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The lands of Sweden ( sv, Sveriges landsdelar) are three traditional parts, each consisting of several provinces, in
Sweden Sweden (; sv, Sverige ), officially the Kingdom of Sweden ( sv, links=no, Konungariket Sverige ), is a Nordic countries, Nordic country in Northern Europe.The United Nations Group of Experts on Geographical Names states that the country's for ...
. The division into lands goes back to the foundation of modern Sweden, when '' Götaland'', the land of the
Geats The Geats ( ; ang, gēatas ; non, gautar ; sv, götar ), sometimes called ''Geats#Goths, Goths'', were a North Germanic peoples, North Germanic tribe who inhabited ("land of the Geats") in modern southern Sweden during the Middle Ages. They are ...
, merged with '' Svealand'', the land of the
Swedes Swedes ( sv, svenskar) are a North Germanic ethnic group An ethnic group or ethnicity is a grouping of people who identify with each other on the basis of shared attributes that distinguish them from other groups such as a common set of tr ...
, to form the country, while '' Norrland'' and '' Österland'' (the latter now
Finland Finland ( fi, Suomi ; sv, Finland , ), officially the Republic of Finland (, ), is a Nordic country located in Northern Europe. It shares land borders with Sweden to the west, Russia to the east, Norway to the north, and is defined by the G ...
) were added later. The lands have no administrative function but are still seen by many Swedes as an important part of their identity.


Subdivision

* Götaland (''Gothenland'' or ''Gothia'', "Land of the
Geats The Geats ( ; ang, gēatas ; non, gautar ; sv, götar ), sometimes called ''Geats#Goths, Goths'', were a North Germanic peoples, North Germanic tribe who inhabited ("land of the Geats") in modern southern Sweden during the Middle Ages. They are ...
") is the southernmost, most densely populated part, consisting of ten provinces. * Svealand (''Swealand'', "Land of the
Swedes Swedes ( sv, svenskar) are a North Germanic ethnic group An ethnic group or ethnicity is a grouping of people who identify with each other on the basis of shared attributes that distinguish them from other groups such as a common set of tr ...
") is the central, and smallest of the three lands, with six provinces; the administrative centre of Sweden has been situated here at least since the late Middle Ages. * Norrland (literally "Northland") is the northernmost, and largest, of the three lands, covering 60 percent of the total land area of Sweden, with nine provinces. The three northernmost provinces are often referred to as ''Övre (Upper) Norrland'', while the rest of the provinces are referred to as ''Nedre (Lower) Norrland''. The lands have no administrative functions or coats of arms, but are in common use when referring to different parts of the country, including in all nationwide weather reports in Swedish media. Areas and populations of the ''lands'':


Historical lands

180px, The former lands of Sweden
Sweden Sweden (; sv, Sverige ), officially the Kingdom of Sweden ( sv, links=no, Konungariket Sverige ), is a Nordic countries, Nordic country in Northern Europe.The United Nations Group of Experts on Geographical Names states that the country's for ...
was historically divided into the four lands: Götaland (with exception of
Scania Scania ( sv, Skåne ()), is the southernmost of the historical provinces of Sweden, provinces (''landskap'') of Sweden. The former province is roughly conterminous with Skåne County, created in 1997. Like the other former provinces of Sweden, ...
,
Blekinge Blekinge (, old da, Bleking) is one of the traditional provinces of Sweden (), situated in the south of the country. It borders Småland Småland () is a historical province A province is almost always an administrative division within ...
,
Halland Halland () is one of the traditional provinces of Sweden (''landskap''), on the western coast of Sweden. It borders Västergötland, Småland, Skåne, Scania and the sea of Kattegat. Until 1645 and the Second Treaty of Brömsebro (1645), Second ...
and
Bohuslän Bohuslän (; da, Bohuslen; no, Båhuslen) is a Swedish province in Götaland, on the northernmost part of the country's west coast. It is bordered by Dalsland to the northeast, Västergötland to the southeast, the Skagerrak arm of the North ...
until the 17th Century), Svealand, Norrland and Österland. Large parts of Norrland was only inhabited by the
Sami people Places * Sápmi, a cultural region in Northern Europe * Sami, Burkina Faso, a district of the Banwa Province * Sami District, Gambia * Sami, Cephalonia, a municipality in Greece * Sami (ancient city), in Elis, Greece * Sami Bay, east of Sami ...
and the border towards Norway was unclear in the far north. * Österland (literally ''Eastland'') is an old name for southern
Finland Finland ( fi, Suomi ; sv, Finland , ), officially the Republic of Finland (, ), is a Nordic country located in Northern Europe. It shares land borders with Sweden to the west, Russia to the east, Norway to the north, and is defined by the G ...
. The term has been obsolete since the 15th century and is virtually unknown in Sweden today. In most dictionaries, "österlandet" simply means ''the orient''. * Norrland was the name for the annexed lands to the north on both sides of the
Gulf of Bothnia , showing the Gulf of Bothnia in the upper half Image:Scandinavia M2002074 lrg.jpg, Satellite image of Fennoscandia in winter. The northern part of the Gulf of Bothnia, the Bothnian Bay, is covered with sea ice. The Gulf of Bothnia (; fi, Pohja ...
. * In Sweden's prehistoric times, Sweden was largely limited to Svealand and southern Norrland, while Götaland was mentioned as a rival kingdom, and stories of Swedish-Geatish wars survive in the Anglo-Saxon epic ''Beowulf''. Eventually, the two countries were united under one crown, though it is a matter of debate when, as historians have claimed that it happened as early as the 6th Century AD and as late as the 13th Century AD. In the Second Treaty of Brömsebro (1645) Denmark-Norway ceded the Norwegian provinces of Jämtland and Härjedalen to Sweden. These provinces are part of Norrland. In the Treaty of Roskilde (1658), Denmark-Norway ceded Scania, Blekinge and Halland (Skåneland) and Bohuslän to Sweden. These provinces are since then part of Götaland. After the Finnish War (1808–1809), the eastern part of Sweden was ceded to Russia, thus becoming the Imperial Russian Grand Duchy of Finland, with ''Norrland'' divided between these two states. The Swedish portion of Norrland still represents more than half of Sweden's territory; it remains, however, sparsely populated compared to the south and middle.


See also

* Sweden-Finland * Dominions of Sweden * Provinces of Sweden * Old Finland * Historical provinces of Finland * Subdivisions of the Nordic countries * Lands of Denmark


References


Notes


External links

{{DEFAULTSORT:Lands Of Sweden Lands of Sweden, Historical regions, Sweden Former subdivisions of Sweden