LANCASTER UNIVERSITY, also officially known as the UNIVERSITY OF
LANCASTER, is a public research university in the
City of Lancaster
The university was initially based in St Leonard's Gate in the city centre, until moving to a purpose-built 300 acres (120 ha) campus at Bailrigg in 1968. The campus buildings are arranged around a central walkway known as the Spine, which is connected to a central plaza , named Alexandra Square in honour of its first chancellor , Princess Alexandra .
Lancaster is one of only six collegiate universities in the UK ; the colleges are weakly autonomous . The eight undergraduate colleges are named after places of interest in the North West of England , and have their own campus residence blocks, common rooms, administration staff and bar.
It is currently one of only seven universities to be ranked in the
top 10 across all national league tables of UK universities . Along
with the universities of Durham , Leeds , Liverpool , Manchester ,
Newcastle , Sheffield and York , Lancaster is a member of the N8 Group
of research universities.
* 1 History
* 2.1 Bailrigg * 2.2 South-west campus * 2.3 Health innovation centre * 2.4 Services * 2.5 Cultural venues
* 3 Off-campus
* 3.1 Chancellor\'s Wharf
* 4 Organisation and administration
* 4.1 Colleges * 4.2 List of chancellors * 4.3 List of vice-chancellors * 4.4 Visitor
* 5 Academic profile
* 5.1 Admissions * 5.2 Reputation and rankings * 5.3 Joint programmes * 5.4 Programmes abroad * 5.5 Research * 5.6 International Foundation Year
* 6 Student life
* 6.1 Students\' Union * 6.2 Sport * 6.3 Religious groups
* 7 Notable people
* 7.1 Alumni
* 7.1.1 Business * 7.1.2 Media * 7.1.3 Arts * 7.1.4 Politics and law * 7.1.5 Sport * 7.1.6 Education
* 8 References * 9 Bibliography * 10 External links
After the Second World War higher education became an important concern of government as it tried to cope with the demands of an expanding population and the advent of a new technological age. Between 1958 and 1961 seven new plate glass universities were announced including Lancaster. The choice of Lancaster as the site of the fourth new university was announced on 23 November 1961 in a written answer in the House of Commons . Founding chancellor Princess Alexandra , who served from 1964 to 2004, was one of the longest-serving university chancellors in the UK
The university was established by royal charter in 1964. The charter
stipulated that Princess Alexandra of Kent be the first chancellor .
She was inaugurated in 1964. The ceremony also saw the granting of
various honorary degrees to dignitaries including the Prime Minister,
The university accepted its first students in October 1964 and there were initially 13 professors, 32 additional members of teaching and research staff, 8 library staff and 14 administrators on academic grades. The motto, "patet omnibus veritas", ("Truth lies open to all"), was adopted. The first science students were admitted in 1965.
The university was temporarily based in the city. A lecture theatre
and the university's first
Junior Common Room were based in Centenary
Church, a former
The purpose-built campus occupies Bailrigg , a 360-acre (0.563 sq mi; 1.457 km2) site donated by Lancaster City Council in 1963. The campus buildings are located on a hilltop, the lower slopes of which are landscaped parkland which includes "Lake Carter" duck pond and the university playing fields. Lake Carter is named after Charles Carter , the first Vice Chancellor of the university, and it was built in the early 1900s. The site is three miles (5 km) south of the city centre. The campus buildings are arranged around a central walkway known as "The Spine". The walkway runs from north (County College ) to south-west (Graduate College ) and is covered for most of its length. The main architect was Gabriel Epstein of Shepeard and Epstein. On a barren hilltop on a windswept day in 1963 the two architectural partners surveyed the future site of the university, Peter Shepeard recalled that day: "We went up there on a windy day, and it was freezing cold. Every time we opened a plan it blew away. And we said Christ! What are we going to do with these students, where are they going to sit in the sun and all that? Well, we decided, it's got to be cloisters. All of the buildings have got to touch at the ground. We then devised this system and it had an absolutely firm principle: it had a great spine down the middle where everybody walked. That led everywhere. The cars were on the outside, on both sides. When you came into the spaces things were square, they were rectangular courtyards and they were all slightly different. There were two or three essentials: one was that the covered way had to be continuous, the buildings had to be three or four storeys high and connecting to the next one. I thought it worked very well."
In contrast to some of the other campus universities, Bailrigg was designed to integrate social, residential and teaching areas. Another major feature of the design was that there would not be a large central Students' Union building, but that the individual colleges would be the centre of social and recreational facilities. Vehicular and pedestrian traffic is separated: this is achieved by restricting motor vehicles to a peripheral road with a linking underpass running east-west beneath Alexandra Square. The underpass accommodates the Bailrigg bus station and was refurbished in autumn 2010. Car parking is arranged in cul-de-sacs running off the peripheral road. Charles Carter building
Construction of the Bailrigg campus began in November 1965, with the first building completed a year later. The first on-campus student residences opened in 1968. Alexandra Square is the University's main plaza .
Named after the first chancellor, HRH Princess Alexandra , it is situated at the centre of the original campus and contains the library in the south-west corner, designed in 1964 by Tom Mellor and Partners, the first phase opening in September 1966, the second in July 1968 and the third in January 1971. The library was extended in 1997 and underwent a phased refurbishment in 2014, which was completed in 2016. In 1998 the Ruskin Library designed by Sir Richard MacCormac was opened. On the west side of the square is University House as well as various banks and shops. To the south-east of the square is the tallest building on campus: the fourteen-storey Bowland Tower, which contains accommodation and disguises the boiler room chimney.
One of the most distinctive of the Bailrigg buildings is the free-standing University Chaplaincy Centre . Opened on 2 May 1969, the architects were the Preston -based firm Cassidy ">. This would have been linked to Bailrigg by a flyover. The plan was abandoned in the 1970s during a period of financial difficulties.
Student accommodation in south-west campus
The university began expansion onto the lower slopes of Bailrigg with the development of new buildings for Graduate College in 1998, which is now part of South-West Campus. Development continued with the construction of InfoLab 21 and Alexandra Park which now houses Lonsdale College , Cartmel College and the en-suite rooms of Pendle College .
The decision to expand onto what is now known as South-West campus was met with protests that it would drive up accommodation prices, both on and off campus. Other complaints were that the site was greenfield, with residents of nearby Galgate being worried about "the impact of the new buildings", flooding of the local area due to increased run-off from the site and increased traffic flow on the A6 and other local roads. The development of InfoLab 21 also met objections with the proposed building being described as a "Dalek factory". Another concern related to the limited amount of new social space. The older accommodation sometimes consisted of approximately 15 students sharing communal bathrooms and kitchens. The communal kitchens were often a source of social interaction, while the new en-suite areas have fewer students per kitchen, and private bathrooms.
Cartmel College is built around Barker House Farm, a listed 17th Century farmhouse and outbuildings that form the centre of the college.
HEALTH INNOVATION CENTRE
The university is planning a "Health Innovation Campus" adjacent to the existing campus. Construction of the £41 million first phase is due to begin by the end of 2017 and will be completed by September 2019. The campus will create 2,000 jobs and boost the local economy by around £100 million.
An invitation to tenders for the construction of the first building was released in March 2017, with the contract expected to be awarded in July 2017. Work will begin on site by 25 September 2017.
Bailrigg campus hosts a range of shops and services. Services on
Bailrigg post office,
Barclays Bank , Santander Bank ,
UNI TRAVEL (a travel agent which sells rail and bus tickets), a health
centre, a pharmacy and a dental practice. Shops on campus include a
Outside the Jack Hylton music rooms
At the north end of campus, the University’s Great Hall Complex comprises three venues open to both students and the public; the Peter Scott Gallery, the Nuffield Theatre and the Lancaster International Concert Series . In 2009, these three organisations were combined as one department by the University – initially termed ‘The Public Arts’ but later renamed ‘Live at LICA’ – with Matt Fenton overseeing this unification. In August 2015 Live at LICA was rebranded to ' Lancaster Arts at Lancaster University ' to avoid confusion with the department of LICA, then director Jamie Eastman stated that; "This new name and logo communicates who we are, where we are and what we’re offering." The Ruskin Library
Lancaster International Concert Series is the main provider of
classical music in north
The Nuffield Theatre , a black-box theatre , is one of the largest and most adaptable professional studio theatres in Europe. It presents public performances in the fields of theatre, contemporary dance and live art from some of the best-known and respected companies from the UK and abroad. The focus of the work is new and experimental practice, a focus it shares with many of the teaching and research interest of Lancaster Institute for the Contemporary Arts (LICA) . The Nuffield presents up to 30 visiting professional shows a year, plus public performances by students from Theatre Studies, and the University’s student theatre and dance societies and a range of local community organisations.
Ruskin Library houses archive material related to the poet,
author and artist
Chancellor's Wharf accomodation, located off-campus
Chancellor's Wharf is the name of Lancaster University's off-campus accommodation for students. It consists of three buildings by the Lancaster canal on Aldcliffe Road. The location is near "The Water Witch" pub, B"> Fylde Accommodation Lonsdale College quadrangle (looking towards the back of Lonsdale House)
The university has nine colleges. Formerly, these were quasi-autonomous bodies providing for accommodation, welfare, social-life and student discipline, but are currently centrally controlled. All members of the university are members of a college, although in recent years academic staff have had decreasing involvement. Most colleges have about eight or nine hundred members and all on-campus accommodation is linked to a college, with blocks or individual flats being linked to one college or another each year according to demand. The colleges were governed by a syndicate, including a principal (originally a senior academic but nowadays more usually a middle-ranking administrator or IT professional), a Dean and assistant deans (responsible for student discipline), together with a Senior Advisor, heading a team of College Advisors. These were previously known as Senior Tutor and College Tutors, but the titles were changed in 2011 to Advisor to avoid possible confusion with "Academic Advisors" in students' academic departments. Collectively, the colleges are run by their individual SCR ( Senior Common Room ) and JCR ( Junior Common Room ), the latter being made up of student members of the college.
The university has eight undergraduate colleges, seven of which are
named after regions of the traditional county of
NAME FOUNDATION NAMED AFTER
Graduate College 1992 Status as a postgraduate college
The college buildings accommodate a number of academic departments, but are primarily social and accommodation facilities, each with its own bar, which forms part of the university's Commercial Services and is open when profitable.
LIST OF CHANCELLORS
* Princess Alexandra, The Hon Lady Ogilvy LG GCVO (1964–2004) * Sir Christian Bonington CBE (2005–2014) * Alan Milburn (2015–present)
LIST OF VICE-CHANCELLORS
* Sir Charles Carter (1964–1980) * Philip Reynolds CBE (1980–1985) * Harry Hanham (1985–1995) * William Ritchie OBE (1995–2002) * Paul Wellings CBE (2002–2011) * Prof Mark Smith (2011–present)
The visitor of the University of Lancaster is Queen
The four faculties are:
* FACULTY OF ARTS AND SOCIAL SCIENCES with the School of Law and the departments of Applied Social Science, Educational research, English and Creative Writing, European Languages and Cultures, History, Linguistics and English Language, Politics, Philosophy "> Postgraduate Statistics Centre
* FACULTY OF HEALTH AND MEDICINE, which has partnerships with other departments such as neuroscience (Psychology), medical ethics (Law), NHS leadership (Management School), disability studies (Applied Social Science) and environment and health (Lancaster Environment Centre). The Faculty comprises four divisions: Biomedical and Life Sciences, CETAD, Health Research and Lancaster Medical School . * FACULTY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, including Biological Sciences; Chemistry; Engineering; Lancaster Environment Centre (including Environmental Sciences; Geography; and Biology); Mathematics and Statistics; Natural Sciences; Physics; Psychology, and School of Computing and Communications * FACULTY OF MANAGEMENT ( Lancaster University Management School ) comprises Accounting and Finance; Economics; Leadership and Management; Management Science; Marketing; Organisation, Work and Technology; Entrepreneurship, Strategy and Innovation and the centres for the Study of Technology International Centre for Research in Accounting (ICRA); Lancaster Centre for Forecasting (LCF); Gulf One Lancaster Centre for Economics Research; Sir Roland Smith Centre for Strategic Management; Centre for Family Business; Lancaster China Management Centre (LCMC); Pentland Centre for Sustainability in Business and Centre for Performance-Led HR (CPHR).
2016 2015 2014 2013 2012
APPLICATIONS 18,170 19,420 16,850 17,120 18,715
OFFER RATE (%) 91.2 85.8 89.1 91.0 90.9
ENROLS 3,230 3,110 2,910 3,060 2,780
YIELD (%) 19.5 18.7 19.4 19.6 16.3
APPLICANT/ENROLLED RATIO 5.63 6.24 5.79 5.94 6.73
AVERAGE ENTRY TARIFF n/a 402 423 434 445
In terms of average
REPUTATION AND RANKINGS
Rankings QS (2018, national) 20=
QS (2018, world) 135=
THE (2016/17, national) 21
THE (2016/17, world) 137
CWTS Leiden (2017, world) 189
Complete (2018, national) 9
The Guardian (2018, national) 9
Times/Sunday Times (2017, national) 9=
The Sunday Times
In 2014, its 50th year,
In October 2013,
Lancaster opened the Joint Institute for Environmental Research and Education (JIE) in Guangzhou, China in 2016, in partnership with the South China Agricultural University (SCAU). A joint Environmental Science undergraduate degree begins in September 2016 with students spending two years at each institution.
The Chinese Ministry of Education gave permission in April 2016 for
Lancaster to establish
INTERNATIONAL FOUNDATION YEAR
The International Foundation Year is a programme of academic subjects, study skills and English language preparation which is specifically designed to provide international students with a pathway to degree study at Lancaster University. Students in this programme receive regular assessments; this includes exams each term, coursework assessment, presentations and extended essays.
When students first join the International Study Centre, students will be required to select one undergraduate degree choice from one of the six programme routes available:
* Business and Management * Engineering and Computing * Law * Life Sciences * Mathematics and Statistics * Social Studies
Once the student complete the programme and achieve the required grades (usually 70% overall), then the student can enter the first year of their chosen undergraduate degree at the Lancaster University.
LUSU also helps to support LUSU Involve, a volunteering unit allowing
There are over 200 different societies operating within Lancaster University. Common areas include sports, hobbies, politics, academic, culture and religion. There are several fairs during the Freshers period in which various clubs and societies promote themselves. Bailrigg FM is the student radio station and Take 2 Cinema is on-campus cinema, based in Bowland College Lecture Theatre.
Every summer term the students take part in the Roses Tournament against the University of York . The venue of the event alternates annually between Lancaster and York. The competition takes its name from the 15th-century civil war, the War of the Roses, and is organised by the universities' respective student unions, LUSU and YUSU.
Other sporting activities are focused on inter-college competition.
All colleges at Lancaster have teams who compete in football, netball
and pub sports on a weekly basis. The colleges also compete for the
Carter Shield (a large variety of sports, involving all nine colleges)
and the George Wyatt Cup (involving all colleges competing in pool,
darts and dominoes). In 2004, the Founder's Trophy was played for the
first time between the university's two founding colleges, Bowland and
Lonsdale. The university also has a representative club, Furness
Rovers, in division 2 of the North
The Chaplaincy Centre, with its iconic spire and three lobes
The Lancaster University Chaplaincy Centre is located at the north end of campus incorporating various religious groups such as Christian (Anglicans, Catholics, Orthodox, Quakers), Jewish, Buddhist, Hindu, as well as various religious societies such as the Bahá'í, the Chinese Christian Fellowship, the Postgrad and Mature Students Group and the Pagan society which hold regular events and meetings. The Islamic Prayer Rooms are located across from the Chaplaincy Centre, in Ash House.
See also: Category:Alumni of
W. Brian Arthur , Operational Research, 1967 – Economist
Antony Burgmans , Marketing, 1971, Bowland – Former Chairman of
Richard Allinson , Economics, 1980, Fylde – Radio presenter
Louis Barfe , Politics - Journalist
Robert Fisk , English Literature, 1968, Lonsdale – Middle East
Roger Ashton-Griffiths , Music, 1978,
Politics And Law
Audrey Azoulay , 1993 – French Minister for Culture and
* Alan Campbell , Politics, 1978,
* ^ A B "
* ^ page 119, 'Peter Shepeard' edited by Annabel Downs, 2004,
Landscape Desin Trust, I.S.B.N. 0-415-35110-3
* ^ page 120, Building the New Universities, Tony Birks 1972
* ^ The Library Building: University of Lancaster 1972
* ^ Booth, Steve (27 September 2002). "Greenfield Development
Planned From Lancaster to the University". Virtual Lancaster.
Retrieved 14 June 2008.
* ^ "College Facilities —
Cartmel College". cartmel.lusu.co.uk.
* ^ , Matt Fenton's profile at LICA
* ^ ,
* Masterplan 2007–2017 Part 1 * Masterplan 2007–2017 Part 2
* Media related to
* University portal * Lancashire