Lebap Region ( tk|Lebap welaýaty/Лебап велаяты from the Persian
''Lab-e āb'') is one of the regions of Turkmenistan
. It is in the northeast of the country, bordering Afghanistan
along the Amu Darya
. Its capital is Türkmenabat
(formerly named Çärjew). It has an area of 93,727 square kilometers, and a population of 1,334,500 people (2005 est.).
[''Statistical Yearbook of Turkmenistan 2000-2004'', National Institute of State Statistics and Information of Turkmenistan, Ashgabat, 2005.]
The name Lebap is Turkmenized form of the Persian ''Lab-e āb'' () which means "riverside" and has long been used to designate the middle reaches of the Amu Darya river.
It contains the Repetek Nature Reserve
and the Köýtendag Nature Reserve
, which has Turkmenistan's highest mountain, Aýrybaba
(3137 meters). Lebap is also home to the Dayahatyn caravanserai
The region is located along the Amu Darya river. The Kyzylkum Desert
is located on the east side of river and Karakum Desert
is located on the west side of river. About three-quarters of the province's land area is in the Karakum Desert.
The region's sunny weather and abundance of water resources help produce high-quality long-staple cotton.
The region of present-day Lebap once occupied a spot along the Silk Road
, and the 12th century-era caravansary
is located within Lebap.
On April 27, 2020, the province was hit by a severe windstorm.
alleged that the storm disrupted much of the province's electrical grid, public water supplies, natural gas connections, cell service, and internet connection.
A local human rights website, Turkmen.news, reported that many people were admitted to the provincial hospital in Türkmenabat
after suffering injuries.
They also alleged that there was sporadic looting in the storm's aftermath, and that food prices in the region rose as a result of the storm.
Local Turkmen media reported 10 deaths resulting from the storm, while Turkmen.news suggested that the true death toll was likely in the dozens, and dozens remained unaccounted for in the storm's aftermath.
The rights group Human Rights Watch
condemned what it perceived as "censorship" by local officials following the storm, noting that one group alleged that local police were watching out for people filming the storm's damage, and another group reported that dozens of people were detained for allegedly sending videos "abroad".
In December 2020, RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty reported that regional officials threatened to cut off the region's population from subsidized food if they were not up to date on their utility bills.
The agency reported that many in the province received seasonal income from farming, and often did not earn money in the winter, and such matters were complicated by a decrease in remittances
to the region as a result of the economic fallout from Covid-19
As of 2021, according to the official website of the provincial government, Lebap Province in included one city with status equivalent to a district, 10 districts, 14 cities "in the district" ( tk|etrapdaky), 24 towns
, 105 rural councils, and 429 villages
As of November 27, 2017, Lebap Province () is subdivided into 10 districts
(''etrap'', plural ''etraplar''):
[ This document is reproduced online at https://wiki.openstreetmap.org/wiki/Districts_in_Turkmenistan.]
On that date, four districts (Beýik Türkmenbaşy
, and Sakar
) were abolished and their territories absorbed by other districts.
As of January 1, 2017, the province included 15 cities (, ), 23 towns (, ), 106 rural or village councils (, ), and 430 villages (, , or ).
Lebap is rich in various natural resources, most notably, natural gas. The region is home to the Malai Gas Field
and the Bagtyýarlyk Gas Field
, which both serve as major suppliers of natural gas to China
The Garlyk Mining and Enrichment Amalgamate
in Köýtendag District
fertilizer, and the Seýdi
Oil Refinery is one of two petroleum refineries in Turkmenistan.
OpenStreetMap Wiki: Lebap ProvinceOpenStreetMap Wiki: Districts in Turkmenistan
Category:Regions of Turkmenistan