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Pontic Steppe

* Domestication of the horse
Domestication of the horse
* Kurgan
Kurgan
* Kurgan
Kurgan
culture

* Steppe cultures

* Bug-Dniester * Sredny Stog * Dnieper-Donets * Samara * Khvalynsk

* Yamna

* Mikhaylovka culture
Mikhaylovka culture

Caucasus

* Maykop

East-Asia

* Afanasevo

Eastern Europe

* Usatovo * Cernavodă * Cucuteni

Northern Europe

* Corded ware

* Baden * Middle Dnieper

------------------------- Bronze Age
Bronze Age

Pontic Steppe

* Chariot
Chariot
* Yamna * Catacomb * Multi-cordoned ware * Poltavka * Srubna

Northern/Eastern Steppe

* Abashevo culture
Abashevo culture
* Andronovo * Sintashta

Europe

* Beaker * Globular Amphora culture
Globular Amphora culture
* Corded ware * Tumulus * Unetice * Urnfield * Lusatian * Nordic Bronze Age
Bronze Age
* Terramare * Trzciniec

South-Asia

* BMAC * Yaz * Gandhara grave

------------------------- Iron Age
Iron Age

Steppe

* Chernoles

Europe

* Thraco-Cimmerian
Thraco-Cimmerian
* Hallstatt * Jastorf

Caucasus

* Colchian

India

* Painted Grey Ware * Northern Black Polished Ware
Northern Black Polished Ware

Peoples and societies Bronze Age
Bronze Age

* Anatolians * Armenians
Armenians
* Mycenaean Greeks
Greeks
* Indo-Iranians
Indo-Iranians

Iron Age
Iron Age

Indo-Aryans

* Indo-Aryans

Iranians

* Iranians

* Scythians
Scythians
* Persians * Medes
Medes

Europe

* Celts
Celts

* Gauls
Gauls
* Celtiberians
Celtiberians
* Insular Celts
Celts

* Hellenic peoples * Italic peoples
Italic peoples
* Germanic peoples
Germanic peoples

* Paleo-Balkans /Anatolia :

* Thracians
Thracians
* Dacians
Dacians
* Illyrians
Illyrians
* Phrygians
Phrygians

Middle Ages
Middle Ages

East-Asia

* Tocharians
Tocharians

Europe

* Balts
Balts
* Slavs * Albanians * Medieval Europe
Medieval Europe

Indo-Aryan

* Medieval India

Iranian

* Greater Persia
Greater Persia

Religion and mythology Reconstructed

* Proto-Indo-European religion
Proto-Indo-European religion
* Proto-Indo-Iranian religion
Proto-Indo-Iranian religion

------------------------- Historical

* Hittite

Indian

* Vedic

* Hinduism
Hinduism

* Buddhism
Buddhism
* Jainism
Jainism

Iranian

* Persian

* Zoroastrianism
Zoroastrianism

* Kurdish

* Yazidism * Yarsanism
Yarsanism

* Scythian

* Ossetian

Other

* Armenian

Europe

* Paleo-Balkans * Greek * Roman

* Celtic

* Irish * Scottish * Breton * Welsh * Cornish

* Germanic

* Anglo-Saxon * Continental * Norse

* Baltic

* Latvian * Lithuanian

* Slavic * Albanian

Practices

* Fire-sacrifice * Horse sacrifice
Horse sacrifice
* Sati * Winter solstice
Winter solstice
/ Yule
Yule

Indo-European studies
Indo-European studies
Scholars

* Marija Gimbutas
Marija Gimbutas
* J.P. Mallory

Institutes

* Copenhagen Studies in Indo-European

Publications

* Encyclopedia of Indo-European Culture
Encyclopedia of Indo-European Culture
* The Horse, the Wheel and Language
The Horse, the Wheel and Language
* Journal of Indo-European Studies * Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch * Indo-European Etymological Dictionary

* v * t * e

LATINS referred originally to an Italic tribe in ancient central Italy
Italy
from Latium. As Roman power and colonization spread Latin culture , Latins
Latins
came to mean mostly unified Italic people and Romanized Iberians, Celts, Dacians, and some Illyrians
Illyrians
whose land was conquered by Latin
Latin
colonists and who have abandoned their languages and identity for Latin
Latin
and were assimilated by Rome
Rome
in to common Roman identity with Latinized culture and speaking Latin
Latin
or a Romance language (see Latin peoples
Latin peoples
).

The original Latins
Latins
were an Italic tribe inhabiting central Italy
Italy
, in present-day Lazio
Lazio
. Through the conquests of their most populous city-state, Rome
Rome
, the Latins
Latins
united all Italic tribes in to one group and then with "Romanization" or "Latinization" spread their influence across their empire. As the Roman Empire
Roman Empire
spread to include areas that are now Spain
Spain
, Portugal
Portugal
, France
France
, and Romania
Romania
, these joined Italy in becoming "Latin," as the languages spoken in these countries derive primarily from the Latin
Latin
Language . In the late 15th–16th centuries, a millennium after the fall of the Western Roman Empire
Roman Empire
, Portugal, Spain, and France
France
began to create world empires. In consequence, by the mid-19th century, the former American colonies of these nations became known as Latin
Latin
America and this region's inhabitants as Latin Americans.

CONTENTS

* 1 Antiquity * 2 Middle Ages
Middle Ages

* 3 Modern uses

* 3.1 Latin
Latin
Europe * 3.2 Latin
Latin
America

* 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links

ANTIQUITY

Main article: Latins (Italic tribe)
Latins (Italic tribe)
Further information: Latin League Italy
Italy
in 400 BC.

The Latins
Latins
were an ancient Italic people of the Latium region in central Italy
Italy
, (Latium Vetus - Old Latium), in the 1st millennium BC. Although they lived in independent city-states, they spoke a common language ( Latin
Latin
), held common religious beliefs , and shared a sense of kinship, expressed in the myth that all Latins
Latins
descend from Latinus . Latinus
Latinus
was worshiped on Mons Albanus (Monte Albano ) during an annual festival attended by all Latins, including those from Rome
Rome
, one of the Latin
Latin
states. The Latin
Latin
cities extended common rights of residence and trade to one another.

Rome's territorial ambitions united the rest of the Latins
Latins
against it in 341 BC, but in the end Rome
Rome
won in 338 BC. Consequently, some of the Latin
Latin
states were incorporated within the Roman state, and their inhabitants were given full Roman citizenship
Roman citizenship
. Others became Roman allies and enjoyed certain privileges.

MIDDLE AGES

Further information: Latin
Latin
Rite and Western Christianity

After the fall of the Western Roman Empire
Roman Empire
, many Europeans held on to the "Latin" identity, more specifically, in the sense of the Romans, as members of the Empire.

In the Eastern Roman Empire
Roman Empire
, and the broader Greek-Orthodox world, Latins
Latins
was a synonym for all people who followed Roman Catholic Christianity . It was generally a negative characterization, especially after the 1054 schism . Latins
Latins
is still used by the Orthodox church
Orthodox church
communities, but only in a theological context.

The Holy Roman Empire
Roman Empire
was founded centuries after the fall of Rome but brandished the name of the Roman people and honoured the king with the title " King of the Romans ". Despite this, the Holy Roman Empire was largely a Germanic affair with German kings, although its territory was considerably greater than present-day Germany.

MODERN USES

LATIN EUROPE

Main article: Latin
Latin
Europeans

The term "Latin" is used in reference to European people whose cultures are particularly Roman-derived, generally including the use of Romance languages
Romance languages
and the traditional predominance of Roman Catholicism . Strong Roman legal and cultural traditions characterize these nations. Latin
Latin
Europe is a major subdivision of Europe, along with Germanic Europe and Slavic Europe .

LATIN AMERICA

Main articles: Latin
Latin
Americans and Latin
Latin
America

Of all world regions, the Americas
Americas
have been most significantly influenced by Romance-speaking European countries in regards to culture, language, religion, and genetic contribution to the population. The Latin
Latin
European-influenced region of the Americas
Americas
came to be called Latin
Latin
America in the 19th century. The French Emperor Napoleon III
Napoleon III
is often credited with this naming. The term is usually used to refer to Spanish- and Portuguese-speaking countries, namely Hispanic America
Hispanic America
and Brazil
Brazil
. The majority of Latin
Latin
Americans have Latin
Latin
European ancestry, notably Italian , Spanish , French , and Portuguese .

SEE ALSO

* Latin peoples
Latin peoples
* Latin
Latin
Rights * Latin
Latin
Union

REFERENCES

* ^ https://www.jstor.org/stable/1086829?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents * ^ http://www.orbilat.com/General_Survey/Terms--Latins_and_Romans.html * ^ A B George Ostrogorsky, History of the Byzantine State * ^ Pérez-Perdomo, E.L.M.F.R. Legal Culture in the Age of Globalization: Latin
Latin
America and Latin
Latin
Europe. Stanford University Press. ISBN 9780804766951 . Retrieved 2014-10-10. * ^ Chasteen, John Charles (2001). Born in Blood and Fire: A Concise History of Latin
Latin
America. W. W. Norton . p. 156. ISBN 0-393-97613-0 .

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