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LEWISHAM (/ˈluː.ɪʃəm/ ) is an area in south London
London
, England, in the London Borough of Lewisham , centred 5.9 miles (9.5 km) south-east of Charing Cross
Charing Cross
. The area is identified in the London
London
Plan as one of 35 major centres in Greater London. As a major centre, Lewisham
Lewisham
had a population of 95,041 in 2011. It is an important transport hub for South London, and is one of the borough's largest settlements. Lewisham
Lewisham
has the largest Police Station in Europe which was moved to the Town Centre from Ladywell Road and rebuilt where the shopping centres department store once stood. There were plans to replace the department store to where the Riverdale Leisure Centre was based adjacent to Boots store when the Mayor was elected.

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 1.1 Modern times

* 2 Governance * 3 Commercial area and amenities * 4 Education

* 5 Transport

* 5.1 Rail * 5.2 DLR * 5.3 Buses

* 6 Regeneration * 7 Notable people

* 8 Geography

* 8.1 Climate

* 9 See also * 10 References * 11 External links

HISTORY

Kaleidoscope Children and Young People's Centre, Catford

It is most likely to have been founded by a pagan Jute , Leof, who settled (by burning his boat) near St Mary
St Mary
's Church ( Ladywell ) where the ground was drier, in the 6th century. As to the etymology of the name, Daniel Lysons
Daniel Lysons
(1796) wrote: "In the most ancient Saxon records this place is called _Levesham_, that is, the house among the meadows; _leswe_, _læs_, _læse_, or _læsew_, in the Saxon, signifies a meadow, and ham, a dwelling. A Latin legal record, dated 1440, mentions a place in Kent
Kent
as _Levesham_ which may refer to Lewisham. It is now written, as well in parochial and other records as in common usage, Lewisham."

"Leofshema" was an important settlement at the confluence of the rivers Quaggy (from Farnborough) and Ravensbourne (Caesar's Well, Keston), so the village expanded north into the wetter area as drainage techniques improved.

King Alfred was Lord of the Manor of Lewisham, as is celebrated by a plaque in Lewisham
Lewisham
Library.

The Manor of Lewisham, with its appendages of Greenwich
Greenwich
and Combe, was given by Elthruda, King Alfred 's niece, to the abbey of St. Peter at Ghent, of which Lewisham
Lewisham
then became a cell, or an alien priory . This grant is said to have been confirmed by King Edgar in 964, and by Edward the Confessor in 1044, with the addition of many privileges.

In the mid-17th century, the then vicar of Lewisham, Abraham Colfe , built a grammar school , a primary school and six almshouses for the inhabitants.

In the 17th century the Manor of Lewisham
Lewisham
was purchased by George Legge , later Baron Dartmouth. His son William was raised by Queen Anne to several positions of honour and trust, and was a member of her privy council ; and on 5 September 1711, was ennobled as Viscount Lewisham, and Earl of Dartmouth . His grandson George, Lord Dartmouth, obtained from King Charles II the privilege of holding a fair twice a year, and a market twice a week, upon Blackheath in the parish. The fair used to be held on 12 May and 11 October, but in 1772 it was discontinued, (except for the sale of cattle) by the Earl of Dartmouth, as lord of the manor .

MODERN TIMES

The village of Lewisham
Lewisham
had its nucleus in its southern part, around the parish church of St Mary, towards the present site of University Hospital Lewisham
Lewisham
. The centre migrated north with the coming of the North Kent
Kent
railway line to Dartford in 1849, encouraging commuter housing. The _Official Illustrated Guide to South-Eastern and North and Mid- Kent
Kent
Railways_ of June 1863, by George Measom, describes Lewisham
Lewisham
as follows: ' Lewisham
Lewisham
Station, situated on the slope of an eminence admist picturesque scenery, beautiful green meadows rising abruptly to the summit of the hill on the left, dotted with handsome residences and gardens, while the Common is seen intersected by various cross roads and studded with country inns and houses on the low ground or valley to the right. The area of the parish is 5,789 acres... Lord of the manor, the Earl of Dartmouth to whom it gives the title Viscount'.

Lewisham
Lewisham
was administratively part of Kent
Kent
until 1889, and then formed part of the Metropolitan Borough of Lewisham in the County of London
London
until 1965.

The town centre was hit by a V-1 flying bomb in 1944: there were over 300 casualties including 51 fatalities, and it devastated the high street, which was fully restored by the mid-1950s. This horrific event is commemorated by a plaque outside the Lewisham
Lewisham
Shopping Centre (opened in 1977). The plaque was on the pavement outside the Marks and Spencers store in the main shopping precinct. However, suffering wear and tear, the local authority arranged for it to be mounted to the façade. In 1955 Sainsbury\'s opened a store in Lewisham
Lewisham
which was reported to be Europe's largest self-service supermarket, with 7,500 square of retail space, although the one now incorporated in the 1977 shopping centre is much smaller. The area at the north end of the High Street was pedestrianised in 1994. It is home to a daily street market and a local landmark, the clock tower , completed in 1900 to commemorate Queen Victoria 's Diamond Jubilee in 1897. The police station, opened in 2004 to replace the station in Ladywell , is officially the largest in Europe.

Lewisham
Lewisham
Cricket Club was one of the most prestigious London
London
sides during the Victorian era . From 1864 they played at Lewisham
Lewisham
Cricket Ground, which lay north of Ladywell Road, until its closure later in the 19th century. Lewisham
Lewisham
Swimming Club was also very successful, with several of its members representing England
England
at water polo and other gymkhana events. During the First World War, Lewisham
Lewisham
Hospital's infirmary became the Lewisham
Lewisham
Military Hospital, and during the Second World War the hospital was hit by a V-1 flying bomb, which destroyed two wards, injured 70 people and killed one nurse.

Lewisham
Lewisham
is also the site of one of the worst disasters on British Railways in the 20th century. On 4 December 1957 a crowded steam-hauled passenger express headed for the Kent
Kent
coast overran signals at danger in thick fog near St. John's station and crashed into a stationary electric train for the Hayes branch line. The force of the impact brought down an overhead railway bridge onto the wreckage below. An electric multiple unit about to cross the bridge towards Nunhead managed to pull up in time. 90 passengers and crew died in the accident.

In 1977, the Battle of Lewisham (actually in New Cross ) saw the biggest street battle against fascists since the Battle of Cable Street in 1936. Over 10,000 people turned out to oppose a National Front march which was organised on the back of increasing electoral success at that time.

The Docklands Light Railway was extended to Lewisham
Lewisham
in 1999.

GOVERNANCE

A map showing the wards of Lewisham
Lewisham
Metropolitan Borough as they appeared in 1916.

The parish of Lewisham
Lewisham
was governed by a vestry ; and from 1855 until 1900 by the Lewisham
Lewisham
District Board of Works , in combination with Penge. Following the London
London
Government Act 1899 , the County of London was split into 28 metropolitan boroughs in 1900. Lewisham, with the parish of Lee, became part of the Metropolitan Borough of Lewisham . In 1965, under the London
London
Government Act 1963 , the current 32 London boroughs were formed and today Lewisham
Lewisham
is part of the London
London
Borough of Lewisham
Lewisham
.

Lewisham
Lewisham
London
London
Borough Council is based in Catford. The current directly elected mayor is Steven Bullock . In the London
London
Assembly , the London Borough of Lewisham is joined with the Royal Borough of Greenwich
Greenwich
to form the Greenwich
Greenwich
and Lewisham
Lewisham
constituency , with the current Assembly Member being Len Duvall . For Westminster
Westminster
elections, Lewisham
Lewisham
is covered by the Lewisham
Lewisham
Deptford constituency, whose current Member of Parliament is Vicky Foxcroft . All representatives are part of the Labour Party .

COMMERCIAL AREA AND AMENITIES

University Hospital Lewisham, Riverside Building Lewisham House, 25 Molesworth Street

Lewisham's commercial area is one of the largest in South East London. Lewisham Shopping Centre , opened in 1977, has 70 stores and is over 330,000 square feet. Shops include Marks & Spencer , W H Smith , Sainsburys , H&M , TK Maxx , JD Sports , BHS , SportsDirect.com , Argos
Argos
and Boots . The centre is between Molesworth Street (a dual carriageway section of the A21) and Lewisham
Lewisham
High Street, but most shoppers enter and leave on the High Street. Lewisham
Lewisham
Market and the Library are outside the shopping centre in the High Street. Since the Docklands Light Railway extension reached Lewisham
Lewisham
, the centre has had an increase in customers. The centre is the major shopping centre in the borough of Lewisham. Also part of the complex is the Lewisham House office tower, the tallest building in the borough and formerly occupied by Citibank . There are proposals to convert this brutalist skyscraper to flats.

Lewisham
Lewisham
has a bowling alley and the Glassmill Swimming pool and Gym.

Lewisham
Lewisham
has a number of parks, such as Hilly Fields and Lewisham Park.

For 14 years between 2001 and 2015, Lewisham
Lewisham
was the only London Borough not to have a cinema. Lewisham
Lewisham
once had many cinemas, such as the Lewisham
Lewisham
Odeon. In 1930 there were 30 venues showing films. As of 2015, Lewisham
Lewisham
Borough has two cinemas: an independently owned, not for profit cinema in Deptford named Deptford Cinema and Curzon Goldsmiths, a movie space located inside the campus of Goldsmiths College in New Cross.

Opened in 1894, University Hospital Lewisham is a National Health Service , acute hospital run by the Lewisham
Lewisham
and Greenwich
Greenwich
NHS Trust serving the whole London Borough of Lewisham as well as some surrounding areas. In July 2012 the government recommended that Lewisham's Accident & Emergency ward should be closed, with emergency provision transferred to Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Woolwich . However, there was a strong campaign in Lewisham
Lewisham
against the proposed closure, including a march on 24 November 2012, and a successful legal challenge. In July 2013, the High Court ruled that the closure of Lewisham
Lewisham
A"> Laban Dance College

Sixth form and further education providers in Lewisham
Lewisham
include Christ the King Sixth Form College and Lewisham Southwark College . Lewisham is also home to Goldsmiths, University of London
London
and the Laban Dance College (part of Trinity College of Music ).

TRANSPORT

Lewisham
Lewisham
DLR entrance

Lewisham
Lewisham
has a major transport interchange served by Southeastern rail services, the Docklands Light Railway (DLR), London
London
Buses and National Express Coaches
National Express Coaches
.

RAIL

Lewisham station provides National Rail
National Rail
services to London
London
Victoria , London
London
Charing Cross
Charing Cross
, London
London
Cannon Street , London
London
Cannon Street via Bexleyheath
Bexleyheath
and Woolwich
Woolwich
Arsenal , London
London
Cannon street via Sidcup and Woolwich
Woolwich
Arsenal, Gillingham via Woolwich
Woolwich
Arsenal, Dartford via Bexleyheath, Sevenoaks via Orpington and to Hayes .

DLR

The Docklands Light Railway provides services from Lewisham
Lewisham
to Canary Wharf and Bank .

BUSES

Lewisham
Lewisham
is served by many Transport for London
London
bus services connecting it with areas including Beckenham
Beckenham
, Bexleyheath
Bexleyheath
, Bow , Bromley
Bromley
, Brixton
Brixton
, Catford , Central London
London
, Croydon
Croydon
, Crystal Palace , Eltham
Eltham
, Greenwich
Greenwich
, New Cross , Orpington , Peckham , Penge , Sidcup , Stratford , Thamesmead and Woolwich
Woolwich
.

REGENERATION

Cornmill Gardens development around the River Ravensbourne, 2013

There is planned regeneration of Lewisham
Lewisham
town centre. Lewisham London
London
Borough Council 's local development plan entails the improvement of Lewisham's town centre to become a metropolitan centre to rival Bromley
Bromley
, Croydon
Croydon
and Kingston upon Thames .

There is a skyscraper adjacent to the shopping centre which used to be owned by Citibank until they moved to the Docklands which may be converted to residential.

There are three major development sites on Loampit Vale:

* The Renaissance development comprises flats in buildings from 5 to 24 storeys as well as the new Glass Mill leisure centre , which opened in 2013 and replaced the Ladywell leisure centre. * Lewisham
Lewisham
Gateway is a redevelopment site bounded by the DLR station, Lewisham
Lewisham
High Street, the Shopping Centre and the Railway to Blackheath. The highway layout is being changed from a roundabout to two signalised junctions, while the River Ravensbourne and the Quaggy will be re-routed. The development includes shops, restaurants, bars, cafes, leisure facilities and up to 800 homes. The first phase of construction started in May 2014 with a 15 and 25 story residential building east of the DLR station. * Thurston Road industrial estate had planning consent granted in 2008, however the development has been heavily delayed. The scheme will be a mixed used site, which includes residential and commercial buildings of between two and 17 storeys, as well a car park.

NOTABLE PEOPLE

Among those who were born or have lived in Lewisham
Lewisham
are:

* Danielle Harold (actress best known for playing Lola in Eastenders) Born and raised in Lewisham * Gary Oldman (actor) born and raised in New Cross * Ginger Baker (drummer of _Cream_) born and brought up in Lewisham * Natasha Bedingfield (singer/songwriter) brought up in Lewisham * Rosa May Billinghurst (suffragette) lived in Lewisham * Kate Bush (musician) lived in Brockley and Lewisham * Ann Batten Cristall (1769–1848), poet and schoolteacher * General Sir John Crocker ( British Army
British Army
general, service in World War I and World War II
World War II
) born in Lewisham * Leland Lewis Duncan (photographer, writer) born in Lewisham * Malcolm Hardee (comedian) lived in Blackheath and Lewisham * Keely Hazell (page 3 girl & model) born in Lewisham * Jessica Hynes (actress and comedian) born in Lewisham * Frank King (cricketer) born in Lewisham * Joseph (b.1833) and Richard Lamb (b.1836), founders of J&R Lamb Studios , famous for its stained glass * Elsa Lanchester
Elsa Lanchester
(Anglo-American actress) born in Lewisham * Jude Law (actor) lived in Lewisham * Neal Lawson (politician) was born in Lewisham * Angie Le Mar (comedian, radio broadcaster) was born and brought up in Lewisham * Marie Lloyd (entertainer) lived in Lewisham
Lewisham
and New Cross * Alexander McQueen
Alexander McQueen
(designer) born in Lewisham * MNEK (musician) was born in Lewisham * Kwes (record music producer and Warp recording artist) was born and brought up in Lewisham * Edith Nesbit (writer) lived in Blackheath, Grove Park and Lewisham * P Money (Grime music artist) born and brought up in Lewisham * Eman Kellam (tv presenter) born and brought up in Lewisham. * Novelist (Grime music artist) born and brought up in Lewisham * William Page (historian and general editor of the Victoria County History ) lived in Lewisham
Lewisham
from 1875 until he emigrated to Queensland in 1881 * Jonathan Palmer
Jonathan Palmer
former Formula One
Formula One
driver and commentator. * Mica Paris (musician) lived in Lewisham * Gladys Powers (centenarian) was born in Lewisham * Maxi Priest (musician) was born and raised in Lewisham * Luke Pritchard (musician) was born in Lewisham * Louise Redknapp (TV presenter & wife of footballer Jamie Redknapp ) was born in Lewisham * Kieran Richardson (footballer) currently playing for Aston Villa , lived in Lewisham * Doris Stokes (spirit-medium) lived in Lewisham * Doveton Sturdee British Admiral of the Fleet was born in Lewisham * David Sylvian
David Sylvian
(musician) lived in Lewisham * Eamonn Walker (TV and film actor & husband of Sandra Walker) was born in Lewisham * Richard Walsh (actor) was born in Lewisham * Ian Wright
Ian Wright
(footballer) lived in Lewisham
Lewisham
and Brockley * Shaun Wright-Phillips (footballer & son of Ian Wright
Ian Wright
) grew up in Brockley * Conrad Williams Commonwealth Games 2014 Gold Medalist * Sid Vicious (musician) was born in Lewisham * Troy von Scheibner (magician) born in Lewisham * Yannick Bolasie (footballer) brought up in Lewisham * Henry Williamson (author) born padding: 0; font-size:x-small; color:#000000; text-align: center; border-bottom:1px solid #AAAAAA;">‹ The template below (_Geographic location _) is being considered for deletion. See templates for discussion to help reach a consensus. ›

NEIGHBOURING AREAS OF LEWISHAM

St Johns , New Cross Deptford , Greenwich
Greenwich
Blackheath

Brockley

Lee

LEWISHAM

Ladywell Catford Hither Green

Other Nearby Areas:

* Grove Park * Bellingham * Forest Hill * Kidbrooke * Nunhead * Peckham * Mottingham * Eltham
Eltham
* Penge * Beckenham
Beckenham
* Sydenham * Bromley
Bromley
* Camberwell

CLIMATE

The nearest Met Office climate station is based in Greenwich
Greenwich
Park :

CLIMATE DATA FOR LONDON (GREENWICH )

MONTH JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC YEAR

RECORD HIGH °C (°F) 14.0 (57.2) 19.7 (67.5) 21.0 (69.8) 26.9 (80.4) 31.0 (87.8) 35.0 (95) 35.5 (95.9) 37.5 (99.5) 30.0 (86) 28.8 (83.8) 19.9 (67.8) 15.0 (59) 37.5 (99.5)

AVERAGE HIGH °C (°F) 8.3 (46.9) 8.5 (47.3) 11.4 (52.5) 14.2 (57.6) 17.7 (63.9) 20.7 (69.3) 23.2 (73.8) 22.9 (73.2) 20.1 (68.2) 15.6 (60.1) 11.4 (52.5) 8.6 (47.5) 15.2 (59.4)

AVERAGE LOW °C (°F) 2.6 (36.7) 2.4 (36.3) 4.1 (39.4) 5.4 (41.7) 8.4 (47.1) 11.5 (52.7) 13.9 (57) 13.7 (56.7) 11.2 (52.2) 8.3 (46.9) 5.1 (41.2) 2.8 (37) 7.5 (45.5)

RECORD LOW °C (°F) −10.0 (14) −9.0 (15.8) −8.0 (17.6) −2.0 (28.4) −1.0 (30.2) 5.0 (41) 7.0 (44.6) 6.0 (42.8) 3.0 (37.4) −4.0 (24.8) −5.0 (23) −7.0 (19.4) −10.0 (14)

AVERAGE PRECIPITATION MM (INCHES) 51.6 (2.031) 38.2 (1.504) 40.5 (1.594) 45.0 (1.772) 46.5 (1.831) 47.3 (1.862) 41.1 (1.618) 51.6 (2.031) 50.4 (1.984) 68.8 (2.709) 58.0 (2.283) 53.0 (2.087) 591.8 (23.299)

AVERAGE RAINY DAYS (≥ 1.0 MM) 10.8 8.5 9.6 9.4 9.0 8.3 8.0 7.6 8.5 10.7 10.1 9.9 110.4

AVERAGE SNOWY DAYS 4 4 3 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 3 16

AVERAGE RELATIVE HUMIDITY (%) 81.0 76.0 69.0 64.0 62.0 60.0 60.0 62.0 67.0 73.0 78.0 82.0 69.5

MEAN MONTHLY SUNSHINE HOURS 49.9 71.4 107.1 159.8 181.2 181.0 192.1 195.1 138.9 108.1 58.5 37.4 1,480.5

Source #1: Record highs and lows from BBC Weather , except August and February maximum from Met Office

Source #2: All other data from Met Office , except for humidity and snow data which are from NOAA

CLIMATE DATA FOR LONDON (HEATHROW AIRPORT 1981−2010)

MONTH JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC YEAR

AVERAGE HIGH °C (°F) 8.1 (46.6) 8.4 (47.1) 11.3 (52.3) 14.2 (57.6) 17.9 (64.2) 21.0 (69.8) 23.5 (74.3) 23.2 (73.8) 19.9 (67.8) 15.5 (59.9) 11.1 (52) 8.3 (46.9) 15.2 (59.4)

AVERAGE LOW °C (°F) 2.3 (36.1) 2.1 (35.8) 3.9 (39) 5.5 (41.9) 8.7 (47.7) 11.7 (53.1) 13.9 (57) 13.7 (56.7) 11.4 (52.5) 8.4 (47.1) 4.9 (40.8) 2.7 (36.9) 7.4 (45.4)

AVERAGE PRECIPITATION MM (INCHES) 55.2 (2.173) 40.9 (1.61) 41.6 (1.638) 43.7 (1.72) 49.4 (1.945) 45.1 (1.776) 44.5 (1.752) 49.5 (1.949) 49.1 (1.933) 68.5 (2.697) 59.0 (2.323) 55.2 (2.173) 601.7 (23.689)

AVERAGE RAINY DAYS (≥ 1.0 MM) 11.1 8.5 9.3 9.1 8.8 8.2 7.7 7.5 8.1 10.8 10.3 10.2 109.6

MEAN MONTHLY SUNSHINE HOURS 61.5 77.9 114.6 168.7 198.5 204.3 212.0 204.7 149.3 116.5 72.6 52.0 1,632.6

Source: Met Office

SEE ALSO

* London Borough of Lewisham * Lewisham Shopping Centre * University Hospital Lewisham * Lewisham, Sydney , named after Lewisham * Lewisham
Lewisham
Station * Battle of Lewisham * Lewisham
Lewisham
Rail Crash

REFERENCES

* ^ Mayor of London
London
(February 2008). " London
London
Plan (Consolidated with Alterations since 2004)" (PDF). Greater London
Greater London
Authority . Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 June 2010. * ^ Lewisham
Lewisham
is made up of six wards, Lee Green, Central, Ladywell, Crofton Park, Brockley and Telegraph Hill http://www.ukcensusdata.com/lewisham-e09000023#sthash.RA5pvqsv.dpbs * ^ "Plea Rolls of the Court of Common Pleas; National Archives; CP 40/717; second entry; Walter Wheler, husbandman, as defendant in a plea of debt". _Documents from Medieval and Early Modern England
England
from the National Archives in London_. 2013. Retrieved 19 December 2014. * ^ _"Lewisham", The Environs of London: volume 4: Counties of Herts, Essex & Kent_. 1796. pp. 514–536. Retrieved 19 December 2014.

* ^ "Legge, William, first Earl of Dartmouth". _Personalia_. 2014. Retrieved 19 December 2014. * ^ "Lewisham, V1 Site High Street, Marks & Spencer". _ Lewisham
Lewisham
War Memorials_. 2014. Retrieved 19 December 2014. * ^ " Lewisham
Lewisham
council to replace plaque commemorating the lives lost in wartime bombing". _ News Shopper _. Retrieved 5 April 2013. * ^ * ^ "South East London
London
Police Stations". _Laing_. 2014. Retrieved 19 December 2014. * ^ "1977: The Battle of Lewisham". _libcom.org_. 10 September 2006. Retrieved 19 December 2014. * ^ Lewisham
Lewisham
Shopping Centre: Shops Retrieved 12 March 2014 * ^ http://mfabowl.com/lewisham/ * ^ https://lewishamlostcinemas.wordpress.com/lewishams-lost-cinemas/ * ^ http://www.bfi.org.uk/neighbourhoodcinema/deptford-cinema * ^ http://www.gold.ac.uk/facilities/curzon-goldsmiths/ * ^ "BBC News - Thousands march to save Lewisham
Lewisham
A&E and maternity unit". Bbc.co.uk. 2012-11-24. Retrieved 2013-10-29. * ^ Ross Lydall, Health Editor (2013-07-31). " Lewisham
Lewisham
hospital campaigners win court battle to save A&E from downgrade - London
London
- News - London
London
Evening Standard". Standard.co.uk. Retrieved 2013-10-29. CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link ) * ^ "BBC News - Lewisham
Lewisham
Hospital: Appeal Court overrules Jeremy Hunt". Bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 2013-10-29. * ^ London Borough of Lewisham . " Lewisham
Lewisham
Shopping Centre". LB Lewisham. Accessed 30 June 2013 * ^ London Borough of Lewisham . "Regenerating Lewisham
Lewisham
town centre". LB Lewisham. Accessed 30 June 2013 * ^ "\'Renaissance\' at Loampit Vale". _ London
London
Borough of Lewisham_. London
London
Borough of Lewisham. Retrieved 19 March 2014. * ^ " Lewisham
Lewisham
Gatway". _ London
London
Borough of Lewisham_. LB Lewsiham. Retrieved 19 March 2014. * ^ "Home". _ Lewisham
Lewisham
Gateway_. Lewisham
Lewisham
Gateway. Retrieved 13 August 2014. * ^ Mark, Chandler (26 July 2011). "Long-delayed development at Lewisham’s Thurston Road Industrial Estate granted extra time". _News Shopper_. Retrieved 19 March 2014. * ^ "Thurston Rd industrial estate". _ London
London
Borough of Lewisham_. LB Lewisham. Retrieved 19 March 2014. * ^ "London, Greater London: Average conditions". _BBC Weather Website_. BBC Weather . Archived from the original on 28 February 2011. * ^ "August 2003 — Hot spell". _ Met Office Website_. Met Office . Archived from the original on 28 February 2011. * ^ "Monthly temperature records by country". _ Met Office Website_. Met Office . Retrieved 22 September 2013. * ^ " Greenwich
Greenwich
1981−2010 averages". _ Met Office Website_. Met Office . Retrieved 10 April 2013. * ^ "NOAA" . National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration . Retrieved 20 October 2013. * ^ "Heathrow Climate period: 1981−2010". _ Met Office Website_. Met Office . Retrieved 22 September 2013.

EXTERNAL LINKS

_ Wikimedia Commons has media related

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