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Lynmouth
Lynmouth
is a village in Devon, England, on the northern edge of Exmoor. The village straddles the confluence of the West Lyn and East Lyn rivers, in a gorge 700 feet (210 m) below Lynton, which was the only place to expand to once Lynmouth
Lynmouth
became as built-up as possible. Both villages are connected by the Lynton
Lynton
and Lynmouth
Lynmouth
Cliff Railway, which works two cable-connected cars by gravity, using water tanks. The two villages are a civil parish governed by Lynton
Lynton
and Lynmouth Town Council. The parish boundaries extend southwards from the coast, and include hamlets such as Barbrook
Barbrook
and small moorland settlements such as East Ilkerton, West Ilkerton and Shallowford. The South West Coast Path
South West Coast Path
and Tarka Trail
Tarka Trail
pass through, and the Two Moors Way runs from Ivybridge
Ivybridge
in South Devon
Devon
to Lynmouth; the Samaritans Way South West
Samaritans Way South West
runs from Bristol
Bristol
to Lynton, and the Coleridge Way
Coleridge Way
from Nether Stowey
Nether Stowey
to Lynmouth. Lynmouth
Lynmouth
was described by Thomas Gainsborough, who honeymooned there with his bride Margaret Burr, as "the most delightful place for a landscape painter this country can boast". The Sillery Sands beach [a] is just off the South West Coast Path
South West Coast Path
and is used by naturists.[1] Percy Bysshe Shelley, his wife Harriet and his sister-in-law Eliza stayed in Lynmouth
Lynmouth
between June and August 1812. Shelley worked on political pamphlets and on the poem "Queen Mab". He was delighted with the village.[2]

Contents

1 Lynmouth
Lynmouth
Lifeboat 2 1952 Lynmouth
Lynmouth
flood 3 Twinning 4 Cultural references 5 See also 6 Notes 7 External links

Lynmouth
Lynmouth
Lifeboat[edit] Main article: Lynmouth
Lynmouth
Lifeboat Station A lifeboat station was established in Lynmouth
Lynmouth
on 20 January 1869, five months after the sailing vessel Home was wrecked nearby. The lifeboat was kept in a shed on the beach, until a purpose-built boat house was built at the harbour. This was rebuilt in 1898 and enlarged in 1906–07. It was closed at the end of 1944 because other stations in the area could provide cover with their newer motor lifeboats. The boat house was then used as a club, but was washed away in the flood of 15 August 1952. It has since been rebuilt, and now includes a public shelter.[3] At 7:52 pm on 12 January 1899, the 1,900 ton three-masted ship Forrest Hall, carrying thirteen crew and five apprentices, was in trouble off Porlock Weir
Porlock Weir
on the north Somerset coast, owing to a severe gale that had been blowing all day. She had been under tow, but the tow rope had broken. She was dragging her anchor and had lost her steering gear. The ship's destruction was probable. The alarm was raised for the Louisa, the Lynmouth
Lynmouth
lifeboat, to be launched to assist. However, launching was impossible because of the terrible weather. Jack Crocombe, the coxswain of the Louisa, proposed to take the boat by road to Porlock's sheltered harbour, 13 miles (21 km) around the coast, and launch it from there. The boat plus its carriage weighed about 10 tons, and transporting it would not be easy. 20 horses and 100 men started by hauling the boat up the 1 in 4 Countisbury
Countisbury
Hill out of Lynmouth. Six of the men were sent ahead with picks and shovels to widen the road. The highest point is 1,423 feet (434 m) above sea level. After they had crossed the 15 miles (24 km) of wild Exmoor
Exmoor
paths, they had to descend the dangerous Porlock Hill, with horses and men pulling ropes to stall the descent. During this, they had to demolish part of a garden wall and fell a large tree to make a way. The lifeboat reached Porlock Weir
Porlock Weir
at 6:30 am, and was launched. Although cold, wet, hungry and exhausted, the crew rowed for over an hour in heavy seas to reach the stricken Forrest Hall and rescue the thirteen men and five apprentices with no casualties. However, four of the horses employed died of exhaustion. The Forrest Hall was towed into Barry, Wales.[1] [2] The feat was immortalised in C Walter Hodges' 1969 children's historical novel The Overland Launch, and was re-enacted 100 years after the event, in daylight, on today's much better roads.

The meeting of the Lynmouth
Lynmouth
rivers. The river seen here is the East Lyn River, the West Lyn River
West Lyn River
joins it at the white bridge.

1952 Lynmouth
Lynmouth
flood[edit] Main article: Lynmouth
Lynmouth
Flood On 15 and 16 August 1952, a storm of tropical intensity broke over South West England, depositing 229 millimetres (9.0 in) of rain within 24 hours on an already waterlogged Exmoor. It is thought that a cold front scooped up a thunderstorm, and the orographic effect worsened the storm. Debris-laden floodwaters cascaded down the northern escarpment of the moor, converging upon the village of Lynmouth. In particular, in the upper West Lyn valley, a dam was formed by fallen trees and other debris; this in due course gave way, sending a huge wave of water and debris down that river. The River Lyn through the town had been culverted in order to gain land for business premises; this culvert soon choked with flood debris, and the river flowed through the town. Much of the debris was boulders and trees. Overnight, over 100 buildings were destroyed or seriously damaged along with 28 of the 31 bridges, and 38 cars were washed out to sea. In total, 34 people died and a further 420 were made homeless. Similar events had been recorded at Lynmouth
Lynmouth
in 1607 and 1796. After the 1952 disaster, the village was rebuilt, including diverting the river around the village. A conspiracy theory has circulated that the 1952 flood was caused by secret cloud seeding experiments conducted by the RAF.[4][5][6] The theory has been dismissed as "preposterous" by experts.[7] The small group of houses on the bank of the East Lyn River
East Lyn River
called Middleham, between Lynmouth
Lynmouth
and Watersmeet, was destroyed and never rebuilt. Today, a memorial garden stands on the site. A memorial hall dedicated to the disaster is on the front toward the harbour; it contains photographs, newspaper reports and a scale model of the village, showing how it looked before the flood. A further photo and information display is found in St John the Baptist parish church.

Taken in the 1850s this is probably the first ever photograph of Lynmouth

Twinning[edit] The town of Lynton
Lynton
and Lynmouth
Lynmouth
is twinned with Bénouville in France. Cultural references[edit]

Wikisource
Wikisource
has original text related to this article: Linmouth, a poem by L. E. L.

In her poem Linmouth, Letitia Elizabeth Landon
Letitia Elizabeth Landon
describes the beauties of rural nature but ends with the words: 'Aye beautiful the dreaming brought By valleys and green fields; But deeper feeling, higher thought, Is what the city yields.' and in the footnote she speaks of her great love for London. The British technical modern rock band InMe
InMe
make recurring references to the Lynton/ Lynmouth
Lynmouth
area in their lyrical material. Lynton
Lynton
is mentioned in "In Loving Memory" on their third album Daydream Anonymous, and Lynmouth
Lynmouth
is mentioned in "Saccharine Arcadia" on Phoenix: The Very Best of InMe. Lead singer Dave McPherson also has a song entitled "Sunny Lynton" on his EP Crescent Summer Sessions and refers to Watersmeet in "Waltzing in a Supermarket" on I Don't Do Requests. The village of Hollow Bay in The Secret of Crickley Hall by James Herbert is based on Lynmouth; Devil's Cleave is based on the East Lyn Valley and Watersmeet. The book brings together two stories, that of child evacuees during the Second World War and that of the 1952 flood disaster that devastated Lynmouth. See also[edit]

List of natural disasters in the United Kingdom Lynton Myrtlebury

Notes[edit]

^ Location of Sillery Sands Beach 51°13′57″N 3°48′24″W / 51.232511°N 3.806723°W / 51.232511; -3.806723

^ Sugden, R (6 June 2016). "7 ways to be naked in Bristol
Bristol
this summer". Bristol
Bristol
Post. Retrieved 2016-07-20. [permanent dead link] ^ Tomalin, Claire (2005). Young Bysshe. Penguin Books. pp.38-41. ^ Leach, Nicholas (2009). Devon's Lifeboat Heritage. Chacewater: Twelveheads Press. pp. 49–50. ISBN 978-0-906294-72-7.  ^ Hilary Bradt; Janice Booth (11 May 2010). Slow Devon
Devon
and Exmoor. Bradt Travel Guides. p. 249. ISBN 978-1-84162-322-1.  ^ "Rain-making link to killer floods". BBC News. 30 August 2001. Retrieved 14 June 2008.  ^ Vidal, John (30 August 2001). "RAF rainmakers 'caused 1952 flood'". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 10 November 2009.  ^ The day they made it rain, Philip Eden, WeatherOnline

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Lynmouth.

Lynton
Lynton
and Lynmouth
Lynmouth
at Curlie (based on DMOZ) The Lynmouth Flood
Lynmouth Flood
of 1952 – Exmoor
Exmoor
National Park Authority account Possible connections with cloud seeding (BBC News, 30 August 2001) On this day 16 August 1952 (BBC News) Lynmouth
Lynmouth
Foreland Lighthouse

v t e

Towns, villages (and most populous hamlets) in North Devon

Major Civil Parishes

Barnstaple Braunton
Braunton
( Saunton
Saunton
· Knowle) Fremington (Bickleton · High Bickington
High Bickington
· Yelland) Ilfracombe
Ilfracombe
(Chambercombe · Hele/ Hele Bay
Hele Bay
· Lee/Lee Bay · Higher and Lower Slade · Lincombe)

Mid-population Civil Parishes

Atherington Berrynarbor Bishop's Nympton Bishop's Tawton Bratton Fleming Brayford
Brayford
(Charles) Burrington Chittlehampton
Chittlehampton
(most of Umberleigh) Chulmleigh
Chulmleigh
(Cheldon · Colleton · Colleton Mills · Elstone · Cadbury Barton · Week) Combe Martin East and West Buckland Georgeham
Georgeham
( Croyde
Croyde
· North Buckland · Putsborough
Putsborough
· Pickwell) Goodleigh Heanton Punchardon
Heanton Punchardon
(Chivenor · Wrafton) Horwood, Lovacott and Newton Tracey Instow King's Nympton Landkey Lynton
Lynton
and Lynmouth
Lynmouth
( Barbrook
Barbrook
· Cherrybridge · Dean · East Ilkerton · West Lyn · Furzehill) Marwood Mortehoe
Mortehoe
(Woolacombe) North Molton Shirwell South Molton Swimbridge Tawstock
Tawstock
(Chapelton · Harracott · Hiscott) West Down Witheridge

Lowest population

Arlington Ashford Bittadon Brendon and Countisbury
Brendon and Countisbury
( Brendon
Brendon
· Countisbury
Countisbury
· Leeford · Malmsmead) Challacombe Chittlehamholt East Anstey
East Anstey
(Yeo Mill · Oldways End) East Down (Churchill East Worlington Filleigh
Filleigh
(Shallowford) George Nympton Kentisbury Knowstone
Knowstone
(Roachill) Loxhore Mariansleigh
Mariansleigh
(Alswear) Martinhoe Meshaw Molland Parracombe
Parracombe
(Bodley · East Middleton · Heale · Prisonford · Church Town · Blackmoor Gate) Pilton (West) Queen's Nympton Rackenford
Rackenford
(Creacombe) Romansleigh Rose Ash Satterleigh and Warkleigh Stoke Rivers Trentishoe Trimstone Twitchen West Anstey Westleigh

v t e

Weather events in the United Kingdom

Climate of the United Kingdom Drought
Drought
in the United Kingdom

Avalanches

Lewes 1836 Buachaille Etive Mòr 2009

Coldwaves

Winter 1683–84 Great Frost of 1709 Winter 1894–95 Winter 1946–47 Winter 1962–63 Winter 1981–82 January–March 1987 Winter 1990–91 October 2008 February 2009 Winter 2009–10 Winter 2010–11 February 2012 March–April 2013 February–March 2018

Flash floods

Louth 1920 Lynmouth
Lynmouth
1952 Chew Stoke 1968 Glasgow 2002 Boscastle 2004 Morpeth 2008

Floods

Holmfirth 1738, 1777, 1944 Thames 1928 Thames 1947 South England 1968 United Kingdom
United Kingdom
2000 United Kingdom
United Kingdom
2007 Sheffield 2009 United Kingdom
United Kingdom
2009 United Kingdom
United Kingdom
2012 United Kingdom
United Kingdom
2013–14 Somerset Levels 2013–14 United Kingdom
United Kingdom
2015–16 United Kingdom
United Kingdom
2016

Heat waves Droughts

"Great Stink" 1858 Summer 1906 Summer 1911 Summer 1955 Summer 1976 August 1990 Summer 1995 August 1997 2003 June-July 2006 Spring 2011 Autumn 2011 March 2012 July 2013 June 2017

Storm surges

South England 1287 North Sea 1287 Bristol
Bristol
Channel 16071 1928 Thames flood North Sea 1953 North Sea 1976 North Sea 1978 North Sea 2007 Irish Sea & North Sea 2013

Thunderstorms

Widecombe-in-the-Moor 1638

Tornadoes

London 1091 Great Malvern 1761 Birmingham 2005 London 2006 West Midlands and Wales 2011

Windstorms

December 1703 November 1824 August 1848 October 1859 February 1871 December 1879 October 1881 January 1968 January 1976 October 1987 January 1990 December 1998 January 2007 December 2011 January 2012 October 2013 December 2013 Christmas 2013 New Year 2014 February 2014

Windstorm seasons

2015–16

Abigail Desmond Eva

2016–17 2017–18

Ophelia

Snow events

January 1881 April 1981 Early March 2013 Late March 2013

Other

Great Smog of Winter 1952

1 Disputed tsunami

Coordinates: 51°13′46″N 3°49′46″W / 51.22944°N 3.82944°W /

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