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Lakeshore Boulevard

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Lake Shore Boulevard
Lake Shore Boulevard
during a snowstorm in 1925.

Lake Shore Boulevard
Lake Shore Boulevard
(often incorrectly compounded as Lakeshore Boulevard) is a major arterial road running along most of the Lake Ontario waterfront in the city of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Prior to 1998, two segments of Lake Shore Boulevard
Lake Shore Boulevard
(from the Etobicoke– Mississauga
Mississauga
boundary to the Humber River and from the eastern terminus of the Gardiner Expressway
Gardiner Expressway
to Woodbine Avenue) were designated as part of Highway 2. Lake Shore Boulevard's western terminus is Etobicoke
Etobicoke
Creek, the western boundary of Toronto. Its western section is a redesignation of the old Lakeshore Road, which still runs from Burlington to Mississauga. From here its route follows closely, though not always within sight of, the shoreline of Lake Ontario
Lake Ontario
eastward through the city to Ashbridges Bay, where it intersects with Woodbine Avenue
Woodbine Avenue
at Woodbine Beach. The former route of Highway 2 then follows Kingston Road east.

Contents

1 Route description

1.1 Spelling

2 History 3 Public Transit 4 Landmarks 5 See also 6 References

Route description[edit]

Etobicoke
Etobicoke
section

From the western city limit, Lake Shore Boulevard
Lake Shore Boulevard
(designated Lake Shore Boulevard West), originally part of Lakeshore Road, is a four-lane arterial road through the neighbourhoods of Long Branch, New Toronto
Toronto
and Mimico. This section is lined with commercial and retail uses. The area furthest to the west was more industrial in character, which continues to be converted to other uses. As the street gets nearer to Humber Bay, the Mimico
Mimico
area becomes almost entirely residential and somewhat older as it was one of the first areas of cottage development for city dwellers. East of Park Lawn Road, the street is lined to the south with recently built condominium towers on the former stretch of motels known as "The Motel Strip". No motels now remain from the period when travelers would stay at motels here, which was then just outside the Toronto
Toronto
city limits.

The lion monument originally stood at the entrance to the Queen Elizabeth Way near the Humber River. It was moved to this location when the QEW was widened.

Sunnyside/Exhibition section

It then crosses the Humber River and becomes a six-lane arterial road along Lake Ontario, offering vistas of the city and lake. The crossing contains an interchange with the Gardiner Expressway, and the eastbound lanes pass south of the highway, while the westbound lanes are routed to the north of the highway, rejoining the eastbound lanes east of Park Lawn. The splitting of the Lake Shore was done at the time of the expressway project, as new bridges were built to connect to the terminus of the Queen Elizabeth Way
Queen Elizabeth Way
highway. The highway to the west has become part of the Gardiner, and the Lucky Lion monument which designated its start was relocated nearby to the south of the Lake Shore Boulevard, just east of the Humber.

Formerly on the waterfront, the Queen's Wharf Lighthouse
Queen's Wharf Lighthouse
now lies north of Lake Shore Boulevard

From the Humber River to Bathurst Street, the roadway is built on land infilled into the lake. The section east of the Humber was infilled in the 1910-1920s and was part of the Sunnyside Amusement Park development, which the road travelled through. The section south of Exhibition Place
Exhibition Place
was infilled in the 1950s, at the same time as the Gardiner Expressway
Gardiner Expressway
project. The original shoreline is elevated along the north side of the street. The area east of the Exhibition was infilled earlier. The original shoreline is north of the Boulevard, and the Queen's Wharf lighthouse is on the north side of the street. The Sunnyside/Exhibition section has lots of open space with some development, including recreation facilities, such as Ontario Place, Sunnyside Bathing Pavilion, Palais Royale
Palais Royale
and the Boulevard Club.

Lake Shore Boulevard
Lake Shore Boulevard
immediately south of Exhibition Place, looking west

Westbound Lake Shore Boulevard
Lake Shore Boulevard
under the Gardiner Expressway

Downtown section

In the downtown section, Lake Shore criss-crosses, runs parallel and underneath the elevated section of the Gardiner Expressway. It is designated Lake Shore Boulevard
Lake Shore Boulevard
East east of Yonge Street. This section travels through the old rail lands and port district. The streets in this area predate the designation as Lake Shore Boulevard but were connected in the 1950s prior to being renamed in 1959. From Dan Leckie Way to Yonge Street, the south side of the street has been entirely converted to high-rise condominium development. West of Yonge, Lake Shore is one-way westbound, while eastbound traffic travels along Harbour Street. East of Yonge, Lake Shore is one single road under and alongside the Gardiner. The 509 Harbourfront
509 Harbourfront
and 511 Bathurst
511 Bathurst
streetcars serve the adjacent Fleet Street from Exhibition Place
Exhibition Place
to Bathurst Street, but there are no regular service transit routes along Lake Shore in this area.

East of the Don River

East of downtown, Lake Shore Boulevard
Lake Shore Boulevard
continues as a six-lane arterial road to the Don Roadway, where it curves onto the former Keating Street and continues east to Woodbine Avenue, eventually becoming a four-lane arterial road. The Keating section is straight from Cherry Street to Woodbine. It is an older industrial area that is in transition in the western part. Housing and retail has been built along the road further to the east. Spelling[edit]

Signs with conflicting spelling along the road

Lake Shore Boulevard
Lake Shore Boulevard
is commonly compounded as Lakeshore Boulevard . Many traffic signs, transit shelters and other signs contradict each other, sometimes on the same corner, as illustrated in the photograph. According to the official bylaws that designated the road, the correct format is "Lake Shore Boulevard". This mistake is likely due to confusion with Lakeshore Road
Lakeshore Road
to the west, where the single word format is actually correct.[1]

History[edit]

Boys cycling across Lakeshore Road
Lakeshore Road
bridge at Mimico
Mimico
(ca. 1907)

1928 opening of streetcar line

Lake Shore Boulevard
Lake Shore Boulevard
was constructed in sections; partly through the building of new roads east of the Humber River, partly through connecting existing roads. West of the Humber River, Lake Shore Boulevard West is the old Provincial Highway. The road east of the Humber was built in sections in conjunction with the development of the Sunnyside waterfront infill. Previously, the Lakeshore Road connected to Queen Street just west of today's St. Joseph's Health Centre. In the 1910s, an overpass over the waterfront rail lines was built to connect Queen Street to the Lakeshore Road
Lakeshore Road
at Roncesvalles Avenue. At the same time, Lake Shore Boulevard
Lake Shore Boulevard
was built as a four-lane roadway east to the Exhibition Place
Exhibition Place
area. In October 1954, the Lake Shore Boulevard
Lake Shore Boulevard
bridge over the Humber was destroyed by debris floating downstream in the flooding caused Hurricane Hazel. A two-lane bailey bridge was quickly put in place and used for several months. A shuttle bus ferried TTC passengers across the bridge as the streetcar line from downtown to Long Branch was severed. The original bridge was repaired and used until new bridges were built as part of the Gardiner Expressway
Gardiner Expressway
project. In the 1950s, as part of the Gardiner project, Lake Shore Boulevard adjacent to Sunnyside was doubled in width. East of Sunnyside, a six-lane road was constructed to the area of Bathurst and Fleet Streets. Lake Shore Boulevard
Lake Shore Boulevard
in the downtown was built to connect Fleet and Harbour Streets and was a service road for the Gardiner. East of downtown, Keating Street was built east to Woodbine as part of the project. When the Gardiner was completed to the Don River, Lake Shore Boulevard was re-routed to Keating and the Keating Street section was renamed Lake Shore Boulevard. Public Transit[edit]

Flexity Outlook streetcar #4402 being tested on Lake Shore in 2014 prior to the new model entering service

In Etobicoke, from just east of the Etobicoke
Etobicoke
Creek (Long Branch Loop) to the Humber River (Humber Loop), the street is served by the western leg of the Toronto
Toronto
Transit Commission's 501 Queen
501 Queen
streetcar route. The 507 Long Branch
507 Long Branch
and 508 Lake Shore
508 Lake Shore
used to run along Lake Shore until the 507 route was discontinued in 1995 and merged into the 501, and the 508 discontinued altogether in 2015. In addition to the 501 streetcar, the 110B limited service branch of the Horner bus, runs along the street between Long Branch Loop
Long Branch Loop
and 30th Street. There is no full transit service along the street in Old Toronto, due to its historic status as a Highway 2 bypass of busy city streets and its present status as an alternative to the Gardiner Expressway, but there is a limited service bus route, the 145 Downtown / Humber Bay Express Eastbound, a extra-fare Downtown Express route which runs between Kipling Avenue
Kipling Avenue
in Etobicoke
Etobicoke
(where it overlaps with the 501 streetcar line) and Bathurst Street, where it turns off to serve the downtown core. The 80A branch of the Queensway bus, also limited service, travels along Lake Shore between Ellis Avenue and Parkside Drive. The only regular service route along Lake Shore in Old Toronto is the 92 Woodbine South, which runs a very short distance along it at its eastern terminus near Woodbine Beach
Woodbine Beach
where it defaults north into Woodbine Avenue. Landmarks[edit]

Landmark Cross street Notes Image

Long Branch GO Station Browns Line

St. Demetrius Sobor Kipling Avenue

Humber College
Humber College
Lakeshore Campus Kipling Avenue Formerly Lakeshore Psychiatric Hospital

Colonel Samuel Smith Park Kipling Avenue

St. Teresa Roman Catholic Church Islington Avenue Roman Catholic Church

Grand Harbour Park Lawn Road Condominium

Humber Bay
Humber Bay
Park Park Lawn Road City park

The Palace Pier Humber River Condominium

Humber Bay
Humber Bay
Arch Bridge Humber River Bike and pedestrian bridge

Queen Elizabeth Way
Queen Elizabeth Way
Monument Humber River Commemorative monument relocated in 1975 to give way to widening of the then QEW

Joy Gas Station Windermere Avenue Historic gas station structure to be repurposed as an eatery and tourist information centre

Sunnyside Park Colborne Lodge Drive City park and beach

Sunnyside Bathing Pavilion Parkside Drive Historic outdoor swimming pool

Palais Royale Roncesvalles Avenue Social club

Exhibition Place New Brunswick Way Exhibition grounds

Lake Shore Boulevard
Lake Shore Boulevard
Bailey Bridge New Brunswick Way Pedestrian bridge over Lake Shore Boulevard

Ontario Place Ontario Drive Former amusement park / entertainment venue

Queen's Wharf Lighthouse Bastion Street Historic lighthouse

Tip Top Tailors Building Bathurst Street Former industrial/office building converted to condominium lofts

Malibu Bathurst Street Condominium

545 Lake Shore Boulevard
Lake Shore Boulevard
West Bathurst Street Formerly Crosse and Blackwell Building and studio space

CityPlace Spadina Avenue Condominium development

Rogers Centre entrance via Rees Street Multi-use stadium

Roundhouse Park Simcoe Street Historic railway roundhouse located within park

Old Ontario Provincial Police Headquarters York Street Former office complex also used as Workmen's Compensation Board Building and demolished 2011

Toronto
Toronto
Harbour Commission Building York Street Office building

Air Canada Centre Bay Street Façade of the former Toronto
Toronto
Postal Delivery Building incorporated in hockey arena

Pinnacle Centre Yonge Street Condominium

Victory Soya Mills Silos Parliament Street Abandoned industrial silos

Keating Channel Cherry Street Waterway connecting Don River to Toronto
Toronto
Harbour

Ashbridges Bay
Ashbridges Bay
Wastewater Treatment Plant Leslie Street Water treatment facility

Woodbine Beach Woodbine Avenue Part of The Beaches

Greenwood Raceway Eastern Avenue Racetrack demolished in the 1990s

See also[edit]

Queens Quay (Toronto)
Queens Quay (Toronto)
- actual lakeside road from Bathurst Street east to Parliament Street Front Street (Toronto)
Front Street (Toronto)
- former lakeside road until infill of harbour during the late 19th Century.

References[edit]

^ Toronto
Toronto
Road Classification System Map (PDF) (Map). Cartography by Transportation Services. City of Toronto. 2000. Retrieved December 29, 2010. 

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Lake Shore Boulevard, Toronto.

v t e

Major roads, highways and streets in Toronto

North–south

Major arterial roads (W→E)

Browns Line/Highway 27 Martin Grove Kipling Islington Royal York/Weston Scarlett Jane Keele Dufferin Bathurst Avenue Road Yonge Jarvis/Mount Pleasant Bayview Leslie Don Mills Woodbine Victoria Park Warden Birchmount Kennedy Midland Brimley McCowan Markham Rd. Morningside Meadowvale

Major arteries downtown

Spadina Avenue University Bay

Other roads

Bellamy Beverley Black Creek Broadview Coxwell Jameson Lansdowne Ossington Sherbourne Parliament Roncesvalles Port Union

East–west

Major arterial roads (S→N)

Lake Shore King Richmond The Queensway/Queen West/Queen East Dundas (note: crooked street) College/Carlton Bloor/Danforth Dupont Burnhamthorpe St. Clair Eglinton Lawrence/Dixon Wilson/York Mills/Ellesmere Sheppard Finch Steeles

Other roads

Drewry/Cummer/McNicoll Davenport Front/Eastern Gerrard Queens Quay

Diagonal roads

Albion Black Creek Chaplin Danforth Road Dawes Kingston Rexdale Trethewey Vaughan

Expressways and highways

2A 27 400 401 404 409 427 QEW Allen Road Don Valley Parkway Gardiner Expressway

Cancelled expressways

Crosstown East Metro Richview Scarborough Spadina

Notable roads

Bond Colborne De Grassi Draper The Esplanade George John Leader Lane Markham St. Palmerston Raymore Reggae Lane

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Toronto
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