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Mahadaji Shinde
Mahadaji Shinde
(Marathi: महादजी शिंदे Mahādajī Śiṃdē) (Birth: 3 December 1730) & (Died: 12 February 1794) also spelled as Mahadji Scindia, was a Maratha
Maratha
ruler of the Maratha Empire
Maratha Empire
is a state of Gwalior
Gwalior
in central India. He was the fifth and the youngest son of Sardar
Sardar
Ranoji Rao Scindia. Mahadaji was instrumental in resurrecting Maratha
Maratha
power in North India after the Third Battle of Panipat
Third Battle of Panipat
in 1761, and rose to become a trusted lieutenant of the Peshwa, leader of the Maratha
Maratha
Empire. Along with Madhavrao I
Madhavrao I
and Nana Fadnavis, he was one of the three pillars of Maratha
Maratha
Resurrection. During his reign, Gwalior
Gwalior
became the leading state in the Maratha Empire
Maratha Empire
and one of the foremost military powers in India. After accompanying Shah Alam II
Shah Alam II
in 1771 to Delhi, he restored the Mughals in Delhi, under the suzerainty of Marathas.[2] He annihilated the power of Jats of Mathura and during 1772-73 he destroyed the power of Pashtun Rohillas
Rohillas
in Rohilkhand
Rohilkhand
and captured Najibabad. His role during the First Anglo- Maratha
Maratha
War was greatest from the Maratha
Maratha
side since he humbled the British in Central India, single handed, which resulted in the Treaty of Salbai in 1782, where he mediated between the Peshwa
Peshwa
and the British.

Contents

1 Treaty of Salbai 2 Later Years 3 Death and legacy 4 See also 5 References 6 External links 7 Further reading

Treaty of Salbai[edit]

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Main article: Treaty of Salbai After the British defeat, Hastings through Murre proposed a new treaty, known as the Treaty of Salbai, between the Peshwa
Peshwa
and the British that would recognize Sawai Madhavrao
Sawai Madhavrao
as the Peshwa
Peshwa
and grant Raghunath Rao
Raghunath Rao
a pension. The treaty also returned to Shinde all his territories west of the Yamuna and so was made to withdraw to Ujjain. A resident, Mr. David Anderson (1750-1825), of St. Germains [3] (who had negotiated the treaty) was at the same time appointed to Mahadji's court. After the Treaty of Salbai in 1782, he invaded and overpowered the Rajput states, particularly Jodhpur and Jaipur through the Battle of Patan, the Battle of Merta. Even Sikh sardars of the cis-Sutlej region paid tributes to him.[4] Later Years[edit] Mahadji became Vakil-ul-Mutlaq (regent of Mughal affairs), and The Mughals also gave him the title of Amir-ul-Umara
Amir-ul-Umara
(head of the amirs) in 1784.[5]

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Another achievement of Mahadji was his victory over the Nizam
Nizam
of Hyderabad’s army in a battle. The Nizam
Nizam
state ceased be a factor in the north Indian politics after this battle and it generally confined itself in the Deccan afterwards. After the peace made with Tipu Sultan of Mysore in 1792, Mahadji exerted his influence to prevent the completion of a treaty between the British, the Nizam
Nizam
of Hyderabad, and the Peshwa, directed against Tipu. Death and legacy[edit]

Shinde Chhatri, Wanawdi, Pune: A memorial dedicated to Mahadji Shinde

. After the Battle of Lakheri, Mahadji was now at the zenith of his power, when he died, at his camp at Wanavdi near Pune
Pune
on 12 February 1794. He left no heir, and was succeeded by Daulat Rao Scindia. Kini, the English biographer of Mahadaji Shinde, has described Mahadaji as the greatest man in South Asia in the 18th century.[6] Mahadaji Shinde’s role was instrumental in establishing Maratha supremacy over North India. Shinde Chhatri, located in Wanowrie, in Pune
Pune
is a memorial dedicated to Mahadji Shinde. It is a hall that marks the spot of Mahadji Shinde's cremation on 12 February 1794. The three storied memorial in Rajput architectural style, is one of the most significant landmarks in the city. See also[edit]

Mahadji Scindia
Scindia
Sports Complex

References[edit]

^ https://books.google.com/books?id=sxhAtCflwOMC&pg=PA334 ^ The Great Maratha
Maratha
Mahadaji Shinde
Mahadaji Shinde
- N. G. Rathod - Google Books. Books.google.co.in. 1994. ISBN 9788185431529. Retrieved 2012-07-21.  ^ Burkes Landed Gentry: Anderson of Northfield ^ History Of The Marathas - R.S. Chaurasia - Google Books. Books.google.co.in. 2004. ISBN 9788126903948. Retrieved 2012-05-26.  ^ A Comprehensive History of Medieval India: From Twelfth to the Mid ... - Farooqui Salma Ahmed, Salma Ahmed Farooqui - Google Books. Books.google.co.in. 2011. ISBN 9788131732021. Retrieved 2012-07-21.  ^ https://books.google.com/books?id=uPq640stHJ0C&pg=PA156&lpg=PA156&dq=mahadji+shinde+titles&source=bl&ots=Ohyu5mwQmk&sig=vWWtlHI6zQ9eX8866sRgyIxtJcw&hl=en&sa=X&ei=3h9DUL6UHc2qrAf7ioHYCA&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=mahadji%20shinde%20titles&f=false

Hunter, William Wilson, Sir, et al. (1908). Imperial Gazetteer of India, Volume 12. 1908–1931; Clarendon Press, Oxford. Keene, H. G. The Fall of the Moghul Empire of Hindustan e-text Markovits, Claude (ed.) (2004). A History of Modern India: 1480–1950. Anthem Press, London. [श्रीनाथ माधवजी  : महायोद्धा महादजी की शौर्यगाथा / प्रथम संस्करण / प्रकाशन वर्ष - २०१३ / लेखक :- पण्डित नीलेश ईश्वरचन्द्र करकरे] / (Research book) Shreenath Madhavji: Mahayoddha Mahadji Ki Shourya Gatha/ First Edition / Published 2013/ Author :- Pandit Neelesh Ishwarchandra Karkare

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mahadaji Scindia.

Mahadaji Shinde Scindia
Scindia
Dynasty Born: 3 December 1730 Died: 12 February 1794

Regnal titles

Preceded by Manaji Rao Scindia Maharaja
Maharaja
of Gwalior 1768–1794 Succeeded by Daulat Rao Scindia

v t e

Maratha
Maratha
Empire

Rulers

Shivaji Sambhaji Rajaram I Tarabai Shahu I Rajaram II Shahu II Pratap Singh

Peshwas

Moropant Trimbak Pingle Moreshvar Pingale Ramchandra Pant Amatya Bahiroji Pingale Parashuram Trimbak Kulkarni Balaji Vishwanath Baji Rao I Balaji Baji Rao Madhavrao Ballal Narayan Rao Raghunathrao Sawai Madhavrao Baji Rao II Amrut Rao Nana Sahib Bhat family

Women

Ahilyabai Holkar Anandibai Gopikabai Jankibai Jijabai Kashibai Mastani Muddupalani Parvatibai Putalabai Radhikabai Ramabai Saibai Sakvarbai Soyarabai Umabai Dabhade Tulsi Bai Holkar

Maratha
Maratha
Confederacy

Bhonsle
Bhonsle
of Nagpur Gaekwad of Baroda Scindia
Scindia
of Gwalior Holkar
Holkar
of Indore (subsidiary or feudatory states)

Battles

Pratapgarh Kolhapur Pavan Khind Chakan Surat Purandar Sinhagad Kalyan Bhupalgarh Sangamner Bijapur Raigarh (1689) Jinji Satara Khelna Raigarh Torna Palkhed Mandsaur 1st Delhi Bhopal Vasai Gajendragad 1st Trichinopoly Katwa (1st) 2nd Trichinopoly Katwa (2nd) Invasions of Bengal Burdwan Udgir 2nd Delhi Attock Peshawar 3rd Panipat Alegaon Rakshabhuvan Panchgaon Saunshi Adoni Badami Savanur Bahadur Benda Lalsot Chaksana Patan Kharda Poona 3rd Delhi Assaye Laswari Farrukhabad Bharatpur Khadki Koregaon Mahidpur

Wars

Maratha-Mughal War of 27 years Maratha–Mysore War First Anglo- Maratha
Maratha
War Second Anglo- Maratha
Maratha
War Third Anglo- Maratha
Maratha
War

Adversaries

Adilshahi Nizamshahi Berar Sultanate Bidar Sultanate Qutbshahi Mughal Empire Durrani Empire British Empire Portuguese Empire Nizam
Nizam
of Hyderabad Mysore

Forts

Fort Mangad Panhala Pratapgad Purandar Raigad Rajgad Shaniwar Wada Shivneri Sindhudurg Sinhagad Torna

Coins

Shivrai

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 8715708 LCCN: n81125678 ISNI: 0000 0000 7859 3142 GND: 119346133

Further reading[edit]

Neelesh Ishwarchandra Karkare (2013). Shreenath Madhavji : Mahayoddha Mahadji Ki Shourya Gatha. Neelesh Ishwarchandra ( Gwalior). ISBN 9789352670925.  Neelesh Ishwarchandra Karkare (2017). Tawaareekh-E-ShindeShahi. Neelesh Ishwarchandra ( Gwalior). ISBN 97893526

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