Kerestinec prison is a former prison in Kerestinec, Croatia. It was
located in the castle overlooking the village.
Early 20th century
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Before the outbreak of World War II, the government of the Kingdom of
Yugoslavia built a prison near
Kerestinec and used it to detain
political prisoners, mainly Communists. In March 1941, at the eve of
the Axis invasion, a large number of left-wing intellectuals from
Zagreb were arrested and interned in Kerestinec.
A few weeks later Yugoslavia collapsed and the prison was taken over
by authorities of the newly formed Independent State of Croatia.
Following German invasion of USSR, the Croatian Communist Party
started a resistance movement that would later become known as
Ustaša regime decided to retaliate by killing some of
On 9 July 1941, the first group, including Božidar Adžija, Otokar
Keršovani and Ognjen Prica, was executed. The Communist Party reacted
by organizing an impromptu prison break. On 13 July, the guards were
overpowered and all the remaining prisoners managed to escape. But the
attempt soon proved to be poorly organised and uncoordinated. Very
quickly, most of the prisoners, including August Cesarec, were
recaptured and shot in
Late 20th century
Yugoslav Army (JNA) rocket base at
Kerestinec was taken by
Croatian Army in 1991.
The base was used from November 1991 to May 1992 as a prison camp that
housed JNA soldiers, Serb volunteers, mainly from Sisak, and
civilians, including women. The prison commander, Stjepan Klarić,
took part in and encouraged his four colleagues (all five are
currently on trial for war crimes) and members of the Croatian Army,
to use physical and psychological torture against the prisoners.
A total of 34 people were involved and implicated in having inflicted
great suffering and violation of bodily integrity and health,
including daily harassment, assaults and rapes.
^ a b "Strava u Kerestincu - Krvavi dvorac: Trudnica je pobacila od
šoka i straha".
Večernji list (in Croatian). Retrieved 19 February
^ a b c "Podignuta optužnica za "Kerestinec"" (in Serbian). B92. 23
November 2011. Retrieved 19 Fe