Lakṣadvīp (help·info), Lakshadīb), formerly known as
the Laccadive, Minicoy, and
Aminidivi Islands (/ˌlækədaɪv
ˌmɪnɪkɔɪ ... ˌæmɪnˈdiːvi/), is a group of islands in
the Laccadive Sea, 200 to 440 km (120 to 270 mi) off the
south western coast of India. The archipelago is a
Union Territory and
is governed by the Union Government of India. They were also known as
Laccadive Islands, although geographically this is only the name of
the central subgroup of the group.
Lakshadweep comes from Lakshadwipa,
which means "one hundred thousand islands" in Sanskrit. The
islands form the smallest
Union Territory of India: their total
surface area is just 32 km2 (12 sq mi). The lagoon area
covers about 4,200 km2 (1,600 sq mi), the territorial
waters area 20,000 km2 (7,700 sq mi) and the exclusive
economic zone area 400,000 km2 (150,000 sq mi). The
region forms a single
Indian district with 10 subdivisions. Kavaratti
serves as the capital of the
Union Territory and the region comes
under the jurisdiction of
Kerala High Court. The islands are the
northernmost of the Lakshadweep-Maldives-
Chagos group of islands,
which are the tops of a vast undersea mountain range, the
As the islands do not have any aboriginal groups, different views have
been postulated by the scholars about the history of habitation on
these islands. Archaeological evidence supports the existence of human
settlement in the region around 1500 BC. The islands have long been
known to sailors, as indicated by an anonymous reference from the
first century AD to the region in Periplus of the Erythraean Sea. The
islands were referenced also in the Buddhist Jataka stories of the
sixth century BC. The arrival of Muslim missionaries around the
seventh century led to the advent of
Islam in the region. During the
medieval period, the region was ruled by the
Chola dynasty and Kingdom
of Cannanore. The Portuguese arrived around 1498 and were upstaged by
1545. The region was then ruled by the Muslim house of Arakkal,
followed by Tipu Sultan. On his death in 1799, most of the region
passed on to the British and with their departure, the Union Territory
was formed in 1956.
Ten of the islands are inhabited. At the 2011 Indian census, the
population of the
Union Territory was 64,473. The majority of the
indigenous population is Muslim and most of them belong to the Shafi
school of the Sunni sect. The islanders are ethnically similar to the
Malayali people of the nearest
Indian state of Kerala. Most of the
Malayalam with Mahi (or Mahl) being the most spoken
Minicoy island. The islands are served by an airport on
Agatti island. The main occupation of the people is fishing and
coconut cultivation, with tuna being the main item of export.
1.1 Independent India
2.2 Flora and fauna
3 Government and administration
8 Transport and tourism
9 See also
11 Further reading
12 External links
A mention of the region in the Periplus of the Erythraean Sea, by an
anonymous author, is one of the earliest references. There are
references to the control of the islands by the Cheras in the Sangam
Patiṟṟuppattu. Local traditions and legends attribute the first
settlement on these islands to the period of Cheraman Perumal, the
last Chera king of Kerala. The oldest inhabited islands in the
group are Amini,
Kalpeni Andrott, Kavaratti, and Agatti.
Archaeological evidence suggests that
Buddhism prevailed in the region
during the fifth and sixth centuries AD. According to popular
Islam was brought to
Lakshadweep by an Arab named Ubaidulla
in AD 661. His grave is located on the island of Andrott. During
the 11th century, the islands came under the rule of the Late
Cholas and subsequently the Kingdom of Cannanore.
In the 16th century, the Portuguese ruled the seas between Ormuz and
Malabar Coast and south to Ceylon. As early as 1498, they took
control of the archipelago (called Laquedivas by them), later on to
exploit coir production, until the islanders expelled them in 1545. In
the 17th century, the islands came under the rule of Ali
Rajahs/Arakkal Bheevi of Kannur, who received them as a gift from the
Kolathiris. The islands are also mentioned in great detail in the
stories of the Arab traveller Ibn Batuta.
Aminidivi group of islands (Androth, Amini, Kadmat, Kiltan,
Chetlath, and Bitra) came under the rule of
Tipu Sultan in 1787. They
passed to British control after the
Third Anglo-Mysore War
Third Anglo-Mysore War and were
attached to South Canara. The rest of the islands came under the
suzerainty of the Arakkal family of Cannanore in return for a payment
of annual tribute. The British took over the administration of those
islands for nonpayment of arrears. These islands were attached to the
Malabar district of the
Madras Presidency during the British Raj.
On 1 November 1956, during the reorganization of Indian states, the
Lakshadweep islands were separated from Madras organized into a
separate union territory for administrative purposes. The new
territory was called Laccadive, Minicoy, and Amindivi Islands before
Lakshadweep name on 1 November 1973.
To safeguard India's vital shipping lanes to the Middle East, and the
growing relevance of the islands in security considerations, an Indian
Navy base, INS Dweeprakshak, was commissioned on
DX-pedition (VU7AG) by amateur radio operators was run on Agatti
Island during November 2013.
Lakshadweep Islands map
One of the uninhabited islands in
Bangaram Atoll, Lakshadweep
Satellite picture showing the atolls of the
Lakshadweep except for
Worms-eye view of the lighthouse in
Lakshadweep is an archipelago of twelve atolls, three reefs and five
submerged banks, with a total of about thirty-nine islands and islets.
The reefs are in fact also atolls, although mostly submerged, with
only small unvegetated sand cays above the high-water mark. The
submerged banks are sunken atolls. Almost all the atolls have a
northeast-southwest orientation with the islands lying on the eastern
rim, and a mostly submerged reef on the western rim, enclosing a
lagoon. It has 10 inhabited islands, 17 uninhabited islands, attached
islets, 4 newly formed islets and 5 submerged reefs.
The main islands are Kavaratti, Agatti, Minicoy, and Amini. The total
population of the territory is 60,595 according to the 2001 census.
Agatti has an airport with direct flights from Kochi.
Aminidivi subgroup of islands (consisting of Amini, Keltan,
Chetlat, Kadamat, Bitra, and Perumal Par) and the Laccadive subgroup
of islands (comprising mainly Androth, Kalpeni, Kavaratti, Pitti, and
Suheli Par), both subgroups having a submarine connection between them
Pitti Bank. Together with
Minicoy Island, a lonely atoll
located at the southern end of the 200-km-broad Nine Degree Channel,
they form the
Coral Islands of
India in the Arabian Sea. All these
islands have been built up by corals and have fringing coral reefs
very close to their shores.
Two banks further north are not considered part of the group:
The atolls, reefs, and banks are listed from north to south in the
13°42′N 72°11′E / 13.700°N 72.183°E / 13.700;
72.183 (Cora Divh)
13°08′N 72°00′E / 13.133°N 72.000°E / 13.133;
72.000 (Sesostris Bank)
Bassas de Pedro
(Munyal Par, Padua Bank)
13°07′N 72°25′E / 13.117°N 72.417°E / 13.117;
72.417 (Bassas de Pedro)
Reef (Beleapani Reef)
12°18′N 71°53′E / 12.300°N 71.883°E / 12.300;
71.883 (Cherbaniani Reef)
11°54′N 71°49′E / 11.900°N 71.817°E / 11.900;
71.817 (Byramgore Reef)
11°42′N 72°42′E / 11.700°N 72.700°E / 11.700;
72.700 (Chetlat Island)
11°33′N 72°09′E / 11.550°N 72.150°E / 11.550;
72.150 (Bitrā Island)
11°29′N 73°00′E / 11.483°N 73.000°E / 11.483;
73.000 (Kiltān Island)
Kadmat Island (Cardamom)
11°14′N 72°47′E / 11.233°N 72.783°E / 11.233;
72.783 (Kadmat Island)
11°12′N 73°58′E / 11.200°N 73.967°E / 11.200;
73.967 (Elikalpeni Bank)
11°10′N 72°04′E / 11.167°N 72.067°E / 11.167;
72.067 (Perumal Par)
Amini Island 1)
11°06′N 72°45′E / 11.100°N 72.750°E / 11.100;
72.750 (Amini Island)
Agatti Island (Agatti) 2)
10°50′N 73°41′E / 10.833°N 73.683°E / 10.833;
Bangaram Island (Bangaram) 2)
10°50′N 73°41′E / 10.833°N 73.683°E / 10.833;
Pitti Island 1)
10°50′N 72°38′E / 10.833°N 72.633°E / 10.833;
Androth Island (Andrott)
10°50′N 73°41′E / 10.833°N 73.683°E / 10.833;
73.683 (Androth Island)
10°33′N 72°38′E / 10.550°N 72.633°E / 10.550;
10°05′N 73°38′E / 10.083°N 73.633°E / 10.083;
Suheli Par 3)
10°05′N 72°17′E / 10.083°N 72.283°E / 10.083;
72.283 (Suheli Par)
08°32′N 73°17′E / 8.533°N 73.283°E / 8.533; 73.283
Minicoy Island 4)
08°17′N 73°02′E / 8.283°N 73.033°E / 8.283; 73.033
Viringili Island 4)
08°27′N 73°01′E / 8.450°N 73.017°E / 8.450; 73.017
(Viringili (Maliku Atoll))
Amini Island and
Pitti Island are both on
Pitti Bank, a largely
sunken atoll with a lagoon area of 155.09 km2
Agatti Islands are connected by a shallow submarine
3) new international tourist resort, otherwise uninhabited, but with a
population 61 at the 1990 census
Minicoy Island and Viringili Island are both on Maliku Atoll
Flora and fauna
Ducks on a beach at Kavaratti, Lakshadweep
Archipelago forms a terrestrial ecoregion together
Maldives and the Chagos. It has over 600 species of
marine fishes, 78 species of corals, 82 species of seaweed, 52 species
of crabs, 2 species of lobsters, 48 species of gastropods, 12 species
of bivalves, 101 species of birds. It is one of the four coral
reef regions in India. The corals are a major attraction for the
Pitti Island, is an important breeding place for sea turtles
and for a number of pelagic birds such as the brown noddy (Anous
stolidus), lesser crested tern (Sterna bengalensis) and greater
crested tern (Sterna bergii). The island has been declared a bird
Cetacean diversity off the
Lakshadweep Islands and in
adjacent areas is higher than other areas although a lack of
scientific study results in poor understanding and conservation
promoting. These include various whales (e.g. pygmy blue, Bryde's,
sperm), smaller cetaceans (e.g. orca, pilot whale) and
The region does not have a rich flora and almost all the plants can be
found on the mainland of India. There is also an absence of forest in
the region. Nearly 400 species of flowering plants have been
documented, including three species of sea grasses Cymodocia
isoetifolia, Syringodium isoetifolium and Thalassia hemprichii, other
angiosperms as Pandanus, Heliotropium foertherianum, Tournefortia
Pemphis acidula as well as fungi, algae, lichens are also
found. The common flora of the coral sands include coconut groves and
coastal shrubs as Pemphis acidula, Cordia subcordata, Scaevola
taccada, Thespesia populnea, Suriana maritima, Dodonaea viscosa,
Guettarda speciosa and seaweeds such as sea lettuces,
Government and administration
Plate in Western Script is from the Laccadive Islands
Lakshadweep forms a single
Indian district and is governed by an
administrator appointed by the President of
India under article 239 of
the constitution. The present administrator is Mr. Farooq Khan IPS
There are 10 Sub Divisions of the territory. In
Sub Division is under a Deputy Collector while in the remaining 8
islands developmental activities are coordinated by Sub Divisional
Officers. The Collector cum Development Commissioner who is also the
District Magistrate oversees matters coming under District
Administration, such as revenue, land settlement, law and order. The
District Magistrate is assisted by one Additional District Magistrate
and Ten Executive Magistrates with respect to enforcement of law and
order. Administrator in his capacity as Inspector General of
Lakshadweep Police has command and control of the
Administration Secretariat is in Kavaratti. The union territory
comes under the jurisdiction of the
Kerala High Court
Kerala High Court at
with a system of lower courts. The territory elects one member to
Lok Sabha (lower house of the Parliament of India).
NASA picture of Maliku
According to the 2011 census
Lakshadweep has a population of
64,429, roughly equal in number to that of the Marshall
Islands. This gives it a ranking of 627th among the 640 districts
in India. The district has a population density of 2,013
inhabitants per square kilometre (5,210/sq mi). Its
population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 6.23%.
Lakshadweep has a sex ratio of 946 females for every 1000 males,
and a literacy rate of 92.28%.
Most people of
Lakshadweep are descendants of migrants from the
Malabar Coast of southwest
India and the islanders are ethnically
similar to coastal Kerala's
Malayali people. More than 93% of the
population who are indigenous, are Muslims and the majority of them
belong to the Shafi School of the Sunni Sect. The southernmost and
second largest island of
Minicoy has an ethnically
that are native to the Maldives.
This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help
improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (October 2016)
(Learn how and when to remove this template message)
Religion in State (2011)
Other Religions (0.02%)
The inhabitants of
Lakshadweep were known to practice different
religious customs. Then
Islam was propounded by the Sheikh
The spread of
Islam has contributed to the religious identity of
Lakshadweep. Eid-ul-Fitr, Muharram, Eid-ul-Adha and Milad-un-Nabi are
the prominent occasions when the people of the island gather in
Religious observance in
Lakshadweep is characterized by certain
festivals that are found in its core ethnic groups. Moulood is one
such religious event when the islanders offer prayers to the divine
power and eat in groups. The festival of Ratheeb is another uncommon
occasion which originated in the
Kavaratti region of Lakshadweep. The
grave of Sheikh Kasim, one of the respected saints is praised during
Ratheeb by the people of the island to gather his holy blessings.
The Sunni branch of
Islam is the predominant faith.
Lakshadweep in 2001
The principal languages of
Lakshadweep are Malayalam, Jeseri (Dweep
Bhasha) and Mahl. The people of all the northern islands speak a
Malayalam with the influence of Tamil and
Arabic similar to
Arwi. The people of Minicoy, the southernmost atoll, speak Mahl, a
Divehi language spoken in the Maldives.
Malayalam script was introduced as the official
Lakshadweep during the British raj. Previously a type of
Arabic script (Arabi Malayalam) was used for the language. The policy
was continued by the Indian government.
Malayalam serves as a link
language on the islands including on the Mahl dominated Minicoy
Island. The dances here include:-Lava Dance, Kolkali dance &
A beach side resort at Kadmat Island, Lakshadweep
Lakshadweep's gross territorial domestic product for 2004 is estimated
US$ 60 million at current prices. There is little economic
Lakshadweep and the poverty index is low. Coconut fibre
extraction and production of fibre products is Lakshadweep's main
industry. There are five coir fibre factories, five production
demonstration centres and seven fibre curling units run by the
government of India. These units produce coir fibre, coir yarn, curled
fibre and corridor mattings.
Lakshadweep comprises the only coral atolls of the country. With a
vast lagoon of 4,200 km2 (1,600 sq mi), it has
territorial waters of 20,000 km2 (7,700 sq mi),
Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) of 4 lakh
(400,000 km2 [150,000 sq mi]) and coastal line of
about 132 kilometres (82 mi). There is an estimation of about one
lakh tonnes (100,000 tonnes [110,000 tons]) of tuna and tuna-like
fishes and about an equal quantity of shark in the sea around
Fishing is the main livelihood of the islanders.
Freshly caught tuna is processed by drying it in the sun after cooking
and smoking. The resultant product, known as 'mas', are popular
products exported from these islands to southeast Asian countries.
Eleven workshops in islands and two boat building yards cater to the
needs of fishermen. There are 375 boats in operation in
Agatti island, Lakshadweep
Due to its isolation and scenic appeal,
Lakshadweep was already known
as a tourist attraction for Indians since 1974. This brings in
significant revenue, which is likely to increase. Since such a small
region cannot support industries, the government is actively promoting
tourism as a means of income in
Bangaram and Kadmat islands. Bangaram
is projected to become a major destination for international
tourism. Marine fauna are plentiful. Water sports activities such
as scuba diving, wind surfing, snorkelling, surfing, kayaking,
canoeing, water skiing, sportfishing, yachting and night sea voyages
are popular activities among tourists. Tourists flock to these islands
throughout the year, except during the
South-west monsoon months when
seas are extremely rough. The government has also proposed to set up
two customs clearance check-in offices so that tourists can enter
directly instead of getting permission from the nearest customs office
in Kochi, which is 260 nautical miles (300 mi; 480 km) from
these islands. These will be the smallest customs offices in India.
Tourism is expected to get a big boost after these offices open as the
islands lie on one of the busiest cruise ways.
Local symbols of Lakshadweep
A low-temperature thermal desalination plant opened on
2005, at a cost of ₹50 million (€922,000). The experimental
plant, which uses the temperature difference between warm surface
seawater and much colder seawater at 500m depth to generate potable
water as well as energy, was slated to produce 100,000 litres/day
of potable water from seawater. Production costs in 2005 were
₹220-250/m³ (€4.1-4.6/m³); the cost was supposed to drop to
₹30-60/m³ (€0.55-1.11/m³) with increased capacity.
The technology was developed by the National Institute of Ocean
Technology. It can be used to produce drinking water and also for
power generation and air conditioning. In addition, the deep seawater
contains extra nutrients for fish, an important source of food and
income for the local population. The government plans to set up
desalination plants with a capacity of 10 million litres/per day
on all islands and coastal areas. In 2009, the NIOT announced
plans to build plants on Minicoy,
Agatti and Andrott.
Transport and tourism
Passenger ship MV
Aminidivi of the
Lakshadweep Islands administration
docked at Old Mangalore port
Agatti Aerodrome on
Agatti Island is the only airport in Lakshadweep.
Alliance Air, a subsidiary of the state-owned carrier, serves Agatti
and flies to
Bengaluru on the mainland. Kingfisher Airlines,
had flights connecting
Agatti before the
airline ceased operations. The other islands are linked by the Pawan
Hans helicopter or boat service. Six ships connect Kochi,
Calicut(Beypore) and Lakshadweep: MV Kavaratti, MV Aminidivi, MV
Minicoy, MV Arabian Sea, MV
Lakshadweep Sea and MV Bharath Seema.
Tourists need a permit to visit the islands; foreign nationals are not
permitted to visit certain islands. According to the current
alcohol laws of India, alcoholic beverage consumption is not permitted
Archipelago except on
Lok Sabha constituency)
Coral reefs in India
^ "50th Report of the Commissioner for Linguistic Minorities in India"
(PDF). 16 July 2014. p. 109. Archived from the original (PDF) on
8 July 2016. Retrieved 6 November 2016.
^ "The Laccadive,
Aminidivi Islands (Alteration Of Name
Act), 1973". The Indian Lawyer. 26 August 1973. Retrieved 9 May
^ "Lakshadweep". encyclopedia.com. Archived from the original on 27
January 2010. Retrieved 1 August 2012.
^ "About Lakshadweep". lakshadweeptourism.nic.in. Retrieved 1 August
^ Ashalatha, B.; Subrahmanyam, C.; Singh, R.N. (1991-07-31). "Origin
and compensation of Chagos-Laccadive ridge, Indian ocean, from
admittance analysis of gravity and bathymetry data". Earth and
Planetary Science Letters. 105: 47–54.
^ a b c "Marine investigations in the
Lakshadweep Islands, India".
thefreelibrary.com. Retrieved 1 August 2012.
Lakshadweep & It's People 1992-1993” Planning Department,
Lakshadweep Administration, Kavaratti. Page: 12.
^ "History". lakshadweep.nic.in. Retrieved 1 August 2012.
^ "Lakshadweep". Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. Retrieved 2 August
^ Forbes, Andrew D.W. (1979). "South Asia : Journal of South
Asian Studies : Volume 2 : Sources towards a history of the
Laccadive Islands". South Asia: Journal of South Asian Studies.
Tandfonline.com. 2: 130. doi:10.1080/00856407908722989. Retrieved 25
^ Logan, William (1887). Malabar Manual. New Delhi: Asian Education
Services. p. 2. ISBN 81-206-0446-6.
^ "Lakshadweep". World Statesmen. Retrieved 8 October 2016.
^ "Navy commissions full-scale station in Lakshadweep". The Hindu. 1
May 2012. Retrieved 9 May 2012.
^ a b "Location, Area and Population". lakshadweep.nic.in. Retrieved 1
^ 'INDIA: A Physical Geography' (ISBN 81-230-0656-X), 1968,
Publications Dn, Ministry of I&B, Govt. of India. page:74.
Archipelago tropical moist forests".
Terrestrial Ecoregions. World Wildlife Fund.
^ a b "Biodiversity and Environment Protection" (PDF). Lakshadweep
Development Report. Planning Commission of India. Retrieved 3 August
^ Khan, Asif N (2017). "FIRST RECORD OF ORIENTAL PRATINCOLE GLAREOLA
MALDIVARUM FROM LAKSHADWEEP ARCHIPELAGO". Journal of the Bombay
Natural History Society. 114.
Lakshadweep Development Report" (PDF). Department of Environment
and Forests (
Union Territory of Lakshadweep). Retrieved 3 August
^  Archived 12 January 2012 at the Wayback Machine.
^ "The Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972". Department of Environment
and Forests (
Union Territory of Lakshadweep). Retrieved 5 August
^ The Marine Mammal Conservation Network of India. Submit a Record -
Sightings and Strandings - Bryde's whale. Retrieved on April 19, 2017
^ Khan E.. 2012. Whales @
Lakshadweep island-Video by Ehjaz. YouTube.
Retrieved on April 19, 2017
^ The Marine Mammal Conservation Network of India. Submit a Record -
Sightings and Strandings - Killer whale. Retrieved on April 19, 2017
Nature Conservation Foundation India. 2017. This pygmy killer
whale took a fancy to our team's dive boat in Lakshadweep, making them
feel a tad uncomfortable while diving in to work!. Twitter. Retrieved
on April 19, 2017
^ Panicker D.. 2016.
Cetacean Diversity and Distribution in the
Lakshadweep Islands, India. The Rufford Foundation. Retrieved on April
^ Dsouza A.. 2015. Angels of the Sea – Dolphins and Whales in India.
The Royale - Defining Trenz by couponraja.in.. Retrieved on April 19,
^ Vinayak A.. 2016. Travel Guide - 6 Best Dolphin Destinations in
India. The Native Planet. Retrieved on April 19, 2017
^ Harsha S.. 2014. Dolphin Spotting in India. The Latest
Retrieved on April 19, 2017
^ Rao, T.A. & J.L. Ellis, Flora of
Lakshadweep Islands off the
Malabar coast, peninsular India, with emphasis on phytogeographical
distribution of plants. Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany
Lakshadweep Panchayats Regulations, 1994". lakshadweep.nic.in.
Retrieved 1 August 2012.
^ "Administrative Setup". lakshadweep.nic.in. Retrieved 1 August
^ "Judicial Setup". lakshadweep.nic.in. Retrieved 1 August 2012.
^ "Our Parliament". parliamentofindia.nic.in. Retrieved 1 August
^ a b c d e f "District
Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011.
Retrieved 30 September 2011.
^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison: Population".
Retrieved 1 October 2011.
Marshall Islands 67,182 July 2011 est.
^ "Lakshadweep". borderdarshan.com. Archived from the original on 13
January 2013. Retrieved 1 August 2012.
^ "Population by religion community - 2011".
Census of India, 2011.
The Registrar General &
Census Commissioner, India. Archived from
the original on 25 August 2015.
Kiltan Island". Lakshadweep.nic.in. Retrieved 25 February
^ "Commissioner Linguistic Minorities (originally from Indian Census,
2001)". Archived from the original on 8 October 2007.
^  Archived 5 February 2011 at the Wayback Machine.
^ "The Muslim Tribes of
Lakshadweep Islands: An Anthropological
Appraisal of ... - Makhan Jha - Google Books". Books.google.com.
^ "Report of the Working Group on Improvement of Banking Services in
Union Territory of Lakshadweep" (PDF). Rbidocs.rbi.org.in.
Retrieved 25 February 2015.
^ "FISHERIES". lakshadweep.nic.in. Retrieved 1 August 2012.
^ "Department of Fisheries-About Us". lakshadweep.nic.in. Retrieved 1
^ "Fisheries". lakshadweep.nic.in. Retrieved 1 August 2012.
^ "Tourism in Lakshadweep". Lakshadweeptourism.nic.in. 22 October
1988. Archived from the original on 19 February 2015. Retrieved 25
^  Archived 10 May 2011 at the Wayback Machine.
^ a b c "Symbols of Lakshadweep". knowindia.gov.in. Archived from the
original on 12 November 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2013.
^ a b c "
Lakshadweep Key Indicators" (PDF). Retrieved 17 October
^ a b "World's first ever low temperature thermal desalination plant
opened at Kavaratti" (Press release). Ministry of Science and
Technology (India). 23 May 2005. Retrieved 1 August 2012.
^ "One Million Litre Per Day (1 MLD) Barge Mounted Desalination Plant"
(Press release). Ministry of Science and Technology (India). 18 April
2007. Retrieved 1 August 2012.
India opens world's first low temperature thermal
desalination plant" (Press release). Press Information Bureau,
Government of India. 23 May 2005. Archived from the original on 22
July 2012. Retrieved 3 August 2012.
^ "City institute plans to develop manned submersibles". The Hindu. 19
November 2009. Retrieved 1 August 2012.
Agatti Flights and their Schedule". Mapsofindia.com.
2014-09-08. Retrieved 2015-02-25.
^ "Means of Transport".
Union Territory of Lakshadweep. Retrieved 1
^ "Entry Permits".
Union Territory of Lakshadweep. Archived from the
original on 24 February 2015. Retrieved 25 February 2015.
^ "Introduction to
Lakshadweep Islands". The New York Times. Retrieved
1 August 2012.
R. C. Majumdar : The History of Ancient Lakshadweep, Calcutta,
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Lakshadweep.
Lakshadweep travel guide from Wikivoyage
Lakshadweep a Photo Essay
Best Time to Visit Lakshadweep
States and union territories of India
Jammu and Kashmir
Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Dadra and Nagar Haveli
National Capital Territory of Delhi
Daman and Diu
Capitals in India
Proposed states and territories
Countries and territories bordering the Indian Ocean
Indian Ocean Territory
Archipelago - United Kingdom
Christmas Island (Australia)
Cocos (Keeling) Islands
Cocos (Keeling) Islands (Australia)
Australian Antarctic Territory
French Southern and Antarctic Lands
Heard Island and McDonald Islands