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The KOKA RESERVOIR (also known as LAKE GELILA) is a reservoir in south-central Ethiopia
Ethiopia
. It was created by the construction of the Koka Dam across the Awash River
Awash River
. The reservoir has an area of 180 square kilometers.

Located in the Misraq Shewa Zone
Misraq Shewa Zone
of the Oromia Region
Oromia Region
, close to the capital and largest city of Ethiopia, Addis Ababa
Addis Ababa
, the Koka Reservoir is popular with tourists and city-dwellers. There is a variety of wildlife and birds around the lake. The reservoir supports a fishing industry ; according to the Ethiopian Department of Fisheries and Aquaculture, 625 tonnes of fish are landed each year, which the department estimates is either 52% or 89% of its sustainable amount. Both the reservoir and the dam are threatened by increasing sedimentation caused by environmental degradation.

The Koka dam consists of concrete with a length of 458 meters and a maximum height of 47 meters. The head utilized is 32–42 meters. The transmission lines have voltage 132 kV. The primary contractor was Imprese Italiane all\'Estero . The subcontractor who provided the equipment was Gruppo Industriale Elettro Meccaniche per Impiante all\'Estero , and subcontractor for mounting the equipment and the erection of the transmission lines was Società Anonima Elettrificazione . Construction started in December 1957 and was formally dedicated on 4 May 1960; the budget was Eth$ 30,641,000. The power plant began full operation on 28 August 1960. Addis Ababa
Addis Ababa
is the primary benefactor. The total electric output is 110 GWh/year.

NOTES

* ^ "Information on Fisheries Management in the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia" (report dated January, 2003) Table 1 has the lower estimate for the maximum sustainable amount; Table 4 the higher estimate. * ^ "Local History in Ethiopia" (pdf) The Nordic Africa Institute website (accessed 12 June 2008) * ^ 50th Anniversary: http://www.addisfortune.com/Vol%2010%20No%20540%20Archive/newsinbrief.htm * ^ Water Analysis for Ethiopia, THE WATER OF THE AWASH RIVER BASIN A FUTURE CHALLENGE TO ETHIOPIA http://www.iwmi.cgiar.org/assessment/files/pdf/publications/WorkingPapers/WaterofAwasBasin.pdf

This article about a location in the Oromia Region
Oromia Region
of Ethiopia
Ethiopia
is a stub . You can help by expanding it .

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Reservoir
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