KING HUIWEN OF QIN (Chinese : 秦惠文王), also known as LORD HUIWEN OF QIN (Chinese : 秦惠文君) or KING HUI OF QIN (Chinese : 秦惠王), given name SI (駟), was the ruler of the Qin state from 338 to 311 BC during the Warring States period of Chinese history and likely an ancestor of Emperor Qin Shi Huang .
* 1 Biography
* 1.1 Early life * 1.2 Reign * 1.3 Death
* 2 References
Prince Si was the son of Duke Xiao , and succeeded his father as
ruler after the latter's death. When the adolescent Si was still
crown prince , he committed a crime and was severely punished for it.
The great minister
It was believed that Si harboured a personal grudge against Shang Yang and when he came to the throne as King Huiwen, Si had Shang Yang put to death on charges of treason . However, Huiwen retained the reformed systems in Qin left behind by his father and Shang Yang.
During Huiwen's reign, Qin became very powerful in terms of its
military strength, and constantly invaded neighbouring states as part
of its expansionism policy. In 316 BC it conquered the states of Shu
and Ba to the south in the
Sichuan basin . The strategy here was to
annex and colonize the semi-civilized lands to the south rather than
confront the more advanced states to the east with their large armies.
King Huiwen ruled Qin for 27 years and died in 311 BC at the age of 46. He was succeeded by his son, King Wu of Qin , born of Queen Huiwen.
Sima Qian . 秦本纪 . RECORDS OF THE GRAND HISTORIAN (IN
CHINESE). GUOXUE.COM. RETRIEVED 7 MAY 2012.
* ^ Han (2010), 340
King Huiwen of Qin HOUSE OF YING DIED: 311 BC
Preceded by Duke Xiao AS DUKE OF QIN KING OF QIN 338–311 BC Succeeded by King Wu
* v * t * e
Rulers of Qin
STATE OF QIN
* Duke Xiang * Duke Wen * Duke Xian * Chuzi I * Duke Wu * Duke De * Duke Xuan * Duke Cheng * Duke Mu * Duke Kang * Duke Gong