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A maritime museum (sometimes nautical museum) is a museum specializing in the display of objects relating to ships and travel on large bodies of water. A subcategory of maritime museums are naval museums, which focus on navies and the military use of the sea. The great prize of a maritime museum is a historic ship (or a replica) made accessible as a museum ship, but as these are large and require a considerable budget to maintain, many museums preserve smaller or more fragile ships or partial ships within the museum buildings. Most museums exhibit interesting pieces of ships (such as a figurehead or cannon), ship models, and miscellaneous small items associated with ships and shipping, like cutlery, uniforms, and so forth. Ship
Ship
modellers often have a close association with maritime museums; not only does the museum have items that help the modeller achieve better accuracy, but the museum provides a display space for models larger than will comfortably fit in a modeller's home, and of the museum is happy to take a ship model as a donation. Museums will also commission models. There are thousands of maritime museums in the world. Many belong to the International Congress of Maritime Museums, which coordinates members' efforts to acquire, preserve, and display their material. There is a risk that too many maritime museums might dilute the experience for the public, while a poorly managed museeum might put other municipalities off the idea of hosting such a museum.[1] At 19 acres (77,000 m2), Mystic Seaport
Mystic Seaport
in Mystic, Connecticut, USA, can lay claim to the title of largest museum; it preserves not only a number of sailing ships, but also a large number of original seaport buildings, including a ship chandlery, sail loft, ropewalk, and so forth. However, the UK's National Maritime Museum
Museum
in Greenwich is also a contender, with many items of great historical significance, such as the actual uniform worn by Horatio Nelson
Horatio Nelson
at the Battle of Trafalgar. A recent activity of maritime museums is to build replicas of ships, since there are few survivors that have not already been restored and put on display. Another is operating a museum harbour, most notably in Germany
Germany
and the Netherlands
Netherlands
but elsewhere too, that offers mooring to privately owned historical vessels, which can be watched but not boarded.

Contents

1 Preservation of ships 2 Notable maritime museums

2.1 Asia and Oceania 2.2 Europe 2.3 North America 2.4 Central America 2.5 South America 2.6 Middle East 2.7 Africa

3 See also 4 References 5 External links

Preservation of ships[edit] The preservation of ships in museums ensures that ancient and historic vessels are preserved for posterity in optimum conditions and are available for academic study and for public education and interest. Remains of ancient and historic ships and boats can be seen in museums around the world. Where a ship is in a good state of preservation it can sometimes act as a museum in its own right. Many museum ships, such as HMS Victory
HMS Victory
are popular tourist attractions. Some ships are too fragile to be exposed outdoors or are incomplete and must be preserved indoors. The remains of the Mary Rose
Mary Rose
for example are kept in a purpose designed building so that conservation treatment can be applied. In some cases, archaeologists have discovered traces of ships and boats where there are no extant physical remains to be preserved, such as Sutton Hoo, where museum displays can show what the vessel would have looked like, although the vessel itself no longer exists. Notable maritime museums[edit] See also: List of Transport Museums Asia and Oceania[edit]

YM Museum
Museum
of Marine Exploration Kaohsiung
Kaohsiung
in Kaohsiung, Taiwan.

Kursura as a museum ship in Visakhapatnam.

Australian National Maritime Museum, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia Brunei
Brunei
Darussalam Maritime Museum, Kota Batu, Brunei Kursura Submarine Museum, Visakhapatnam, India Visakha Naval Maritime Museum, Visakhapatnam, India Evergreen Maritime Museum, Taipei, Taiwan Hong Kong Maritime Museum, Central, Hong Kong Singapore
Singapore
Maritime Gallery, Singapore Hoods Tower Naval Museum, Trincomalee, Sri Lanka Museu Marítimo, Macau Maritime Museum
Museum
of Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia Naval Aviation Museum, Vasco Da Gama, India Maritime Museum, Malacca, Malaysia Museum
Museum
of Maritime Science, Tokyo, Japan Kobe
Kobe
Maritime Museum, Kobe, Japan Kure maritime Museum, Kure, Japan National Maritime Museum, Auckland, New Zealand National Maritime Museum, Galle, Sri Lanka Torpedo Bay Navy
Navy
Museum, Auckland, New Zealand Sydney Heritage Fleet, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia Western Australian Maritime Museum, Fremantle, Western Australia, Australia Pakistan
Pakistan
Maritime Museum, Karachi, Pakistan Quanzhou
Quanzhou
Maritime Museum, Quanzhou, Fujian, China National Research Institute of Maritime Cultural Heritage, Mokpo, South Korea National Maritime Museum, Busan, South Korea YM Museum
Museum
of Marine Exploration Kaohsiung, Kaohsiung, Taiwan

Europe[edit]

Galata Museo del Mare, Genoa, the largest Maritime Museum
Museum
of the Mediterranean[2]

Courtyard of the National Maritime Museum
Museum
in Amsterdam, Netherlands

Submarine Lembit in Estonian Maritime Museum

Malta
Malta
Maritime Museum
Museum
in Birgu, Malta

Aalborg
Aalborg
Søfarts- og Marinemuseum, Aalborg, Denmark Aberdeen
Aberdeen
Maritime Museum, Aberdeen, Scotland Cité de la Mer, Cherbourg-Octeville, France Danish Maritime Museum, Kronborg Castle, Helsingør, Denmark Dutch Navy
Navy
Museum, Den Helder, Netherlands Fries Scheepvaart Museum, Sneek, Netherlands Estonian Maritime Museum, Tallinn, Estonia Fisheries and Maritime Museum, Esbjerg, Denmark Forum Marinum, Finland Galata Museo del Mare in Genoa, Italy German Maritime Museum, Bremerhaven, Germany Hull Maritime Museum, Kingston upon Hull, United Kingdom Internationales Maritimes Museum
Museum
in Hamburg, Germany The Frigate Jylland, Ebeltoft, Denmark Lancaster Maritime Museum, Lancaster, England Lowestoft Maritime Museum, Suffolk, England Malta
Malta
Maritime Museum, Birgu, Malta Marinmuseum, Karlskrona, Sweden Marinemuseet, Karljohansvern, Horten, Norway Maritime Center Vellamo, Kotka, Finland Maritime Museum
Museum
of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain Maritime Museum
Museum
Ria de Bilbao, Bilbao, Spain Maritime Museum
Museum
Rotterdam, Rotterdam, the Netherlands Maritime Museum, Stockholm, Sweden Merseyside Maritime Museum, Liverpool, United Kingdom Musée national de la Marine, Paris, France Musée National de la Marine in Brest, Brest, France Musée National de la Marine in Port-Louis, Port-Louis, France Musée National de la Marine in Rochefort, Rochefort, France Musée National de la Marine in Toulon, Toulon, France Naval Museum
Museum
of Madrid Museo Storico Navale, Venice, Italy Museo Tecnico Navale in La Spezia, Italy Museu de Marinha, Lisbon, Portugal Museum
Museum
of the World Ocean, Kaliningrad, Russia Museum
Museum
of the Sea, Cascais National Maritime Museum
Museum
in Amsterdam, Netherlands National Maritime Museum, Greenwich, England, United Kingdom National Maritime Museum
Museum
of Ireland, Dún Laoghaire, Ireland National Maritime Museum, Gdańsk, Poland National Maritime Museum
Museum
in Szczecin, Poland Scottish Maritime Museum, Irvine, Scotland, United Kingdom Southampton Maritime Museum, Southampton, England, United Kingdom Turkish Naval Museum, Istanbul, Turkey Rauma Maritime Museum, Rauma, Finland Royal Danish Naval Museum, Copenhagen, Denmark Russian Navy
Navy
Museum, Saint-Petersburg, Russia Vasa Museum, Stockholm, Sweden Vikin Maritime Museum
Museum
in Reykjavík, Iceland Westfjords Heritage Museum, Iceland

North America[edit] The Council of American Maritime Museums
Council of American Maritime Museums
serves as network for museum professionals in North America.

Customs House at the Salem Maritime National Historic Site
Salem Maritime National Historic Site
in Salem, Massachusetts.

Historic Ships in Baltimore, Baltimore, Maryland, US Bermuda Maritime Museum, Sandys Parish, Bermuda Buffalo and Erie County Naval & Military Park, Buffalo, New York Columbia River Maritime Museum, Astoria, Oregon, US Coral World Ocean Park, St. Thomas, U.S. Virgin Islands Dossin Great Lakes Museum, Detroit, Michigan, US Florida Maritime Museum, Cortez, Florida, US Great Lakes Floating Maritime Museum, Duluth, Minnesota, US H. Lee White Marine Museum, Oswego, New York, US Hampton Roads Naval Museum, Norfolk, Virginia, US Herreshoff Marine Museum, Bristol, Rhode Island, US Independence Seaport Museum, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, US Lake Champlain Maritime Museum, Basin Harbor, Vermont, US Long Island Maritime Museum, Long Island, New York, US Los Angeles Maritime Museum, Los Angeles, California, US Maine Maritime Museum, Bath, Maine, US Mariners' Museum, Newport News, Virginia, US — National Maritime Museum

The Mariners' Museum
Museum
in Newport News, Virginia

Maritime & Seafood Industry Museum, Biloxi, MS, US Maritime Museum
Museum
of British Columbia, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada Maritime Museum
Museum
of San Diego, San Diego, California, US Maritime Museum
Museum
of the Atlantic, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada Maritime Museum, San Francisco Maritime National Historical Park, California, US Mystic Seaport, Mystic, Connecticut, US National Museum
Museum
of Naval Aviation, Pensacola, Florida, US National Museum
Museum
of the United States Navy, Washington, D.C., US Nauticus, Norfolk, Virginia, US Naval Undersea Museum, Keyport, Washington, US Naval War College Museum, Newport, Rhode Island, US New Bedford Whaling Museum, New Bedford, Massachusetts, US PT Boat Museum, Fall River, Massachusetts, US Salem Maritime National Historic Site
Salem Maritime National Historic Site
in Salem, Massachusetts. Santa Barbara Maritime Museum, Santa Barbara, California
California
US Site historique maritime de la Pointe-au-Père, Rimouski, Quebec, Canada South Street Seaport, New York, New York, US Tahoe Maritime Museum, Homewood, California, US Tuckerton Seaport, Tuckerton, New Jersey, US United States Naval Academy
United States Naval Academy
Museum, Annapolis, Maryland, US U.S. Navy
Navy
Submarine Force Library and Museum, Groton, Connecticut, US USS Constitution Museum, Boston, Massachusetts, US Vancouver Maritime Museum, Vancouver British Columbia, Canada Wisconsin Maritime Museum, Manitowoc, Wisconsin, US Camden Shipyard & Maritime Museum

Central America[edit]

Maritime Museum
Museum
(Belize)

South America[edit]

National Maritime Museum
Museum
(Chile) Museo Nao Victoria (Chile) Peruvian Naval Museum Naval Museum
Museum
of Montevideo[3]

Middle East[edit]

Maritime Museum
Museum
of Kuwait

Africa[edit]

South African Naval Museum Admiral Nevelskoi Maritime Museum, Admiral Nevelskoi Yacht Mauritius founder Honorable Bernard Eric Typhis Degtyarenko. A unique museum on a sailing yacht which is also the masterpiece of the maritime museum

See also[edit]

List of maritime museums in the United States List of museum ships Museum
Museum
ship National Maritime Museums Ship
Ship
replica Ships preserved in museums

References[edit]

^ St. Jacques, Robert (1 October 2000). "Naval Warship Museums Problems And Potentials". Naval Weapons of the World. Retrieved 23 December 2012.  ^ http://www.museidigenova.it/spip.php?rubrique251[permanent dead link] ^ MUSEO NAVAL DE MONTEVIDEO . R.O. DEL URUGUAY

Aymar, B. (1967). A pictorial treasury of the marine museums of the world; A guide to the maritime collections, restorations, replicas, and marine museums in twenty-three countries. New York: Crown. Burton, A. (2003). The Daily Telegraph Guide to Britain's Maritime Past. London: Aurum Press. Evans, M. H., & West, J. (1998). Maritime museums: A guide to the collections and museum ships in Britain and Ireland. London: Chatham Pub. Heiney, P. (2005). Maritime Britain. London: Adlard Coles Nautical. Neill, P., & Krohn, B. E. (1991). Great maritime museums of the world. New York: Balsam Press in association with H.N. Abrams. Smith, R. H. (2006). Smith's guide to maritime museums of North America. Del Mar, CA: C Books. Stammers, M. (1978). Discovering maritime museums and historic ships. Discovering series, no. 228. Aylesbury [England]: Shire Publications Stanford, J. M. (1990). Sea history's guide to American and Canadian maritime museums. Croton-on-Hudson: Sea History Press. Sullivan, D. (1978). Old ships, boats & maritime museums. London: Coracle Books.

External links[edit]

International Congress of Maritime Museums website Nauticus
Nauticus
Norfolk, VA Maritime and Naval Museums in Britain and Ireland USA museum list Non-USA museum list Maritime Museums worldwide Maritime Museu

.