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Kilkeel
Kilkeel
(from Irish: Cill Chaoil, meaning "church of the narrow"[2][3]) is a small town, civil parish and townland (of 554 acres and 6521inh) in County Down, Northern Ireland. It lies within the historic barony of Mourne.[4] Kilkeel
Kilkeel
town is the main fishing port on the Down coast, and its harbour houses one of the largest fishing fleets in Ireland. It had a population of 6,887 people according to the 2011 Census. The town contains the ruins of a 14th-century church and fort, winding streets and terraced shops. It is located in the heart of the Mourne mountains

Contents

1 Geography 2 History 3 Economy 4 People 5 2011 Census 6 Religion 7 Education 8 Sport 9 See also 10 References

Geography[edit] Kilkeel
Kilkeel
town sits on a plain south of the Mourne Mountains, west of where the Kilkeel
Kilkeel
River flows south into the North Channel. The town is centred in the townland of Magheramurphy (from Irish Machaire Mhurchaidh, meaning 'Murphy's plain'), and extends into the neighbouring townlands of:[5]

Derryoge (from Irish Doire Ríóg, meaning 'Ríog's oak wood') Drumcro (from Irish Druim Cró, meaning 'ridge of the fold/enclosure') Dunnaman Kilkeel
Kilkeel
(from Irish Cill Chaoil, meaning 'narrow church/church of the narrows')

Altogether there are 69 townlands in the civil parish and barony.[6] History[edit]

Picture of "Narrow Church"

Kilkeel
Kilkeel
takes its name from the old church overlooking the town, it being the anglicised version of the Gaelic 'Cill Chaoil' meaning "Narrow Church" or "The Church of/in the Narrow Place." The name may be drawn from the church location on a narrow site above the town.[citation needed] The church was constructed in 1388 and dedicated to "St Colman Del Mourne." It was thought to be the principal Church in a group which included Kilmegan and Kilcoo despite the fact that Kilkeel
Kilkeel
was very sparsely populated in the Middle Ages. There are references to Kilkeel
Kilkeel
as a Christian settlement as far back as the 11th century. Kilkeel
Kilkeel
is the capital of the ancient Kingdom of Mourne.[citation needed] The cemetery attached to the church was used for burials until 1916. The last burials at the cemetery were victims of a collision between two steamers the Retriever and the SS Connemara
SS Connemara
in Carlingford Lough. On 30 May 1918 a fleet of Kilkeel
Kilkeel
fishing boats was sunk by the U-boat UB-64 under the command of Otto von Schrader. The boats sunk, 12 miles off the coast of County Down, included the Jane Gordon, Cyprus, Never Can Tell, St Mary, Sparkling Wave, Lloyds, Marianne Macrum and the motor vessel Honey Bee. Only two boats, Moss Rose and Mary Joseph, were not sunk and the crews returned to port on those boats.[7] The Mary Joseph (N55) is now in the Ulster Folk and Transport Museum. A Local History Group that covers both the town of Kilkeel
Kilkeel
and the Mourne region was set up in the 1980s producing a set of seven periodicals called "The 12 Miles of Mourne". A book on Hanna's Close, a clachan of houses in Aughnahoory townland 1 mile outside of Kilkeel, that covers the history of the region up to 1798 was self-published in 2008.[8] Economy[edit]

Fishing is a major industry in Kilkeel, with Kilkeel
Kilkeel
Harbour the home port for the largest fishing fleet in Northern Ireland. There are fish-processing factories around the port, pleasure angling off the piers and lobster farming along the coastline.[citation needed] Whitewater Brewery
Whitewater Brewery
(established 1996) brews and sells Belfast
Belfast
Ale. In recent years BE Aerospace
BE Aerospace
has become the largest employer in the area. Its Kilkeel
Kilkeel
facility, which manufactures aircraft seats for a worldwide customer base, employs over 800 people.[9]

People[edit]

The town is also known as the location where William Hare died. Robert Hill Hanna
Robert Hill Hanna
(1887–1967), born near Hanna's Close, was an immigrant Canadian recipient of the Victoria Cross. He was a Company Sergeant-Major in the 29th (Vancouver) Bn., Canadian Expeditionary Force during World War I
World War I
when on 21 August 1917, he led a courageous action at Hill 70 Lens, France. Gerald O'Donovan, novelist Robert Nugent, Brigadier General, commander of Union Army's Irish Brigade, US Civil War.

2011 Census[edit] Kilkeel
Kilkeel
is classified as a small town by the Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency (i.e. with population between 4,500 and 14,000 people). On Census day (29 April 2011), there were 6,887 people living in Kilkeel. Of these:

26.2% were aged under 16 years and 18.2% were aged 60 and over; 48.4% of the population were male and 51.6% were female; and 3.5% of people aged 16–74 were unemployed. 41.0% were from a Catholic
Catholic
background and 54.0% were from a Protestant background

Religion[edit] The town of Kilkeel
Kilkeel
has a strong Unionist heritage. But while, in 2001, the ward of Kilkeel
Kilkeel
Central was recorded as 69% Protestant
Protestant
(21% Catholic, 10% other), the ward of Kilkeel
Kilkeel
South was only 37% Protestant
Protestant
(55% Catholic, 7% other).

Religious breakdown of wards in and around Kilkeel
Kilkeel
-from 2001 census data

Kilkeel
Kilkeel
now sits within the administrative area of Newry
Newry
and Mourne, which is recorded in the 2001 census as being 80.6% Catholic. For more details see: NI Neighbourhood Information Service Education[edit]

Gaelscoil
Gaelscoil
na mBeann is a bilingual primary school that uses the Irish language as its primary medium of instruction while English is introduced at Primary 3.[10] The school teaches the Northern Ireland curriculum. It was established in 2010 by a group of local people and parents who wanted Gaelic-medium education for their children. The school gained recognition and funding from the Department of Education in 2012. Naíscoil na mBeann is an Irish-medium Pre-school which takes children aged 3+ years to prepare them to enter primary school. It was founded in 2008 and lead to the inception of Gaelscoil
Gaelscoil
na mBeann, the Irish-medium Primary school in Kilkeel. Brackenagh West Primary School Grange Primary School Holy Cross Primary School Kilkeel
Kilkeel
High School Kilkeel
Kilkeel
Primary School Mourne Independent Christian School St Colman's Primary School St. Columban's College St. Louis Grammar School Mourne Grange Village School

Sport[edit] Most popular sports in the Kilkeel
Kilkeel
area include Gaelic football, soccer, fishing, golf, hockey, hurling, and swimming. There are five G.A.A. clubs in the local area which include An Ríocht, Longstone, Atticall, Ballymartin, and Glasdrumman. Each club boast impressive facilities including playing fields, sports halls, fitness suites, bar facilities and cater for a wide range of cross community activities above and beyond GAA sporting activities. These include Youth clubs, Mens Sheds (Pensioners), Walking clubs, Yoga, Basketball ( Kilkeel
Kilkeel
Elks' home court is in An Ríocht Hall) and many more. All five teams have a strong presence in the Down GAA calendar through the various leagues and field teams at every age group from U6 through to senior level. Kilkeel
Kilkeel
Hockey
Hockey
Club plays at McAuley Park, fielding three men's teams and two ladies' teams. Kilkeel
Kilkeel
is the only hockey club in Mourne, drawing players from the whole of the Mourne area, with Annalong providing a considerable number of its players. The most senior football team is Valley Rangers F.C. of the Mid-Ulster Football League. Other local teams include Ballyvea, Kilkeel, Kilkeel Athletic and the Mourne Rovers. With the exception of Kilkeel Athletic, the local football clubs play in the SK Holmes Newcastle League. There are two local golf courses, Kilkeel
Kilkeel
Golf Course and Cranfield Pitch and Putt. See also[edit]

Kilkeel
Kilkeel
(civil parish) Tullaghmurray Lass List of towns and villages in Northern Ireland List of RNLI stations

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kilkeel.

References[edit]

^ "Kilkeel, County Down".  ^ Placenames Database of Ireland ^ Placenames NI ^ "Kilkeel". IreAtlas Townlands Database. Retrieved 15 April 2015.  ^ " Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
Placenames Project". Archived from the original on 1 October 2010. Retrieved 12 June 2010.  ^ "Cill Chaoil/Kilkeel". Placenames Database of Ireland. Retrieved 10 November 2014.  ^ O'Sullivan, Aidan; Breen, Colin (2007). Maritime Ireland. An Archaeology of Coastal Communities. Stroud: Tempus. p. 232. ISBN 978-0-7524-2509-2.  ^ Hanna, R.K. (2008). Hanna of the Close - from Scottish Origins to 1798. Sheffield: Self Published.  ^ "B/E Aerospace workers given pledge over US sale plan". Belfast Telegraph. May 7, 2014. Retrieved 22 July 2014.  ^ "Information". Gaelscoil
Gaelscoil
na mBeann. 2012. Retrieved 5 February 2013. 

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Places in County Down

List of places in County Down

Cities

Belfast
Belfast
(part) Lisburn
Lisburn
(part) Newry
Newry
(part)

Towns

Ballynahinch Banbridge Bangor Carryduff Comber Donaghadee Downpatrick Dromore Dundonald Holywood Kilkeel Newcastle Newtownards Warrenpoint

Villages and townlands

Annahilt Annalong Annsborough Ardglass Attical Aughnacloy Ballela Balloo Ballybannan Ballydargan Ballygowan Ballyhalbert Ballyhay Ballyholme Ballyhornan Ballykinler Ballylesson Ballylough Ballymacmaine Ballymartin Ballynagarrick Ballynahatty Ballynoe Ballyskeagh Ballywalter Benraw Blackskull Bleary Braniel Bryansford Burren Cabra Carnalea Carrowdore Castlewellan Clandeboye Cloghy Clough Conlig Corbet Corcreeny/Gibson's Hill Crawfordsburn Cregagh Crossgar Cultra Derryneill Dollingstown Donaghcloney Dromara Drumaness Drumbeg Drumbo Drumlough, Hillsborough Drumlough, Rathfriland Dundrum Dunnaval Edenderry Gamblestown Gilford Gilnahirk Gransha Greencastle Greyabbey Groomsport Helen's Bay Hillhall Hillsborough Hilltown Katesbridge Kilcoo Kilcooley Killinchy Killinure Killough Killowen Killyleagh Kinallen Kircubbin Lawrencetown Legacurry Legananny Leitrim Lenaderg Loughbrickland Loughinisland Lurganare Lurganville Magheraconluce Magheralin Mayobridge Maze Millisle Moira Moneyreagh Moneyslane Monteith Portaferry Portavogie Poyntzpass Rathfriland Ravernet Ringhaddy Rostrevor Saintfield Saul Scarva Seaforde Seahill Sheeptown Shrigley Spa Strangford Struell Tievenadarragh Tullylish Tullynakill Waringsford Waringstown Whiterock

Landforms

Ards Peninsula Burr Point Carlingford Lough Cloughmore Copeland Islands Cranfield Point Lecale peninsula Lough Island Reavy Mournes Slieve Croob Strangford
Strangford
Lough

Baronies

Ards Lower Ards Upper Castlereagh Lower Castlereagh Upper Dufferin Iveagh Lower Iveagh Upper Kinelarty Lecale Lower Lecale Upper Lordship of Newry Mourne

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