Louis (given name)
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Louis is the
French
French
form of the
Old Frankish Frankish (language reconstruction, reconstructed endonym: *), also known as Old Franconian or Old Frankish, was the West Germanic language spoken by the Franks between the 4th and 8th century. After the Salian Franks settled in Roman Gaul, its ...
given name A given name (also known as a first name or forename) is the part of a quoted in that identifies a person, potentially with a as well, and differentiates that person from the other members of a group (typically a or ) who have a common . ...
Chlodowig and one of two
English English usually refers to: * English language English is a West Germanic languages, West Germanic language first spoken in History of Anglo-Saxon England, early medieval England, which has eventually become the World language, leading lan ...

English
forms, the other being
Lewis Lewis may refer to: Names * Lewis (given name) Lewis () is a masculine English given name, English-language given name. It was coined as an anglicisation of given names in other languages. "Lewis" has been used to anglicise the Irish language, Ir ...
().


Etymology

The name Louis (through the intermediate form
Clovis Clovis may refer to: People * Clovis (given name), the early medieval (Frankish) form of the name Louis ** Clovis I (c. 466 – 511), the first king of the Franks to unite all the Frankish tribes under one ruler ** Clovis II (c. 634 – c. 657), ...
) derives from the Frankish name ᚺᛚᛟᛞᛟᚹᛁᚷ (in
runic alphabet Runes are the letters in a set of related alphabet An alphabet is a standardized set of basic written symbols or graphemes (called letter (alphabet), letters) that represent the phonemes of certain spoken languages. Not all writing syste ...
) or *''Hlōdowik'' or *''Hlōdowig'' (in
Latin alphabet The Latin alphabet or Roman alphabet is the collection of letters originally used by the ancient Romans In historiography Historiography is the study of the methods of historian ( 484– 425 BC) was a Greek historian who lived ...

Latin alphabet
). Traditionally, this name considered to be composed of two elements, deriving from both
Proto-Germanic Proto-Germanic (abbreviated PGmc; also called Common Germanic) is the reconstructed Reconstruction may refer to: Politics, history, and sociology *Reconstruction (law), the transfer of a company's (or several companies') business to a new ...
''*hlūdaz'' ("loud, famous") and ''*wiganą'' ("to battle, to fight") respectively, resulting in the traditional practice of translating Clovis' name as meaning "famous warrior" or "famous in battle". However, scholars have pointed out that
Gregory of Tours Gregory of Tours (30 November 538 – 17 November 594 AD) was a Gallo-Roman The term "Gallo-Roman" describes the Romanization (cultural), Romanized culture of Gaul under the rule of the Roman Empire. This was characterized by the Gaulish ...
consequently transcribes the names of various Merovingian royal names containing the first element as ''chlodo-''. The use of a close-mid back protruded vowel (o), rather than the expected
close back rounded vowel The close back rounded vowel, or high back rounded vowel, is a type of vowel A vowel is a Syllable, syllabic speech sound pronounced without any stricture in the vocal tract. Vowels are one of the two principal classes of speech sounds, the ot ...
(u) which Gregory does use in various other Germanic names (i.e. Fredegundis, Arnulfus, Gundobadus, etc.) opens up the possibility that the first element instead derives from
Proto-Germanic Proto-Germanic (abbreviated PGmc; also called Common Germanic) is the reconstructed Reconstruction may refer to: Politics, history, and sociology *Reconstruction (law), the transfer of a company's (or several companies') business to a new ...
''*hlutą'' ("lot, share, portion"), giving the meaning of the name as "loot bringer" or "plunder (bringing) warrior". This hypothesis is supported by the fact that if the first element is taken to mean "famous", then the name of
Chlodomer Chlodomer, also spelled Clodomir or Clodomer (c. 495 - 524) was the second of the four sons of Clovis I, King of the Franks. On the death of his father, in 511, he divided the kingdom of the Franks The Franks ( la, Franci or ) were a group of ...
(one of Clovis' sons) would contain two elements (''*hlūdaz'' and ''*mērijaz'') both meaning "famous", which would be highly uncommon within the typical
Germanic name Germanic languages, Germanic given names are traditionally wikt:dithematic, dithematic; that is, they are formed from two elements, by joining a prefix and a suffix. For example, Ethelred II of England, King Æþelred's name was derived from ', fo ...
structure.


Variant forms

* af, Louis * ar, لويس and لؤي * sq, Luigj, Ludovik * Ancient Germanic: ''Chlodovech, Clodovicus, Ludovicus, Clovis, Hludowig'' * hy, Լուդովիկ (''Loudovik'') * eu, Aloxi, Koldobika, Luki, ''Koldo'' * br, Loeiz, ''
Loïc Loïc or Loick, is a male personal Given name, forename chiefly used in Brittany, in western France, and in the Breton community in French language, French-speaking countries. Origins ''Loïc'' is a Breton given name, based on ''Laou'', a Breton ...
'' * bn, লুইস, লুডউইগ, translit=Luis/Luish, Luduig * bg, Людовик (''Lyudovik'') * ca, Lluís * Chinese Simplified: 路易 (''Lùyì'') *
Chinese Traditional Traditional Chinese characters ( zh, s=/, t=/, first=t, Pinyin: ) are Chinese characters, of any character set. The traditional characters mostly remained in the form they took at the introduction of the regular script in the 2nd century. Over ...
: 路易 (''Lùyì'') * hr, Alojzije, Ljudevit, Ludovik, Luj, ''Alojz'' * cz, Ludvík, ''Alois, Luděk'' * da, Ludvig, Lodvig * nl, Lodewijk, Lode, Lodevicus, Loe, Louis, Lowie, Lowieke, Ludo, Ludovicus * en, Louis, Louie (given name), Louie, Lou (disambiguation), Lou,
Lewis Lewis may refer to: Names * Lewis (given name) Lewis () is a masculine English given name, English-language given name. It was coined as an anglicisation of given names in other languages. "Lewis" has been used to anglicise the Irish language, Ir ...
, Lewes, Lewie, Lew, Lewy or Luey; Ludovic, Lodvig, Lodovig, Lutwidge * eo, Ludoviko, ''Luĉjo'' * french: Louis, Ludovic,
Clovis Clovis may refer to: People * Clovis (given name), the early medieval (Frankish) form of the name Louis ** Clovis I (c. 466 – 511), the first king of the Franks to unite all the Frankish tribes under one ruler ** Clovis II (c. 634 – c. 657), ...
* gl, Luis, Lois, Luis, Luís * ka, ხლოდვიგი (''Khlodvigi''), ლუდვიგი (''ludvigi''), ლუდოვიკო(''ludoviko''), ლუი (''lui'') * german: Ludwig (given name), Ludwig, Alois, ''Aloysius, Lutz'' * gr, Λουδοβίκος (''Loudovíkos''), Λοΐζος(''Loizos'') * haw, Lui * Hindi language, Hindi: लुइस (''Lu'is'') * hu, Lajos, ''Alajos'' * ga, Alaois, Alabhaois, Laoiseach, Lughaidh * id, Aloysius, Louis, Ludowikus * is, Loðvík * it, Aloigi, Aloisi, Aloisio, Luigi (name), Luigi, Lodovico, Ludovico, ''Alvise, Gigi, Gigio, Gigino, Ginetto, Gino, Luigino, Vico'' * Japanese language, Japanese: ルイ(''Rui'') * Korean language, Korean: 루이 (''Lui''), 루이스 (''Luiseu'') * la, Ludovicus, Aloysius * lv, Ludviķis, ''Ludis, Ludvigs, Luijs, Luiss, Luī, Aloizs, Aloiss'' * lt, Liudvikas (disambiguation), Liudvikas, ''Aloyzas, Liudas'' * mk, Лудвиг (''Ludvig''), Луј (''Luj''), Људевит ('' Ljudevit'') * Medieval Occitan: ''Aloys, Aloysius'' * no, Ludvig, ''Lodve'' * Occitan: ''Loís'' * Persian language, Persian: لوئیس * pl, Ludwik, ''Alojzy'' * pt, Luis, Luís, Aloísio, Aluísio, Ludovico (''Luiz'' is an archaic form), ''Luisinho'' * Provençal dialect, Provençal: Louïs, Louei, Louvis * Punjabi language, Punjabi: ਲੂਯਿਸ (''Lūyis'') * ro, Aloisiu, Ludovic * russian: Людовик (''Lyudovik'') * Scottish Gaelic: Luthais * Sicilian language, Sicilian: Luiggi, Ludovicu * sr, Луј (''Luj''), Људевит (''Ljudevit'') * sk, Ľudovít,'' Alojz'' * sl, Alojz, Lojze, Ljudevit, Luj, ''Alojzij, Ludvik'' * es, Luis, ''Ludovico'' * sv, Ludvig, Love,'' Ludde'' * Tamil language, Tamil: லூயிஸ் (''Lūyis'') * Telugu language, Telugu: లూయిస్ (''Lūyis'') * Thai language, Thai: หลุยส์ (''H̄luys̄̒'') * uk, Людовик (''Lyudovyk'') * Welsh: Lewis


Feminine variants

* Arabic: لويز * Belarusian: Луіза (Luiza) * Chinese Simplified: 路易丝 (Lùyìsī) * Chinese Traditional: 路易絲 (Lùyìsī) * Croatian: Alojzija * Danish: Louise * Dutch: Louisa, Louise, Ludovica * English: Louisa, Lou, Louella, Lula, Luella * Estonian: Loviise * Finnish: Loviisa * French: Lou, Louise, Louisette * German: Aloisia, Louisa, Luise, Lulu, Luisa * Greek: Λουίζα (Louíza) * Gujarati: લુઇસ (Lu'isa) * Hebrew: לואיז * Hindi: लुइस (Lu'isa) * Hungarian: Lujza * Italian: Lodovica, Ludovica, Luigia, Luisa, Gigia, Gina, Ginetta, Luigina, Luisella * Japanese: ルイーザ (Ruīza), ルイ (Rui) * Kannada: ಲೂಯಿಸ್ (Lūyis) * Korean: 루이사 (Luisa) * Lithuanian: Liudvika * Maori: Ruiha * Macedonian: Лујза (Lujza), Лојза (Lojza) * Mongolian: Луиза (Luiza) * Nepali: लुइस (Lu'isa) * Norwegian: Lovise * Persian: لوئیس * Polish: Ludwika, Luiza * Portuguese: Luísa, Luiza * Romanian: Luiza * Serbian: Луиз (Luiz) * Slovak: Alojzia * Slovene: Alojzija * Spanish: Luisa, Luisina, Luisita * Swedish: Lovisa, Lova * Tamil: லூயிஸ் (Lūyis) * Telugu: లూయిస్ ( Lūyis) * Thai: หลุยส์ (H̄luys̄̒) * Ukrainian: Луїза (Luyiza) * Urdu: لوئیس


Arts and entertainment

* Louis (singer) (1952–2011), Serbian singer * Louis Akin (1868–1913), American painter and illustrator * Lou Albano (1933–2009), Italian wrestler, manager and actor * Louis Armstrong (1901–1971), American jazz musician * Louis C.K. (born 1967), American comedian * Louis Cachet (born 1973), Norwegian musician * Louis Calabro (1926–1991), Italian American orchestral composer * Louis Calhern (1895–1956), American actor * Louis Clark (born 1947), English musical arranger and keyboard player * Louis Cole (musician), American musician * Lou Costello (1906–1959), American comedian * Louis Daguerre (1787–1851), French artist and photographer * Louis Deland (1772–1823), Swedish ballet dancer, singer, actor, choreographer and ballet master * Lou Dobbs (born 1945), CNN anchor * Lou Ferrigno (born 1951), American bodybuilder and actor * Louis Gallodier (1734–1803), ballet master and choreographer * Louis Gossett Jr. (born 1936), American actor * Louis Johnson (bassist) (1955–2015), American bass player and singer, member of The Brothers Johnson * Louis Jordan (1908–1975), pioneering American jazz, blues and rhythm & blues musician and songwriter * Louis Jourdan (1921–2015), French actor * Louis Jouvet (1887–1951), French actor and director * Louis Kahn, Louis I. Kahn (1901–1974), American architect * Louis L'Amour (1908–1988), American author of Western fiction * Louis Logic, American underground rapper * Louis Masreliez (1748–1810), French-born Swedish painter and interior designer * Louis Prima (1910–1978), Italian American jazz and swing musician and trumpeter * Louis Rukeyser (1933–2006), American economic commentator * Lou Diamond Phillips (born 1962), American actor * Lou Rawls (1933–2006), American musician * Lou Reed (1942–2013), American musician * Louis Sachar (born 1954), American author of children's books * Louis Spohr (1784–1859), German composer * Louis Sullivan (1856–1924), American architect * Louis Theroux (born 1970), British television broadcaster * Louis Tomlinson (born 1991), English pop singer; one-fifth of English-Irish boy band One Direction. (Current solo artist) * Louis Van Lint (1909–1986), Belgian artist * Louis Vuitton (designer) (1821–1892), French fashion designer * Louis Wain (1860–1936), British artist who drew cats * Louis Walsh (born 1952), Irish entertainment manager


Politics

* Louis A. Bloom (1900–1988), Pennsylvania State Representative and Judge * Louis Brandeis (1856–1941), American Supreme Court justice and Zionist leader * Louis Philippe de Bombelles, Austrian count and diplomat * Louis H. Bruni (born 1949), Texas politician and businessman *Louis Conradt, politician from Texas, investigated by ''To Catch a Predator'' *Louis DeJoy (born 1957), American businessman and current postmaster general of the United States * Louis René Édouard, cardinal de Rohan (1734–1803), French religious leader and politician * Louis Farrakhan (born 1933), Afro-American social leader * Louis Gerhard De Geer, Louis De Geer (1818–1896), Sweden's first prime minister; baron, statesman and writer *Gerhard Louis De Geer, known as Louis De Geer (1854–1935), Swedish prime minister * Louie Gohmert, Louis "Louie" Gohmert (born 1953), Texas politician and U.S. Congressman * L. L. Hunter, Louis Lucien Hunter, Sri Lankan civil servant and politician * Louis St. Laurent (1882–1973), Canadian politician who served as the 12th prime minister of Canada * Louis Lingg (1864–1887), German anarchist arrested after Haymarket Square bombing * Louis Michel (born 1947), Belgian politician * Louis Riel (1844–1885), Canadian politician, a founder of Manitoba, and leader of the Métis


Royalty


Holy Roman Emperors and Kings of Germany

* Louis the Pious, Emperor and King of the Franks from 814 to his death. * Louis II, Holy Roman Emperor, eldest son of the emperor Lothair I * Louis III, Holy Roman Emperor, maternal grandson of the emperor Louis II * Louis the German (Louis II), the third son of the emperor Louis the Pious and his first wife * Louis the Child (Louis III), the last true Carolingian ruler of East Francia * Louis IV, Holy Roman Emperor


Kings of France

* Louis the Pious, Emperor and King of the Franks from 814 to his death * Louis the Stammerer, the eldest son of Charles the Bald and Ermentrude of Orléans * Louis III of France, king of Western Francia * Louis IV of France, king of France from 936 to 954 * Louis V of France, son of the Frankish King Lothair and his wife Emma * Louis VI of France, King of France from 1108 to 1137 * Louis VII of France, King of France from 1137 to 1180 * Louis VIII of France, King of France from 1223 to 1226 * Louis IX of France, King of France from 1226 to 1270 * Louis X of France, King of France from 1314 to 1316 * Louis XI of France, King of France from 1461 to 1483 * Louis XII of France, King of France from 1498 to 1515 * Louis XIII of France, King of France and Navarre from 1610 to 1643 * Louis XIV of France, King of France and Navarre from 1643 to 1715 * Louis XV of France, King of France and Navarre from 1715 to 1774 * Louis XVI of France, King of France and Navarre from 1774 until 1791 * Louis XVII of France, the son of King Louis XVI of France and Marie Antoinette * Louis XVIII of France, King of France and Navarre from 1815 to 1824 * Louis XIX of France, King of France and Navarre for twenty minutes in 1830 before his abdication


Other French royalty

* Louis I, Duke of Bourbon, Duke of Bourbon * Louis II, Duke of Bourbon, Duke of Bourbon * Louis I de Bourbon, prince de Condé, Prince of Condé * Louis II de Bourbon, prince de Condé, Prince of Condé * Louis III, Prince of Condé, Prince of Condé * Louis Henri, Duke of Bourbon (also known as Louis IV, prince de Condé) * Louis Joseph de Bourbon, prince de Condé (also known as Louis V Joseph) * Louis Henry II, Prince of Condé (also known as Louis VI Henri) * Louis Armand I, Prince of Conti, Prince of Conti * Louis Armand II, Prince of Conti, Prince of Conti * Louis François I, Prince of Conti, Prince of Conti * Louis François II, Prince of Conti, Prince of Conti * Louis V, Elector Palatine


Kings of Etruria

* Louis I of Etruria, King of Etruria from 1801 to 1803 * Charles II, Duke of Parma, Louis II of Etruria, King from 1803–1807, also Duke of Lucca (1824–1847) and Duke of Parma (1847–1849)


Kings of Holland

* Louis Bonaparte, Louis I Bonaparte, King of Holland from 1806 to 1810 * Napoléon Louis Bonaparte, Louis II Bonaparte, King of Holland in 1810, also Grand Duke of Berg


Kings of Hungary

* Louis the Great, (Louis I of Hungary) Apostolic King of Hungary, Dalmatia, Croatia, Rama, Serbia, Galicia, Lodomeria, Jerusalem and Sicily from 1342, King of Poland from 1370 * Louis II of Hungary and Bohemia, King of Bohemia and Hungary from 1516 to 1526


King of Portugal

* Louis I of Portugal (1838–1889), succeeded to his older brother Peter V in 1861


King of Spain

* Louis I of Spain, the eldest son of Philip V of Spain by his first Queen consort Maria Louisa of Savoy


Princes of Monaco

* Louis I, Prince of Monaco * Louis II, Prince of Monaco, Sovereign Prince of Monaco from 26 June 1922 until 9 May 1949


Princes of the United Kingdom

* Prince Louis of Cambridge (b. 23 April 2018), third child and second son of Prince William, Duke of Cambridge, and Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge, great-grandson of Queen Elizabeth II.


Dukes and Kings of Bavaria

* Louis I, Duke of Bavaria * Louis II, Duke of Bavaria * Louis III, Duke of Bavaria * Louis IV, Holy Roman Emperor, also Duke of Bavaria * Louis V, Duke of Bavaria, also Margrave of Brandenburg as Louis I * Louis VI, Duke of Bavaria, also Margrave of Brandenburg as Louis II * Louis VII, Duke of Bavaria * Louis VIII, Duke of Bavaria * Louis IX, Duke of Bavaria * Louis X, Duke of Bavaria * Ludwig I of Bavaria, Louis I King of Bavaria from 1825 to 1848 * Ludwig II of Bavaria, Louis II King of Bavaria from 1864 to 1886, the ''Märchenkönig'' (Fairy tale king) * Ludwig III of Bavaria, Louis III, Regent from 1912 to 1913, King from 1913 to 1918 (last king of Bavaria)


Grand-Duke of Berg

* Napoléon Louis Bonaparte, Louis, Grand Duke of Berg from 1809 to 1813, also King of Holland as Louis II


Grand-Dukes of Hesse

* Louis I, Grand Duke of Hesse * Louis II, Grand Duke of Hesse * Louis III, Grand Duke of Hesse * Louis IV, Grand Duke of Hesse


Duke of Savoy

* Louis, Duke of Savoy, Duke of Savoy from 1440 to 1465


Duke of Württemberg

* Louis Eugene, Duke of Württemberg


Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt

* Louis IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt


Science and innovation

* Louis Blériot (1872–1936), French aviator and inventor * Louis Braille (1809–1852), inventor of braille * Louis de Broglie (1892–1987), French physicist and Nobel Prize laureate * Louis Ignarro (1941) American pharmacologist and Nobel Prize laureate * Louis Leakey (1903–1972), British paleontologist * Louis Lliboutry, French-Chilean glaciologist * Louis Mink (1921–1983), American philosopher of history * Louis Pasteur (1822–1895), French microbiologist and chemist, discoverer of the principles of vaccination, microbial fermentation and pasteurization * Louis Schoonhoven (born 1931), Dutch entomologist * Louis Wirth (1897–1952), American sociologist


Sports

* Louis Almond (born 1992), English footballer * Louis Babrow (1915–2004), South African rugby union player * Louis Baise (born 1927), South African Olympic wrestler * Lou Boudreau (1917–2001), American, Hall of Fame baseball player and manager * Lou Brock (born 1939), American baseball player * Louis Bullard (1956–2010), American football player * Louis Campbell (born 1979), American basketball player * Louis Chevrolet (1878–1941), racing driver and the founder of the Chevrolet Motor Car Company * Louis Deletraz (born 1997), Swiss race car driver * Louis Clarke (1901–77), American Olympic track champion * Louis Ford (footballer) (born 1914), Welsh footballer * Louis van Gaal (born 1951), Dutch footballer and manager * Lou Gehrig (1903–1941), American baseball player * Louis Jani (born 1957), Canadian judoka * Kid Kaplan, Louis Kaplan (1901–1970), nicknamed "Kid Kaplan", Russian-born American world champion Hall of Fame featherweight boxer * Louis King (basketball) (born 1999), American basketball player * Louis Klotz (born 1921), nicknamed "Red", American NBA basketball player and owner of the Washington Generals and New York Nationals * Louis Pilot (born 1940), Luxembourgian footballer and manager * Louis Rubenstein (1861–1931), Canadian world champion Hall of Fame figure skater * Louis Saha (born 1978), French footballer * Lewis Hamilton (born 1985), English racing driver * Louis Smith (gymnast) (born 1989), English gymnast


Others

*Louis Edmund Blaze (1861–1951), Sri Lankan Burgher people, Burgher educationist, founder of Kingswood College, Kandy, Sri Lanka *Louis Botha (1862–1919), South African politician, first Prime Minister of the Union of South Africa, one of the principal commanders of the Second Boer War * Louis Congo (c. 1725), emancipated slave, appointed public executioner of Louisiana * Louis Le Duff, French billionaire businessman * Louis Franchet d'Espèrey, French general during World War I * Louis V. Gerstner Jr. (born 1942), chairman and CEO of IBM * Louis Antoine Godey (1804-1878), American editor and publisher * Louis Jolliet (1645–1700), French explorer, one of the first Europeans to reach the northern part of the Mississippi River * Louis-Frédéric Lescure (1904–1993), French industrialist * Louis Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma, Louis Mountbatten (1900–1979), last Viceroy of India and first Governor-General of independent India, cousin of Queen Elizabeth II * Louis Palander (1842–1920], Swedish naval officer * Louis (parrot), parrot from Victoria, British Columbia, Canada, well-provided for by owner's will after her death in 1949 * Louis H. Pollak (1922–2012), American district court judge and dean of Yale Law School and the University of Pennsylvania Law School * Louis Pope (b.1947), American businessman *Louis B. Schwartz (1913–2003), American law professor at the University of Pennsylvania Law School * Louis Spencer, Viscount Althorp (born 1994), heir apparent to earldom. * Louis Zamperini (1917–2014), American World War II veteran, Christian evangelist and an Olympic distance runner, best known for being a Japanese POW survivor.


Fictional characters

* Dr. Louis Faraday, a character in the 1986 American science fiction adventure movie ''Flight of the Navigator#Cast, Flight of the Navigator'' * Louis, a character in the American sitcom television series ''Kate & Allie#Recurring cast, Kate & Allie'' * Louis, a protagonist of the Japanese manga series ''Beastars'' * Louis de Pointe du Lac, character in the Vampire Chronicles novels by Anne Rice * Louis the Alligator, from film ''The Princess and the Frog'' * Louie Duck, Disney character * Louis Gara, a character in the 2013 American black comedy crime movie ''Life of Crime (film)#Cast, Life of Crime'' * Louis Huang, character played by Randall Park in ''Fresh Off the Boat'' * Louis Litt, character played by Rick Hoffman in ''Suits'' * Louis Michaelson, a character played by Fred Savage in the 1986 American fantasy drama film ''The Boy Who Could Fly#Cast, The Boy Who Could Fly'' * Louis Tully, character played by Rick Moranis in ''Ghostbusters'' and ''Ghostbusters II'' * Louis Wu, character in the Ringworld books by Larry Niven * Louis, one of the protagonists of ''Left 4 Dead''


See also

*
Lewis Lewis may refer to: Names * Lewis (given name) Lewis () is a masculine English given name, English-language given name. It was coined as an anglicisation of given names in other languages. "Lewis" has been used to anglicise the Irish language, Ir ...
* Lois * Louis (disambiguation) * Louise (given name), Louise * Louie (given name), Louie * Ludwig (given name), Ludwig


References

{{Authority control English masculine given names French masculine given names