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The Info List - Loriinae


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Loriinae
Loriinae
is a subfamily of psittacines birds, one of the five subfamilies that make up the Psittaculidae
Psittaculidae
family. It consists of three tribes, the lories and lorikeets (Loriini), the budgerigar (Melopsittacini) and the fig parrots (Cyclopsittini), which are small birds, mostly of bright colors and inhabitants of Oceania
Oceania
and the islands of Southeast Asia. Taxonomy[edit] Traditionally it was considered that the lories were the only members of the subfamily Loriinae, or were integrated into their own family, Loriidae,[1] but currently they are classified as a tribe, Loriini, within a larger Loriinae
Loriinae
subfamily. The genetic studies showed that the lories are closely related to the budgerigar and the fig parrots of the genera Cyclopsitta
Cyclopsitta
and Psittaculirostris,[2][3][4][5][6] that form the other two tribes that make up the subfamily, Melopsittacini and Cyclopsittini, respectively. Loriinae
Loriinae
is integrated as one of the five subfamilies of the family Psittaculidae, together with Psittaculinae, Platycercinae, Psittacellinae, Agapornithinae; and in turn Psittaculidae
Psittaculidae
forms together with two families more the superfamily Psittacoidea. Genera[edit]

Vini
Vini
australis

Trichoglossus
Trichoglossus
chlorolepidotus

Glossopsitta
Glossopsitta
concinna

Chalcopsitta
Chalcopsitta
sintillata

Melopsittacus
Melopsittacus
undulatus

Cyclopsitta
Cyclopsitta
gulielmitertii

Psittaculirostris
Psittaculirostris
edwardsii

The following most recent classification, based on the most relevant research in the field.[7][2][4][8][9][10] Tribe Cyclopsittini:

Genus Cyclopsitta

Orange-breasted fig parrot, Cyclopsitta
Cyclopsitta
gulielmitertii Double-eyed fig parrot, Cyclopsitta
Cyclopsitta
diophthalma

Genus Psittaculirostris

Large fig parrot, Psittaculirostris
Psittaculirostris
desmarestii Edwards's fig parrot, Psittaculirostris
Psittaculirostris
edwardsii Salvadori's fig parrot, Psittaculirostris
Psittaculirostris
salvadorii

Tribe Loriini:

Genus Chalcopsitta

Black lory, Chalcopsitta
Chalcopsitta
atra Brown lory, Chalcopsitta
Chalcopsitta
duivenbodei (also called Duyvenbode's lory) Yellowish-streaked lory, Chalcopsitta
Chalcopsitta
sintillata

Genus Eos

Black-winged lory, Eos cyanogenia Violet-necked lory, Eos squamata Blue-streaked lory, Eos reticulata Red-and-blue lory, Eos histrio Red lory, Eos bornea Blue-eared lory, Eos semilarvata

Genus Pseudeos

Dusky lory, Pseudeos
Pseudeos
fuscata Cardinal lory, Pseudeos
Pseudeos
cardinalis

Genus Trichoglossus

Ornate lorikeet, Trichoglossus
Trichoglossus
ornatus (also called ornate lory) Sunset lorikeet, Trichoglossus
Trichoglossus
forsteni (also called scarlet-breasted lorikeet) Leaf lorikeet, Trichoglossus
Trichoglossus
weberi (also called Flores lorikeet) Marigold lorikeet, Trichoglossus
Trichoglossus
capestratus Coconut lorikeet, Trichoglossus
Trichoglossus
haematodus Biak lorikeet, Trichoglossus
Trichoglossus
rosenbergi Rainbow lorikeet, Trichoglossus
Trichoglossus
moluccanus Red-collared lorikeet, Trichoglossus
Trichoglossus
rubritorquis Olive-headed lorikeet, Trichoglossus
Trichoglossus
euteles (also called Perfect lorikeet) Citrine lorikeet, Trichoglossus
Trichoglossus
flavoviridis Mindanao lorikeet, Trichoglossus
Trichoglossus
johnstoniae (also called Johnstone's lorikeet) Pohnpei lorikeet, Trichoglossus
Trichoglossus
rubiginosus (also called Ponape lory) Scaly-breasted lorikeet, Trichoglossus
Trichoglossus
chlorolepidotus

Genus Psitteuteles
Psitteuteles
(sometimes classified in the genus Trichoglossus)

Varied lorikeet, Psitteuteles
Psitteuteles
versicolor Iris lorikeet, Psitteuteles
Psitteuteles
iris Goldie's lorikeet, Psitteuteles
Psitteuteles
goldiei

Genus Lorius

Purple-bellied lory, Lorius
Lorius
hypoinochrous (synonym Stresemann's lory, Lorius
Lorius
amabilis)[11] Black-capped lory, Lorius
Lorius
lory White-naped lory, Lorius
Lorius
albidinuchus Yellow-bibbed lory, Lorius
Lorius
chlorocercus Purple-naped lory, Lorius
Lorius
domicellus (synonym blue-thighed lory, Lorius
Lorius
tibialis)[12] Chattering lory, Lorius
Lorius
garrulus

Genus Phigys

Collared lory, Phigys
Phigys
solitarius

Genus Vini

Blue-crowned lorikeet, Vini
Vini
australis Kuhl's lorikeet, Vini
Vini
kuhlii Stephen's lorikeet, Vini
Vini
stepheni Blue lorikeet, Vini
Vini
peruviana Ultramarine lorikeet, Vini
Vini
ultramarina †Sinoto's lorikeet, Vini
Vini
sinotoi (extinct) †Conquered lorikeet, Vini
Vini
vidivici (extinct)

Genus Glossopsitta

Musk lorikeet, Glossopsitta
Glossopsitta
concinna

Genus Parvipsitta

Little lorikeet, Parvipsitta
Parvipsitta
pusilla Purple-crowned lorikeet, Parvipsitta
Parvipsitta
porphyrocephala

Genus Charmosyna

Palm lorikeet, Charmosyna
Charmosyna
palmarum Red-chinned lorikeet, Charmosyna
Charmosyna
rubrigularis Meek's lorikeet, Charmosyna
Charmosyna
meeki Blue-fronted lorikeet, Charmosyna
Charmosyna
toxopei Striated lorikeet, Charmosyna
Charmosyna
multistriata Pygmy lorikeet, Charmosyna
Charmosyna
wilhelminae (also called Wilhelmina's lorikeet) Red-fronted lorikeet, Charmosyna
Charmosyna
rubronotata (also called red-spotted lorikeet) Red-flanked lorikeet, Charmosyna
Charmosyna
placentis †? New Caledonian lorikeet, Charmosyna
Charmosyna
diadema (possibly extinct, 20th Century?) Red-throated lorikeet, Charmosyna
Charmosyna
amabilis Duchess lorikeet, Charmosyna
Charmosyna
margarethae Fairy lorikeet, Charmosyna
Charmosyna
pulchella Josephine's lorikeet, Charmosyna
Charmosyna
josefinae (also called Josephine's lory) Papuan lorikeet, Charmosyna
Charmosyna
papou (also called Papuan lory)

Genus Oreopsittacus

Plum-faced lorikeet, Oreopsittacus
Oreopsittacus
arfaki (also called Whiskered lorikeet)

Genus Neopsittacus

Yellow-billed lorikeet, Neopsittacus
Neopsittacus
musschenbroekii (also called Musschenbroek's lorikeet) Orange-billed lorikeet, Neopsittacus
Neopsittacus
pullicauda (also called Emerald lorikeet)

Tribe Melopsittacini:

Genus Melopsittacus

Budgerigar, Melopsittacus undulatus
Melopsittacus undulatus
(also called common parakeet or shell parakeet)

References[edit]

^ Forshaw, Joseph M.; Cooper, William T. (1981) [1973, 1978]. Parrots of the World (corrected second ed.). David & Charles, Newton Abbot, London. ISBN 0-7153-7698-5.  ^ a b Wright, T.F.; Schirtzinger E. E.; Matsumoto T.; Eberhard J. R.; Graves G. R.; Sanchez J. J.; Capelli S.; Muller H.; Scharpegge J.; Chambers G. K.; Fleischer R. C. (2008). A Multilocus Molecular Phylogeny of the Parrots (Psittaciformes): Support for a Gondwanan Origin during the Cretaceous. 25. Mol Biol Evol. pp. 2141–56. doi:10.1093/molbev/msn160. PMC 2727385 . PMID 18653733.  ^ Astuti, Dwi; Azuma, Noriko; Suzuki, Hitoshi; Higashi, Seigo (2006). "Phylogenetic relationships within parrots (Psittacidae) inferred from mitochondrial cytochrome-b gene sequences". Zoological Science. 23 (2). pp. 191–98. doi:10.2108/zsj.23.191. PMID 16603811.  ^ a b de Kloet, RS; de Kloet SR (2005). "The evolution of the spindlin gene in birds: Sequence analysis of an intron of the spindlin W and Z gene reveals four major divisions of the Psittaciformes". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 36 (3). pp. 706–721. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2005.03.013. PMID 16099384.  ^ Tokita, Masayoshi; Kiyoshi, Takuya; Armstrong, Kyle N. (30 October 2007). "Evolution of craniofacial novelty in parrots through developmental modularity and heterochrony". Evolution & Development. 9 (6): 590–601. doi:10.1111/j.1525-142X.2007.00199.x.  ^ Christidis, L; Schodde, R; Shaw, D. D; Maynes, S. F (1991). "Relationships among the Australo-Papuan Parrots, Lorikeets, and Cockatoos (Aves: Psittaciformes): Protein Evidence". Condor. 93 (2): 302–17. doi:10.2307/1368946. JSTOR 1368946.  ^ Joseph, L.; Toon, A.; Schritzinger, E. E.; Wright, T. F.; Schodde, R (2012). "A revised nomenclature and classification for family-group taxa of parrots (Psittaciformes)" (PDF). Zootaxa. 3205: 26–40.  ^ Schweizer, Manuel; Seehausen, Ole and Hertwig, Stefan T. (2011). "Macroevolutionary patterns in the diversification of parrots: effects of climate change, geological events and key innovations". Journal of Biogeography. 38 (11): 2176–2194. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2699.2011.02555.x. CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) ^ Joseph, Leo; Toon, Alicia; Schirtzinger, Erin E. and Wright, Timothy F. (2011). "Molecular systematics of two enigmatic genera Psittacella and Pezoporus illuminate the ecological radiation of Australo-Papuan parrots (Aves: Psittaciformes)". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 59 (3): 675–684. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2011.03.017. PMID 21453777. CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) ^ Schweizer, Manuel; Seehausen, Ole; Güntert, Marcel; Hertwig, Stefan T. (March 2010). "The evolutionary diversification of parrots supports a taxon pulse model with multiple trans-oceanic dispersal events and local radiations". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 54 (3): 984–994. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2009.08.021.  ^ "UNEP-WCMC Species Database Lorius
Lorius
amabilis". Unep-wcmc.org. Retrieved 2013-02-09.  ^ "UNEP-WCMC Species Database Lorius
Lorius
tibialis". Unep-wcmc.org. Retrieved 2013-02-09. 

Taxon identifiers

Wd: Q212669 ADW: Loriinae EoL: 28

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