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1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

La Roche-sur-Yon
La Roche-sur-Yon
(pronounced [la ʁɔʃ syʁ jɔ̃]) is a commune in the Vendée
Vendée
department in the Pays de la Loire
Pays de la Loire
region in western France. It is the capital of the department. Its inhabitants are called Yonnais.

Contents

1 History 2 Geography 3 Climate 4 Administration 5 Main sights 6 Transport 7 Education 8 Sports 9 Twin towns 10 See also 11 References 12 External links

History[edit] The town expanded significantly after Napoleon I chose the site as the new préfecture of the Vendée
Vendée
on 25 May 1804, replacing Fontenay-le-Comte
Fontenay-le-Comte
(then under its revolutionary name of Fontenay-le-Peuple). At the time, most of La Roche had been eradicated in the Vendée
Vendée
Revolt (1793–96); the renamed Napoléonville was laid out and a fresh population of soldiers and civil servants was brought in. Napoléonville was designed to accommodate 15,000 people.[1] The town was called successively:

La Roche-sur-Yon
La Roche-sur-Yon
(during the Ancien Régime
Ancien Régime
and the French First Republic) Napoléon-sur-Yon (during the First French Empire) Bourbon- Vendée
Vendée
(during the French Restoration) Napoléon- Vendée
Vendée
(during the French Second Empire)

Geography[edit] The river Yon flows southward through the commune and crosses the town. Climate[edit]

Climate data for La Roche-sur-Yon
La Roche-sur-Yon
(1981–2010 averages)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 15.9 (60.6) 20.2 (68.4) 24.1 (75.4) 28.1 (82.6) 30.7 (87.3) 36.9 (98.4) 36.6 (97.9) 38.7 (101.7) 33.7 (92.7) 29.9 (85.8) 21.1 (70) 18.7 (65.7) 38.7 (101.7)

Average high °C (°F) 8.5 (47.3) 9.5 (49.1) 12.5 (54.5) 14.9 (58.8) 18.8 (65.8) 22.4 (72.3) 24.5 (76.1) 24.6 (76.3) 21.8 (71.2) 17.3 (63.1) 12.0 (53.6) 8.9 (48) 16.3 (61.3)

Average low °C (°F) 2.6 (36.7) 2.2 (36) 4.0 (39.2) 5.5 (41.9) 9.1 (48.4) 11.8 (53.2) 13.7 (56.7) 13.4 (56.1) 11.1 (52) 9.0 (48.2) 5.2 (41.4) 2.9 (37.2) 7.5 (45.5)

Record low °C (°F) −14.9 (5.2) −15.4 (4.3) −10.3 (13.5) −4.1 (24.6) −0.3 (31.5) 2.8 (37) 7.2 (45) 5.1 (41.2) 2.5 (36.5) −4.5 (23.9) −7.1 (19.2) −9.5 (14.9) −15.4 (4.3)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 103.5 (4.075) 66.0 (2.598) 70.5 (2.776) 67.9 (2.673) 64.5 (2.539) 44.5 (1.752) 51.3 (2.02) 46.1 (1.815) 73.0 (2.874) 107.6 (4.236) 103.5 (4.075) 102.5 (4.035) 900.9 (35.469)

Average precipitation days 12.5 10.1 10.8 11.1 9.1 7.6 7.1 7.2 7.8 12.4 13.4 12.5 121.6

Mean monthly sunshine hours 72.4 102.8 145.4 171.1 198.8 230.6 232.3 229.7 194.2 124.1 81.2 69.4 1,852

Source: Meteo France[2][3]

Administration[edit] The Communauté d'agglomération " La Roche-sur-Yon
La Roche-sur-Yon
Agglomération" contains 15 communes:

Aubigny Chaillé-sous-les-Ormeaux La Chaize-le-Vicomte Les Clouzeaux Dompierre-sur-Yon La Ferrière Fougeré Landeronde Mouilleron-le-Captif Nesmy La Roche-sur-Yon Saint-Florent-des-Bois Le Tablier Thorigny Venansault

La Roche-sur-Yon
La Roche-sur-Yon
is the chief town of the Arrondissement of La Roche-sur-Yon, which covers 11 cantons, 92 communes, and has a population of 230,386 (1999 census). La-Roche-sur-Yon is chief town of two cantons, Canton of La Roche-sur-Yon-1 and Canton of La Roche-sur-Yon-2. Main sights[edit]

Napoléon's statue (1854)

Kiosk on Napoléon square

Napoléon square

Saint-Louis church

Saint-Louis church

Saint-Louis church organ

Saint Louis Church of La Roche-sur-Yon

Saint Louis Church of La Roche-sur-Yon

Theatre

Old Hospital

Museum

Post office

Prefecture building

Sacré-cœur church

Renaissance house (1566)

Old Palais de Justice

Benjamin Rabier media library

Train station

Abbey of Fontenelles

Transport[edit] The Gare de La Roche-sur-Yon
Gare de La Roche-sur-Yon
railway station offers connections to Nantes, Paris, Les Sables-d'Olonne, Bordeaux
Bordeaux
and several regional destinations. The A87 motorway connects La Roche-sur-Yon
La Roche-sur-Yon
with Les Sables-d'Olonne and Angers, the A83 with Nantes
Nantes
and Niort. Education[edit] The commune has designated attendance zones for its primary schools.[4] Schools include:

2 public preschools (écoles maternelles)[5] 2 public elementary schools[5] 13 public school groups of combined preschools and elementary schools[5] 6 private elementary schools[5] Public junior high schools: Collège Auguste et Jean-Renoir, Collège mixte Les Gondoliers, Collège mixte Edouard Herriot, Collège Haxo[6] Private junior high schools: Collège mixte du Sacré-Coeur, Collège mixte Richelieu, Collège mixte Saint-Louis[6] Public senior high schools: Lycée Nature (general education and agricultural technology), Lycée d'état mixte Alfred-Kastler, Lycée polyvalent Jean de Lattre-de-Tassigny, Lycée polyvalent Pierre-Mendès-France, and Lycée professionnel Edoaurd Branly[7] Private senior high schools: Lycée Saint-François d'Assise, Lycée d'enseignement général et technologique Notre-Dame-du-Roc, Lycée les Etablières[7] One grande école : Institut catholique d'arts et métiers

Sports[edit] In 2014 La Roche-sur-yon hosted the 2014 French championship of table tennis[8] La Roche-sur-Yon's Vendéspace hosted one of the first round ties of the 2014 Davis Cup tennis tournament over the weekend of 31 January - 2 February 2014. France
France
hosted Australia as both teams competed for a place in the World Group quarterfinals. In 2015 La Roche-sur-Yon, will host the 2015 FIRS Men's Roller Hockey World Cup, the first time that a World Cup of roller hockey is held in France. In June 2015 La Roche-sur-Yon's Vendéspace will host the qualification tournament for the World Championships in Savate Combat[9] Twin towns[edit]

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La Roche-sur-Yon
La Roche-sur-Yon
is twinned with:

Gummersbach, Germany Coleraine, Northern Ireland, United Kingdom Drummondville, Canada Cáceres, Spain, since 1982 Tizi Ouzou, Algeria, since 1989 Makhachkala, Dagestan, Russia Burg bei Magdeburg, Germany, since 2005

See also[edit]

Communes of the Vendée
Vendée
department

References[edit]

INSEE

^ Graham Robb, The Discovery of France, Picador, London (2007), pp257-8 ^ "Données climatiques de la station de La Roche-sur-Yon" (in French). Meteo France. Retrieved January 9, 2016.  ^ "Climat Pays de la Loire" (in French). Meteo France. Retrieved January 9, 2016.  ^ "Sectorisation scolaire 2016." La Roche-sur-Yon. Retrieved on September 6, 2016. ^ a b c d "[1]." La Roche Sur-Yon. Retrieved on September 6, 2016. ^ a b "Collèges." La Roche Sur-Yon. Retrieved on September 6, 2016. ^ a b "Lycées." La Roche Sur-Yon. Retrieved on September 6, 2016. ^ http://www.tennis2table.com/Championnat-de-France/les-championnats-de-france-2014-de-tennis-de-table.html ^ http://vendespace.vendee.fr/Agenda/Sports/TOURNOI-QUALIFICATIF-DE-SAVATE-BOXE-FRANCAISE/vendredi-05-juin-2015-samedi-06-juin-2015

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to La Roche-sur-Yon.

Official website (in French)

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Prefectures of departments of France

Bourg-en-Bresse
Bourg-en-Bresse
(Ain) Laon
Laon
(Aisne) Moulins (Allier) Digne-les-Bains
Digne-les-Bains
(Alpes-de-Haute-Provence) Gap (Hautes-Alpes) Nice
Nice
(Alpes-Maritimes) Privas
Privas
(Ardèche) Charleville-Mézières
Charleville-Mézières
(Ardennes) Foix
Foix
(Ariège) Troyes
Troyes
(Aube) Carcassonne
Carcassonne
(Aude) Rodez
Rodez
(Aveyron) Marseille
Marseille
(Bouches-du-Rhône) Caen
Caen
(Calvados) Aurillac
Aurillac
(Cantal) Angoulême
Angoulême
(Charente) La Rochelle
La Rochelle
(Charente-Maritime) Bourges
Bourges
(Cher) Tulle
Tulle
(Corrèze) Ajaccio
Ajaccio
(Corse-du-Sud) Bastia
Bastia
(Haute-Corse) Dijon
Dijon
(Côte-d'Or) Saint-Brieuc
Saint-Brieuc
(Côtes-d'Armor) Guéret
Guéret
(Creuse) Périgueux
Périgueux
(Dordogne) Besançon
Besançon
(Doubs) Valence (Drôme) Évreux
Évreux
(Eure) Chartres
Chartres
(Eure-et-Loir) Quimper
Quimper
(Finistère) Nîmes
Nîmes
(Gard) Toulouse
Toulouse
(Haute-Garonne) Auch
Auch
(Gers) Bordeaux
Bordeaux
(Gironde) Montpellier
Montpellier
(Hérault) Rennes
Rennes
(Ille-et-Vilaine) Châteauroux
Châteauroux
(Indre) Tours
Tours
(Indre-et-Loire) Grenoble
Grenoble
(Isère) Lons-le-Saunier
Lons-le-Saunier
(Jura) Mont-de-Marsan
Mont-de-Marsan
(Landes) Blois
Blois
(Loir-et-Cher) Saint-Étienne
Saint-Étienne
(Loire) Le Puy-en-Velay
Le Puy-en-Velay
(Haute-Loire) Nantes
Nantes
(Loire-Atlantique) Orléans
Orléans
(Loiret) Cahors
Cahors
(Lot) Agen
Agen
(Lot-et-Garonne) Mende (Lozère) Angers
Angers
(Maine-et-Loire) Saint-Lô
Saint-Lô
(Manche) Châlons-en-Champagne
Châlons-en-Champagne
(Marne) Chaumont (Haute-Marne) Laval (Mayenne) Nancy (Meurthe-et-Moselle) Bar-le-Duc
Bar-le-Duc
(Meuse) Vannes
Vannes
(Morbihan) Metz
Metz
(Moselle) Nevers
Nevers
(Nièvre) Lille
Lille
(Nord) Beauvais
Beauvais
(Oise) Alençon
Alençon
(Orne) Arras
Arras
(Pas-de-Calais) Clermont-Ferrand
Clermont-Ferrand
(Puy-de-Dôme) Pau (Pyrénées-Atlantiques) Tarbes
Tarbes
(Hautes-Pyrénées) Perpignan
Perpignan
(Pyrénées-Orientales) Strasbourg
Strasbourg
(Bas-Rhin) Colmar
Colmar
(Haut-Rhin) Lyon
Lyon
(Rhône) Vesoul
Vesoul
(Haute-Saône) Mâcon
Mâcon
(Saône-et-Loire) Le Mans
Le Mans
(Sarthe) Chambéry
Chambéry
(Savoie) Annecy
Annecy
(Haute-Savoie) Paris
Paris
(Paris) Rouen
Rouen
(Seine-Maritime) Melun
Melun
(Seine-et-Marne) Versailles (Yvelines) Niort
Niort
(Deux-Sèvres) Amiens
Amiens
(Somme) Albi
Albi
(Tarn) Montauban
Montauban
(Tarn-et-Garonne) Toulon
Toulon
(Var) Avignon
Avignon
(Vaucluse) La Roche-sur-Yon
La Roche-sur-Yon
(Vendée) Poitiers
Poitiers
(Vienne) Limoges
Limoges
(Haute-Vienne) Épinal
Épinal
(Vosges) Auxerre
Auxerre
(Yonne) Belfort
Belfort
(Territoire de Belfort) Évry (Essonne) Nanterre
Nanterre
(Hauts-de-Seine) Bobigny
Bobigny
(Seine-Saint-Denis) Créteil
Créteil
(Val-de-Marne) Cergy, Pontoise
Pontoise
(Val-d'Oise)

Overseas departments

Basse-Terre
Basse-Terre
(Guadeloupe) Fort-de- France
France
(Martinique) Cayenne
Cayenne
(French Guiana) Saint-Denis (Réunion) Mamoudzou
Mamoudzou
(Mayotte)

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Communes of the Vendée
Vendée
department

Les Achards L'Aiguillon-sur-Mer L'Aiguillon-sur-Vie Aizenay Angles Antigny Apremont Aubigny-les-Clouzeaux Auchay-sur-Vendée Avrillé Barbâtre La Barre-de-Monts Bazoges-en-Paillers Bazoges-en-Pareds Beaufou Beaulieu-sous-la-Roche Beaurepaire Beauvoir-sur-Mer Bellevigny Benet Le Bernard La Bernardière Bessay Bois-de-Céné La Boissière-de-Montaigu La Boissière-des-Landes Boufféré Bouillé-Courdault Bouin Le Boupère Bourneau Bournezeau Brem-sur-Mer Bretignolles-sur-Mer La Bretonnière-la-Claye Breuil-Barret Les Brouzils La Bruffière La Caillère-Saint-Hilaire Cezais Chaillé-les-Marais La Chaize-Giraud La Chaize-le-Vicomte Challans Chambretaud Champagné-les-Marais Le Champ-Saint-Père Chantonnay La Chapelle-aux-Lys La Chapelle-Hermier La Chapelle-Palluau La Chapelle-Thémer Chasnais La Châtaigneraie Château-d'Olonne Château-Guibert Châteauneuf Chauché Chavagnes-en-Paillers Chavagnes-les-Redoux Cheffois Coëx Commequiers La Copechagnière Corpe La Couture Cugand Curzon Damvix Doix-lès-Fontaines Dompierre-sur-Yon Les Epesses L'Épine Essarts-en-Bocage Falleron La Faute-sur-Mer Faymoreau Le Fenouiller La Ferrière Fontenay-le-Comte Fougeré Foussais-Payré Froidfond La Garnache La Gaubretière La Genétouze Le Girouard Givrand Le Givre Grand'Landes Grosbreuil Grues Le Gué-de-Velluire La Guérinière La Guyonnière L'Herbergement Les Herbiers L'Hermenault L'Île-d'Elle L'Île-d'Olonne L'Île-d'Yeu Jard-sur-Mer La Jaudonnière La Jonchère Lairoux Landeronde Les Landes-Genusson Landevieille Le Langon Liez Loge-Fougereuse Longèves Longeville-sur-Mer Luçon Les Lucs-sur-Boulogne Maché Les Magnils-Reigniers Maillé Maillezais Mallièvre Mareuil-sur-Lay-Dissais Marillet Marsais-Sainte-Radégonde Martinet Le Mazeau La Meilleraie-Tillay Menomblet La Merlatière Mervent Mesnard-la-Barotière Monsireigne Montaigu Montournais Montreuil Montréverd Moreilles Mortagne-sur-Sèvre Mouchamps Mouilleron-le-Captif Mouilleron-Saint-Germain Moutiers-les-Mauxfaits Moutiers-sur-le-Lay Mouzeuil-Saint-Martin Nalliers Nesmy Nieul-le-Dolent Nieul-sur-l'Autise Noirmoutier-en-l'Île Notre-Dame-de-Monts Notre-Dame-de-Riez Olonne-sur-Mer L'Orbrie Oulmes Palluau Péault Le Perrier Petosse Les Pineaux Pissotte Le Poiré-sur-Velluire Le Poiré-sur-Vie Poiroux Pouillé Pouzauges Puy-de-Serre Puyravault La Rabatelière Réaumur La Réorthe Rives-de-l'Yon Rocheservière La Roche-sur-Yon Rochetrejoux Rosnay Les Sables-d'Olonne Saint-André-Goule-d'Oie Saint-Aubin-des-Ormeaux Saint-Aubin-la-Plaine Saint-Avaugourd-des-Landes Saint-Benoist-sur-Mer Saint-Christophe-du-Ligneron Saint-Cyr-des-Gâts Saint-Cyr-en-Talmondais Saint-Denis-du-Payré Saint-Denis-la-Chevasse Sainte-Cécile Sainte-Flaive-des-Loups Sainte-Foy Sainte-Gemme-la-Plaine Sainte-Hermine Sainte-Pexine Sainte-Radégonde-des-Noyers Saint-Étienne-de-Brillouet Saint-Étienne-du-Bois Saint-Fulgent Saint-Georges-de-Montaigu Saint-Georges-de-Pointindoux Saint-Germain-de-Prinçay Saint-Gervais Saint-Gilles-Croix-de-Vie Saint-Hilaire-de-Loulay Saint-Hilaire-de-Riez Saint-Hilaire-des-Loges Saint-Hilaire-de-Voust Saint-Hilaire-la-Forêt Saint-Hilaire-le-Vouhis Saint-Jean-de-Beugné Saint-Jean-de-Monts Saint-Juire-Champgillon Saint-Julien-des-Landes Saint-Laurent-de-la-Salle Saint-Laurent-sur-Sèvre Saint-Maixent-sur-Vie Saint-Malô-du-Bois Saint-Mars-la-Réorthe Saint-Martin-de-Fraigneau Saint-Martin-des-Fontaines Saint-Martin-des-Noyers Saint-Martin-des-Tilleuls Saint-Martin-Lars-en-Sainte-Hermine Saint-Mathurin Saint-Maurice-des-Noues Saint-Maurice-le-Girard Saint-Mesmin Saint-Michel-en-l'Herm Saint-Michel-le-Cloucq Saint-Paul-en-Pareds Saint-Paul-Mont-Penit Saint-Philbert-de-Bouaine Saint-Pierre-du-Chemin Saint-Pierre-le-Vieux Saint-Prouant Saint-Révérend Saint-Sigismond Saint-Sulpice-en-Pareds Saint-Urbain Saint-Valérien Saint-Vincent-Sterlanges Saint-Vincent-sur-Graon Saint-Vincent-sur-Jard Sallertaine Sérigné Sèvremont Sigournais Soullans Le Tablier La Taillée Tallud-Sainte-Gemme Talmont-Saint-Hilaire La Tardière Thiré Thorigny Thouarsais-Bouildroux Tiffauges La Tranche-sur-Mer Treize-Septiers Treize-Vents Triaize Vairé Velluire Venansault Vendrennes La Verrie Vix Vouillé-les-Marais Vouvant Xanton-Chassenon

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 122697860 LCCN: n84083949 GND: 4114363-2 SUDOC: 026399989 BNF:

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