Lamb Holm is a small uninhabited island in Orkney, Scotland. The
Italian Chapel, constructed during the Second World War, is the
island's main attraction.
Lamb Holm lies in Holm Sound, one of the eastern entrances to Scapa
Mainland, Orkney and the island of Burray, It is 40
hectares (0.15 sq mi) in area.
Churchill Barriers carry the road from
South Ronaldsay to
Lamb Holm is connected to Glims Holm, to the
southwest, by Barrier number 2, and to Mainland by Barrier number 1.
The quarry used to build the
Churchill Barriers has now been flooded
and converted into a fish farm.
Main article: Italian Chapel
Built by Italian prisoners of war during World War II, the highly
Italian Chapel is now the island's main attraction.
In 1942, more than 1300 Italian prisoners of war were captured in
North Africa and taken to Orkney, where they remained until early
1945. 550 were taken to Camp 60, where they were put to work building
the Churchill Barriers, four causeways created to block unwanted extra
sea accesses to Scapa Flow.
In 1943, Major T P Buckland, the Camp 60's new commandant, and Father
Giacombazzi, the Camp's priest agreed that a place of worship was
required. Two Nissen huts were joined together to form a makeshift
chapel. The prisoners, under the leadership of prisoner Domenico
Chiocchetti, did all of the work to transform a simple corrugated iron
structure into a work of beauty. The chapel was lined with plasterwork
and an altar was made out of concrete. Chiocchetti painted the
sanctuary end of the chapel. The beauty that he created led to the
prisoners decorating the entire interior and creating a front façade
out of concrete that concealed the shape of the hut and made the
building look like a church.
Since the prisoners' departure, several residents of Camp 60,
including Chiocchetti, have made return visits to the chapel they
created. In 1996 a declaration was jointly signed by officials in
Orkney and Chiocchetti's hometown of Moena, reinforcing the ties
between the two places. The building has been lovingly preserved and
is still used as a chapel.
Lamb Holm is classified by the National Records of
Scotland as an
inhabited island that "had no usual residents at the time of either
the 2001 or 2011 censuses."
^ Area and population ranks: there are c. 300 islands over 20 ha
in extent and 93 permanently inhabited islands were listed in the 2011
^ Haswell-Smith, Hamish (2004). The Scottish Islands. Edinburgh:
Canongate. ISBN 978-1-84195-454-7.
^ Ordnance Survey: Landranger map sheet 6
Orkney (Mainland) (Map).
Ordnance Survey. 2014. ISBN 9780319228128.
^ "Lamb Holm". Gazetteer for Scotland. Retrieved 2009-08-30.
^ National Records of
Scotland (15 August 2013) (pdf) Statistical
Bulletin: 2011 Census: First Results on Population and Household
Scotland - Release 1C (Part Two). "Appendix 2:
Population and households on Scotland’s inhabited islands".
Retrieved 17 August 2013.
Coordinates: 58°53′23″N 2°53′24″W / 58.88968°N
2.89005°W / 58.88968; -2.89005
Horse of Copinsay
Holm of Grimbister
North West islands
North East islands
South West islands
South East islands
Towns and villages
St Margaret's Hope
Earls of Orkney
Orkney Islands Council