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Loki
Loki
Entertainment Software, Inc. was a video game developer based in Tustin, California, United States, that ported several video games from Microsoft Windows
Microsoft Windows
to Linux. It took its name from the Norse deity Loki.[2] Although successful in its goal of bringing games to the Linux platform, the company eventually closed due to financial troubles,[3] with it declaring Chapter 11 Bankruptcy Protection in August 2001,[4][5] and finally being disbanded in January 2002.[1][6]

Contents

1 History 2 Legacy 3 Games published 4 See also 5 References 6 External links

History[edit] Loki
Loki
Software was founded on November 9, 1998 by Scott Draeker, a former lawyer who became interested in porting games to Linux
Linux
after being introduced to the system through his work as a software licensing attorney. By December of that year Loki
Loki
had gained the rights to produce a port of Activision's then upcoming strategy game Civilization: Call to Power for Linux.[7] This was to become Loki's first actual product, with the game hitting stores in May 1999.[8] From there they gained contracts to port many other titles, such as Myth II: Soulblighter, Railroad Tycoon II, and Eric's Ultimate Solitaire.[9] Throughout the next two years up until its eventual closure the company would continue to bring more games to Linux.[10] Legacy[edit] Loki
Loki
Software, although a commercial failure, is credited with the birth of the modern Linux
Linux
game industry. Loki
Loki
developed several free software tools, such as the Loki
Loki
installer (also known as Loki
Loki
Setup), and supported the development of the Simple DirectMedia Layer. They also started the OpenAL
OpenAL
audio library project (now being run by Creative Technology
Creative Technology
and Apple Inc.) and with id Software wrote GtkRadiant. These are still often credited as being the cornerstones of Linux
Linux
game development.[11] They also worked on and extended several already developed tools, such as GCC and GDB.[12] The book Programming Linux
Linux
Games written in the early 2000s by Loki
Loki
intern John R. Hall explains the major APIs Loki
Loki
used to produce Linux games.[13][14] Loki
Loki
also offered a start to many figures still in the Linux
Linux
and gaming industries. Ryan C. Gordon
Ryan C. Gordon
(also known as icculus), a former employee of Loki, has been responsible for the Linux
Linux
and Mac OS X ports of many commercial games after the demise of the company. Mike Phillips would help start Linux
Linux
Game Publishing, which was itself founded in response to Loki's closure.[15] Nicholas Vining would go on to do some porting work and is currently the lead programmer at Gaslamp Games, which would later release their game Dungeons of Dredmor for Linux.[16][17] Sam Lantinga
Sam Lantinga
would also later join Blizzard Entertainment and found Galaxy Gameworks to commercially support the Simple DirectMedia Layer; he would later also join Valve Corporation's Linux
Linux
team.[18] Although many Loki
Loki
ports are unsupported since Loki's closure, Linux Game Publishing managed to pick up the rights to MindRover
MindRover
and offer a supported and updated version of the game's Linux
Linux
port. id Software picked up the support for the Linux
Linux
release of Quake III Arena,[19] hiring Timothee Besset
Timothee Besset
to maintain it; he would later also be responsible for porting some of id's later products to Linux.[20] Running With Scissors, to celebrate the release of the movie Postal in 2007 published a multiplayer only version of Postal 2, without the single player campaign.[21] In 2004 the source header files for Rune were released freely by Human Head Studios.[22] But so far no one has updated the Linux
Linux
version of Rune, though the company stated that a game sequel is in the making, and delayed the development of Prey 2.[23] Software contractor Frank C. Earl claimed in 2010 to hold the porting rights for the entire Myth series and says he will port it to Linux.[24] Kevin Bentley worked in 2009 on a Descent 3
Descent 3
patch for Linux,[25] which was re-released in 2014 on Steam by Rebecca Heineman, who got blessed source code access.[26] In October 16, 2011, Project Magma released a new version of Myth 2 for Linux.[27][28] Games published[edit]

Civilization: Call to Power was the first game ported by Loki

Postal Plus was the last game ported by Loki

Title Platforms

x86-32 PowerPC Sparc Alpha

Civilization: Call to Power Yes Yes Yes Yes

Descent 3 Yes No No No

Descent 3: Mercenary (expansion, as downloadable installer only) Yes No No No

Eric's Ultimate Solitaire Yes Yes Yes Yes

Heavy Gear II Yes No No No

Heavy Metal: F.A.K.K.² Yes No No No

Heretic II Yes No No No

Heroes of Might and Magic III Yes Yes No No

Kohan: Immortal Sovereigns Yes No No No

MindRover Yes No No No

Myth II: Soulblighter Yes Yes No No

Postal Plus Yes No No No

Railroad Tycoon II
Railroad Tycoon II
Gold Edition Yes Yes No No

Quake III Arena Yes No No No

Rune Yes No No No

Rune: Halls of Valhalla (expansion) Yes No No No

Sid Meier's Alpha Centauri
Sid Meier's Alpha Centauri
Planetary Pack[29] Yes Yes No Yes

Sim City 3000: Unlimited/World Edition Yes No No No

Soldier of Fortune Yes No No No

Tribes 2 Yes No No No

Unreal Tournament
Unreal Tournament
(as downloadable installer only) Yes No No No

In addition to the published titles, there is also an unfinished port of Deus Ex. The later update of Deus Ex for Microsoft Windows
Microsoft Windows
features the OpenGL
OpenGL
driver for the Unreal engine
Unreal engine
from Loki
Loki
Software's Linux port. This makes the title more compatible with Wine. See also[edit]

Linux
Linux
Game Publishing Ryan C. Gordon

References[edit]

^ a b Loki's Draeker: If I had to do it over, I'd create Linux
Linux
native games NewsForge, January 24, 2002 ^ Loki
Loki
Entertainment Software -- When's the IPO? Linux
Linux
Today, April 12, 1999 ^ Powell, Dennis E. (April 9, 2002). "Loki: A promising plan gone terribly wrong". linuxandmain.com. Archived from the original on April 18, 2002. Retrieved January 14, 2011.  ^ Founder, Creditors Differ as to Loki's Future Course Linux
Linux
Today, August 17, 2001 ^ Linux
Linux
game publisher runs out of funds Geek.com
Geek.com
(August 14, 2001) ^ http://www.icculus.org/news/news.php?id=209 ^ Interview: Scott Draeker and Sam Latinga, Loki
Loki
Entertainment Linux Journal, August 1, 1999 ^ Civilization: Call to Power for Linux
Linux
Ships Linux
Linux
Today, May 7, 1999 ^ Loki
Loki
releases three more games for Linux
Linux
IDG News Service, May 18, 1999 ^ Loki
Loki
Retrospective LinuxGames, August 13, 2001 ^ Does Ragnarok for Loki
Loki
Spell Doom for Linux
Linux
Games?, IT World, February 28, 2002 (Article by Eric Foster-Johnson) ^ An Interview with Loki
Loki
Games' Scott Draeker O'Reilly Media, March 3, 2000 (Article by J. S. Kelly) ^ Warren, Rich (February 15, 2002). "Programming Linux
Linux
Games: A Book Review". Linux
Linux
Journal. Retrieved April 18, 2017.  ^ "In Memoriam: John R. Hall". Linux
Linux
Journal. September 23, 2005. Retrieved April 18, 2017.  ^ Interview with LGP's Mike Phillips LinuxHardware.org, June 16, 2003 ^ Classic Roguelike : Dungeons of Dredmor
Dungeons of Dredmor
Is Coming To GNU/Linux Soon Linux
Linux
Gaming News, July 19, 2010 ^ Coming Soon: Dungeons of Dredmor
Dungeons of Dredmor
Archived October 29, 2010, at the Wayback Machine. LinuxGames, October 24, 2010 ^ Valve Picks Up Another All-Star Linux
Linux
Developer Phoronix, July 14, 2012 ^ Quake 3 Arena takes Linux
Linux
by force LinuxWorld, December 3, 2001 ^ Interview with id Software's Timothee Besset
Timothee Besset
LinuxGames, August 22, 2004 ^ Postal 2: Share the Pain DEMO is a FPS game for Linux
Linux
retrieved from http linux.softpedia.com June 13th, 2008. ^ "Human Head Studios releases Rune
Rune
Headers!". humanhead.com. September 28, 2004. Archived from the original on October 13, 2004. Retrieved December 30, 2012.  ^ Source: Human Head hasn't worked on Prey 2
Prey 2
since November retrieved from shacknews.com (04-19-2012) ^ Post by Frank "Svartalf" Earl ^ Descent3 1.5 Patch Development update on YouTube
YouTube
(2009) ^ OldeSkuul on facebook.com (2014) ^ Myth 2 for Linux
Linux
Redux Archived October 30, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. on linuxgames.com ^ Myth II
Myth II
v1.7.2 for Linux ^ Plant, Emmett (October 9, 2000). "Loki: In The Trenches". linux.com. Retrieved February 5, 2011. 

External links[edit]

Official website Icculus.org Ryan Gordon's site, hosting many Loki
Loki
projects as well as other Linux
Linux
gaming resources Activision
Activision
and Loki
Loki
Partner to Bring Games to Linux
Linux
Linux
Linux
PR, October 11, 1999 Linux.com - Loki: In The Trenches (Interview with Lo

.