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Lake Como
Como
(Lago di Como
Como
[ˈlaːɡo di ˈkɔːmo] or locally [ˈlaːɡo di ˈkoːmo] in Italian, also known as Lario [ˈlaːrjo], after the Latin
Latin
name of the lake; Lagh de Còmm [ˈlɑːk de ˈkɔm] in Lombard; Latin: Larius Lacus) is a lake of glacial origin in Lombardy, Italy. It has an area of 146 square kilometres (56 sq mi), making it the third-largest lake in Italy, after Lake Garda
Lake Garda
and Lake Maggiore. At over 400 metres (1,300 feet) deep, it is one of the deepest lakes in Europe, and the bottom of the lake is more than 200 metres (660 ft) below sea level. Lake Como
Como
has been a popular retreat for aristocrats and wealthy people since Roman times, and a very popular tourist attraction with many artistic and cultural gems. It has many villas and palaces (such as Villa
Villa
Olmo, Villa
Villa
Serbelloni, and Villa
Villa
Carlotta). Many famous people have had and have homes on the shores of Lake Como. In 2014, The Huffington Post
The Huffington Post
called it the most beautiful lake in the world for its microclimate and environment with prestigious villas and villages.[2]

Contents

1 Etymology 2 Geography

2.1 Climate

3 Tourism

3.1 Lakeside villas 3.2 Ferries 3.3 Sacro Monte di Ossuccio

4 Villages, resorts, and other remarkable localities near the lake 5 References in literature 6 Depictions in popular culture 7 Sports 8 Gallery 9 See also 10 Notes 11 References 12 External links

Etymology[edit] The lake's name in Latin
Latin
is Larius, Italianised as Lario, but this name is rarely used; it is usually called Lago di Como
Como
(literally "lake of Como"). In guidebooks the lake may be variously referred to as Lake Como, Lake of Como, or Como
Como
Lake. Its name comes from the city of Como, known to the Romans as Comum. While the town of Como
Como
is referred to as Como, the lake is never referred to solely by this name. This is not true of another lake in Italy, Lake Garda, where Garda may refer to either the town fronting the lake, or the lake. Geography[edit]

Aerial photograph of Lake Como, showing its distinctive three-armed shape.

The lake is shaped much like an inverted letter "Y". The northern branch begins at the town of Colico, while the towns of Como
Como
and Lecco sit at the ends of the southwestern and southeastern branches respectively. The small towns of Bellagio, Menaggio
Menaggio
and Lierna
Lierna
are situated at the intersection of the three branches of the lake: a triangular boat service operates between them. Lake Como
Como
is fed primarily by the Adda River, which enters the lake near Colico
Colico
and flows out at Lecco. This geological conformation makes the southwestern branch a dead end, and so Como, unlike Lecco, is often flooded. The mountainous pre-alpine territory between the two southern arms of the lake (between Como, Bellagio, and Lecco) is known as the Larian Triangle,[3] or Triangolo lariano. The source of the river Lambro
Lambro
is here. At the centre of the triangle, the town of Canzo
Canzo
is the seat of the Comunità montana del Triangolo lariano, an association of the 31 municipalities that represent the 71,000 inhabitants of the area. Climate[edit] Lake Como
Como
weather is humid subtropical (Cfa in the Köppen climate classification). In the winter, the lake helps to maintain a higher temperature in the surrounding region. Average daily temperatures range from about 3.7 °C (39 °F) in January to 23.4 °C (74 °F) in July, according to historical weather data from Como.[4] Water temperatures can reach an average of 24 °C (75 °F) during the month of July. Snowfall is erratic and primarily affects the higher elevations. Rainfall is heaviest in May and lowest during the winter months. Tourism[edit] As a tourist destination, Lake Como
Como
is popular for its landscapes, wildlife, and spas.[5] It is a venue for sailing, windsurfing, and kitesurfing.[6] In 1818 Percy Bysshe Shelley
Percy Bysshe Shelley
wrote to Thomas Love Peacock: "This lake exceeds anything I ever beheld in beauty, with the exception of the arbutus islands of Killarney. It is long and narrow, and has the appearance of a mighty river winding among the mountains and the forests".[7] In the area surrounding Lake Como
Como
there are several farms which produce goods such as honey, olive oil, cheese, milk, eggs and salamis. Visitors can find lists of these farms and typically visit the farm itself in person to make their purchases.[8] Lakeside villas[edit]

Villa
Villa
Carlotta.

Villa
Villa
Melzi d'Eril.

Villa
Villa
del Balbianello.

Lake Como
Como
from lakeside villa

The lake is well known for the attractive villas that have been built there since Roman times, when Pliny the Younger
Pliny the Younger
built the Comedia and the Tragedia resorts. Many villas on the lake shores have admirable gardens that benefit from the mild climate induced by the stabilising presence of 22.5 km³ of lake water and are fit to host tropical plants. Villa Carlotta
Villa Carlotta
was built for the Milanese Marquis Giorgio Clerici in 1690 and occupies a site of over 7 ha (17 acres) at Tremezzo, facing the Bellagio peninsula. An Italian garden
Italian garden
(with steps, fountains, and sculptures) was laid out at the same time. The villa was later sold to powerful banker and Napoleonic politician Giovanni Battista Sommariva. Stendhal
Stendhal
was his guest in 1818, and his visit is recalled at the start of La Chartreuse de Parme. In 1843 it was purchased by Princess Marianne of Nassau as a wedding present for her daughter Carlotta, after whom the villa is now named. The latter, together with her husband Georg II of Saxen-Meiningen, laid out the woodland landscape park in Romantic style. The villa today includes a museum of agricultural implements as well as important works of sculpture by Sommariva’s friend Antonio Canova
Antonio Canova
and by Luigi Acquisti.[9] Villa
Villa
d'Este, in Cernobbio, was built in 1568 by Cardinal Tolomeo Gallio, a native of the town. In 1816–1817 the villa was home to Caroline of Brunswick, estranged wife of the Prince of Wales and shortly to become Queen Consort of King George IV of the United Kingdom. The landscaped gardens in the English style are a product of this period. Later in the century it was turned into a luxury hotel. Today the Villa
Villa
d’Este is known for attracting celebrity guests. Villa
Villa
del Balbianello, famous for its elaborate terraced gardens, lies on a promontory of the western shore of the lake near Isola Comacina. Built in 1787 on the site of a Franciscan monastery, it was the final home of the explorer Guido Monzino
Guido Monzino
and today houses a museum devoted to his work. Villa
Villa
Melzi d'Eril in Bellagio was built in neo-classical style by architect Giocondo Albertolli
Giocondo Albertolli
in 1808–10 as the summer residence of Duke Francesco Melzi d'Eril, who was vice-president of the Napoleonic Italian Republic. The park includes an orangery, a private chapel, fine statues, and a Japanese garden, and is planted, as often on lake Como, with huge rhododendrons. 19th-century guests at the Villa included Stendhal
Stendhal
and Franz Liszt.[10] Villa
Villa
Serbelloni, also in Bellagio, hosts the Rockefeller Foundation Bellagio Center, a 50-acre (200,000 m2) international conference center set up and managed by the Rockefeller Foundation
Rockefeller Foundation
since 1959, which also operates a "scholar-in-residence" program for scholars from around the world. This is believed to have been the site of Pliny the Younger’s villa "Tragedia". Its well-known park was created at the end of the 18th century by Alessandro Serbelloni. Many famous people have or have had homes on the shores of Lake Como, such as Matthew Bellamy, John Kerry, Madonna, George Clooney,[11] Gianni Versace, Ronaldinho, Sylvester Stallone, Julian Lennon, Richard Branson, Ben Spies, and Pierina Legnani. Ferries[edit] The Lake Como
Como
ferry service is a highly developed public transport system linking the many small towns around the Lake. A motorized service began in 1826 when a steamship with sails, the “Lario”, was launched by the newly established Società privilegiata per l'impresa dei battelli a vapore nel Regno Lombardo Veneto. Since 1952 the system has been run under the auspices of a government organization called first the Gestione Commissariale Governativa and subsequently the Gestione Governativa Navigazione Laghi, which is also responsible for services on Lake Maggiore
Lake Maggiore
and Lake Garda.[12][13] Today there are three main services:

Motorship services along the western branch and northern end of the Lake (between Colico
Colico
or Piona and Como
Como
town), with additional shuttles to the mid-lake area. Fast services that follow broadly the same route, but use faster hydrofoils, stop less frequently, and cost extra. Ferries that run only between the popular mid-lake villages of Menaggio, Bellagio, and Varenna, plus Cadenabbia. Some of these boats carry vehicles as well as passengers.[14]

The lake boat Concordia and the car ferry Plinio.

Sacro Monte di Ossuccio[edit]

Chapel 5 of Sacro Monte di Ossuccio. Disputation with the Doctors

The Sacro Monte di Ossuccio
Sacro Monte di Ossuccio
("Holy Mount of Ossuccio") is a sanctuary located on a hillside slope between olive groves and woods along the western edge of Lake Como
Como
facing Isola Comacina. Fifteen Baroque inspired chapels, built between 1635 and 1710, and dedicated to the Mysteries of the Rosary
Rosary
are dotted along the way that leads to the Monastery. This building is the last in the chain and is dedicated to the Coronation of the Virgin. In 2003, the Sacri Monti of Piedmont and Lombardy, including that of Ossuccio, were added by UNESCO
UNESCO
to the World Heritage List. Villages, resorts, and other remarkable localities near the lake[edit]

The Parco Meier, a public garden at Tremezzo

Menaggio
Menaggio
from Lake Como

Cities and villages on Lake Como

Western shore from North to South South shore from West to East Eastern shore from North to South

Domaso Gravedona Dongo Musso Menaggio Cadenabbia Griante Tremezzo Mezzegra Lenno Ossuccio Sala Comacina Argegno Brienno Moltrasio Cernobbio Como

Como Blevio Brunate Bellagio Malgrate Lecco

Colico Dorio Dervio Bellano Varenna Lierna Mandello del Lario Lecco

References in literature[edit]

Lake Como
Como
at Lecco

Ernst Stavro Blofeld
Ernst Stavro Blofeld
retreats to a "metropolitan hotel" on Lake Como after his plans are foiled by James Bond
James Bond
in the novel On Her Majesty's Secret Service by Ian Fleming. Gaius Catullus
Catullus
asks his friend Caecilius to depart from Lake Como
Como
to Rome in poem 35. Paul the Deacon, a Lombard grammarian and poet of the 8th century, wrote one of his better known poems in praise of Lake Como
Como
(Versus in Laude Larii Laci).[15] Alessandro Manzoni
Alessandro Manzoni
chose to start his The Betrothed with a graphic description of Lake Como. Fabrice del Dongo, the protagonist of The Charterhouse of Parma
The Charterhouse of Parma
by Stendhal, is born and raised near Lake Como. Mark Twain
Mark Twain
visited Lake Como
Como
in the summer of 1867. He describes the lake and its environs at length in The Innocents Abroad, which recounts a lengthy pleasure excursion to Jerusalem. The character of Victor Frankenstein
Victor Frankenstein
marries Elizabeth in the vicinity of Lake Como
Como
in the novel by Mary Shelley. The lake is referenced by Jean in August Strindberg's magnum opus play Miss Julie. Ernest Hemingway's character Lieutenant Henry in A Farewell to Arms talks about taking a vacation to Lake Como. Nagg and Nell recollect rowing out onto Lake Como
Como
the day after their engagement in Samuel Beckett's play Endgame. Cadenabbia
Cadenabbia
on Lake Como
Como
is the principal setting for Gladys Theodora Parrish Huntingdon's novel Madame Solario. Maria Ruskin, a character in Tom Wolfe's Bonfire of the Vanities, escapes from New York City
New York City
to Lake Como, in order to spend time with Artist Filipo Chirazzi.

Depictions in popular culture[edit]

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Lake Como
Como
was used as filming location for movies such as The Pleasure Garden (1925), Bobby Deerfield
Bobby Deerfield
(1977), A Month by the Lake (1995), Star Wars: Episode II – Attack of the Clones (2002), Ocean's Twelve (2004), Casino Royale (2006), and Imagine You & Me (2016), and for the music videos Gwen Stefani's "Cool" and John Legend's "All of Me". In television, it was also used as a set for the Chuck episode "Chuck Versus the Honeymooners". In Series 21 of the British television series Top Gear, Richard Hammond
Richard Hammond
races around the perimeter of the lake in an Alfa Romeo 4C
Alfa Romeo 4C
while Jeremy Clarkson
Jeremy Clarkson
uses a Gibbs Quadski. In the daytime drama The Bold and the Beautiful, Stephanie Forrester (Susan Flannery) tossed long-time rival Sally Spectra (Darlene Conley) into Lake Como
Como
after Sally tries to prevent Stephanie from getting to her own wedding. Sports[edit] Lake Como
Como
is the setting of the annual Classic cycling race, the Giro di Lombardia (Tour of Lombardy). Gallery[edit]

Lake Como
Como
seen from Villa Carlotta
Villa Carlotta
in Tremezzo, near the centre of the lake.

Lake Como
Como
seen from the city of Como.

View of Lecco
Lecco
and the Lake of Como, branch of Lecco, from "Ciresa plain" on Mt. Barro.

Shoreline of Como
Como
from inside Lake Como

See also[edit]

Italy
Italy
portal Geography portal

Notes[edit]

^ a b c d e "Laghi italiani". Istituto Italiano di Idrobiologia. Retrieved 2006-11-17.  ^ "The World's 20 Most Beautiful Lakes". The Huffington Post. 2014. Retrieved 22 May 2017.  ^ The meaning of Larian is "related to the Lake Como", since the Latin name of Lake Como
Como
was Larius. So, the expression Triangolo lariano, or, in English, Larian Triangle, means exactly "Lake Como
Como
Triangle" or "Triangle of the Lake Como". ^ "Climate data for Como".  ^ Lake Como
Como
holidays, inghams.com, April 20, 2010 ^ 2006 Kiteboard Pro World Tour event, Lake Como, Italiaspeed.com, June 6, 2006 ^ Francis W Halsey, ed. (1914). Seeing Europe
Europe
with Famous Authors. VIII. Funk & Wagnells.  ^ "Directly from the producer - Lago di Como". www.lakecomo.it.  ^ See Infoparchi, Villa
Villa
Carlotta; Villacarlotta.it, Villa
Villa
Carlotta; Macadam, Alta ^ See Infoparchi, Villa
Villa
Melzi. ^ "Lifeinitaly.com". Archived from the original on 2009-11-06.  ^ Massimo Gozzi, "History of Navigation on Lake Como" Archived 2009-10-15 at the Wayback Machine., Gestione Governativa Navigazione Laghi, 2007, pp 1–2. ^ "General Management" Archived 2010-05-05 at the Wayback Machine., Gestione Governativa Navigazione Laghi, 2007. ^ "'Autumn Timetable 2009' Gestione Governativa Navigazione Laghi". Archived from the original on 2010-03-16.  ^ M.G.H. Poetae Karolini Aevi, I, pp. 42-43: dMGH.de

References[edit]

Macadam, Alta (1997). Blue Guide. Northern Italy: From the Alps
Alps
to Bologna. London: A & C Black. ISBN 0-7136-4294-7. Villacarlotta.it, Villa
Villa
Carlotta

External links[edit]

Media related to Lake Como
Como
at Wikimedia Commons Lake Como
Como
travel guide from Wikivoyage

v t e

Lake Como
Como
(Lago di Como, Lario)

Italy Lombardy
Lombardy
(Province of Como, Province of Lecco)

Settlements

Abbadia Lariana Argegno Bellagio Bellano Blevio Brienno Carate Urio Cernobbio Colico Colonno Como Consiglio di Rumo Cremia Dervio Domaso Dongo Dorio Faggeto Lario Gera Lario Giulino Gravedona Griante Laglio Lecco Lenno Lezzeno Lierna Malgrate Mandello del Lario Menaggio Mezzegra Moltrasio Musso Nesso Oliveto Lario Ossuccio Perledo Pianello del Lario Pognana Lario Sala Comacina San Siro Sant'Abbondio Santa Maria Rezzonico Sorico Torno Tremezzo Valbrona Valmadrera Varenna Vercana

Islands

Isola Comacina

Rivers

Adda Albano Breggia Cosia Fiumelatte Gera Liro Livo Mera Meria Pioverna Telo Varrone

Valleys

Valsassina

Mountains

Monte Generoso Grigna Monte Resegone

Landmarks

Castello di Vezio Lierna
Lierna
Castle Piona Abbey Sacro Monte di Ossuccio Villa
Villa
del Balbianello Villa
Villa
Carlotta Villa
Villa
Erba Villa
Villa
d'Este Villa
Villa
Olmo

Films

Piccolo mondo antico

People

Adeliza de Borgomanero

v t e

Landmarks of Lombardy

Accademia Carrara di Belle Arti di Bergamo Basilica of Sant'Andrea, Mantua Bellagio Cappella Colleoni Castelseprio Certosa di Pavia Como
Como
Cathedral Cremona Cathedral Crespi d'Adda Ducal palace, Mantua Galleria Vittorio Emanuele II, Milan Lake Como Lake Garda Milan
Milan
Cathedral Monastery of San Salvatore, Brescia Monte Isola Monza Cathedral Palazzo del Te Porta Nuova, Milan Rock Drawings in Valcamonica Royal Villa
Villa
of Monza Sacri Monti of Lombardy San Michele Maggiore, Pavia San Siro Stadium Stelvio National Park Torrazzo of Cremona

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 238374560 GND: 4090516-0 BNF: cb12093717

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