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Leonard Walter Jerome (3 November 1817 – 3 March 1891) was a Brooklyn, New York, financier and the maternal grandfather of Winston Churchill.

Contents

1 Early life 2 Career 3 Sporting activities 4 Marriage and family 5 Legacy 6 References 7 External links

Early life[edit] Leonard Jerome
Leonard Jerome
was the son of Aurora Murray (1785–1867) and Isaac Jerome (1786–1866). Isaac was a descendant of Timothy Jerome, a French Huguenot
Huguenot
immigrant who arrived in the New York Colony in 1717. Jerome was born on a farm in the Central New York
Central New York
town of Pompey, near Syracuse. He originally enrolled in Princeton University, then known as the College of New Jersey, as a member of the Class of 1839, before leaving for Union College, where he studied law and set up a practice in Rochester, New York. He later moved to New York City, where he became a stock speculator and promoter.

The Jerome Mansion
Jerome Mansion
at 26th Street and Madison Avenue, c.1878

Career[edit] Jerome was a flamboyant and successful stock speculator. He made and lost several fortunes, and was known as "The King of Wall Street". He held interests in several railroad companies and was often a partner in the deals of Cornelius Vanderbilt.[1] He was a patron of the arts, and joined in the founding[citation needed] of the Academy of Music, one of New York City's earliest opera houses. During the New York Draft Riots, Jerome defended the New York Times office building with a Gatling Gun.[2] Although he had significant holdings in the Times,[3] he was not the majority shareholder as is sometimes erroneously claimed. The Jerome Mansion, on the corner of Madison Avenue and 26th Street, had a six-hundred-seat theatre, a breakfast room which seated seventy people, a ballroom of white and gold with champagne- and cologne-spouting fountains,[4] and a view of Madison Square Park. It was later sold and housed a series of private clubs. The mansion was torn down in 1967. Sporting activities[edit] Jerome was an avid sportsman. He enjoyed yachting with his friend, William K. Vanderbilt. They shared a special passion for thoroughbred horse racing and helped found the American Jockey Club.[5] In the late 1860s, Jerome was part of several hunting trips in the American West. These trips were guided by Buffalo Bill Cody. In 1866, Jerome bought the estate and mansion of James Bathgate near Old Fordham Village
Old Fordham Village
in what was then rural Westchester County, but is now The Bronx. Jerome and financier August Belmont, Sr.
August Belmont, Sr.
built Jerome Park Racetrack on the Bathgate land; the first Belmont Stakes
Belmont Stakes
was held there in 1867. Jerome and his brother Lawrence had a wide boulevard made from Macombs Dam
Macombs Dam
to the track, which city authorities attempted to name "Murphy Avenue" after a local politician. This incensed Jerome's wife so much that she had bronze plaques saying "Jerome Avenue" made up and bolted into place along the road, forcing the city to accept the name.[5] The racetrack was acquired and demolished by the city in 1894, to make way for Jerome Park Reservoir. The Bathgate mansion served as a summer home for the Jerome family. In the early 1900s, the mansion was razed and replaced by the Kingsbridge Armory. Jerome became a resident of Brooklyn. He, Vanderbilt, and other investors founded the Coney Island Jockey Club which in 1884 built the Sheepshead Bay Race Track. Marriage and family[edit] Jerome married Clarissa Hall (1825–1895) in Palmyra, New York, on 5 April 1849; and they had four daughters together. One daughter, Camille, died at age eight. The other three – Jeanette, Clarita, and Leonie – became known, in some quarters, as "the Good, the Witty and the Beautiful". Leonard Jerome's wealth afforded his daughters the opportunity to spend much time in Europe, where they associated with the aristocratic elite of the day. All three married British or Anglo-Irish
Anglo-Irish
husbands:

Lady Randolph Churchill
Lady Randolph Churchill
(née Jeanette Jerome; known as Jennie) married Lord Randolph Churchill
Lord Randolph Churchill
(1849–1895), younger son of the Duke of Marlborough, and was mother to Winston Churchill
Winston Churchill
and John Strange Spencer-Churchill. Clarita Frewen (née Clarita Jerome), known as Clara, married Moreton Frewen (1853–1924), fifth son of Thomas Frewen MP, a charming spendthrift who ran up huge debts trying to operate a ranch in Wyoming, and through gambling, sports, and women. They had two sons, Hugh and Oswald, and one daughter Clare Sheridan. Leonie, Lady Leslie (née Leonie Jerome) married Sir John Leslie (1857–1944), an Irish baronet, whose family estates covered 70,000 acres (280 km2). They had four sons. For many years, she maintained a liaison with Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn.

Jerome was also rumored to be the father of the American opera singer Minnie Hauk.[6] He also had an affair in the 1860s with Mrs. Pierre Lorillard Ronalds, then separated from her husband. Mrs. Ronalds later lived in London, where she remained a friend of Jerome's daughter Jennie.[7] Leonard Jerome
Leonard Jerome
died at the age of 73 in Brighton, England. He is buried in the Green-Wood Cemetery
Green-Wood Cemetery
in Brooklyn. Legacy[edit] Jerome Avenue
Jerome Avenue
in the Bronx, Jerome Avenue
Jerome Avenue
in Brooklyn, Jerome Park Reservoir, and the Jerome Stakes are all named after him. References[edit]

Notes

^ Burrows & Wallace ^ Baker, Kevin, "Violent City: A Five-day Battle for New York Reveals the Birthing Pains of Our Democracy", American Heritage Magazine, February/March 2003, Volume 54, Issue 1 ^ Burrows & Wallace, page 890 ^ Burrows & Wallace, page 960 ^ a b Burrows & Wallace, page 954 ^ Anne Sebba, American Jennie, Norton, 2008, page 13 ^ Ainger, Michael (2002). Gilbert and Sullivan – A Dual Biography. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 129. ISBN 0-19-514769-3. 

Bibliography

Burrows, Edwin G. & Wallace, Mike (1999), Gotham: A History of New York City to 1898, New York: Oxford University Press, ISBN 0-195-11634-8  McNamara, John "History in Asphalt: The Origin of Bronx Street and Place Names" (1993) Bronx County Historical Society ISBN 978-0-941980-16-6

External links[edit]

Leonard Jerome
Leonard Jerome
at Find a Grave

v t e

Winston Churchill

Life

Winston Churchill
Winston Churchill
as historian Winston Churchill
Winston Churchill
as painter Winston Churchill
Winston Churchill
as writer Winston Churchill
Winston Churchill
in politics, 1900–1939

Timeline War Rooms conferences Percentages agreement Quebec Agreement

Statement on Atrocities

European Advisory Commission

Honours of Winston Churchill Later life of Winston Churchill

funeral gravesite

The Other Club Blenheim Palace Chartwell

Writings

The Story of the Malakand Field Force
The Story of the Malakand Field Force
(1898) Savrola
Savrola
(1899 novel) The River War
The River War
(1899) London to Ladysmith via Pretoria
London to Ladysmith via Pretoria
(1900) Ian Hamilton's March
Ian Hamilton's March
(1900) Lord Randolph Churchill
Lord Randolph Churchill
(1906) The World Crisis
The World Crisis
(1923–1931, five volumes) My Early Life
My Early Life
(1930) Marlborough: His Life and Times (1933–1938, four volumes) Great Contemporaries
Great Contemporaries
(1937) Arms and the Covenant
Arms and the Covenant
(1938) The Second World War (1948–1963, six volumes) A History of the English-Speaking Peoples
A History of the English-Speaking Peoples
(1956–1958, four volumes)

Speeches

"Blood, toil, tears, and sweat" "Be ye men of valour" "We shall fight on the beaches" "This was their finest hour" "Never was so much owed by so many to so few" "Iron Curtain"

Legacy and depictions

Palace of Westminster statue Parliament Square statue Washington, DC, statue Epstein bust Memorial Trusts Churchill College, Cambridge Churchill Archives Centre The Churchill Centre US Churchill Museum Cultural depictions Churchillian Drift

Related

Norway Debate Terminological inexactitude Siege of Sidney Street Tonypandy riots May 1940 War Cabinet Crisis Sword of Stalingrad Operation Unthinkable

Family

Lord Randolph Churchill
Lord Randolph Churchill
(father) Jennie Jerome, Lady Randolph Churchill
Lady Randolph Churchill
(mother) Jack Churchill (brother) Clementine Churchill, Baroness Spencer-Churchill (wife) Diana Churchill
Diana Churchill
(daughter) Randolph Churchill
Randolph Churchill
(son) Sarah Churchill (daughter) Marigold Churchill
Marigold Churchill
(daughter) Mary Soames, Baroness Soames (daughter) Descendants John Spencer-Churchill (grandfather) Frances Anne Spencer-Churchill (grandmother) Leonard Jerome
Leonard Jerome
(grandfather) Clarissa Eden
Clarissa Eden
(niece)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 58357413 LCCN: n97002792 ISNI: 0000 0000 3391 1

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