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KUSHINAGAR, KUSINAGAR or KUSINARA is a pilgrimage town and a Notified Area Council in the Kushinagar district of the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh located around NH-28 , and is 52 km east of Gorakhpur city. It is an important Buddhist
Buddhist
pilgrimage site, where Buddhists believe Gautama Buddha
Gautama Buddha
attained Parinirvana
Parinirvana
after his death. Outside India, it is an International Buddhist
Buddhist
Pilgrimage Centre. The followers of Buddhism, especially from Asian countries, wish to visit this place at least once in their lifetime.

CONTENTS

* 1 Etymology * 2 Demographics * 3 History * 4 Location of Gautama Buddha\'s death and parinirvana * 5 Geography * 6 Tourism * 7 Government and politics * 8 Notable People From Kushinagar
Kushinagar
* 9 Education * 10 Gallery * 11 References * 12 Further reading * 13 See also * 14 External links

ETYMOLOGY

According to one theory, Kushwati was capital of Kosala Kingdom and according to Ramayana
Ramayana
it was built by King Kush , son of Rama
Rama
, protagonist of the epic Ramayana. While according to Buddhist tradition Kushawati was named prior to the king Kush. The naming of Kushwati is believed to be due to abundance of Kush grass found in this region.

DEMOGRAPHICS

As of 2011 India
India
census , Kushinagar
Kushinagar
had a population of 22,214, with 3462 households. Males constitute 52% (11,502 Men) of the population and females 48% (10,712 Women). Kushinagar
Kushinagar
has an average literacy rate of 78.43%, higher than the national average of 74%, male literacy is 85%, and female literacy is 72%. In Kushinagar, 11% of the population is under 10 years of age. Schedule Caste (SC) constitutes 5.03% while Schedule Tribe (ST) were 2.39% of total population in Kushinagar
Kushinagar
Nagar Panchayat.

HISTORY

The present Kushinagar
Kushinagar
is identified with KUSHAWATI (in pre-Buddha period) and KUSHINARA (in post-Buddha period). Kushinara was the capital of Mallas which was one of the sixteen mahajanpads of the 6th Century BCE. Since then, it remained an integral part of the erstwhile empires of Maurya
Maurya
, Shunga , Kushana
Kushana
, Gupta and Harsha
Harsha
dynasties.

In the medieval period, Kushinagar
Kushinagar
had passed under the suzerainty of Kultury Kings. Kushinara continued to be a living city till the 12th century CE and was thereafter lost into oblivion. Padrauna is believed to be ruled over by a Rajput adventurer, Madan Singh, in the 15th century CE.

However, modern Kushinagar
Kushinagar
came into prominence in the 19th Century with archeological excavations carried out by Alexander Cunningham , the first Archeological Surveyor of India
India
and later followed by C.L. Carlleyle who exposed the main stupa and also discovered a 6.10 meters long statue of reclining Buddha in 1876. Excavations continued in the early twentieth century under J. Ph. Vogel . He conducted archaeological campaigns in 1904-5, 1905-6 and 1906-7, uncovering a wealth of Buddhist
Buddhist
materials.

Chandra Swami, a Burmese monk, came to India
India
in 1903 and made "Mahaparinirvana Temple" into a living shrine.

After independence, Kushinagar
Kushinagar
remained the part of district Deoria . On 13 May 1994, it came into being as a new district of Uttar Pradesh .

LOCATION OF GAUTAMA BUDDHA\'S DEATH AND PARINIRVANA

Buddha's cremation stupa, Kushinagar.

In 1896, Waddell suggested that the site of the death and parinirvana of Gautama Buddha
Gautama Buddha
was in the region of Rampurva . However, according to Maha-parinirvana Sutta, the Buddha made his journey to Kushinagar, died there and wherein he was cremated. Modern scholarship, based on archaeological evidence, believes that the Buddha died in Kushinagar, close to the modern Kasia (Uttar Pradesh).

Ashoka
Ashoka
built a stupa and pilgrimage site to mark Buddha's parinirvana in Kushinagara. The Hindu kings of Gupta dynasty period (4th to 7th century CE) helped greatly enlarge the Nirvana
Nirvana
stupa and Kushinagar site, building a temple with reclining Buddha. This site was abandoned by Buddhist
Buddhist
monks around 1200 CE, who fled to escape the invading Muslim army, after which the site decayed over the Islamic rule in India
India
that followed. The British archaeologist Alexander Cunningham rediscovered Kushinagara in the late 19th century, and his colleague A. C. L. Carlleyle unearthed the 1,500-year-old Buddha image. The site has since then become an important pilgrimage site for Buddhists. Archaeological evidence from the 3rd century BCE suggests that the Kushinagara site was an ancient pilgrimage site.

GEOGRAPHY

Kushinagar
Kushinagar
is situated at 53 km east from Gorakhpur on the National Highway -28, lies between latitude 26° 45´ N and 83° 24´ E. Gorakhpur is the main railway terminus for Kushinagar
Kushinagar
while air strip of U.P. Civil Aviation is available in Kasia, 5 km. from Kushinagar.

TOURISM

Golden Statue of Buddha in Wat
Wat
Thai Kushinara Temple.

PARINIRVANA STUPA The Parinirvana
Parinirvana
Temple with the Parinirvana Stupa , Kushinagar
Kushinagar

The reclining Nirvana
Nirvana
statue of the Buddha is inside the Parinirvana Stupa . Statue is 6.10 metres long and is made of monolith red - sand stone. It represents the "Dying Buddha" reclining on his right side with his face towards the west. It is placed on a large brick-pedestal with stone-posts at the corners.

NIRVANA CHAITYA (MAIN STUPA)

Nirvana
Nirvana
Chaitya is located just behind the Main Parinirvana
Parinirvana
Temple. It was excavated by Carlleyle in the year 1876. During excavations, a copper-plate was found, which contained the text of the "Nidana-Sutra" which concluded the statement that plate had been deposited in the "Nirvana-Chaitya" by one Haribala, who also installed the great Nirvana
Nirvana
Statue of Buddha in the temple front.

RAMABHAR STUPA Ramabhar Stupa, also called a Mukutbandhan-Chaitya, is the cremation -place of Buddha. This Site is 1.5 km east of the main Nirvana
Nirvana
Temple on the Kushinagar-Deoria road.

MATHA KUAR SHRINE A Colossal statue of Lord Buddha is installed, which is carved out of one block which represents Buddha seated under the " Bodhi
Bodhi
Tree" in a pose known as " Bhumi Sparsh Mudra
Mudra
" (Earth touching attitude). The inscription at the base of statue is datable to the 10th or 11th Century A.D.

OTHER MAJOR PLACES

* Indo-Japan-Sri Lanka Temple: Indo-Japan-Sri Lanka temple is a marvel of Buddhist
Buddhist
architectural grandeur of modern times. * Wat
Wat
Thai Temple: It is a huge complex built in a typical Thai- Buddhist
Buddhist
architectural fashion. * Ruins "> Stupa ruins in Kushinagar.

Kushinagar
Kushinagar
comes under Kushi Nagar (Lok Sabha constituency) for Indian general elections . Current Member of Parliament from this constituency is Rajesh Pandey of Bharatiya Janata Party who defeated R. P. N. Singh of Indian National Congress
Indian National Congress
in Indian general elections, 2014 .

The current Member of legislative assembly(MLA) from Kushinagar Assembly constituency is Rajnikant Mani Tripathi of Bharatiya Janata Party .

NOTABLE PEOPLE FROM KUSHINAGAR

* Sachchidananda Vatsyayan 'Agyeya' (सच्चिदानंद हीरानंद वात्स्यायन 'अज्ञेय') was a notable Indian Hindi Writer. * Ram Nagina Mishra was a former Loksabha M.P. from Kushinagar. * Baleshwar Yadav was a former Loksabha M.P. from Kushinagar. * Rajesh Pandey is a member of 16th Lok Sabha from Kushi Nagar (Lok Sabha constituency) and also served as a Member of Legislative Council in Uttar Pradesh. * R. P. N. Singh was former member of parliament from Kushi Nagar (Lok Sabha constituency) from Indian National Congress. He also served as Minister of State for Road and Transport, Minister of State for Petroleum and Natural Gas in Dr. Manmohan Singh
Manmohan Singh
Cabinet. He was also member of many parliamentary committees.

EDUCATION

Kushinagar
Kushinagar
has made a lot of progress in education in recent times. Since last decade - dozens of private and governmental institutes have been launched at this little town. Here is a list of all educational institutes at Kushinagar:

GOVERNMENTAL INSTITUTES

* Buddha Post Graduate College, Kushinagar * Buddha Intermediate College, Kushinagar

POLYTECHNIC COLLEGES

* Mooti Chand Polytechnic Institute, Kurmauta, Kushinagar

OTHER INSTITUTES

* Buddha Central Academy, Kasia, Kushinagar * Saraswati Shishu Mandir, Kasia, Kushinagar * VIEIT Computer Education NH-28, Gorakhpur Road Kushinagar * Rahul Public School, Kushinagar * Rahul Shishu Shiksha Niketan, Kushinagar * Swargiya Foolmati Devi Kushinagar
Kushinagar
Public School, Kushinagar * Linh-Son Buddhist
Buddhist
Intermediate College, Kushinagar * Gyanlok College for Government Services, Kushinagar * Nav Jeevan Mission School, Kasia, Kushinagar * St. Xavier's High School, Kasia, Kushinagar * Bright children's academy, Kasia, Kushinagar * St. Joseph's school, Salemgarh, Kushinagar * Gyan Bhoomi International School, NH-28, Kushinagar * St. Thereses School, Padrauna, Kushinagar * Malati Pandey Girls Inter College, Bhaluhi Madari Patti, Kasia, Kushinagar * Holy Mother's English School, Gaura Khas, Kasaia Road * Green Land Public School, Kasia * Quantom Public School, Kasia * S.D. Public School, Babhnauli

MEDICAL INSTITUTIONS AND HOSPITALS IN KUSHINAGAR

There are two governmental and several private hospitals and clinics available at Kushinagar
Kushinagar
and Kasia. The popular ones are:

* Governmental Aayurvedic Hospital, Mahaparinirvana Temple road * Buddha National Hospital, NH 28 * Government Hospital, Kasia * Qazi Nursing Home, Kasia * al-Shifa Medical College, Kasia * Vartika Medical Center, Kasia * Hitashi hospital, gorakhpur road, kasia * Sanjeevni Hospital, sapha road, kasia * Jeevan jyoti chikitsalaya, kasia * Hansraj memorial hospital, NH-28 * Holy Mother's English School, Kasaia Road, Gaura Khas * Janta Hospital, Kuasia

GALLERY

*

Mahasukhamdada Chin Thargyi Pagoda (Burmese Temple) *

Wat
Wat
Thai Temple *

Buddha Relic Distribution Site *

Buddha's body was kept at this location for 1 week, after he attained Parinirvana
Parinirvana
. *

Gautam Buddh's statue in Parinirvana; at the Mahaparinirvana Temple. *

Ramabhar Stupa was built over a portion of the Buddha's ashes on the spot where he was cremated by the ancient Malla people. *

Relief on Base of Buddhist
Buddhist
Statue. *

Stone plaque pointing towards Buddha Relic distribution site.

REFERENCES

* ^ A B C " Kushinagar
Kushinagar
City Census". census2011. Retrieved 17 July 2015. * ^ W. Owen Cole, Peggy Morgan Six Religions in the Twenty-First Century 2000 - Page 204 "Kushinara. Here, near modern Kasia in Uttar Pradesh, is the site of the Buddha's death. A temple commemorates the Buddha's final ..." * ^ A B "Kushinagar". official government website of Kushinagar. Retrieved 17 July 2015. * ^ Census
Census
of India: Population Finder, http://censusindia.gov.in/PopulationFinder/View_Village_Population.aspx?pcaid=1249&category=N.P. * ^ Vogel J Ph. (1950). "Some Buddhist
Buddhist
Monasteries in Ancient India". Journal of the Ceylon branch of the Royal Asiatic Society. 1: 27–32. * ^ " Kushinagar
Kushinagar
History". kushinagar.nic.in. Retrieved 18 July 2015. * ^ "A Tibetan Guide-book to the Lost Sites of the Buddha's Birth and Death", L. A. Waddell . Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal , 1896, p. 279. * ^ A B C Lars Fogelin (2015). An Archaeological History of Indian Buddhism. Oxford University Press. pp. 23–24. ISBN 978-0-19-994822-2 . * ^ John Guy (1991). "The Mahabodhi temple". The Burlington Magazine. 133 (1059): 356–357. JSTOR
JSTOR
884751 . * ^ United Nations (2003). Promotion of Buddhist
Buddhist
Tourism Circuits in Selected Asian Countries. United Nations Publications. pp. 23–24. ISBN 978-92-1-120386-8 . * ^ Kevin Trainor (2004). Buddhism: The Illustrated Guide. Oxford University Press. p. 41. ISBN 978-0-19-517398-7 .

* ^ Elizabeth Lyons; Heather Peters; Chʻeng-mei Chang (1985). Buddhism: History and Diversity of a Great Tradition. University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology. p. 17. ISBN 978-0-934718-76-9 . ; Fred S. Kleiner (2009). Gardner\'s Art through the Ages: Non-Western Perspectives. Cengage. pp. 13, 31. ISBN 0-495-57367-1 . * ^ Huntington, John C (1986), "Sowing the Seeds of the Lotus" (PDF), Orientations, September 1986: 47, archived from the original (PDF) on Nov 28, 2014 * ^ Akira Hirakawa; Paul Groner (1993). A History of Indian Buddhism: From Śākyamuni to Early Mahāyāna. Motilal Banarsidass. p. 101. ISBN 978-81-208-0955-0 . * ^ Gina Barns (1995). "An Introduction to Buddhist
Buddhist
Archaeology". World Archaeology. 27 (2): 166–168. * ^ A B Robert Stoddard (2010). "The Geography of Buddhist Pilgrimage in Asia". Pilgrimage and Buddhist
Buddhist
Art. Yale University Press. 178: 3–4. * ^ Richard H. Robinson; Sandra Ann Wawrytko; Ṭhānissaro Bhikkhu (1996). The Buddhist
Buddhist
Religion: A Historical Introduction. Thomson. p. 50. ISBN 978-0-534-20718-2 . * ^ Mark Juergensmeyer; Wade Clark Roof (2011). Encyclopedia of Global Religion. SAGE Publications. p. 148. ISBN 978-1-4522-6656-5 . * ^ Asher, Frederick (2009). "From place to sight: locations of the Buddha´s life". Artibus Asiae. 69 (2): 244. * ^ Himanshu Prabha Ray (2014). The Return of the Buddha: Ancient Symbols for a New Nation. Routledge. pp. 74–75, 86. ISBN 978-1-317-56006-7 . * ^ Lars Fogelin (2006). Archaeology of Early Buddhism. AltaMira Press. pp. 42–43. ISBN 978-0-7591-1444-9 . * ^ A B " Kushinagar
Kushinagar
geography". kushinagr.nic.in. Retrieved 18 July 2015. * ^ "Kushinagar". onefivenine. Retrieved 18 July 2015. * ^ A B C D E F G "Places in Kushinagar". kushinager.nic.in. Retrieved 17 July 2015. * ^ " Kushinagar
Kushinagar
Loksabha". elections. Retrieved 18 July 2015.

FURTHER READING

* A Literary History of Deoria ">

* v * t * e

Buddhism
Buddhism
topics

* Glossary * Index * Outline

FOUNDATIONS

* Three Jewels

* Buddha * Dharma
Dharma
* Sangha
Sangha

* Four Noble Truths
Four Noble Truths
* Noble Eightfold Path * Nirvana
Nirvana
* Middle Way
Middle Way

THE BUDDHA

* Tathāgata
Tathāgata
* Birthday * Four sights * Physical characteristics * Footprint * Relics * Iconography in Laos and Thailand * Films * Miracles

* Family

* Suddhodāna (father) * Māyā (mother) * Mahapajapati Gotamī (aunt, adoptive mother) * Yasodhara (wife) * Rāhula (son) * Ānanda (cousin) * Devadatta
Devadatta
(cousin)

* Places where the Buddha stayed * Buddha in world religions

KEY CONCEPTS

* Avidyā (Ignorance) * Bardo
Bardo
* Bodhicitta * Bodhisattva
Bodhisattva
* Buddha-nature
Buddha-nature
* Dhamma theory * Dharma
Dharma
* Enlightenment * Five hindrances * Indriya * Karma * Kleshas * Mind Stream * Parinirvana
Parinirvana
* Pratītyasamutpāda
Pratītyasamutpāda
* Rebirth * Saṃsāra * Saṅkhāra * Skandha
Skandha
* Śūnyatā
Śūnyatā
* Taṇhā (Craving) * Tathātā
Tathātā
* Ten Fetters

* Three marks of existence
Three marks of existence

* Impermanence
Impermanence
* Dukkha
Dukkha
* Anatta
Anatta

* Two truths doctrine

COSMOLOGY

* Ten spiritual realms
Ten spiritual realms

* Six realms
Six realms

* Heaven * Human realm * Asura realm * Hungry Ghost realm * Animal realm * Hell

* Three planes of existence

PRACTICES

* Bhavana
Bhavana
* Bodhipakkhiyādhammā

* Brahmavihara

* Mettā
Mettā
* Karuṇā
Karuṇā
* Mudita
Mudita
* Upekkha

* Dāna
Dāna
* Devotion * Dhyāna * Faith * Five Strengths * Iddhipada

* Meditation

* Mantras * Kammaṭṭhāna
Kammaṭṭhāna
* Recollection * Smarana * Anapanasati
Anapanasati
* Samatha
Samatha
* Vipassanā
Vipassanā
( Vipassana movement ) * Shikantaza * Zazen
Zazen
* Kōan
Kōan
* Mandala
Mandala
* Tonglen * Tantra
Tantra
* Tertön
Tertön
* Terma

* Merit

* Mindfulness

* Satipatthana
Satipatthana

* Nekkhamma * Pāramitā
Pāramitā
* Paritta
Paritta

* Puja

* Offerings * Prostration * Chanting

* Refuge

* Satya
Satya

* Sacca

* Seven Factors of Enlightenment

* Sati * Dhamma vicaya * Pīti
Pīti
* Passaddhi
Passaddhi

* Śīla

* Five Precepts * Bodhisattva
Bodhisattva
vow * Prātimokṣa
Prātimokṣa

* Threefold Training
Threefold Training

* Śīla * Samadhi
Samadhi
* Prajñā

* Vīrya
Vīrya

* Four Right Exertions

NIRVANA

* Bodhi
Bodhi
* Bodhisattva
Bodhisattva
* Buddhahood
Buddhahood
* Pratyekabuddha

* Four stages of enlightenment

* Sotāpanna
Sotāpanna
* Sakadagami
Sakadagami
* Anāgāmi
Anāgāmi
* Arhat

MONASTICISM

* Bhikkhu
Bhikkhu
* Bhikkhuni
Bhikkhuni
* Śrāmaṇera * Śrāmaṇerī * Anagarika
Anagarika
* Ajahn * Sayadaw * Zen master * Rōshi * Lama
Lama
* Rinpoche
Rinpoche
* Geshe * Tulku
Tulku
* Householder * Upāsaka and Upāsikā

* Śrāvaka

* The ten principal disciples
The ten principal disciples

* Shaolin Monastery
Shaolin Monastery

MAJOR FIGURES

* Gautama Buddha
Gautama Buddha
* Kaundinya
Kaundinya
* Assaji
Assaji
* Sāriputta * Mahamoggallāna * Mulian * Ānanda * Mahākassapa * Anuruddha * Mahākaccana * Nanda * Subhuti
Subhuti
* Punna * Upali * Mahapajapati Gotamī * Khema
Khema
* Uppalavanna * Asita
Asita
* Channa * Yasa
Yasa
* Buddhaghoṣa
Buddhaghoṣa
* Nagasena * Angulimala
Angulimala
* Bodhidharma
Bodhidharma
* Nagarjuna
Nagarjuna
* Asanga * Vasubandhu
Vasubandhu
* Atiśa
Atiśa
* Padmasambhava * Nichiren
Nichiren
* Songtsen Gampo
Songtsen Gampo
* Emperor Wen of Sui
Emperor Wen of Sui
* Dalai Lama
Lama
* Panchen Lama
Lama
* Karmapa * Shamarpa
Shamarpa
* Naropa
Naropa
* Xuanzang
Xuanzang
* Zhiyi
Zhiyi

TEXTS

* Tripiṭaka
Tripiṭaka
* Madhyamakālaṃkāra
Madhyamakālaṃkāra
* Mahayana sutras * Pāli Canon
Pāli Canon
* Chinese Buddhist
Buddhist
canon * Tibetan Buddhist
Buddhist
canon

BRANCHES

* Theravada
Theravada

* Mahayana

* Chan Buddhism
Buddhism

* Zen
Zen
* Seon * Thiền

* Pure Land * Tiantai
Tiantai
* Nichiren
Nichiren
* Madhyamaka
Madhyamaka
* Yogachara

* Navayana
Navayana

* Vajrayana
Vajrayana

* Tibetan * Shingon * Dzogchen
Dzogchen

* Early Buddhist
Buddhist
schools * Pre-sectarian Buddhism
Buddhism
* Basic points unifying Theravāda and Mahāyāna

COUNTRIES

* Afghanistan * Bangladesh * Bhutan * Cambodia * China * India
India
* Indonesia * Japan * Korea * Laos * Malaysia * Maldives * Mongolia * Myanmar * Nepal * Pakistan * Philippines

* Russia

* Kalmykia

* Singapore * Sri Lanka * Taiwan * Thailand * Tibet * Vietnam

* Middle East

* Iran

* Western countries

* Argentina * Australia * Brazil * France * United Kingdom * United States * Venezuela

HISTORY

* Timeline * Ashoka
Ashoka
* Buddhist
Buddhist
councils

* History of Buddhism
Buddhism
in India
India

* Decline of Buddhism
Buddhism
in India
India

* Great Anti- Buddhist
Buddhist
Persecution * Greco- Buddhism
Buddhism
* Buddhism
Buddhism
and the Roman world * Buddhism
Buddhism
in the West * Silk Road transmission of Buddhism
Buddhism
* Persecution of Buddhists * Banishment of Buddhist
Buddhist
monks from Nepal * Buddhist
Buddhist
crisis * Sinhalese Buddhist
Buddhist
nationalism * Buddhist
Buddhist
modernism * Vipassana movement * 969 Movement * Women in Buddhism
Buddhism

PHILOSOPHY

* Abhidharma
Abhidharma
* Atomism * Buddhology
Buddhology
* Creator * Economics * Eight Consciousnesses * Engaged Buddhism
Buddhism
* Eschatology * Ethics * Evolution * Humanism * Logic * Reality * Secular Buddhism
Buddhism
* Socialism * The unanswered questions

CULTURE

* Architecture

* Temple * Vihara
Vihara
* Wat
Wat
* Stupa * Pagoda
Pagoda
* Candi * Dzong architecture * Japanese Buddhist
Buddhist
architecture * Korean Buddhist
Buddhist
temples * Thai temple art and architecture * Tibetan Buddhist
Buddhist
architecture

* Art

* Greco- Buddhist
Buddhist

* Bodhi
Bodhi
Tree * Budai
Budai
* Buddharupa
Buddharupa
* Calendar * Cuisine * Funeral

* Holidays

* Vesak
Vesak
* Uposatha
Uposatha
* Magha Puja * Asalha Puja
Asalha Puja
* Vassa
Vassa

* Jaya Sri Maha Bodhi
Bodhi
* Kasaya * Mahabodhi Temple
Mahabodhi Temple

* Mantra
Mantra

* Om mani padme hum
Om mani padme hum

* Mudra
Mudra
* Music

* Pilgrimage

* Lumbini
Lumbini
* Maya Devi Temple * Bodh Gaya
Bodh Gaya
* Sarnath
Sarnath
* Kushinagar

* Poetry * Prayer beads * Prayer wheel
Prayer wheel

* Symbolism

* Dharmachakra
Dharmachakra
* Flag * Bhavacakra
Bhavacakra
* Swastika
Swastika
* Thangka
Thangka

* Temple of the Tooth * Vegetarianism

MISCELLANEOUS

* Abhijñā
Abhijñā
* Amitābha
Amitābha

* Avalokiteśvara
Avalokiteśvara

* Guanyin
Guanyin

* Brahmā * Dhammapada
Dhammapada
* Dharma
Dharma
talk * Hinayana
Hinayana
* Kalpa * Koliya
Koliya
* Lineage * Maitreya
Maitreya
* Māra * Ṛddhi
Ṛddhi

* Sacred languages

* Pali
Pali
* Sanskrit
Sanskrit

* Siddhi * Sutra
Sutra
* Vinaya
Vinaya

COMPARISON

* Bahá\'í Faith

* Christianity

* Influences * Comparison

* East Asian religions * Gnosticism * Hinduism * Jainism * Judaism * Psychology * Science * Theosophy * Violence * Western philosophy

LISTS

* Bodhisattvas * Books

* Buddhas

* named

* Buddhists * Suttas * Temples

* Category * Portal
Portal

* v * t * e

Cities and towns in Kushinagar district

KUSHINAGAR

* Hata * Kaptanganj * Khadda * Kushinagar * Padrauna * Ramkola * Sewarhi

OTHER DISTRICTS

* Agra * Aligarh * Allahabad * Ambedkar Nagar * Amethi * Amroha * Auraiya * Azamgarh * Badaun * Bagpat * Bahraich * Ballia * Balrampur * Banda * Barabanki * Bareilly * Basti * Bhimnagar * Bijnor * Bulandshahr * Chandauli * Chitrakoot * Deoria * Etah * Etawah * Faizabad * Farrukhabad * Fatehpur * Firozabad * Gautam Buddha Nagar * Ghaziabad * Ghazipur * Gonda * Gorakhpur * Hamirpur * Hardoi * Hathras * Jalaun * Jaunpur * Jhansi * Kannauj * Kanpur Nagar * Kanshi Ram Nagar * Kaushambi * Lakhimpur Kheri * Lalitpur * Lucknow * Maharajganj * Mahoba * Mainpuri * Mathura * Mau * Meerut * Mirzapur * Moradabad * Muzaffarnagar * Panchsheel Nagar * Pilibhit * Prabuddhanagar * Pratapgarh * Raebareli * Ramabai Nagar * Rampur * Saharanpur * Sant Kabir Nagar * Sant Ravidas Nagar * Shahjahanpur * Shravasti * Siddharthnagar * Sitapur * Sonbhadra * Sultanpur * Unnao * Varanasi

* v * t * e

Gorakhpur division topics

GENERAL

* Purvanchal * Awadh
Awadh
* Sohagi Barwa Sanctuary

MYTHOLOGY, HISTORY

* Nawab of Awadh
Awadh
* Kushinagar * Parinirvana
Parinirvana

DISTRICTS

* Deoria * Gorakhpur * Kushinagar
Kushinagar
* Maharajganj

RIVERS, DAMS, LAKES

* Ghaghara * West Rapti

LANGUAGES, PEOPLE

* Bhojpuri * Hindustani * Standard Hindi
Standard Hindi

TRANSPORT

* NH 28 * NH 28B * NH 29 * NH 233B

LOK SABHA CONSTITUENCIES

* Deoria * Gorakhpur * Bansgaon * Kushi Nagar * Maharajganj

SEE ALSO

* Cities and towns in Deoria district * Cities and towns in Gorakhpur district * Cities and towns in Kushinagar district * Cities and towns in Maharajganj district * Villages in Deoria district * Villages in Gorakhpur district * Villages in Maharajganj district * People from Deoria * People from Gorakhpur * People from Kushinagar
Kushinagar
* People from Maharajganj

OTHER DIVISIONS

* Agra * Aligarh * Allahabad * Azamgarh * Bareilly * Basti * Chitrakoot * Devipatan * Faizabad * Jhansi * Kanpur * Lucknow * Meerut * Mirzapur * Moradabad * Saharanpur * Varanasi

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* WorldCat Identities * VIAF : 236183785 * GND : 7746634-2

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Kushinagar
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