HOME
        TheInfoList



Lebap Region ( tk|Lebap welaýaty/Лебап велаяты from the Persian ''Lab-e āb'') is one of the regions of Turkmenistan. It is in the northeast of the country, bordering Afghanistan, Uzbekistan along the Amu Darya. Its capital is Türkmenabat (formerly named Çärjew). It has an area of 93,727 square kilometers, and a population of 1,334,500 people (2005 est.).''Statistical Yearbook of Turkmenistan 2000-2004'', National Institute of State Statistics and Information of Turkmenistan, Ashgabat, 2005. The name Lebap is Turkmenized form of the Persian ''Lab-e āb'' () which means "riverside" and has long been used to designate the middle reaches of the Amu Darya river. It contains the Repetek Nature Reserve and the Köýtendag Nature Reserve, which has Turkmenistan's highest mountain, Aýrybaba (3137 meters). Lebap is also home to the Dayahatyn caravanserai. The region is located along the Amu Darya river. The Kyzylkum Desert is located on the east side of river and Karakum Desert is located on the west side of river. About three-quarters of the province's land area is in the Karakum Desert. The region's sunny weather and abundance of water resources help produce high-quality long-staple cotton.


History


The region of present-day Lebap once occupied a spot along the Silk Road, and the 12th century-era caravansary of Dayahatyn is located within Lebap. On April 27, 2020, the province was hit by a severe windstorm. RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty alleged that the storm disrupted much of the province's electrical grid, public water supplies, natural gas connections, cell service, and internet connection. A local human rights website, Turkmen.news, reported that many people were admitted to the provincial hospital in Türkmenabat after suffering injuries. They also alleged that there was sporadic looting in the storm's aftermath, and that food prices in the region rose as a result of the storm. Local Turkmen media reported 10 deaths resulting from the storm, while Turkmen.news suggested that the true death toll was likely in the dozens, and dozens remained unaccounted for in the storm's aftermath. The rights group Human Rights Watch condemned what it perceived as "censorship" by local officials following the storm, noting that one group alleged that local police were watching out for people filming the storm's damage, and another group reported that dozens of people were detained for allegedly sending videos "abroad". In December 2020, RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty reported that regional officials threatened to cut off the region's population from subsidized food if they were not up to date on their utility bills. The agency reported that many in the province received seasonal income from farming, and often did not earn money in the winter, and such matters were complicated by a decrease in remittances to the region as a result of the economic fallout from Covid-19.

Administrative divisions

As of 2021, according to the official website of the provincial government, Lebap Province in included one city with status equivalent to a district, 10 districts, 14 cities "in the district" ( tk|etrapdaky), 24 towns, 105 rural councils, and 429 villages.


Districts


As of November 27, 2017, Lebap Province () is subdivided into 10 districts (''etrap'', plural ''etraplar''): This document is reproduced online at https://wiki.openstreetmap.org/wiki/Districts_in_Turkmenistan. * Çarjew (formerly Serdarabat) * Darganata (formerly Birata) * Dänew (formerly Galkynyş) * Döwletli * Farap * Halaç * Hojambaz * Kerki (formerly Atamyrat) * Köýtendag (formerly Çarşaňňy) * Saýat On that date, four districts (Beýik Türkmenbaşy, Garaşsyzlyk, Garabekwül, and Sakar) were abolished and their territories absorbed by other districts.


Incorporated settlements


As of January 1, 2017, the province included 15 cities (, ), 23 towns (, ), 106 rural or village councils (, ), and 430 villages (, , or ). *Cities include ** Dänew (formerly Galkynyş) ** Darganata (formerly Birata) ** Dostluk (formerly Yuzhnyy) ** Farap ** Garabekewül ** Gazojak ** Halaç ** Hojambaz ** Kerki (formerly Atamyrat) ** Köýtendag (formerly Çarşaňňy) ** Magdanly (formerly Gowurdak) ** Sakar ** Saýat ** Seýdi (formerly Neftezavodsk) ** Türkmenabat (formerly Çärjew)


Economy


Lebap is rich in various natural resources, most notably, natural gas. The region is home to the Malai Gas Field and the Bagtyýarlyk Gas Field, which both serve as major suppliers of natural gas to China. The Garlyk Mining and Enrichment Amalgamate in Köýtendag District produces potash fertilizer, and the Seýdi Oil Refinery is one of two petroleum refineries in Turkmenistan.


See also



OpenStreetMap Wiki: Lebap Province

OpenStreetMap Wiki: Districts in Turkmenistan


References

Category:Regions of Turkmenistan {{Turkmenistan-geo-stub