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Lancashire
Lancashire
is an English cow's-milk cheese from the county of Lancashire. There are three distinct varieties of Lancashire
Lancashire
cheese. Young Creamy Lancashire
Lancashire
and mature Tasty Lancashire
Lancashire
are produced by a traditional method, whereas Crumbly Lancashire
Lancashire
(more commonly known as Lancashire
Lancashire
Crumbly within Lancashire) is a more recent creation suitable for mass production. It is traditionally paired with Eccles cakes[citation needed] and Chorley cakes.[3]

Contents

1 Creamy Lancashire 2 Tasty Lancashire 3 Crumbly Lancashire 4 See also 5 References

Creamy Lancashire[edit] For centuries, Lancashire
Lancashire
dairy farmers' wives made cheese from surplus milk. On small farms there was insufficient milk from a single day to make a cheese, and so each day's milk was curdled and accumulated for several days until there was enough curd to make a cheese. Uniquely amongst all British cheeses, two or three days' curd of varying maturity are blended together, giving Lancashire
Lancashire
cheese a distinctive character. The traditional method was standardised in the 1890s by Joseph Gornall of Garstang
Garstang
and Pilling, a county council employee, who visited many Lancashire
Lancashire
farms to establish a method and recipe that is still used today – the "Gornall method".[4][5] His "Gornall Patent Cheesemaker" was sold between 1892 and 1919.[6] Creamy Lancashire
Lancashire
cheese is made by this traditional method and matured for a period of four to twelve weeks. It has a fluffy texture and creamy flavour, and is good for toasting,[4] as it does not become stringy when melted. Beacon Fell Traditional Lancashire
Lancashire
cheese is a Protected Designation of Origin name. The name can be used only for cheese from milk from an area north of the River Ribble
River Ribble
including the Fylde, Preston, and Blackpool
Blackpool
and made in the same area by a designated method.[7] It is named after Beacon Fell within the designated area. Tasty Lancashire[edit] Tasty Lancashire
Lancashire
cheese is made by the same traditional method as Creamy Lancashire, but is matured for longer, from 12 weeks to 24 months. It has a mature nutty taste.[4] Leigh Cheese
Cheese
was a version of Lancashire
Lancashire
Cheese
Cheese
that ceased production in the 19th century.[8] The Lancashire
Lancashire
Bomb or Lancashire
Lancashire
Black Bomb is a sphere of Tasty Lancashire
Lancashire
coated in black wax. It is made by Andrew Shorrock in Goosnargh.[9] Crumbly Lancashire[edit] In the 1950s, Crumbly Lancashire
Lancashire
cheese was created.[10] Unlike the other Lancashire
Lancashire
varieties, this is made from a single day's milk and resembles other crumbly cheeses such as Cheshire and Wensleydale. It is the only Lancashire
Lancashire
cheese that is produced outside of the county of Lancashire.[4] It tends to be matured for only 6–8 weeks, resulting in a crumbly, fresh, high-acid cheese. See also[edit]

Beacon Fell Traditional Lancashire
Lancashire
Cheese List of British cheeses List of cheeses

References[edit]

^ "The Cheese
Cheese
Companion" by Judy Ridgway, Apple Press, ISBN 1-84092-339-3 ^ Barthélemy, R.; Sperat-Czar, A. (2004). Cheeses of the World. Hachette. ISBN 1-84430-115-X.  ^ "Chorley Cakes and Lancashire
Lancashire
Cheese" (PDF). VisitLancashire.com. Marketing Lancashire. Retrieved 3 November 2016.  ^ a b c d British Cheese
Cheese
Board – Lancashire, retrieved 13 December 2011 ^ Creamy Lancashire
Lancashire
Cheese
Cheese
Trail Archived 2012-03-09 at the Wayback Machine., retrieved 15 July 2010 ^ Lancashire
Lancashire
Pioneers: Joseph Gornall – Lancashire's "Mr Cheese"[permanent dead link] (on two pages), retrieved 20 July 2010 ^ EU Protected Food Names Scheme: Beacon Fell traditional Lancashire cheese Archived 2009-11-06 at the UK Government Web Archive, DEFRA, retrieved 20 July 2010 ^ (November 2005) "The Famous Leigh Cheese" Archived 2007-09-28 at the Wayback Machine., Fast Forward 41, p.30, Wigan Heritage Service, retrieved 20 July 2010 ^ Lancashire
Lancashire
Black Bomb cheese on Cookipedia ^ http://www.greenfieldsdairy.co.uk/cheese_product/crumbly-lancashire/

v t e

British cheeses

England

Applewood Beacon Fell Traditional Lancashire Beenleigh Blue Berkswell Bowland Buxton Blue Cheddar Cheshire Chevington Coquetdale Cornish Blue Cornish Brie Cornish Yarg Derby Dorset Blue Vinney Dovedale Fine Fettle Yorkshire Gevrik Gloucester Harbourne Blue Keltic Gold Lancashire Lincolnshire Poacher Little Derby Newport 1665 Norbury Blue Red Leicester Red Windsor Sage Derby Shropshire Blue Stichelton Stilton Stinking Bishop Suffolk Gold Sussex Slipcote Swaledale Tesyn Waterloo Wensleydale Wrekin White

Scotland

Bonchester Caboc Crowdie Dunlop Isle of Mull Cheddar Lanark Blue

Wales

Caerphilly Pantysgawn Tintern Y Fenni

Northern Ireland

Coleraine Cheddar

Manufacturers & brands

Carmarthenshire Cheese
Cheese
Company Cathedral City Coleraine Davidstow Cheddar Ilchester Cheese
Cheese
Company Neal's Yard Dairy Pilgrims Choice Yeo Valley Organic

See also

List of English cheeses

v t e

English cuisine

Roman times

Dishes

Sausages

Middle Ages

Exemplars

The Forme of Cury
The Forme of Cury
(c. 1390)

Dishes

Apple pie Bacon Banbury cake Cheesecake Custard Game pie Gingerbread Kippers Mince pie Mortis Pasty Pease pudding Pie Pottage

16th century

Exemplars

Thomas Dawson (The Good Huswifes Jewell, 1585)

Dishes

Black pudding Fruit fool Pancake Scones Syllabub Trifle
Trifle
(without jelly)

17th century

Exemplars

Elinor Fettiplace (Receipt Book, 1604) Gervase Markham (The English Huswife, 1615) Robert May (The Accomplisht Cook, 1660) Hannah Woolley
Hannah Woolley
( The Queen-like Closet or Rich Cabinet
The Queen-like Closet or Rich Cabinet
1670) Kenelm Digby
Kenelm Digby
( The Closet Opened
The Closet Opened
1699)

Dishes

Battalia pie Currant bun Queen of Puddings Sponge cake Sussex pond pudding Sweet and sour Tea

18th century

Exemplars

Mary Kettilby
Mary Kettilby
( A Collection of above Three Hundred Receipts
A Collection of above Three Hundred Receipts
1714) John Nott (The Cooks and Confectioners Dictionary, 1723) Eliza Smith ( The Compleat Housewife
The Compleat Housewife
1727) Hannah Glasse
Hannah Glasse
( The Art of Cookery made Plain and Easy
The Art of Cookery made Plain and Easy
1747) Elizabeth Raffald
Elizabeth Raffald
( The Experienced English Housekeeper
The Experienced English Housekeeper
1769) Richard Briggs ( The English Art of Cookery
The English Art of Cookery
1788) William Augustus Henderson ( The Housekeeper's Instructor
The Housekeeper's Instructor
1791)

Dishes

Bread and butter pudding Christmas pudding Chutney Cottage or Shepherd's pie Eccles cake Jellied eels Jugged hare Ketchup Marmalade Parkin Piccalilli Pork pie Roast beef Sandwich Scouse Suet pudding Toad in the hole Trifle
Trifle
(with jelly) Welsh rabbit Yorkshire pudding

19th century

Exemplars

Mrs Rundell ( A New System of Domestic Cookery
A New System of Domestic Cookery
1806) Eliza Acton
Eliza Acton
( Modern Cookery for Private Families
Modern Cookery for Private Families
1845) Charles Elmé Francatelli
Charles Elmé Francatelli
( The Modern Cook
The Modern Cook
1846) Isabella Beeton
Isabella Beeton
( Mrs Beeton's Book of Household Management
Mrs Beeton's Book of Household Management
1861)

Dishes

Bubble and squeak Cauliflower cheese Cobbler Devilled kidneys Faggots Fish and chips Full English breakfast HP Sauce Ice cream cone Lancashire
Lancashire
hotpot Potted shrimps Sausage
Sausage
roll Steak and kidney pudding Battenberg cake Eton mess Eve's pudding Jam roly-poly Lardy cake Madeira cake Summer pudding Worcestershire sauce

20th century

Exemplars

Elizabeth David
Elizabeth David
( A Book of Mediterranean Food
A Book of Mediterranean Food
1950) Constance Spry Marguerite Patten Jane Grigson Delia Smith Rick Stein Nigel Slater Keith Floyd Marco Pierre White Fergus Henderson Gordon Ramsay Gary Rhodes

Dishes

Bakewell tart Beef Wellington Carrot cake Chicken tikka masala Crumble Knickerbocker glory Ploughman's lunch Salad cream

21st century

Exemplars

Michel Roux Jr.
Michel Roux Jr.
(Le Gavroche) Hugh Fearnley-Whittingstall
Hugh Fearnley-Whittingstall
(River Cottage) Antony Worrall Thompson Heston Blumenthal
Heston Blumenthal
(The Fat Duck) Mary Berry Clarissa Dickson Wright
Clarissa Dickson Wright
( A History of English Food
A History of English Food
2011)

Related

Food in England
Food in England
(1954) List of English dishes List of English cheeses List of puddings Rationing in the United Kingdom

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