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The Info List - List Of Political Parties In Israel


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Israel
Israel
's political system , based on proportional representation , allows for a multi-party system with numerous parties represented in the 120-seat Knesset . This article lists the POLITICAL PARTIES in ISRAEL .

Due to the low election threshold of 3.25% (and only 1% from 1949 until 1988), a typical Knesset includes a large number of factions represented. In the 2015 elections , for instance, 10 parties or alliances cleared the threshold, and five of them won at least 10 seats. The low threshold, in combination with the nationwide party-list system, make it all but impossible for a single party to win the 61 seats needed for a majority government . No party has ever won a majority of seats in an election, the most being 56, won by the Alignment grouping in the 1969 elections (the Alignment had briefly held a majority of seats before the elections following its formation in January 1969). As a result, while only three parties (or their antecedents) have ever led governments, all Israeli governments as of 2015 have been coalitions comprising two or more parties.

CONTENTS

* 1 Current parties

* 1.1 Parties represented in the Knesset * 1.2 Other parties

* 2 Former parties

* 2.1 Parties formerly represented in the Knesset * 2.2 Some defunct parties without Knesset seats

* 3 Name changes * 4 Zionist youth movements * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 External links

CURRENT PARTIES

PARTIES REPRESENTED IN THE KNESSET

The following parties are represented following the 2015 elections :

PARTY LEADER SEATS IDEOLOGY

Likud Binyamin Netanyahu 30 Conservatism National liberalism National conservatism Economic liberalism Factions: Right-wing populism Historical: Revisionist Zionism Liberal conservatism

Zionist Union (Labor Party ) Isaac Herzog 19 Social democracy Labor Zionism Two-state solution

Zionist Union ( Hatnuah ) Tzipi Livni 4 Pro-peace politics Liberalism Social liberalism Secularism Environmentalism Liberal Zionism

Zionist Union (The Green Movement ) Yael Cohen Paran 1 Green politics

Joint List ( Hadash ) Ayman Odeh 4 Marxism Communism Two-state solution Israeli Arab interests

Joint List (Balad ) Jamal Zahalka 3 Arab nationalism Secularism Pan-Arabism Anti-Zionism

Joint List (Ta\'al ) Ahmad Tibi 3 Arab nationalism Israeli Arab interests , Secularism , Anti-Zionism

Joint List ( United Arab List ) Masud Ghnaim 3 Israeli Arab interests , Islamism

Yesh Atid Yair Lapid 11 Liberalism Secularism Social liberalism Liberal Zionism Two-state solution

Kulanu Moshe Kahlon 10 Liberal Zionism Economic egalitarianism Consumer protection Social liberalism National liberalism Centrism

The Jewish Home (Core Party) Naftali Bennett 6 Religious Zionism Modern Orthodox interests Economic liberalism

The Jewish Home (Tkuma ) Uri Ariel 2 Religious Zionism Greater Israel
Israel

Shas Aryeh Deri 7 Religious conservatism Populism Mixed economy Mizrahi Ultra-orthodox interests

United Torah Judaism ( Agudat Yisrael ) Yaakov Litzman 3 Torah , Torah Judaism , Haredi Judaism , Hasidic Judaism , Orthodox Halacha , Religious conservatism

United Torah Judaism (Degel Ha Torah ) Moshe Gafni 3 Torah , Torah Judaism , Haredi Judaism , "Lithuanian Wing " of non-Hasidic Haredim, Orthodox Halacha , Religious conservatism

Yisrael Beiteinu Avigdor Lieberman 6 Revisionist Zionism Economic liberalism National Conservatism Secularism Lieberman Plan Russian speakers ' interests Right-wing populism

Meretz Zehava Gal-On 5 Social democracy Labor Zionism Secularism Green politics Two-state solution

OTHER PARTIES

The following parties do not have Knesset seats at present:

* Ahrayut * Ale Yarok * Brit Olam * Da\'am Workers Party , Organization for Democratic Action * Dor * Eretz Hadasha * HaYisraelim * Kadima (held seats from 2005 to 2015) * Koah HaKesef * Koah LeHashpi\'a * Lazuz * Leader * Lehem * Lev LaOlim * Man\'s Rights in the Family Party * Meimad (held seats between 1999 and 2009 as part of One Israel alliance) * Or * Otzma Yehudit (held seats between 2012 and 2013 after breaking away from the National Union , then under the name _Otzma LeYisrael_; ran unsuccessfully as a part of _Yachad_ list in 2015 elections) * Piratim * Sons of the New Testament * The Greens * Tzabar * Tzomet (held seats between 1987 and 1999; in 1996 elections formed a joint _"National Camp List"_ with the Likud and Gesher ) * U\'Bizchutan — founded in 2015 as an Orthodox Jewish women's party * Yachad * Yisrael Hazaka * Yisrael HaMithadeshet * Zehut

FORMER PARTIES

PARTIES FORMERLY REPRESENTED IN THE KNESSET

PARTY FIRST KNESSET LAST KNESSET NOTES

Agriculture and Development 2nd 4th Arab satellite list

Ahi 16th 17th Breakaway from the National Religious Party , joined the National Union alliance (2006–2008), merged into Likud

Ahdut HaAvoda 2nd 5th Merged into the Labor Party

Ahva 9th 9th Breakaway from the Democratic Movement

Alignment 6th 12th Became the Labor Party

Aliya 14th 14th Breakaway from Yisrael BaAliyah

Arab Democratic Party 11th 13th Breakaway from the Alignment , merged into the United Arab List

Arab List for Bedouin and Villagers 8th 8th Arab satellite list ; merged into the United Arab List (1977)

Atid 13th 13th Breakaway from Yiud

Black Panthers 12th 12th Breakaway from Hadash

Centre Party 14th 15th Breakaway from Likud , Tzomet and Labor Party

Cooperation and Brotherhood 4th 7th Arab satellite list

Cooperation and Development 6th 6th Arab satellite list ; merger of Cooperation and Brotherhood and Progress and Development , demerged soon after

Dash 9th 9th Disbanded into the Democratic Movement , Shinui , and Ya\'ad

Democratic Choice 15th 15th Breakaway from Yisrael BaAliyah , merged into Meretz-Yachad

Democratic List for Israeli Arabs 2nd 3rd Arab satellite list

Democratic Movement 9th 9th Emerged from the breakup of Dash

Development and Peace 9th 9th

Druze Faction 6th 6th Breakaway from Cooperation and Brotherhood , merged into Progress and Development

Faction independent of Ahdut HaAvoda 2nd 2nd Breakaway from Mapam , merged into Mapai

Fighters\' List 1st 1st

Free Centre 6th 8th Breakaway from Herut in 6th Knesset, breakaway from Likud in 8th Knesset

Gahal 5th 7th Became Likud

General Zionists 1st 4th Merged into the Liberal Party

Gesher 13th 15th Breakaway from Likud , merged back into Likud

Gesher – Zionist Religious Centre 10th 10th Breakaway from National Religious Party , merged back into NRP

Geulat Yisrael 10th 10th Breakaway from Agudat Yisrael

HaOlim 16th 16th Breakaway from Shinui , merged into Yisrael Beiteinu

Hapoel HaMizrachi 2nd 2nd Merged into the National Religious Party

Hebrew Communists 1st 1st Breakaway from Maki , merged into Mapam

Herut 1st 5th Merged into Gahal

Herut – The National Movement 14th 15th Breakaway from Likud , joined National Union alliance, ran unsuccessfully in the following two elections and merged back into Likud

HaTzeirim 14th 14th Breakaway from the Centre Party , merged into Shinui

Independent Liberals 5th 9th Breakaway from the Liberal Party , merged into the Alignment

Independent Socialist Faction 8th 8th Breakaway from Ya\'ad – Civil Rights Movement

Jewish–Arab Brotherhood 6th 6th Breakaway from Progress and Development , merged into Cooperation and Brotherhood

Justice for the Elderly 17th 17th Breakaway from Gil , merged back into Gil

Kach 11th 11th Party banned

Left Camp of Israel
Israel
9th 9th

Left Faction 2nd 2nd Breakaway from Mapam

Lev 15th 15th Breakaway from the Centre Party , merged into Likud

Liberal Party 4th 5th Merged into Gahal

Maki (original) 1st 7th Merged into Moked

Mapai 1st 5th Merged into the Labor Party

Mapam 1st 12th Merged into Meretz

Mekhora 14th 14th Breakaway from Tzomet , merged into Moledet

Meri 6th 7th Originally named HaOlam HaZeh – Koah Hadash (until 1973)

Mizrachi 2nd 2nd Merged into the National Religious Party

Moked 7th 8th Merged into the Left Camp of Israel
Israel

Morasha 11th 11th

Moria 12th 12th Breakaway from Shas

Movement for the Renewal of Social Zionism 10th 10th Breakaway from Telem

National Home 16th 16th Breakaway from the Secular Faction

National List 7th 9th Merged into Likud

National Religious Party 3rd 17th Disbanded when The Jewish Home formed

New Liberal Party 12th 12th Breakaway from Likud

New Way 15th 15th Breakaway from the Centre Party

Noy 16th 16th Breakaway from One Nation , merged into Kadima

Ometz 9th 11th Breakaway from Likud , merged into Telem , broke away again, merged into Likud

One Israel
Israel
(1980) 9th 9th Breakaway from Likud

One Israel
Israel
15th 15th Joint list of Labor Party , Meimad and Gesher

One Nation 14th 16th Merged into the Labor Party

Poalei Agudat Yisrael 2nd 9th

Progress and Development 4th 8th Arab satellite list ; merged into the United Arab List (1977)

Progress and Work 2nd 3rd Arab satellite list

Progressive List for Peace 11th 12th

Progressive National Alliance 15th 15th Breakaway from the United Arab List

Progressive Party 1st 4th Merged into the Liberal Party

Rafi 5th 6th Breakaway from Mapai , merged into the Labor Party

Ratz 8th 12th Merged into Meretz

Religious Torah Front 3rd 4th Broke up into Agudat Yisrael and Poalei Agudat Yisrael

Secular Faction 16th 16th Breakaway from Shinui

Sephardim and Oriental Communities 1st 2nd Merged into the General Zionists

Shinui 9th 16th Majority of representatives split to form Secular Faction

Shlomtzion 9th 9th Merged into Likud

Tami 10th 11th Breakaway from the National Religious Party , merged into the Likud

Tehiya 9th 12th Breakaway from Likud

Telem 9th 10th Breakaway from Likud

The Right Way 17th 17th Breakaway from Justice for the Elderly

The Third Way 13th 14th Breakaway from the Labor Party

Tkuma 14th 17th Breakaway from the National Religious Party , joined the National Union alliance in 1999, disbanded in 2008.

Tzalash 16th 16th Breakaway from Shinui

United Arab List (1977) 8th 9th Merger of the Arab List for Bedouins and Villagers and Progress and Development (not related to contemporary United Arab List )

United Religious Front 1st 1st Broke up into Agudat Yisrael , Poalei Agudat Yisrael , Mizrachi and Hapoel HaMizrachi

Unity for Peace and Immigration 12th 12th Breakaway from the Alignment , merged into Likud

Unity Party 9th 9th Breakaway from Dash and the Left Camp of Israel
Israel

WIZO 1st 1st

Ya\'ad 9th 9th Emerged from the breakup of Dash

Ya\'ad – Civil Rights Movement 8th 8th Merger of Ratz and one other MK, split into Ratz and the Independent Socialist Faction

Yachad 11th 11th Merged into the Alignment

Yemenite Association 1st 2nd Merged into the General Zionists but broke away later

Yisrael BaAliyah 14th 16th Merged into Likud

Yiud 13th 13th Breakaway from Tzomet

SOME DEFUNCT PARTIES WITHOUT KNESSET SEATS

* Atid Ehad —ran in the 2006 elections . * Hatzohar —the original Revisionist Zionist party, disbanded after failing to cross the electoral threshold in the 1949 elections . * Popular Arab Bloc Arab satellite list that ran in the 1949 elections. * Tafnit —ran in the 2006 elections . * Women\'s Party —ran in the 1977 elections . * Yamin Yisrael —broke away from Moledet , another right-wing party, prior to 1996 elections , but failed to cross the electoral threshold. * Holocaust Survivors and Grown-Up Green Leaf Party —ran in the 2009 elections .

NAME CHANGES

The following parties changed their names

* _Banai_ became _Tehiya-Bnai_ then Tehiya * _Emunim_ became Tkuma * _Equality in Israel-Panthers_ became the Unity Party * _Flatto-Sharon_ became Development and Peace * _Hitkhabrut_ became the _Renewed Religious National Zionist Party_, then Ahi * _ Israel
Israel
in the Centre_ became the Centre Party * _Meretz_ became _Yachad_ then _Meretz-Yachad_, then Meretz again * _Movement for Change and Initiative_ became Shinui * _Mizrachi-Hapoel HaMizrachi_ became the _National Religious Front_, then Mafdal ( National Religious Party ), then The Jewish Home * _National Responsibility_ became Kadima * _National Unity - National Progressive Alliance_ became Progressive National Alliance * _Parliamentary Group of Bronfman and Tsinker_ became _Makhar_, then the Democratic Choice * _Party for the Advancement of the Zionist Idea_ became the New Liberal Party * _Rafi – National List_ became Ometz * _Rakah_ became Maki * _Secular Faction_ became Hetz * _Social-Democratic Faction_ became the Independent Socialist Faction * _ Shinui - Centre Party_ became _ Shinui - the Secular Movement_, then _ Shinui - Party for the Secular and the Middle Class_, but is generally known as Shinui

ZIONIST YOUTH MOVEMENTS

Main article: Zionist youth movement

* Betar (associated with Herut and then Likud ) * Bnei Akiva (_Sons of Akiva_, associated with Mafdal (National Religious Party )) * Habonim Dror (_The Builders - Freedom_, socialist Zionist youth movement associated with the Israeli Labor Party ) * Hashomer Hatzair (_The Young Guard_, socialist Zionist youth movement associated with Mapam and unofficially with Meretz ) * Magshimey Herut (associated with Herut ) * HaNoar HaOved VeHaLomed (_The Learning and Working Youth_, socialist Zionist youth movement, sister movement to Habonim Dror, associated with the Israeli Labor Party and the Histadrut ) * Noar Avoda (_Labour Youth_, associated with Labour ) * Noar Moledet (_ Moledet Youth_, associated with Moledet ) * Tzeiri Meretz (Young Meretz for 18- to-35-year-olds) and Noar Meretz (_ Meretz Youth_ for under 18s, associated with Meretz ) * Noar Meir and the Hilltop Youth (associated with Kach and its various successor parties)

SEE ALSO

* Politics of Israel
Israel
* List of political parties by country * Liberalism in Israel
Israel
* Labour Zionism * Revisionist Zionism

REFERENCES

* ^ Daniel Tauber (13 August 2010). "Ze\'ev Jabotinsky (1880–1940)". Likud Anglos. Archived from the original on 22 February 2011. Jabotinsky's movement and teachings, which can be characterized as national-liberalism, form the foundation of the Likud party. * ^ McGann, James G. ; Johnson, Erik C. (2005). _Comparative Think Tanks, Politics and Public Policy_. Edward Elgar Publishing. p. 241. ISBN 9781781958995 . The Likud Party, the party of Prime Minister Ariel Sharon, is a national-liberal party, while the Labor Party, led by Shimon Peres, is more left-wing and identified as social-democratic. * ^ " Israel
Israel
- Political Parties". GlobalSecurity.org. 2014-04-12. Retrieved 2015-01-26. The two main political parties—Likud, essentially national-liberal and Labor, essentially social-democratic—have historical roots and traditions pre-dating the establishment of the State in 1948. * ^ "Meet the parties - Likud". Haaretz. 2015. Retrieved 2015-03-01. A national-liberal political movement (center-right, in Israeli terms) that was established as an alliance of parties that united into a single party in 1984. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ _D_ _E_ _F_ _G_ _H_ _I_ "Guide to Israel\'s political parties". BBC
BBC
News. 21 January 2013. Retrieved 28 June 2015.

* ^ _A_ _B_ "Right-wing Populism Wins in Britain and Israel". _ Haaretz _. 3 July 2016. * ^ Joel Greenberg (22 November 1998). "The World: Pursuing Peace; Netanyahu and His Party Turn Away from \'Greater Israel\'". _The New York Times_. Retrieved 30 June 2015. Likud, despite defections, had joined Labor in accepting the inevitability of territorial compromise.... Revolutionary as it may seem, Likud's abandonment of its maximalist vision has in fact been evolving for years. * ^ Ethan Bronner (20 February 2009). "Netanyahu, Once Hawkish, Now Touts Pragmatism". _The New York Times_. Retrieved 30 June 2015. Likud as a party has made a major transformation in the last 15 years from being rigidly committed to retaining all the land of Israel
Israel
to looking pragmatically at how to retain for Israel
Israel
defensible borders in a very uncertain Middle East.... * ^ Amnon Rapoport (1990). _Experimental Studies of Interactive Decisions_. Kluwer Academic. p. 413. ISBN 0792306856 . Likud is a liberal-conservative party that gains much of its support from the lower and middle classes, and promotes free enterprise, nationalism, and expansionism. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ _D_ _E_ _F_ _G_ _H_ _I_ Ishaan Tharoor (14 March 2015). "A guide to the political parties battling for Israel’s future". The Washington Post. Retrieved 28 June 2015. * ^ Elshout, Jan (2011). "It\'s a Myth That Israelis Support a Two-State Solution". _ Washington Report on Middle East Affairs _ (March 2011): 24 f. * ^ Karin Laub (2013-01-22). " Israel
Israel
vote presents diplomatic, domestic choices". Associated Press . Archived from the original on 29 November 2014. Retrieved 28 January 2015. * ^ Ben Birnbaum (2013-08-23). " Tzipi Livni and the quest for peace in Israel
Israel
and Palestine". Newsweek . Retrieved 28 January 2015. * ^ Christoph Schult (22 March 2013). "Pensions for Jewish Ghetto Laborers: Israel
Israel
Angered By German Government". Spiegel Online . Retrieved 28 January 2015. * ^ Katherine Philip (16 January 2014). "Outcry as Israel
Israel
tries to ban the word \'Nazi\'". _ The Times _. (subscription required) * ^ http://www.iemed.org/observatori/recursos/documents/cronologies/arxius-cronologies-anuari-2014/chronology_israel_and%20_palestine_IEMed_yearbook_2014_EN.pdf * ^ Jim Zanotti (February 28, 2014). "Israel: Background and U.S. Relations" (PDF). Congressional Research Service . Retrieved 28 January 2015. * ^ Judy Maltz (17 December 2014). "Where do Israeli lawmakers stand on matters of religion and state?". _Haaretz_. Both Meretz and Hatnuah are known for their progressive platforms on matters of religion and state. * ^ "Hatnua presents green platform". Ynetnews . 26 December 2012. Retrieved 28 January 2015. * ^ Justin Scott Finkelstein (August 2013). "Can the Israeli Center Hold?" (PDF). Foreign Policy Research Institute . * ^ Carlo Strenger , Israel
Israel
today: a society without a center, _Haaretz_ (March 7, 2014) * ^ Dror Zeigerman (2013). _A Liberal Upheaval: From the General Zionists to the Liberal Party (pre-book dissertation)_ (PDF). Friedrich Naumann Foundation for Liberty. * ^ Sharon Weinblum (2015). _Security and Defensive Democracy in Israel: A Critical Approach to Political Discourse_. Routledge. p. 10. ISBN 978-1-317-58450-6 . * ^ Carol Migdalovitz (18 May 2006). "Israel: Background and Relations with the United States]" (PDF). CRS Issue Brief for Congress. Congressional Research Service. Retrieved 15 June 2015. * ^ Peleg, Ilan; Waxman, Dov (2011). _Israel's Palestinians: The Conflict Within_. Cambridge University Press. p. 62. ISBN 978-0521157025 . * ^ Jamal, Amal (2011). _Arab Minority Nationalism in Israel_. Routledge. p. 143. ISBN 978-0415567398 . * ^ Kimmerling, Baruch; Migdal, Joel S. (2003). _The Palestinian People: A History_. Harvard University Press. p. 203. ISBN 978-0674011298 . * ^ Guide to Israel\'s political parties, BBC
BBC
, 21 January 2013 * ^ Carol Migdalovitz (18 May 2015). "Israel: Background and Relations with the United States" (PDF). CRS Issue Brief for Congress. Congressional Research Service. Retrieved 15 June 2015. * ^ Rubin, Barry (2012). _Israel: An Introduction_. Yale University Press. p. 219. ISBN 978-0300162301 . * ^ Freedman, Robert O., ed. (2008). _Contemporary Israel: Domestic Politics, Foreign Policy, and Security Challenges_. Westview Press. p. 14. ISBN 978-0