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Lefkada ( el, Λευκάδα, ''Lefkáda'', ), also known as Lefkas or Leukas (
Ancient Greek Ancient Greek includes the forms of the Greek language used in ancient Greece and the classical antiquity, ancient world from around 1500 BC to 300 BC. It is often roughly divided into the following periods: Mycenaean Greek (), Dark Ages () ...
and
Katharevousa Katharevousa ( el, Καθαρεύουσα, , literally "purifying anguage) is a conservative Conservatism is a Political philosophy, political and social philosophy promoting traditional social institutions. The central tenets of conservati ...
: Λευκάς, ''Leukás'', modern pronunciation ''Lefkás'') and Leucadia, is a
Greek Greek may refer to: Greece Anything of, from, or related to Greece Greece ( el, Ελλάδα, , ), officially the Hellenic Republic, is a country located in Southeast Europe. Its population is approximately 10.7 million as of 2018; Athens is ...

Greek
island An island (or isle) is an isolated piece of habitat that is surrounded by a dramatically different habitat, such as water. Very small islands such as emergent land features on atolls can be called islets, skerry, skerries, cays or keys. ...
in the
Ionian Sea The Ionian Sea ( el, Ιόνιο Πέλαγος, ''Iónio Pélagos'' ; it, Mar Ionio ; al, Deti Jon ) is an elongated bay of the Mediterranean Sea. It is connected to the Adriatic Sea to the north, and is bounded by Southern Italy, including Ca ...

Ionian Sea
on the west coast of Greece, connected to the mainland by a long
causeway A causeway is a track, road or railway on the upper point of an embankment (earthworks), embankment across "a low, or wet place, or piece of water". It can be constructed of earth, masonry, wood, or concrete. One of the earliest known wooden ca ...
and floating bridge. The principal town of the island and seat of the municipality is
Lefkada Lefkada ( el, Λευκάδα, ''Lefkáda'', ), also known as Lefkas or Leukas (Ancient Greek Ancient Greek includes the forms of the Greek language used in ancient Greece and the classical antiquity, ancient world from around 1500 BC to ...
. It is situated on the northern part of the island, approximately 25 minutes by automobile away from
Aktion National Airport Aktion National Airport is an airport serving Preveza and Lefkada in Greece. It is also known as Preveza Airport. It is also used by NATO and Hellenic Air Force Command. The airport commenced operations in 1968. History In December 2015, the pri ...
. The island is part of the regional unit of Lefkada.


Geography

Lefkada measures from north to south, and from east to west. The area of the island is about , the area of the municipality (including the islands Kalamos, Kastos and several smaller islets) is . Its highest point is the mountain Stavrota,
above sea level Above may refer to: * Above (artist), Tavar Zawacki (born 1981), contemporary urban artist * ''Above'' (magazine), an American environmental magazine 2009–2010 *Above (Mad Season album), ''Above'' (Mad Season album), 1995 *Above (Pillar album), ' ...
,Oreivatein.com
/ref> situated in the middle of the island. The east coast section of the island has small
resorts A resort (North American English North American English (NAmE, NAE) is the most generalized variety of the English language English is a West Germanic languages, West Germanic language first spoken in History of Anglo-Saxon England, ...

resorts
of Lygia, Nikiana and Perigiali, all north of Nidri, the largest resort on the island. It is set in a sheltered location with views across to (formerly owned by
Aristotle Onassis Aristotle (; grc-gre, Ἀριστοτέλης ''Aristotélēs'', ; 384–322 BC) was a Greek philosopher A philosopher is someone who practices philosophy. The term ''philosopher'' comes from the grc, φιλόσοφος, , translit ...

Aristotle Onassis
),
Meganisi Meganisi (Greek language, Greek: Μεγανήσι, literally "big island") is a Greece, Greek island and Communities and Municipalities of Greece, municipality immediately to the east-southeast of the island of Lefkada. The municipality includes the ...

Meganisi
and other small islands, as well as the Greek mainland. The main coastal road from Lefkada to Vasiliki runs through the village, although a bypass has now been completed which skirts the village to the west. There are regular car ferries to
Kefalonia Cephalonia or Kefalonia ( el, Κεφαλονιά or ), formerly also known as Kefallinia or Kephallenia (), is the largest of the Ionian Islands in western Greece Greece ( el, Ελλάδα, , ), officially the Hellenic Republic, is a country lo ...

Kefalonia
,
Ithaca Ithaca, Ithaki or Ithaka (; Greek Greek may refer to: Greece Anything of, from, or related to Greece Greece ( el, Ελλάδα, , ), officially the Hellenic Republic, is a country located in Southeast Europe. Its population is approximatel ...

Ithaca
and Meganissi. south of Nidri is the resort of
VasilikiName Vasiliki is a Greek name meaning "royal" that may refer to: *Vassiliki (given name) Places *Vasiliki, Lasithi, a village and an archaeological site in Lasithi, Crete, Greece *Vasiliki, Lefkada, a village on Lefkada, Greece *Vasiliki, Trikal ...
, a
windsurfing Windsurfing is a surface water sport that is a combination of surfing and sailing. It is also referred to as "sailboarding" and "boardsailing", and emerged in the late 1960s from the surf culture of California. Windsurfing had gained a following ...

windsurfing
center. There are ferries to Kefalonia and Ithaca from Vasiliki. South of Vasiliki is Cape Lefkada, where the
Greek Greek may refer to: Greece Anything of, from, or related to Greece Greece ( el, Ελλάδα, , ), officially the Hellenic Republic, is a country located in Southeast Europe. Its population is approximately 10.7 million as of 2018; Athens is ...
female poet
Sappho Sappho (; el, Σαπφώ ''Sapphō'' ; Aeolic Greek In linguistics Linguistics is the science, scientific study of language. It encompasses the analysis of every aspect of language, as well as the methods for studying and modeling t ...

Sappho
allegedly leapt to her death from the 30 m high cliffs. The famous beach of Porto Katsiki is located on Lefkada's west coast. Lefkada was attached to mainland Greece (see below about Homer's Ithaca being Lefkada). The
Corinth Corinth ( ; el, Κόρινθος, Kórinthos, ) is the successor to an ancient city, and is a former municipality A municipality is usually a single administrative division having Municipal corporation, corporate status and powers of sel ...
ians dug a trench in the 7th century BC on its isthmus. The southernmost tip of the island is called Cape Dukato, a name sometimes applied to the whole island.


Climate

The island has a typical Mediterranean climate: hot summers and cool winters, especially in the mountains.


History


Antiquity

The myth about
Sappho Sappho (; el, Σαπφώ ''Sapphō'' ; Aeolic Greek In linguistics Linguistics is the science, scientific study of language. It encompasses the analysis of every aspect of language, as well as the methods for studying and modeling t ...

Sappho
's suicide at Cape Lefkada is related to other myths linking the island to the ancient Greek goddess of love,
Aphrodite Aphrodite; , , ) is an ancient Greek goddess associated with love Love encompasses a range of strong and positive emotional and mental states, from the most sublime virtue or good habit, the deepest Interpersonal relationship, interper ...
, and to
Odysseus Odysseus ( ; grc-gre, Ὀδυσσεύς, Ὀδυσεύς, OdysseúsOdyseús, ), also known by the Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic languages, Italic branch of the Indo-European languages. Latin was orig ...

Odysseus
, the hero of
Homer Homer (; grc, Ὅμηρος , ''Hómēros'') was the presumed author of the ''Iliad'' and the ''Odyssey'', two epic poems that are the foundational works of ancient Greek literature. The ''Iliad'' is set during the Trojan War, the ten-year s ...

Homer
's Odyssey. The
German German(s) may refer to: Common uses * of or related to Germany * Germans, Germanic ethnic group, citizens of Germany or people of German ancestry * For citizens of Germany, see also German nationality law * German language The German la ...

German
archaeologist
Wilhelm Dörpfeld Wilhelm Dörpfeld (26 December 1853 – 25 April 1940) was a German architect and archaeologist Archaeology or archeology is the study of human activity through the recovery and analysis of material culture. Archaeology is often conside ...

Wilhelm Dörpfeld
, having performed excavations at various locations of Lefkada, was able to obtain funding to do work on the island by suggesting that Lefkada was
Homer's Ithaca 324px, A reconstruction of Greece.html"_;"title="Homeric_Greece">Homeric_Greece._Modern_Ithaca_can_be_seen_to_the_west Ithaca_(;_Greek_language.html" "title="Greece">Homeric Greece. Modern Ithaca can be seen to the west">Greece.html" ;"title="Hom ...
, and the
palace A palace is a grand residence, especially a royal residence, or the home of a head of state A head of state (or chief of state) is the public persona who officially embodies a state (polity), state#Foakes, Foakes, pp. 110–11 " he head o ...

palace
of Odysseus was located west of Nydri on the south coast of Lefkada. There have been suggestions by local tourism officials that several passages in the
Odyssey The ''Odyssey'' (; grc, Ὀδύσσεια, Odýsseia, ) is one of two major Ancient Greek literature, ancient Greek Epic poetry, epic poems attributed to Homer. It is one of the oldest extant works of literature still widely read by modern ...
point to Lefkada as a possible model for Homeric Ithaca. The most notable of these passages pushed by the local tourism board describes Ithaca as an island reachable on foot, which was the case for Lefkada since it is not really an island, that it was connected to the mainland by a narrow causeway. According to
Strabo Strabo''Strabo'' (meaning "squinty", as in strabismus Strabismus is a condition in which the eyes do not properly align with each other when looking at an object. The eye that is focused on an object can alternate. The condition may be pres ...

Strabo
, the coast of
Acarnania Acarnania ( el, Ἀκαρνανία) is a region of west-central Greece that lies along the Ionian Sea, west of Aetolia, with the Achelous, Achelous River for a boundary, and north of the gulf of Calydon, which is the entrance to the Gulf of Corinth ...
was called Leucas in earlier times. The ancient sources call Leucas a Corinthian colony, perhaps with a
Corcyra Corfu (, ) or Kerkyra ( el, Κέρκυρα, Kérkyra, ), ; ; la, Corcyra. is a Greek island in the Ionian Sea The Ionian Sea ( el, Ιόνιο Πέλαγος, ''Iónio Pélagos'' ; it, Mar Ionio ; al, Deti Jon ) is an elongated bay of the ...
en participation. The ancient town was founded in the 7th century BC, somewhat to the south of the modern capital of the island. During the
Peloponnesian War The Peloponnesian War (431–404 BC) was an ancient Greece, ancient Greek war fought between the Delian League, which was led by Classical Athens, Athens, and the Peloponnesian League, which was led by Sparta. Historians have traditionally di ...

Peloponnesian War
, Leucas joined the
Peloponnesian League The Peloponnesian League was an alliance in the Peloponnesus The Peloponnese () or Peloponnesus (; el, Πελοπόννησος, Peloponnesos, ) is a peninsula A peninsula ( la, paeninsula from ' "almost" and ' "island") is a landform surro ...
. The town was conquered during the 3rd century by
Agathocles of Syracuse Agathocles ( grc-gre, Ἀγαθοκλῆς, ''Agathoklḗs''; 361–289 BC) was a Greek tyrant of Syracuse (317–289 BC) and self-styled king of Sicily (304–289 BC). Biography Agathocles was born at Thermae Himeraeae (modern name Termini ...
.


Middle Ages


Byzantine period

No information survives on the island during the early
Byzantine period The Byzantine Empire, also referred to as the Eastern Roman Empire, or Byzantium, was the continuation of the Roman Empire in its eastern provinces during Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages, when its capital city was Constantinople. It surviv ...
, when the town possibly disappeared in the turmoils of the
Migration Period The Migration Period or better known as the Barbarian Invasions (from the Roman and Greek perspective) was a period in the history of Europe, during and after the decline of the Western Roman Empire, during which there were invasions by Tribe, ...
. Nevertheless, unlike the Epirote mainland, where widespread settlement is attested from the late 6th until mid-8th centuries, only a handful of traces attest to a Slavic settlement in Lefkada. Information continues to be sparse during the middle Byzantine period. The island is attested as a bishopric at the Fourth Council of Constantinople in 879, and was raised to archbishopric under Emperor
Leo VI the Wise Leo VI, called the Wise ( gr, Λέων ὁ Σοφός, Leōn ho Sophos, 19 September 866 – 11 May 912), was Byzantine Emperor from 886 to 912. The second ruler of the Macedonian dynasty The Macedonian dynasty (Greek language, Greek: Μακε ...
(). Administratively, it was likely part of the Theme of Cephallenia.
Liutprand of CremonaLiutprand may refer to: *Liutprand, King of the Lombards ruled from 712 to 744 *Duke Liutprand of Benevento (died after 759) *Bishop Liutprand of Cremona, (c. 922–972) historian {{hndis, Liutprand ...
visited the island during his 968 embassy to Constantinople, in 1099 it was raided by
Dagobert of Pisa Dagobert (or Daibert or Daimbert) (died 1105) was the first Archbishop of Pisa and the second Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem after the city was captured in the First Crusade. Early life Little is known of Dagobert's early life, but he is thought to ...
, it is mentioned in al-Idrisi's geography in the mid-12th century.


Epirote and Latin rule

The
Republic of Venice The Republic of Venice ( it, Repubblica di Venezia; vec, Repùblega de Venèsia) or Venetian Republic ( it, Repubblica Veneta; vec, Repùblega Vèneta), traditionally known as La Serenissima ( en, Most Serene Republic of Venice, italics=yes; ...
was accorded privileges in the island in 1198, and possession of the island in the treaty of partition of the Byzantine Empire in 1204. In the event Lefkada apparently became part of the
Despotate of Epirus The Despotate of Epirus ( gkm, Δεσποτᾶτον τῆς Ἠπείρου) was one of the Greek successor states of the Byzantine Empire The Byzantine Empire, also referred to as the Eastern Roman Empire, or Byzantium, was the continu ...
, although this is not explicitly attested until 1259. The name Santa Maura is first attested for the island and its capital in 1292, when Genoese ships in Byzantine employ raided it. In 1295, the
Despot of Epirus The Despot of Epirus was the ruler of the Despotate of Epirus, one of the successor states of the Byzantine Empire The Byzantine Empire, also referred to as the Eastern Roman Empire, or Byzantium, was the continuation of the Roman Empire in ...
Nikephoros I Komnenos Doukas Nikephoros I Komnenos Doukas, Latinized as Nicephorus I Comnenus Ducas ( el, Νικηφόρος Κομνηνός Δούκας, Nikēphoros Komnēnos Doukas; – ) was ruler of Despotate of Epirus, Epirus from 1267/8 to his death in 1296/98. L ...
ceded the island to his son-in-law, the Count palatine of Cephalonia and Zakynthos
John I Orsini John I Orsini ( it, Giovanni Orsini) was the count palatine of Cephalonia and Zakynthos from 1303 or 1304 to his death in 1317. Married to an Despotate of Epirus, Epirote princess, John spent a decade at the Epirote court before succeeding his fathe ...

John I Orsini
. Orsini soon after received permission from
Charles II of Naples Charles II, also known as Charles the Lame (french: Charles le Boiteux; it, Carlo lo Zoppo; 1254 – 5 May 1309), was King of Naples, Count of Provence and Count of Forcalquier, Forcalquier (1285–1309), Prince of Achaea (1285–1289), and Cou ...
to build a castle there, which became the core of the Castle of Santa Maura. The Orsini family lost Lefkada in 1331 to
Walter VI of Brienne Walter VI of Brienne (c. 1304 – 19 September 1356) was a French nobleman and Crusades, crusader. He was the count of Brienne in France, the count of Conversano and County of Lecce, Lecce in southern Italy and the titular Duchy of Athens, Duke ...
, who in 1343 ceded the ''castrum Sancte Maure'' and the island to the Venetian Graziano Giorgio. In 1360/62,
Leonardo I ToccoLeonardo I Tocco (died 1375/1377) was the County palatine of Cephalonia and Zakynthos, Count palatine of the islands of Cephalonia and Zakynthos from 1357 until his death, and later lord of Ithaca, Lefkada, and the port of Vonitsa as well. He was th ...
seized Lefkada, assuming the title of duke (''dux Lucate''), whence the island is sometimes also referred to as "the Duchy" (''el Ducato'' and variants thereof) in Western sources of the period. The local Orthodox archbishop was evicted. After
Albanian Albanian may refer to: *Pertaining to Albania in Southeast Europe; in particular: **Albanians, an ethnic group native to the Balkans **Albanian language **Albanian culture **Demographics of Albania, includes other ethnic groups within the country ...

Albanian
clans took over much of Epirus in the 1350s and 1360s, they launched frequent attacks on the island between 1375 and 1395.
Carlo I ToccoCarlo I Tocco was the hereditary Count palatine of Cephalonia and Zakynthos from 1376, and ruled as the Despot of Epirus The Despot of Epirus was the ruler of the Despotate of Epirus, one of the successor states of the Byzantine Empire The B ...
() made the island the capital of his domains, which apart from the County palatine of Cephalonia and Zakynthos also included much of the Epirote mainland, and enlarged the fortified town. In 1413, the Prince of Achaea, Centurione II Zaccaria, launched an attack on Lefkada and its castle with Albanian mercenaries, but it was defeated with help from the
Republic of Venice The Republic of Venice ( it, Repubblica di Venezia; vec, Repùblega de Venèsia) or Venetian Republic ( it, Repubblica Veneta; vec, Repùblega Vèneta), traditionally known as La Serenissima ( en, Most Serene Republic of Venice, italics=yes; ...
. The Ottoman Empire, Ottomans captured most of Epirus and raided the island, leading the Tocci to consider ceding it to the Venetians. Faced with expanding Ottoman power in the mainland, the Tocci became vassals of the Ottoman sultans. The last of them, Leonardo III Tocco () was helped to maintain his rule through his marriage to Milica Branković, a niece of the highly esteemed step-mother of the Ottoman sultan Mehmed the Conqueror (), but when she died, he married the Aragonese Francesca Marzano. The couple quickly became hated by their Greek subjects due to their oppressive taxation. Lefkada, along with Cephalonia and Zakynthos, was captured by the Ottoman admiral Gedik Ahmed Pasha in 1479. Part of the population was deported to Istanbul, Constantinople, as part of Mehmed's policy to repopulate his capital.


Ottoman period

The Ottomans called the island Levkada ( ota, لفكادة or ), with the name Aya Mavra (, from Greek , meaning "Santa Maura") reserved for the castle and capital of the island, where almost the entire population lived. Under Ottoman rule, it was initially a ''kaza'' of the ''sanjak'' of Karli-Eli, which from belonged to the Eyalet of the Archipelago, subordinated to the chief admiral of the Ottoman navy, the ''Kapudan Pasha''. The ''kaza'' of Lefkada comprised not only the island, but also part of the adjoining mainland. The Venetians briefly occupied the island in 1502–03, during the Second Ottoman–Venetian War, but returned it to the Ottomans in the final peace settlement. With about a thousand inhabitants in , the town of Lefkada was both the largest settlement as well as the main military installation in the ''sanjak'', with 111 soldiers and 9 artillerymen. As with the rest of the ''sanjak'', at the time the entire population appears to have been Christian, and only the fortress garrisons and administrators were Muslim; thus the only mosques were located inside the fortresses. A lack of water led to the construction of a long Aqueduct (water supply), aqueduct from the island's interior to the town in 1564, during the reign of Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent (). Bringing water to the walled town as well as to the much larger—some 700–800 houses—open town that had grown around it, this was of the most important works of Ottoman civil architecture in the western Balkans. On top of the aqueduct was a footpath that was the only access to the island, other than by the sea. In the aftermath of the Ottoman defeat at the Battle of Lepanto, the castle was unsuccessfully besieged by the forces of the Holy League (1571), Holy League. As a result, it was completely rebuilt and enlarged by the ''Kapudan Pasha'' Kılıç Ali Pasha in 1572–1574 into a hexagonal fortress with large towers as artillery platforms. In the 17th century, Lefkada became a separate ''sanjak'' within the Eyalet of the Archipelago, although according to Evliya Çelebi it belonged briefly to the Morea Eyalet in the 15th and 17th centuries. Evliya visited the island in 1670/71, and left a long and accurate description of the fortifications, but also of the town, where Islam had apparently made considerable progress. According to Evliya, the walled town boasted five Friday mosques, including an Imperial Mosque (''Hünkar Camii''), which was a converted church, a minor mosque (''masjid''), a ''madrasa'', two schools (''Maktab (education), maktab''), a bath (''Turkish bath, hammam''), and five public fountains (''çeshme''). The walled town with its 200 stone houses was now occupied exclusively by Muslims, while the two suburbs (''varosh'') to the east and west were built of wood and had a mixed population. The western one was far larger, with 300 houses to 40–50 in the eastern one, and had a wooden mosque and ''masjid'', a ''Khanqah, tekke'', a ''maktab'', two caravanserais, as well as seven small churches. Evliya remarks that this suburb had many wineshops, which were popular with both the inhabitants and the garrison. Another suburb (the ''Varosh-i Lefqada'') was located on the island itself, with some 700 houses, all of them inhabited by Christian Greeks, who had 20 churches. Evliya's account is corroborated by Jacob Spon and George Wheler (travel writer), George Wheler's account that the town had about 5,000 to 6,000 inhabitants, mostly Greeks or Turks. According to the descriptions of travellers like Evliya, Lefkada was an urban centre of some importance, boasting "two of the largest works of Ottoman civil and military architecture in the Western Balkans", namely the aqueduct built by Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent () and the Castle of Santa Maura, which was completely rebuilt by Kılıç Ali Pasha in the reign of Sultan Selim II ().


Venetian period

The island was conquered by the Venetians under Francesco Morosini following a Siege of Santa Maura, sixteen-day siege in 1684, during the opening stages of the Morean War. Morosini evacuated the walled town and demolished both it and the two suburbs directly outside the walls, turning them into the castle's ''glacis''. Only the island suburb remained, known as "Amaxiki" until the 19th century. With the evicted inhabitants settling there, this became the main town of the island, the predecessor of the modern city of Lefkada. The Venetians also removed all buildings associated with Islam. The Venetians modernized the castle in the 1710s, removing the last traces of the medieval castle and adding outworks towards the eastern, mainland side. During the Seventh Ottoman–Venetian War, following the Ottoman reconquest of the Morea in 1715, the Venetians initially abandoned Lefkada to focus their resources on the defence of Corfu. The castle was abandoned and partly demolished, but after the Siege of Corfu (1716), Siege of Corfu ended in a Venetian victory, the island was reoccupied and the fortifications restored. Venetian rule over the island was uninterrupted, apart from a rebellion of the local Greeks in 1769, until the Fall of the Republic of Venice in 1797.


Post-Venetian period until the union with Greece

Following the end of the Republic of Venice in 1797, Lefkada, like the other Venetian Ionian Islands, was Republican French rule in the Ionian Islands, occupied by the French, who held it until a Russo-Turkish expedition under Fyodor Ushakov captured it in 1799. In 1800, the Septinsular Republic was established, a Russian protectorate under ''de jure'' Ottoman suzerainty. The Russian Empire employed troops recruited from fugitive klephts and armatoloi in the Ionian Islands, particularly of Lefkada. Among these were captains Anastasios Tselios and Apostolos Levendakis, the latter who already in 1802 offered to raise a company of 60 fighters on Lefkada to support the Russians. Ali Pasha of Ioannina, who coveted possession of the Ionian Islands, besieged Lefkada in 1807. For this purpose he erected two forts on the mainland shore, the Tekke Castle and the St. George's Castle, Preveza , St. George's Castle, but his attacks on the Castle of Santa Maura were successfully repulsed the local Russian and Greek forces of the Septinsular Republic. Imperial French rule in the Ionian Islands, French rule was restored in 1807, after the Treaty of Tilsit, but in 1810, the British captured the island. In 1815, the United Kingdom set up the United States of the Ionian Islands as a protectorate, including Lefkada. Much of the town, including the Ottoman aqueduct, was destroyed in an earthquake in 1825. After this, the town was rebuilt in wood to prevent similar damage. In 1864 the islands were Union of the Ionian Islands with Greece, ceded to Greece. The island then numbered about 24,000 inhabitants.


Lafcadio Hearn Historical Center

The first museum in Europe for Lafcadio Hearn, who was born on the island and is named after it, was inaugurated in Lefkada on July 4, 2014, as Lafcadio Hearn Historical Center. It contains early editions, rare books and Japanese collectibles. The visitors, through photos, texts and exhibits, can wander in the significant events of Lafcadio Hearn's life, but also in the civilizations of Europe, America and Japan of late 18th and early 19th centuries through the open mind of his lectures, writings and tales. The municipalities of Kumamoto, Matsue, Shinjuku, Yaizu, Toyama University, Koizumi family and other people from Japan and Greece contributed to the establishment of Lafcadio Hearn Historical Center.


Municipality

The present municipality Lefkada was formed at the 2011 local government reform by the merger of the following 7 former municipalities, that became municipal units: *Apollonioi *Ellomenos *Kalamos (island), Kalamos *Karya, Lefkada, Karya *Kastos *Lefkada (city) *Sfakiotes The municipality covers the island Lefkada and the smaller islands Kastos and Kalamos (island), Kalamos.


Education

Regional Development department, part of Ionian University, Ionian university based in Lefkada.


Transport

*Greek National Road 42 *Aktion National Airport, Aktion (Preveza) Airport


Notable people

(in chronological order) *Marcos Christino Fioravanti (1775–1862), co-founder of Santo Antônio da Patrulha in Brazil *Frederick Temple (1821–1902), Archbishop of Canterbury *Aristotelis Valaoritis (1824–1879), poet and politician *Lafcadio Hearn (1850–1904), Greco-Irish orientalist and writer, named after the island *Petros Soumilas (1861–1955), Greek Army officer who reached the rank of lieutenant general. *Dimitrios Golemis (1874–1941), athlete *Grigorios Karydis (1912–1968), musician, opera composer and professor of philharmonic orchestra *Angelos Sikelianos, Aggelos Sikelianos (1884–1951), poet and playwright *Tzavalas Karousos or Karoussos (1904–1969), actor *
Aristotle Onassis Aristotle (; grc-gre, Ἀριστοτέλης ''Aristotélēs'', ; 384–322 BC) was a Greek philosopher A philosopher is someone who practices philosophy. The term ''philosopher'' comes from the grc, φιλόσοφος, , translit ...

Aristotle Onassis
, (1906–1975), Greek shipping tycoon *Panos G. Rontoyannis, Panos Rontoyannis (1911–1996), philologist and historian *Theodoros Stamos (1922–1997), Greek-American painter *Apostolos Kaklamanis (1936-), politician
Evaggelos Vlassopoulos
(1935–2002), politician *:el:Γεώργιος Κτενάς, George Ktenas (1938-2004), politician *Gerasimos Caclamanes (1940-2003) mathematician and author *Agnes Baltsa (1944-), opera singer *Spyros Vrettos (1960-), poet *John Zavitsanos (1962-), American trial lawyer *Spiros Marangos (1967-), footballer *Marina Lambrini Diamandis (1985-), singer and songwriter


Gallery

File:Lefkas Grèce 0023.JPG, Traditional street of Lefkada (city) File:20140412 lefkada184.JPG, Panagia ton Xenon, Lefkada city File:Porto Katsiki 6108.JPG, Porto Katsiki beach File:Kalamos Town 2.jpg, Kalamos village File:Vraka Lefkas Greek Costume.JPG, Traditional dress


See also

*Egremni


Notes


Sources

* * * * * * *


External links


Lefkada PrefectureTravel Guide to LefkadaThe official page of Greek National Tourism Organization

Map of Homer's Ithaka
(Lefkada), Same (ancient Greece), Same and Asteris according to Wilhelm Dörpfeld. Digital library of Heidelberg University.
Photo of Dörpfeld's excavation site
at Lefkada near Nydri, early in the 20th century. Digital library of Heidelberg University.
Lafcadio Hearn Historical CenterLefkadian Traditional Winery
{{Authority control Lefkada, Islands of the Ionian Islands (region) Islands of Greece Municipalities of the Ionian Islands (region) Corinthian colonies Septinsular Republic Landforms of Lefkada (regional unit) United States of the Ionian Islands Populated places in Lefkada (regional unit)