HOME
The Info List - Lahu People


--- Advertisement ---



The Lahu people
Lahu people
(Chinese: 拉祜族; Lahu: Ladhulsi / Kawzhawd; Vietnamese: La Hủ) are an ethnic group of China
China
and Mainland Southeast Asia.

Contents

1 Distribution 2 Subgroups 3 Language 4 Religion 5 Names 6 References 7 Notes 8 External links

Distribution[edit] The Lahu are one of the 56 ethnic groups officially recognized by the People's Republic of China, where about 720,000 live in Yunnan province, mostly in Lancang Lahu Autonomous County. In Thailand, the Lahu are one of the six main groups categorized as hill tribes.[5] The Tai often refer to them by the exonym Muso (Thai: มูเซอ), meaning 'hunter'. They are one of 54 ethnic groups in Vietnam, and mostly live in Lai Châu Province.[1] A few Lahu, along with the Hmong, Lao, and Mien were recruited by the United States
United States
Central Intelligence Agency
Central Intelligence Agency
to help fight against the communist Pathet Lao, known as the secret war, during the Laotian Civil War. In fear of retribution when the Pathet Lao
Pathet Lao
took over the Laotian government in 1975, those who had helped the United States fled to neighboring Thailand
Thailand
seeking political asylum. A couple thousand Lahu have resettled in the United States
United States
as refugees, in the states of California, Minnesota, North Carolina, Texas, and Utah. Most Lahu Americans live in Visalia, California, thus making Visalia home to the largest concentration of Lahu people outside of Asia. Subgroups[edit]

A Burmese depiction of the Lahu Na (Black Lahu)

The Lahu divide themselves into a number of subgroups, such as the Lahu Na (Black Lahu), Lahu Nyi (Red Lahu), Lahu Hpu (White Lahu), Lahu Shi (Yellow Lahu) and the Lahu Shehleh. Where a subgroup name refers to a color, it refers to the traditional color of their dress. These groups do not function as tribes or clans - there are no kin groups above that of the family. Lahu trace descent bilaterally, and typically practice matrilocal residence. Bradley (1979) lists the following Lahu ethnic subgroups.

Black Lahu

Lahu Na

Meuneu (Shan, 'north country') Meun Pulon Shehvi (Hsenwi) Bawfa (Shanised) Hkahka: (known only to Bradley's Akha informants) Panai (known only to Bradley's Akha informants)

Divergent Lahu Na dialects

Kaishin: (Chinese 'exchange hearts') Hpu: ('white')

Hu:paw Kulao Namhpehn (hpeh) Lalaw (na)

Laba Huli

Lahu Nyi ('red')

Nyi Venya ('go to town') Kulao: (not the same as Hpu: type Lahu Kulao)

Shehleh (Red Lahu name)

Laho Na ('black') / Shehleh Laho Namoe Laho A:leh

Yellow Lahu

'Like Black Lahu'

A:ga / A:do'aga (Black Lahu name) A:hpube:le: (Yellow Lahu 'bent gourd'; own name) Shi: Bankeo:

Laho Shi

Banlan (black name) Menhke (yellow name)

Divergent

Lahu Meh Lahu Lawmeh Lahu Velon ('big town')

Unclassified[6]

Kawsung Pawla Khapaw Cili Senling Nambawpe Si Pyeng ('yellow-Pyeng') Si Pü ('yellow - white') Hai (Chinese 'black' ?)

Non-Lahu (some have "become" Lahu)

Micha (Lisoid group) Bana (Akoid group)

Language[edit] Main article: Lahu language The Lahu language is part of the Loloish branch of the Lolo–Burmese subgroup of the Tibeto-Burman family (itself a member of the Sino-Tibetan language family). Like most of its relatives, it is a strongly isolating language with subject–object–verb word order, and a set of numeral classifiers. There are seven tones, and consonants cannot close syllables. The language spoken by the Lahu Shi is notably divergent from that spoken by the other groups. In Thailand, Lahu Na often serves as a lingua franca among the various hill tribes. Written Lahu uses the Latin alphabet. Among Christian villages, the language has been enriched by loanwords from English, Latin and Greek via Bible translation, plus neologisms in the areas of hygiene, music and education.[1] Religion[edit]

An elderly Lahu woman at a refugee camp in Thailand.

The traditional Lahu religion is polytheistic. Buddhism
Buddhism
was introduced in the late 17th century and became widespread. Many Lahu people
Lahu people
in China
China
are Buddhists.[7] Christianity
Christianity
became established in Burma in the 19th century and has been spreading since. The Lahu of Northeastern Thailand
Thailand
had encounters with Theravada Buddhist forest monks (tudong monks) around the years 1930–1940. The leader of such a group of monks, Mun Bhuridatta, spent some time in Lahu territory. These Lahu asked him for a "gatha that would protect them from ghosts and demons."[8] Names[edit] Lahu people
Lahu people
used to have just a given name, until the Chinese Government gave them surnames. About 90% of the Lahu people
Lahu people
are either named Lee or Zhang, two of the most common Chinese surnames. Lahu given names are made of two syllables: one that shows the gender and one that gives information on the day of birth, based on the zodiac. For example, a person born on the Ox day will be named “Zanu” if he is a boy and “Nanu” if she is a girl.[9] References[edit]

Bradley, David (1979). Lahu dialects. Oriental monograph series #23. Canberra: Faculty of Asian Studies, Australian National University. OCLC 6303582.  Lewis, Paul; Elaine Lewis (1984). Peoples of the Golden Triangle. London: Thames and Hudson Ltd. ISBN 0-500-97472-1.  Matisoff, James (1982). The Grammar of Lahu. Berkeley, California: University of California
California
Press. ISBN 0-520-09467-0. 

Phạm Huy. 1997. Một phần chân dung: dân tộc La Hủ (nhật ký điền dã). Lai Châu: Sở Văn Hóa Thông Tin Lai Châu.

Notes[edit]

^ a b c d e Matisoff, James A. (2006). English-Lahu Lexicon. Google Books: University of California
California
Press. pp. xi–xii.  ^ 'Chiang Mai's Hill Peoples' in: Forbes, Andrew, and Henley, David, Ancient Chiang Mai Volume 3. Chiang Mai ,Cognoscenti Books, 2012. ^ "The 2009 Vietnam
Vietnam
Population and Housing Census: Completed Results". General Statistics Office of Vietnam: Central Population and Housing Census Steering Committee. June 2010. p. 135. Archived from the original on 18 October 2013. Retrieved 26 November 2013.  ^ China.org - The Lahu Ethnic Group ^ 'Chiang Mai's Hill Peoples' in: Forbes, Andrew, and Henley, David, Ancient Chiang Mai Volume 3. Chiang Mai ,Cognoscenti Books, 2012. ^ Not known to Bradley's informants ^ The Lahu Ethnic Group ^ Forest Recollections, K. Tyavanich, Honolulu 1997, p.163 ^ http://blog-en.namepedia.org/2015/03/lahu-names-china/

External links[edit]

Media related to Lahu people
Lahu people
at Wikimedia Commons Video documentary about Lahu Opium People The Virtual Hilltribe Museum Lahu/Mussur in Thailand Lahu Bible Lahu Audio Resources FEBC http://blog-en.namepedia.org/2015/03/lahu-names-china/

v t e

Ethnic groups in China

Sino-Tibetan

Sinitic

Han Bai Hui

Burmic

Achang Hani Jino Lahu Lisu Nu Yi

Qiangic

Nakhi Pumi Qiang

Others

Derung Jingpo Lhoba Monpa Tibetan Tujia

Austroasiatic

Blang Gin Palaung Va

Hmong-Mien

Miao

Hmong

She Yao

Mongolic

Bonan Daur Dongxiang Mongol Monguor Yugur

Tai-Kadai

Bouyei Dai Dong Gelao Li Maonan Mulao Sui Zhuang

Tungusic

Evenk Manchu Nanai Oroqen Sibe

Turkic

Kazakh Kyrgyz Salar Tatar Uyghur Uzbek Yugur

Unrecognized

Lai Deng Gejia Utsul Khmu Macanese Mang Jews

Others

Filipinos Gaoshan Japanese Koreans Russian Tajik

Unrecognized ethnic groups in China
China
· Immigrant ethnic groups in China
China
· Historic ethnic groups

v t e

Ethnic groups in Myanmar

Kachin (12)

Jingpaw Dalaung Gauri Hkahku Duleng Maru (Lawgore) Hpon Lashi (La Chit) Atsi (zh) Lisu Rawang Taron

Kayah (9)

Kayah (Karenni) Pale Zayein Ka-Yun (Kayan; Padaung) Manu Manaw Gheko Yin Talai Yin Baw Kayinpyu (Geba Karen)

Kayin (Karen) (11)

Pa-Le-Chi Mon Kayin (Sarpyu) S'gaw Ta-Hlay-Pwa Paku Bwe Monpwa Monnepwa Shu (Pwo)

Chin (53)

Anu Anun Asho Awa Khami Bre (Ka-Yaw) Dai (Yindu) Dim Eik-swair Gunte (Lyente) Guite Haulngo Ka-Lin-Kaw (Lushay) Kaung Saing Chin Kaungso Kebar Khawno Kwangli (Sim) Kwelshin Kwe Myi Lai (Haka Chin) Laizao Lawhtu Laymyo Lhinbu Lushei (Lushay) Lyente Magun Malin Marma Matu Meithei (Kathe) Mgan Mi-er Naga Ngorn Oo-Pu Panun Rongtu Saing Zan Saline Sentang Tanghkul Tapong Tay-Zan Thado Tiddim (Hai-Dim) Torr (Tawr) Wakim (Mro) Yin Gog Za-How Zahnyet (Zanniet) Zizan Zou Zo-Pe Zotung

Bamar (Burman) (9)

Dawei Beik Yaw Yabein Kadu (Kado) Moken
Moken
(Salon; Salone) Ganan Hpon

Mon (1)

Mon

Rakhine (Arakanese) (7)

Kamein (Kaman) Khami Daingnet Maramagyi Miram (Mara) Mro Thet

Shan (33)

Danaw (Danau) Danu Intha Pa-O Khamti Shan Khmu (Khamu) Kwi Kokang Lahu Palaung Shan Gale Shan Gyi Tai-Loi Tai-Lem Tai-Lon Tai-Lay Taishon Taungyo Wa (Va) Yao Yin Kya Yin Net Yun Man Zi Pyin Eng Son Kaw (Akha-E-Kaw) Maw Shan Ngac'ang Hkun (Khün)

Unrecognised / Others

Anglo-Burmese Chinese

Panthay

Indian Gurkha Rohingya Malay Pakistani

v t e

Ethnic groups in Thailand
Thailand
by language family

   

Tai Isan (Northeastern Thai) · Khorat Thai · Khün · Lao · Lao Ga · Lao Krang · Lao Lom · Lao Loum · Lao Ngaew · Lao Song · Lao Ti · Lao Wiang · Tai Lu · Northern Thai (Tai Yuan) · Nyong · Phu Thai · Phuan · Shan · Southern Thai · Tai Bueng · Tai Daeng (Red Tai) · Tai Dam (Black Tai) · Tai Gapong · Kaleun · Tai Nüa · Tai Wang · Thai (Central Thai) Northern Tai Saek · Nyaw · Yoy Malayo-Polynesian Cham · Filipino · Malay · Moken · Moklen · Urak Lawoi’

Other Austroasiatic Bru · Chong · Kensiu (Maniq) · Khmer (Northern, Western) · Kintaq · Kuy · Mani (Negrito) · Mon · Nyah Kur (Chao-bon) · Nyeu · Pear · Sa'och · Aheu · Vietnamese Khmuic Khmu · Lua · Mlabri · Phai · Pray · Tin

Palaungic Blang · Lamet · Lawa · Mok · Palaung (De'ang)

Tibeto-Burman Akha · Bamar · Bisu · Karen · Kayah (Red Karen) · Lahu · Lisu · Lolo (Yi) · Mpi · Pa'O · Phrae Pwo · Phunoi · Pwo · S'gaw · Ugong Chinese Thai Chinese
Thai Chinese
(Teochew · Hakka · Hainanese · Cantonese · Hokkien · Chin Haw · Phuket Baba) Hmong–Mien Hmong · Yao/Iu Mien Other Australians · Burmese · Farang
Farang
(Caucasians) · Indians · Iranians · Japanese · Koreans · Nepalis · Pakistanis

v t e

Ethnic groups in Vietnam
Vietnam
by language family

Vietic

Chứt Mường Thổ Việt (Kinh)

Tai–Kadai

Bố Y Giáy Lào Lự Nùng Sán Chay Tày Thái

Thái Đen Thái Đỏ Thái Trắng Phu Thai Tày Thanh Thái Hàng Tổng

Cờ Lao La Chí La Ha Pu Péo

Hmong–Dao

Dao H'Mông Pà Thẻn

Austroasiatic

Ba Na Brâu Bru-Vân Kiều Chơ Ro Co Cờ Ho Cơ Tu Giẻ Triêng Hrê Kháng Khơ Me Khơ Mú Mạ Mảng M'Nông Ơ Đu Rơ Măm Tà Ôi Xinh Mun Xơ Đăng Xtiêng

Chinese

Hoa Ngái Sán Dìu

Malayo-Polynesian

Chăm Chu Ru Ê Đê Gia Rai Ra Glai

Tibeto-Burman

Cống Hà Nhì La Hủ Lô Lô Phù Lá Si La

Other

Indian Japanese Korean Jewish Nigerian Taiwanese

v t e

Ethnic groups in Laos
Laos
by language family

Lao-Tai

Lao Lu Phuan Phu Thai Saek Tai Daeng (Red Tai) Tai Dam (Black Tai) Tai Khao (White Tai) Tai Maen Tai Nüa

Vietic

Bo Chut (May) Kinh/Vietnamese Krih Liha Maleng Phong Phon Sung (Aheu) Thavung Tum

Mon–Khmer

Alak Bit Brau (Lavae) Bru Ca Tu Doi Htin Jeng Kaleung Kataang Keu Khang Khamu Kuy Lamet Laven Lavy Makong Mlabri Nghe Nyaheun O Du Oy Pacoh Samtao (Kiorr) Sedang Sou Talieng Ta Oi Xinh Mun (Puoc) Yae (Jeh)

Hmong–Mien

Hmong Lanten Yao

Tibeto-Burman

Akha Hani Kado Kaduo Lahu Phana' Phunoi Si La

Authority control

LCCN: sh85073980 BNF:

.