The Info List - List Of Political Parties In Israel

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Israel's political system, based on proportional representation, allows for a multi-party system with numerous parties represented in the 120-seat Knesset. This article lists the political parties in Israel. Due to the low election threshold of 3.25% (and only 1% from 1949 until 1988), a typical Knesset
includes a large number of factions represented. In the 2015 elections, for instance, 10 parties or alliances cleared the threshold, and five of them won at least 10 seats. The low threshold, in combination with the nationwide party-list system, make it all but impossible for a single party to win the 61 seats needed for a majority government. No party has ever won a majority of seats in an election, the most being 56, won by the Alignment grouping in the 1969 elections (the Alignment had briefly held a majority of seats before the elections following its formation in January 1969). As a result, while only three parties (or their antecedents) have ever led governments, all Israeli governments as of 2015[update] have been coalitions comprising two or more parties.


1 Current parties

1.1 Parties represented in the Knesset 1.2 Other parties

2 Former parties

2.1 Parties formerly represented in the Knesset 2.2 Some defunct parties without Knesset

3 Name changes 4 Zionist youth movements 5 See also 6 References 7 External links

Current parties[edit] Parties represented in the Knesset[edit] The following parties are represented following the 2015 elections:

Party Leader Seats Ideology

Likud Binyamin Netanyahu 30 Conservatism National liberalism[1][2][3][4] National conservatism[5] Economic liberalism Factions: Right-wing populism[6][7][8] Revisionist Zionism[9][10] Liberal conservatism[11]

Zionist Union
Zionist Union
(Labor Party) Isaac Herzog 19 Social democracy Labor Zionism Two-state solution[5][12][13]

Zionist Union
Zionist Union
(Hatnuah) Tzipi Livni 4 Pro-peace politics[14][15] Liberalism[16][17] Social liberalism[18] Secularism[19][20] Environmentalism[21][22] Liberal Zionism[23][24]

Zionist Union
Zionist Union
(The Green Movement) Yael Cohen Paran 1 Green politics

Joint List
Joint List
(Hadash) Ayman Odeh 4 Communism[25][26] Two-state solution Israeli Arab interests

Joint List
Joint List
(Balad) Jamal Zahalka 3 Arab nationalism[27] Secularism[28] Pan-Arabism[29] Anti-Zionism[30]

Joint List
Joint List
(Ta'al) Ahmad Tibi 3 Arab nationalism Israeli Arab interests, Secularism, Anti-Zionism

Joint List
Joint List
(United Arab List) Masud Ghnaim 3 Israeli Arab interests, Islamism[31][32][33]

Yesh Atid Yair Lapid 11 Liberalism[34] Secularism[5][12][35] Social liberalism[36][37] Liberal Zionism[38] Two-state solution

Kulanu Moshe Kahlon 10 Liberal Zionism Economic egalitarianism[39][40] Consumer protection[41][42] Social liberalism[43] National liberalism[44] Centrism[12]

The Jewish Home
The Jewish Home
(Core Party) Naftali Bennett 6 Religious Zionism Modern Orthodox interests[5][12][45] Economic liberalism

The Jewish Home
The Jewish Home
(Tkuma) Uri Ariel 2 Religious Zionism Greater Israel

Shas Aryeh Deri 7 Religious conservatism Populism[46] Mixed economy Mizrahi Ultra-orthodox
interests [5][12]

United Torah Judaism
United Torah Judaism
(Agudat Yisrael) Yaakov Litzman 3 Torah, Torah
Judaism, Haredi Judaism, Hasidic Judaism,[5][12] Orthodox Halacha, Religious conservatism

United Torah Judaism
United Torah Judaism
(Degel HaTorah) Moshe Gafni 3 Torah, Torah
Judaism, Haredi Judaism, "Lithuanian Wing" of non-Hasidic Haredim,[5][12] Orthodox Halacha, Religious conservatism

Yisrael Beiteinu Avigdor Lieberman 6 Revisionist Zionism[5][12][47] Economic liberalism[48][49][50] National Conservatism Secularism Lieberman Plan Russian speakers' interests[51] Right-wing populism

Meretz Tamar Zandberg 5 Social democracy Labor Zionism Secularism[12] Green politics[52] Two-state solution[5]

Other parties[edit] The following parties do not have Knesset
seats at present:

Ahrayut Ale Yarok Am Shalem Brit Olam Da'am Workers Party, Organization for Democratic Action Dor Eretz Hadasha HaYisraelim Kadima
(held seats from 2005 to 2015) Koah HaKesef Koah LeHashpi'a Lazuz Leader Lehem Lev LaOlim Man's Rights in the Family Party Meimad (held seats between 1999 and 2009 as part of One Israel alliance) Or Otzma Yehudit
Otzma Yehudit
(held seats between 2012 and 2013 after breaking away from the National Union, then under the name Otzma LeYisrael; ran unsuccessfully as a part of Yachad list in 2015 elections) Piratim-The Pirate Party of Israel

Sons of the New Testament The Greens Tzabar Tzomet (held seats between 1987 and 1999; in 1996 elections formed a joint "National Camp List" with the Likud
and Gesher) U'Bizchutan— founded in 2015 as an Orthodox Jewish women's party [53] Yachad Yisrael Hazaka Yisrael HaMithadeshet Zehut

Former parties[edit] Parties formerly represented in the Knesset[edit]

Party First Knesset Last Knesset Notes

Agriculture and Development 2nd 4th Arab satellite list

Ahi 16th 17th Breakaway from the National Religious Party, joined the National Union alliance (2006–2008), merged into Likud

Ahdut HaAvoda 2nd 5th Merged into the Labor Party

Ahva 9th 9th Breakaway from the Democratic Movement

Alignment 6th 12th Became the Labor Party

Aliya 14th 14th Breakaway from Yisrael BaAliyah

Arab Democratic Party 11th 13th Breakaway from the Alignment, merged into the United Arab List

Arab List for Bedouin and Villagers 8th 8th Arab satellite list; merged into the United Arab List
United Arab List

Atid 13th 13th Breakaway from Yiud

Black Panthers 12th 12th Breakaway from Hadash

Centre Party 14th 15th Breakaway from Likud, Tzomet and Labor Party

Cooperation and Brotherhood 4th 7th Arab satellite list

Cooperation and Development 6th 6th Arab satellite list; merger of Cooperation and Brotherhood and Progress and Development, demerged soon after

Dash 9th 9th Disbanded into the Democratic Movement, Shinui, and Ya'ad

Democratic Choice 15th 15th Breakaway from Yisrael BaAliyah, merged into Meretz-Yachad

Democratic List for Israeli Arabs 2nd 3rd Arab satellite list

Democratic Movement 9th 9th Emerged from the breakup of Dash

Development and Peace 9th 9th

Druze Faction 6th 6th Breakaway from Cooperation and Brotherhood, merged into Progress and Development

Faction independent of Ahdut HaAvoda 2nd 2nd Breakaway from Mapam, merged into Mapai

Fighters' List 1st 1st

Free Centre 6th 8th Breakaway from Herut
in 6th Knesset, breakaway from Likud
in 8th Knesset

Gahal 5th 7th Became Likud

General Zionists 1st 4th Merged into the Liberal Party

Gesher 13th 15th Breakaway from Likud, merged back into Likud

Gesher – Zionist Religious Centre 10th 10th Breakaway from National Religious Party, merged back into NRP

Geulat Yisrael 10th 10th Breakaway from Agudat Yisrael

HaOlim 16th 16th Breakaway from Shinui, merged into Yisrael Beiteinu

Hapoel HaMizrachi 2nd 2nd Merged into the National Religious Party

Hebrew Communists 1st 1st Breakaway from Maki, merged into Mapam

Herut 1st 5th Merged into Gahal

– The National Movement 14th 15th Breakaway from Likud, joined National Union alliance, ran unsuccessfully in the following two elections and merged back into Likud

HaTzeirim 14th 14th Breakaway from the Centre Party, merged into Shinui

Independent Liberals 5th 9th Breakaway from the Liberal Party, merged into the Alignment

Independent Socialist Faction 8th 8th Breakaway from Ya'ad – Civil Rights Movement

Jewish–Arab Brotherhood 6th 6th Breakaway from Progress and Development, merged into Cooperation and Brotherhood

Justice for the Elderly 17th 17th Breakaway from Gil, merged back into Gil

Kach 11th 11th Party banned

Left Camp of Israel 9th 9th

Left Faction 2nd 2nd Breakaway from Mapam

Lev 15th 15th Breakaway from the Centre Party, merged into Likud

Liberal Party 4th 5th Merged into Gahal

Maki (original) 1st 7th Merged into Moked

Mapai 1st 5th Merged into the Labor Party

Mapam 1st 12th Merged into Meretz

Mekhora 14th 14th Breakaway from Tzomet, merged into Moledet

Meri 6th 7th Originally named HaOlam HaZeh – Koah Hadash
(until 1973)

Mizrachi 2nd 2nd Merged into the National Religious Party

Moked 7th 8th Merged into the Left Camp of Israel

Morasha 11th 11th

Moria 12th 12th Breakaway from Shas

Movement for the Renewal of Social Zionism 10th 10th Breakaway from Telem

National Home 16th 16th Breakaway from the Secular Faction

National List 7th 9th Merged into Likud

National Religious Party 3rd 17th Disbanded when The Jewish Home
The Jewish Home

New Liberal Party 12th 12th Breakaway from Likud

New Way 15th 15th Breakaway from the Centre Party

Noy 16th 16th Breakaway from One Nation, merged into Kadima

Ometz 9th 11th Breakaway from Likud, merged into Telem, broke away again, merged into Likud

One Israel
(1980) 9th 9th Breakaway from Likud

One Israel 15th 15th Joint list of Labor Party, Meimad and Gesher

One Nation 14th 16th Merged into the Labor Party

Poalei Agudat Yisrael 2nd 9th

Progress and Development 4th 8th Arab satellite list; merged into the United Arab List
United Arab List

Progress and Work 2nd 3rd Arab satellite list

Progressive List for Peace 11th 12th

Progressive National Alliance 15th 15th Breakaway from the United Arab List

Progressive Party 1st 4th Merged into the Liberal Party

Rafi 5th 6th Breakaway from Mapai, merged into the Labor Party

Ratz 8th 12th Merged into Meretz

Religious Torah
Front 3rd 4th Broke up into Agudat Yisrael
Agudat Yisrael
and Poalei Agudat Yisrael

Secular Faction 16th 16th Breakaway from Shinui

Sephardim and Oriental Communities 1st 2nd Merged into the General Zionists

Shinui 9th 16th Majority of representatives split to form Secular Faction

Shlomtzion 9th 9th Merged into Likud

Tami 10th 11th Breakaway from the National Religious Party, merged into the Likud

Tehiya 9th 12th Breakaway from Likud

Telem 9th 10th Breakaway from Likud

The Right Way 17th 17th Breakaway from Justice for the Elderly

The Third Way 13th 14th Breakaway from the Labor Party

Tkuma 14th 17th Breakaway from the National Religious Party, joined the National Union alliance in 1999, disbanded in 2008.

Tzalash 16th 16th Breakaway from Shinui

United Arab List
United Arab List
(1977) 8th 9th Merger of the Arab List for Bedouins and Villagers and Progress and Development (not related to contemporary United Arab List)

United Religious Front 1st 1st Broke up into Agudat Yisrael, Poalei Agudat Yisrael, Mizrachi and Hapoel HaMizrachi

Unity for Peace and Immigration 12th 12th Breakaway from the Alignment, merged into Likud

Unity Party 9th 9th Breakaway from Dash and the Left Camp of Israel

WIZO 1st 1st

Ya'ad 9th 9th Emerged from the breakup of Dash

Ya'ad – Civil Rights Movement 8th 8th Merger of Ratz and one other MK, split into Ratz and the Independent Socialist Faction

Yachad 11th 11th Merged into the Alignment

Yemenite Association 1st 2nd Merged into the General Zionists
General Zionists
but broke away later

Yisrael BaAliyah 14th 16th Merged into Likud

Yiud 13th 13th Breakaway from Tzomet

Some defunct parties without Knesset

Atid Ehad—ran in the 2006 elections. Hatzohar—the original Revisionist Zionist party, disbanded after failing to cross the electoral threshold in the 1949 elections. Popular Arab Bloc— Arab satellite list
Arab satellite list
that ran in the 1949 elections. Tafnit—ran in the 2006 elections. Women's Party—ran in the 1977 elections. Yamin Yisrael—broke away from Moledet, another right-wing party, prior to 1996 elections, but failed to cross the electoral threshold. Holocaust Survivors and Grown-Up Green Leaf Party—ran in the 2009 elections.

Name changes[edit] The following parties changed their names

Banai became Tehiya-Bnai then Tehiya Emunim became Tkuma Equality in Israel-Panthers became the Unity Party Flatto-Sharon became Development and Peace Hitkhabrut became the Renewed Religious National Zionist Party, then Ahi Israel
in the Centre became the Centre Party Meretz
became Yachad then Meretz-Yachad, then Meretz
again Movement for Change and Initiative became Shinui Mizrachi- Hapoel HaMizrachi became the National Religious Front, then Mafdal (National Religious Party), then The Jewish Home National Responsibility became Kadima National Unity - National Progressive Alliance became Progressive National Alliance Parliamentary Group of Bronfman and Tsinker became Makhar, then the Democratic Choice Party for the Advancement of the Zionist Idea became the New Liberal Party Rafi – National List became Ometz Rakah became Maki Secular Faction became Hetz Social-Democratic Faction became the Independent Socialist Faction Shinui - Centre Party became Shinui - the Secular Movement, then Shinui - Party for the Secular and the Middle Class, but is generally known as Shinui

Zionist youth movements[edit] Main article: Zionist youth movement

Betar (associated with Herut
and then Likud) Bnei Akiva
Bnei Akiva
(Sons of Akiva, associated with Mafdal (National Religious Party)) Habonim Dror
Habonim Dror
(The Builders - Freedom, socialist Zionist youth movement associated with the Israeli Labor Party) Hashomer Hatzair
Hashomer Hatzair
(The Young Guard, socialist Zionist youth movement associated with Mapam
and unofficially with Meretz) Magshimey Herut
(associated with Herut) HaNoar HaOved VeHaLomed
HaNoar HaOved VeHaLomed
(The Learning and Working Youth, socialist Zionist youth movement, sister movement to Habonim Dror, associated with the Israeli Labor Party and the Histadrut) Noar Avoda (Labour Youth, associated with Labour) Noar Moledet ( Moledet Youth, associated with Moledet) Tzeiri Meretz
(Young Meretz
for 18- to-35-year-olds) and Noar Meretz ( Meretz
Youth for under 18s, associated with Meretz) Noar Meir and the Hilltop Youth (associated with Kach and its various successor parties)

See also[edit]

Politics of Israel List of political parties by country Liberalism
in Israel Labour Zionism Revisionist Zionism


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External links[edit]

Parties participating in the 2006 elections Knesset
website (in English) All parliamentary groups Knesset
website (in English)

v t e

Parliamentary groups in Israel

Likud Zionist Union

Labor Party Hatnuah Green Movement

Joint List

Hadash United Arab List Balad Maki Ta'al

Yesh Atid Kulanu The Jewish Home
The Jewish Home
(Tkuma) Shas Yisrael Beiteinu United Torah

Agudat Yisrael Degel HaTorah


List of political parties in Israel Politics of Israel Politics portal

v t e

List of political parties in Asia

Sovereign states

Afghanistan Armenia Azerbaijan Bahrain Bangladesh Bhutan Brunei Cambodia China Cyprus East Timor (Timor-Leste) Egypt Georgia India Indonesia Iran Iraq Israel Japan Jordan Kazakhstan North Korea South Korea Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Laos Lebanon Malaysia Maldives Mongolia Myanmar Nepal Oman Pakistan Philippines Qatar Russia Saudi Arabia Singapore Sri Lanka Syria Tajikistan Thailand Turkey Turkmenistan United Arab Emirates Uzbekistan Vietnam Yemen

States with limited recognition

Abkhazia Artsakh Northern Cyprus Palestine South Ossetia Taiwan

Dependencies and other territories

British Indian Ocean Territory Christmas Island Cocos (Keeling) Islan