toronto
Star. ISSN 0319-0781. Retrieved 2015-11-20.  ^ Kalinowski, Tess (2015-04-16). "Kitchener and Stouffville GO lines are on track for electrification needed to boost service frequencies". The Toronto
Star. ISSN 0319-0781. Retrieved 2015-11-20.  ^ "transit terminal / Markham - vivaNext". www.vivanext.com.  ^ "Total aircraft movements by class of operation — NAV CANADA towers". Statcan.gc.ca. 2010-03-12. Retrieved 2011-03-10.  ^ "Canadian Flight Academy - TA Inc. - Canada's Flight Training School". www.torontoairways.com.  ^ Seneca. "Seneca - Toronto, Canada". senecac.on.ca.  ^ "Buttonville Flying Club". Buttonville Flying Club. Retrieved 2011-03-10.  ^ "Leggat Aviation". Leggat Aviation. Retrieved 2011-03-10.  ^ "The City of Markham and Eabametoong First Nation
Eabametoong First Nation
Sign Partnership Accord - Indigenous Business & Finance Today". 1 February 2017.  ^ http://www.markham.ca/wps/portal/Markham/AboutMarkham/NewsRoom/NewsReleases/eabametoong-first-nation-accord/ ^ "Not Found". www.markhamreview.net.  ^ "Active Alliance Partner - Wuhan, China". City of Markham. Retrieved 18 January 2018.  ^ The Official Website of the City of Las Piñas, Metro Manila, Philippines

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Markham.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Markham.

City of Markham official website (history included) Town of Markham history Map of Markham Township in 1878 Markham Youth Theatre – Highway 7 rapidways project

Places adjacent to Markham, Ontario

Richmond Hill Whitchurch–Stouffville





v t e

Markham, Ontario

Main topics

Founder Government History Mayor Markham municipal election, 2006 Markham municipal election, 2010 Previous mayors Notable people York Region (portal)


Highway 407 ETR Municipal roads Other transportation York Region Transit York Regional Roads

Stouffville line: Unionville Centennial Markham Mount Joy GO stations


Angus Glen Armadale Berczy Village Box Grove Buttonville Cachet Cashel Cedar Grove Cornell Dickson Hill Downtown Markham Gormley Greensborough Legacy Locust Hill Markham Centre Milliken Mongolia Old Markham Village Quantztown Thornhill Unionville Underwood Uptown Markham Vinegar Hill Wismer Commons



All Saints Armadale Ashton Meadows Black Walnut Public School Boxwood Castlemore Central Park Boxwood Cornell Park Public School Little Rouge Public School Reesor Park Public School San Lorenzo Ruiz William Berczy


Brother André Bur Oak Cornell Secondary School (proposed school to open September 2017) Markham District Markville McGivney Middlefield Milliken Mills St. Augustine St. Robert Thornhill Thornlea Trudeau Unionville


Seneca College

Markham Campus

York University
York University
Markham Campus or Markham Campus(under development)

Athletics, recreation, and shopping


Markham Royals Markham Thunder Markham Waxers Sports


Angus Glen Community Centre (arena, sports centre, pool, library) Angus Glen Golf Club Armadale Community Centre Box Grove Community Centre Cedar Brae Golf & Country Club Cedar Grove Community Centre Cornell Community Centre (library and pool) Crosby Arena Markham Civic Centre
Markham Civic Centre
Ice Markham Pan Am Centre Markham Village
Community Centre (ice arena and library) Milliken Mills Community Centre Mount Joy Community Centre Parks R.J. Clatworthy Arena Thornhill Arena


Langham Square Market Village Markville Mall Pacific Mall Remington Centre Woodside Mall


Box Grove Community Centre (former S.S # 28 c.1877) Cedar Grove Community Centre (former S.S # 20 c.1869) Franklin Street Public School German Mills Community Centre (former S.S # 2 c.1874) Heintzman House Main Street Markham Main Street Unionville Markham Fair Markham Museum Markham Train Station Thornhill Village Unionville Train Station Varley Art Gallery Warden House

Media and services


Markham Economist and Sun Markham Today North of the City


GO Transit Markham Fire and Emergency Services Markham Public Library Markham Stouffville Hospital Ontario Provincial Police Shouldice Hernia
Centre TTC Viva Rapid Transit York Region Paramedic Services York Region Transit York Regional Police

Sister cities

Cary, North Carolina Nördlingen, Germany Pearland, Texas Wuhan, China

List of municipalities in Ontario

v t e

Buildings and Structures in Markham, Ontario

Frederick Horsman Varley Art Gallery Henderson Avenue Public School IBM
Canada Head Office Building King Square Shopping Mall Market Village
Mall Markham Museum Markham Pan Am Centre Markham Stouffville Hospital Markville Shopping Centre Markham Theatre Pacific Mall Shouldice Hernia
Centre St. Augustine Catholic High School Thornhill Secondary School Thornlea Secondary School Buttonville Municipal Airport Markham Airport Remington Centre Unionville High School

v t e

Communities of Markham

Angus Glen Armadale Berczy Village Box Grove Brown's Corners Buttonville Cachet Cashel Cathedraltown Cedar Grove Cornell German Mills Greensborough Langstaff Locust Hill Markham Village

Sherwood - Amber Glen, Old Markham Village

Milliken Milnesville Mongolia Mount Joy Quantztown Raymerville - Markville East Thornhill Underwood Unionville Victoria Square Vinegar Hill Wismer Commons

Communities in other York Region municipalities King Markham Richmond Hill Vaughan Whitchurch–Stouffville

v t e

Municipalities of York Region, Ontario

Town of Aurora Town of East Gwillimbury Town of Georgina Township of King

City of Markham Town of Newmarket Town of Richmond Hill City of Vaughan Town of Whitchurch-Stouffville

Chippewas of Georgina Island First Nation Chippewas of Georgina Island First Nation
Chippewas of Georgina Island First Nation

bold indicate largest municipality.

v t e

Greater Toronto

Largest city: Toronto


Durham Halton Peel York


Brampton Burlington Markham Mississauga Oshawa Pickering Vaughan


Ajax Aurora Caledon East Gwillimbury Georgina Halton Hills Milton Newmarket Oakville Richmond Hill Whitby

Townships and municipalities

Brock Clarington King Scugog Uxbridge Whitchurch-Stouffville