Kip Stephen Thorne (born June 1, 1940) is an American theoretical
physicist and Nobel laureate, known for his contributions in
gravitational physics and astrophysics. A longtime friend and
colleague of
Contents 1 Life and career 2 Research 2.1
3 Publications 4 Honors and awards 5 Adaptation in media 6 Partial bibliography 7 See also 8 Notes 9 References 10 External links Life and career[edit] Discussion in the main lecture hall at the École de Physique des Houches (Les Houches Physics School), 1972. From left, Yuval Ne'eman, Bryce DeWitt, Thorne, Demetrios Christodoulou. Thorne was born in
Is there a "dark side of the universe" populated by objects such as black holes? Can we observe the birth of the universe and its dark side using radiation made from space-time warpage, or so-called "gravitational waves"? Will 21st century technology reveal quantum behavior in the realm of human-size objects? His presentations on subjects such as black holes, gravitational
radiation, relativity, time travel, and wormholes have been included
in
Thorne in 1972 Thorne's research has principally focused on relativistic astrophysics
and gravitation physics, with emphasis on relativistic stars, black
holes and especially gravitational waves.[3] He is perhaps best known
to the public for his controversial theory that wormholes can
conceivably be used for time travel.[20] However, Thorne's scientific
contributions, which center on the general nature of space, time, and
gravity, span the full range of topics in general relativity.
A cylindrical bundle of magnetic field lines While he was studying for
4 π G M c 2 displaystyle begin matrix frac 4pi GM c^ 2 end matrix can be spun must be a black hole.[28]:266–267[29]:189–190 As a tool to be used in both enterprises, astrophysics and theoretical physics, Thorne and his students have developed an unusual approach, called the "membrane paradigm", to the theory of black holes and used it to clarify the "Blandford-Znajek" mechanism by which black holes may power some quasars and active galactic nuclei.[28]:405–411 Thorne has investigated the quantum statistical mechanical origin of the entropy of a black hole. With his postdoc Wojciech Zurek, he showed that the entropy of a black hole is the logarithm of the number of ways that the hole could have been made.[28]:445–446 With Igor Novikov and Don Page he developed the general relativistic theory of thin accretion disks around black holes, and using this theory he deduced that with a doubling of its mass by such accretion a black hole will be spun up to 0.998 of the maximum spin allowed by general relativity, but not any farther. This is probably the maximum black-hole spin allowed in nature.[3] Wormholes and time travel[edit] A wormhole is a short cut connecting two separate regions in space. In the figure the green line shows the short way through wormhole, and the red line shows the long way through normal space. Thorne and his co-workers at
Scientific American,[39] McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science and Technology,[40] and Collier's Encyclopedia[41]among others. Thorne has published more than 150 articles in scholarly journals.[citation needed] Honors and awards[edit] This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (October 2017) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) Thorne has been elected to:[42] the
He has been recognized by numerous awards including: the
He has been a Woodrow Wilson Fellow, Danforth Fellow, Guggenheim Fellow, and Fulbright Fellow. He has also received the honorary degree of doctor of humane letters from Claremont Graduate University. He was elected to hold Lorentz chair for the year 2009 Leiden University, the Netherlands. Thorne has served on: the International Committee on General Relativity and Gravitation,
the Committee on US-USSR Cooperation in Physics, and
the National Academy of Sciences'
Thorne contributed ideas on wormhole travel to
Partial bibliography[edit] Thorne, K. S., in 300 Years of Gravitation, (Eds.) S. W. Hawking and W. Israel, 1987, (Chicago: Univ. of Chicago Press), Gravitational Radiation. Thorne, K. S., Price, R. H. and Macdonald, D. M., Black Holes, The Membrane Paradigm, 1986, (New Haven: Yale Univ. Press). Friedman, J., Morris, M. S., Novikov, I. D., Echeverria, F., Klinkhammer, G., Thorne, K. S. and Yurtsever, U., Physical Review D., 1990, (in press), Cauchy Problem in Spacetimes with Closed Timelike Curves. See also[edit] Polchinski's paradox Notes[edit] ^ The announcement team were Thorne, David Reitze, Gabriela González, Rainer Weiss, and France A. Córdova. References[edit] ^ "einstein medal". Einstein-bern.ch. Retrieved 7 December 2014.
^ "Kip Stephen Thorne".
External links[edit]
v t e Relativity Special relativity Background Principle of relativity
Foundations Frame of reference Speed of light Hyperbolic orthogonality Rapidity Maxwell's equations Formulation Galilean relativity Galilean transformation Lorentz transformation Consequences Time dilation Relativistic mass Mass–energy equivalence Length contraction Relativity of simultaneity Relativistic Doppler effect Thomas precession Relativistic disks Spacetime Light cone
World line
General relativity Background Introduction Mathematical formulation Fundamental concepts
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BSSN formalism
Einstein field equations
Advanced theories Brans–Dicke theory
Kaluza–Klein
Mach's principle
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1901–1925 1901 Röntgen 1902 Lorentz / Zeeman 1903 Becquerel / P. Curie / M. Curie 1904 Rayleigh 1905 Lenard 1906 J. J. Thomson 1907 Michelson 1908 Lippmann 1909 Marconi / Braun 1910 Van der Waals 1911 Wien 1912 Dalén 1913 Kamerlingh Onnes 1914 Laue 1915 W. L. Bragg / W. H. Bragg 1916 1917 Barkla 1918 Planck 1919 Stark 1920 Guillaume 1921 Einstein 1922 N. Bohr 1923 Millikan 1924 M. Siegbahn 1925 Franck / Hertz 1926–1950 1926 Perrin 1927 Compton / C. Wilson 1928 O. Richardson 1929 De Broglie 1930 Raman 1931 1932 Heisenberg 1933 Schrödinger / Dirac 1934 1935 Chadwick 1936 Hess / C. D. Anderson 1937 Davisson / G. P. Thomson 1938 Fermi 1939 Lawrence 1940 1941 1942 1943 Stern 1944 Rabi 1945 Pauli 1946 Bridgman 1947 Appleton 1948 Blackett 1949 Yukawa 1950 Powell 1951–1975 1951 Cockcroft / Walton 1952 Bloch / Purcell 1953 Zernike 1954 Born / Bothe 1955 Lamb / Kusch 1956 Shockley / Bardeen / Brattain 1957 C. N. Yang / T. D. Lee 1958 Cherenkov / Frank / Tamm 1959 Segrè / Chamberlain 1960 Glaser 1961 Hofstadter / Mössbauer 1962 Landau 1963 Wigner / Goeppert-Mayer / Jensen 1964 Townes / Basov / Prokhorov 1965 Tomonaga / Schwinger / Feynman 1966 Kastler 1967 Bethe 1968 Alvarez 1969 Gell-Mann 1970 Alfvén / Néel 1971 Gabor 1972 Bardeen / Cooper / Schrieffer 1973 Esaki / Giaever / Josephson 1974 Ryle / Hewish 1975 A. Bohr / Mottelson / Rainwater 1976–2000 1976 Richter / Ting 1977 P. W. Anderson / Mott / Van Vleck 1978 Kapitsa / Penzias / R. Wilson 1979 Glashow / Salam / Weinberg 1980 Cronin / Fitch 1981 Bloembergen / Schawlow / K. Siegbahn 1982 K. Wilson 1983 Chandrasekhar / Fowler 1984 Rubbia / Van der Meer 1985 von Klitzing 1986 Ruska / Binnig / Rohrer 1987 Bednorz / Müller 1988 Lederman / Schwartz / Steinberger 1989 Ramsey / Dehmelt / Paul 1990 Friedman / Kendall / R. Taylor 1991 de Gennes 1992 Charpak 1993 Hulse / J. Taylor 1994 Brockhouse / Shull 1995 Perl / Reines 1996 D. Lee / Osheroff / R. Richardson 1997 Chu / Cohen-Tannoudji / Phillips 1998 Laughlin / Störmer / Tsui 1999 't Hooft / Veltman 2000 Alferov / Kroemer / Kilby 2001– present 2001 Cornell / Ketterle / Wieman 2002 Davis / Koshiba / Giacconi 2003 Abrikosov / Ginzburg / Leggett 2004 Gross / Politzer / Wilczek 2005 Glauber / Hall / Hänsch 2006 Mather / Smoot 2007 Fert / Grünberg 2008 Nambu / Kobayashi / Maskawa 2009 Kao / Boyle / Smith 2010 Geim / Novoselov 2011 Perlmutter / Riess / Schmidt 2012 Wineland / Haroche 2013 Englert / Higgs 2014 Akasaki / Amano / Nakamura 2015 Kajita / McDonald 2016 Thouless / Haldane / Kosterlitz 2017 Weiss / Barish / Thorne v t e 2017
Chemistry
Literature
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Physics
Physiology or Medicine
Economic Sciences
v t e
Fundamental physics Nima Arkani-Hamed, Alan Guth, Alexei Kitaev, Maxim Kontsevich, Andrei
Linde, Juan Maldacena, Nathan Seiberg, Ashoke Sen, Edward Witten
(2012)
Special: Stephen Hawking, Peter Jenni,
Life sciences Cornelia Bargmann, David Botstein, Lewis C. Cantley, Hans Clevers,
Titia de Lange, Napoleone Ferrara, Eric Lander, Charles Sawyers,
Robert Weinberg,
Mathematics Simon Donaldson, Maxim Kontsevich, Jacob Lurie,
v t e
Astrophysics Maarten Schmidt,
Nanoscience Louis E. Brus,
Neuroscience Sten Grillner, Thomas Jessell,
v t e
Astronomy
Life science and medicine Stanley Norman Cohen, Herbert Boyer, Kan Yuet-wai and Richard Doll
(2004)
Mathematical science
Authority control WorldCat Identities VIAF: 108141048 LCCN: n83826321 ISNI: 0000 0001 1697 5126 GND: 121312453 SUDOC: 031677835 BNF: cb12284753x (data) BIBSYS: 90190748 MGP: 63787 NLA: 35548968 NDL: 00655185 NKC: jn19990008521 BNE: XX1091 |