MARIA MARGARET KLAWE (/ˈklɑːveɪ/ KLAH-vay ; born 1951) is a
computer scientist and the fifth president of Harvey Mudd College
(since July 1, 2006). Born in
Toronto in 1951, she became a
naturalized U.S. citizen in 2009. She was previously Dean of the
School of Engineering and Applied Science at
Princeton University .
* 1 Biography
* 2 Awards and honors
* 3 Research
* 4 Advocacy for technical women
* 5 Art
* 6 References
* 7 External links
Klawe was born in
Ontario . She lived in
Scotland from ages
4 to 12, and then returned to Canada, living with her family in
Edmonton, Alberta . Klawe studied at the
University of Alberta
University of Alberta ,
dropped out to travel the world, and returned to earn her
1973. She stayed at Alberta for her graduate studies, and in 1977 she
Ph.D. there in mathematics. She joined the mathematics
Oakland University as an assistant professor in 1977 but
only stayed for a year. She started a second Ph.D., in computer
science, at the University of
Toronto , but was offered a faculty
position there before completing the degree. When she made the
decision to get a Ph.D in computer science she had never studied the
subject before. There weren't many undergraduate classes at the time
so she enrolled in upper-level courses and studied about 16 hours a
day to do well.She spent eight years in the industry, serving at IBM
Almaden Research Center in
San Jose, California
San Jose, California , first as a
research scientist, then as manager of the
Discrete Mathematics Group
and manager of the Mathematics and Related Computer Science
Department. She and her husband
Nick Pippenger then moved to the
University of British Columbia , where she stayed for 15 years and
served as head of the Department of Computer Science from 1988 to
1995, vice president of student and academic services from 1995 to
1998, and dean of science from 1998 to 2002. From UBC she moved to
Princeton and then Harvey Mudd College, where she is the first woman
president. When she arrived at Mudd only about 30% of students and
faculty were female. Today about 45% of the students and over 40% of
the faculty are female. She became a citizen of the United States on
January 29, 2009. Later in 2009, she joined the board of directors of
Microsoft Corporation .
AWARDS AND HONORS
Klawe was inducted as a fellow of the Association for Computing
Machinery in 1996, a founding fellow of the Canadian Information
Processing Society in 2006, a fellow of the American Academy of Arts
and Sciences in 2009, and a fellow of the American Mathematical
Society . in 2012.
She has been awarded honorary doctorates from Ryerson Polytechnic
University in 2001, the
University of Waterloo in 2003, Queen\'s
University in 2004,
Dalhousie University in 2005, Acadia
University in 2006, the
University of Alberta
University of Alberta in 2007, the
University of Ottawa in 2008, the
University of British Columbia
in 2010, and the University of
Toronto in 2015.
She was the winner of the 2014 Woman of Vision ABIE Award for
Leadership from the
Anita Borg Institute .
She also served as the president of the Association for Computing
Machinery from 2002-2004, and in 2004 won their A. Nico Habermann
Some of Klawe's best-cited research works concern algorithms for
solving geometric optimization problems, distributed leader election
, and the art gallery problem , and studies of the effects of gender
on electronic game-playing. She founded the
Aphasia Project, a
collaboration between UBC and Princeton to study aphasia and develop
cognitive aids for people suffering from it, after her friend Anita
Borg developed brain cancer.
ADVOCACY FOR TECHNICAL WOMEN
Maria Klawe (As Told By U.S. Chief Technology Officer Megan Smith)
Problems playing this file? See media help .
Klawe has been heavily involved with increasing the representation of
women in STEM fields. While Klawe was the dean at UBC, she became the
IBM chair for Women in Science and Engineering. She was in
charge of increasing female participation in science and engineering.
During her five years as the chair appointment she increased female
computer science majors from 16% to 27% and increased the number of
female computer science faculty from 2 to 7. In 1991, together with
Nancy Leveson , she founded
CRA-W (The Computing Research Association
's Committee on the Status of Women in Computing Research) and served
as its first co-chair. She was also a personal friend of Anita Borg
and served as the chair of the Board of Trustees of the Anita Borg
Institute for Women and Technology from 1996 to 2011. Klawe was a
huge advocate for salary negotiation by women, disagreeing with
Microsoft's CEO Satya Nadella, when he said "It's not really about
asking for a raise, but knowing and having faith that the system will
give you the right raise. That might be one of the initial 'super
powers,' that quite frankly, women (who) don't ask for a raise have.
It's good karma. It will come back."
Klawe's believes that women should take an entry level computer
science course during their first year at college that focuses on
portraying the field as fun and engaging rather than trying to
convince women to stay. She believes that if programming courses are
taken at the middle school level then they have another four years of
high school for peer pressure to get them disinterested again." This
is what she does at Harvey Mudd. She attributes the lack of women in
technical fields due to how the media portrays women. In an interview
with PBS she explains how TV shows in the 1970s showed men along with
women who had successful careers such as doctors or lawyers and that
caused the number of women going into medicine skyrocket. Klawe
emphasizes that the introductory courses offered need to be presented
in a problem-solving environment, not a competitive one where a few
males dominate the conversation. Klawe believes the "testosterone
culture" prevents women from continuing on with CS because the males
that know everything scare away anyone who is tryin to learn.
Currently, Klawe is working on helping biology majors learn computer
science by working with UCSD to create a biology themed introductory
computer science course. Another project she's working on is an online
course called MOOC aimed at 10th grade students.
Klawe has also exhibited her watercolors.
* ^ "
Maria Klawe Named Fifth President of Harvey Mudd College". HMC
Spotlight. Harvey Mudd College. January 17, 2006. Retrieved March 29,
* ^ A B C Semuels, Alana (March 15, 2009), "
Microsoft did the math,
Los Angeles Times : B2 .
Maria Klawe at the
Mathematics Genealogy Project
* ^ A B Ezarik, Melissa (July 1, 2006). "Diamond in the Mudd: the
many facets of Maria Klawe, Harvey Mudd College\'s new leader". The
Free Library. Retrieved February 23, 2015.
* ^ A B Flynn, John (February 18, 2015). "Bits and Beauty". Metro
Silicon Valley . p. 31.
* ^ "Interview with
Maria Klawe - CRA Women". cra.org. Retrieved
* ^ "President Klawe Becomes U.S. Citizen". HMC Spotlight. Harvey
Mudd College. February 20, 2009. Retrieved March 29, 2013.
* ^ Fried, Ina (March 9, 2009). "
Microsoft adds new board member".
CNET. Retrieved March 29, 2013.
* ^ "List of ACM Fellows". Retrieved October 15, 2013.
* ^ "CIPS Fellow Members". CIPS (the Canadian Information
Processing Society ). Retrieved April 2, 2010.
* ^ "List of Fellows of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences"
(PDF). Retrieved October 15, 2013.
* ^ List of Fellows of the American Mathematical Society, retrieved
January 27, 2013.
* ^ "Ryerson Honorary Doctorates". Retrieved October 15, 2013.
* ^ "Waterloo Honorary DMath Degrees". Retrieved October 15, 2013.
* ^ "Queen\'s University Honorary Degree Recipients" (PDF).
Archived from the original (PDF) on October 16, 2013. Retrieved
October 15, 2013.
* ^ "
Dalhousie University Honorary Degree Recipients, 2000-2009".
Retrieved October 15, 2013.
* ^ A B "President Klawe to Receive Honorary Degree". Retrieved
October 15, 2013.
* ^ Maria KLAWE, 2008 Doctorats honorifiques Cabinet du recteur
* ^ "List of 2010 Honorary Degree Recipients at UBC". Retrieved
October 15, 2013.
* ^ "Convocation 2015:
Maria Klawe receives honorary degree from U
of T". U of T News. University of Toronto. June 19, 2015. Retrieved
* ^ Template:Https://anitaborg.org/awards-grants/abie-awards/
* ^ "Habermann Award Archive". Retrieved October 15, 2013.
* ^ Aggarwal, Alok; Klawe, Maria M.; Moran, Shlomo ; Shor, Peter ;
Wilber, Robert (1987), "Geometric applications of a matrix-searching
algorithm", Algorithmica, 2 (1–4): 195–208, doi
* ^ Dolev, Danny; Klawe, Maria; Rodeh, Michael (1982), "An O(n log
n) unidirectional distributed algorithm for extrema finding in a
circle" (PDF), Journal of Algorithms, 3: 245–260, doi
* ^ Kahn, J.; Klawe, M.; Kleitman, D. (1983), "Traditional
galleries require fewer watchmen", SIAM Journal on Algebraic and
Discrete Methods, 4 (2): 194–206, doi :10.1137/0604020 .
* ^ Inkpen, Kori; Upitis, Rena; Klawe, Maria; Lawry, Joan;
Anderson, Ann; Ndunda, Mutindi; Sedighian, Kamran; Leroux, Steve; Hsu,
David (1994), ""We Have Never-Forgetful Flowers In Our Garden:"
Girls\' Responses To Electronic Games" (PDF), Journal of Computers in
Mathematics and Science Teaching, 13 (4): 383–403 .
* ^ Inkpen, K.; Booth, K. S.; Klawe, M.; Upitis, R. (1995),
"Playing together beats playing apart, especially for girls" (PDF),
Proceedings of CSCL .
* ^ The
Aphasia project Archived February 19, 2007, at the Wayback
Machine . web site.
* ^ Cook, Michelle (February 5, 2004), "UBC Project Makes Life
Easier for Those Suffering Aphasia" (PDF), UBC Reports, 50 (2) .
* ^ Morehead, James (September 10, 2011). "Harvey Mudd College
Maria Klawe on Women in Science, Math and Engineering".
OneDublin.org. Retrieved March 29, 2013.
* ^ "Past and Present Chairs of CRA-W".
* ^ "Transitions". Retrieved October 15, 2013.
* ^ "The Perfect Case Against
Microsoft CEO\'s Remark That Women
Shouldn\'t Ask For Raises". Fast Company. Retrieved 2015-10-14.
* ^ A B "Bridging the Gender Gap: Why More Women Aren\'t Computer
Scientists, Engineers". PBS NewsHour. Retrieved 2017-02-01.
* ^ "Harvey Mudd President Maria Klawe: How to Close the
Engineering Gender Gap". The Accelerator. Retrieved 2017-02-01.
* ^ "How One College Is Closing The Computer Science Gender Gap".
NPR.org. Retrieved 2017-02-01.
* ^ Lee, Rachel (February 20, 2015). "A colorful blend of art and
Mountain View Voice . p. 13.