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GOVERNMENT (91) CPI(M) (59) CPI (19) JD(S) (3) NCP (2) KC(B) (1) CMP (1) Congress (S) (1) Independents (5)

OPPOSITION (49) INC (22) IUML (18) KC(M) (6) KC(J) (1) BJP (1) Ind. (1)

ELECTIONS

VOTING SYSTEM First-past-the-post

LAST ELECTION 2016

MEETING PLACE

Niyamasabha Mandiram
Niyamasabha Mandiram
, Thiruvananthapuram
Thiruvananthapuram

WEBSITE

www.niyamasabha.org

The KERALA LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY, popularly known as the NIYAMASABHA ( Malayalam
Malayalam
: നിയമസഭ, niyamasabha ? , literally Hall of laws), is the law making body of Kerala
Kerala
, one of the 29 States in India
India
. The Assembly is formed by 140 elected representatives and one nominated member from the Anglo-Indian
Anglo-Indian
community. Each elected member represents one of the 140 constituencies within the borders of Kerala and is referred to as Member of Legislative Assembly (MLA).

CONTENTS

* 1 History * 2 Assembly after the formation of Kerala
Kerala
State * 3 Current assembly * 4 Niyamasabha Complex * 5 Political parties or coalitions * 6 Members of Legislative Assembly of Kerala
Kerala
* 7 Speakers of the Kerala
Kerala
Legislative Assembly

* 8 Composition

* 8.1 Responsibilities of Legislators

* 8.1.1 Appointment of Speaker

* 8.2 Officials * 8.3 Security

* 8.4 Committees

* 8.4.1 Statutory Committee * 8.4.2 Subject Committee * 8.4.3 Ad-Hoc Committee

* 9 See also * 10 References * 11 External links

HISTORY

The evolution of Kerala
Kerala
Legislative Assembly begins with the formation of a Legislative Council in the princely state of Travancore in 1888. This was the first Native Legislature
Legislature
in Indian sub continent, outside British India. The Legislative Council of Travancore
Travancore
had undergone many changes by years. By the meantime people's participation in the Assembly was widely sought. All those efforts led to the formation of one more representative body, namely the Sri Moolam Popular Assembly of Travancore
Travancore
. This Assembly of the representatives of the landholders and merchants, aimed at giving the people an opportunity of bringing to the notice of Government their requirements, wishes or grievances on the one hand, and on the other, to make the policy and measures of Government better known to the people so that all possible grounds of misconception may be removed. That was on 1 October 1904. Though the popular assembly contained representatives of tax- payers, it finally became a people's representatives body. Political awareness and people agitations were aggressive and the authorities were forced to include peoples representatives into the popular assembly. On 1 May 1905, a regulation was issued to grant to the people the privilege of electing members to the Assembly. Of the 100 members, 77 were to be elected and 23 nominated, for a tenure of 1 year. The right to vote was given to persons who paid on their account an annual land revenue of not less than Rs. 50 or whose net income was not less than Rs. 2000 and to graduates of a recognised University, with not less than 10 years standing and having their residence in the taluk. The membership of the popular assembly increased year by year and finally in 1921 elected representatives gained the majority. By that time the house had 50 members of which 28 were elected and the rest nominated.

The princely stated of Cochin
Cochin
also formed a Legislative Council (1925), with 30 elected and 15 nominated representatives. Malabar District of Madras
Madras
Province under the British rule, had representatives in Madras
Madras
Legislative Assembly from the 1920s.

After India's independence responsible governments were formed in Travancore
Travancore
and Cochin. In 1949 the merger of Travancore
Travancore
and Cochin
Cochin
as Travancore- Cochin
Cochin
, formed the first Legislative Assembly, the Travancore- Cochin
Cochin
Legislative Assembly composed of 178 members of the Legislative bodies of Travancore
Travancore
and Cochin. The Malabar region had representatives in the Madras
Madras
Legislative Assembly.

ASSEMBLY AFTER THE FORMATION OF KERALA STATE

The Kerala
Kerala
Legislative Assembly in Thiruvananthapuram
Thiruvananthapuram

In 1956, the State of Kerala
Kerala
was formed on linguistic basis, merging Travancore, Cochin
Cochin
and Malabar regions. The first general election in the Kerala
Kerala
State was held in February–March 1957. The first Kerala Legislative Assembly was formed on 5 April 1957. The Assembly had 127 members including a nominated member.

Subsequently, after formation of Malappuram
Malappuram
and Kasargod districts, the number of seats went up to 140. The current delimitation committee of 2010 reaffirmed the total number of seats at 140.

CURRENT ASSEMBLY

The current Legislatuive Assembly is the 14th Assembly since the formation of Kerala. The Speaker of the Assembly is P. Sreeramakrishnan . The leader of the Assembly is Pinarayi Vijayan
Pinarayi Vijayan
and the Leader of the Opposition is Ramesh Chennithala from the UDF.

NIYAMASABHA COMPLEX

Main article: Niyamasabha Mandiram
Niyamasabha Mandiram

The State Assembly is known as Niyama Sabha and is housed in New Legislature
Legislature
Complex. This 5 storied complex is one of the largest complexes in India. The Central Hall is described as most elegant and majestic hall with ornamental Teakwood-Rosewood panelling. The older Assembly was located within State Secretariat complex which was reconverted into Legislature
Legislature
museum, after commissioning new complex in 1997.

POLITICAL PARTIES OR COALITIONS

SL. NO: FRONT NO. OF CANDIDATES SEATS WON PERCENTAGE

1 Left Democratic Front 140 91 43.31%

2 United Democratic Front 140 41 32.86%

3 National Democratic Alliance 140 1 15.63%

4 Kerala
Kerala
Congress(M) 140 6 6.01%

5 Independents and Others . 1 2.19%

MEMBERS OF LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY OF KERALA

The entrance to Kerala
Kerala
Legislature
Legislature
with statute of Mahatma Gandhi The Illuminated Niyamasabha Complex at night Kerala
Kerala
State Legislative Assembly or the Niyamasabha at night

SL. NO: CONSTITUENCY WINNER PARTY

1 Manjeshwar P. B. Abdul Razak IUML

2 Kasaragod
Kasaragod
N. A. Nellikkunnu IUML

3 Udma
Udma
K. Kunhiraman CPI(M)

4 Kanhangad
Kanhangad
E. Chandrasekharan CPI

5 Trikarpur M. Rajagopalan CPI(M)

6 Payyanur C. Krishnan (CPI-M) CPI(M)

7 Kalliasseri T.V. Rajesh CPI(M)

8 Taliparamba
Taliparamba
James Mathew CPI(M)

9 Irikkur K. C. Joseph INC

10 Azhikode K.M. Shaji IUML

11 Kannur
Kannur
Kadannappalli Ramachandran Cong(S)

12 Dharmadam
Dharmadam
Pinarayi Vijayan
Pinarayi Vijayan
CPI(M)

13 Thalassery A.N. Shamseer CPI(M)

14 Kuthuparamba K. K. Shailaja CPI(M)

15 Mattannur E. P. Jayarajan CPI(M)

16 Peravoor
Peravoor
Sunny Joseph INC

17 Mananthavady
Mananthavady
O. R. Kelu CPI(M)

18 Sulthanbathery I. C. Balakrishnan INC

19 Kalpetta
Kalpetta
C. K. Saseendran CPI

20 Vatakara
Vatakara
C. K. Nanu JD(S)

21 Kuttiady Parakkal Abdulla IUML

22 Nadapuram
Nadapuram
E. K. Vijayan CPI

23 Koyilandy
Koyilandy
K. Dasan CPI(M)

24 Perambra T. P. Ramakrishnan CPI(M)

25 Balusseri Purushan Kadalundy CPI(M)

26 Elathur A. K. Saseendran NCP

27 Kozhikode
Kozhikode
North A. Pradeepkumar CPI(M)

28 Kozhikode
Kozhikode
South M. K. Muneer IUML

29 Beypore
Beypore
V. K. C. Mammed Koya CPI(M)

30 Kunnamangalam P. T. A. Rahim LDF Independent

31 Koduvally Karat Razak LDF Independent

32 Thiruvambady
Thiruvambady
George M. Thomas CPI(M)

33 Kondotty T. V. Ibrahim IUML

34 Ernad P. K. Basheer IUML

35 Nilambur
Nilambur
P. V. Anvar LDF Independent

36 Wandoor
Wandoor
A.P. Anil Kumar INC

37 Manjeri M. Ummer IUML

38 Perinthalmanna Manjalamkuzhi Ali IUML

39 Mankada
Mankada
T. A. Ahmed Kabir IUML

40 Malappuram
Malappuram
P. Ubaidulla IUML

41 Vengara K.N.A Khader IUML

42 Vallikunnu P. Abdul Hameed IUML

43 Tirurangadi
Tirurangadi
P. K. Abdu Rabb IUML

44 Tanur V. Abdurahiman LDF Independent

45 Tirur
Tirur
C. Mammutty IUML

46 Kottakkal K. K. Abid Hussain Thangal IUML

47 Thavanur K.T. Jaleel LDF Independent

48 Ponnani
Ponnani
P. Sreeramakrishnan CPI(M)

49 Thrithala V. T. Balram INC

50 Pattambi
Pattambi
Muhammed Muhsin CPI

51 Shornur P. K. Sasi CPI(M)

52 Ottappalam
Ottappalam
P. Unni CPI(M)

53 Kongad K. V. Vijayadas CPI(M)

54 Mannarkkad N. Samsudheen IUML

55 Malampuzha V. S. Achuthanandan
V. S. Achuthanandan
CPI(M)

56 Palakkad
Palakkad
Shafi Parambil
Shafi Parambil
INC

57 Tarur A. K. Balan
A. K. Balan
CPI(M)

58 Chittur
Chittur
K. Krishnankutty JD(S)

59 Nemmara
Nemmara
K. Babu CPI(M)

60 Alathur
Alathur
K. D. Prasenan
K. D. Prasenan
CPI(M)

61 Chelakkara U. R. Pradeep CPI(M)

62 Kunnamkulam
Kunnamkulam
A. C. Moideen CPI(M)

63 Guruvayoor
Guruvayoor
K. V. Abdul Khader CPI(M)

64 Manalur
Manalur
Murali Perunelli CPI(M)

65 Wadakkanchery Anil Akkara
Anil Akkara
INC

66 Ollur
Ollur
K. Rajan CPI

67 Thrissur
Thrissur
V. S. Sunil Kumar CPI

68 Nattika Geetha Gopi CPI

69 Kaipamangalam
Kaipamangalam
E. T. Tyson CPI

70 Irinjalakuda
Irinjalakuda
K. U. Arunan CPI(M)

71 Puthukkad C. Raveendranath CPI(M)

72 Chalakudy
Chalakudy
B. D. Devassy CPI(M)

73 Kodungallur
Kodungallur
V. R. Sunil Kumar CPI

74 Perumbavoor Eldhose Kunnappilly INC

75 Angamaly Roji M. John INC

76 Aluva
Aluva
Anwar Sadath INC

77 Kalamassery V. K. Ebrahimkunju IUML

78 Paravur V. D. Satheesan
V. D. Satheesan
INC

79 Vypeen S. Sharma CPI(M)

80 Kochi
Kochi
K. J. Maxi CPI(M)

81 Thripunithura
Thripunithura
M. Swaraj CPI(M)

82 Ernakulam
Ernakulam
Hibi Eden INC

83 Thrikkakara P. T. Thomas INC

84 Kunnathunad (SC) V.P. Sajeendran INC

85 Piravom Anoop Jacob
Anoop Jacob
KC (Jacob)

86 Muvattupuzha
Muvattupuzha
Eldo Abraham CPI

87 Kothamangalam Antony John CPI(M)

88 Devikulam S. Rajendran CPI(M)

89 Udumbanchola
Udumbanchola
M. M. Mani CPI(M)

90 Thodupuzha
Thodupuzha
P. J. Joseph KC(M)

91 Idukki
Idukki
Roshy Augustine KC(M)

92 Peerumade E. S. Bijimol CPI

93 Pala K. M. Mani KC(M)

94 Kaduthuruthy
Kaduthuruthy
Monce Joseph
Monce Joseph
KC(M)

95 Vaikom C. K. Asha CPI

96 Ettumanoor
Ettumanoor
K. Suresh Kurup CPI(M)

97 Kottayam Thiruvanchoor Radhakrishnan INC

98 Puthuppally Oommen Chandy INC

99 Changanassery C. F. Thomas KC(M)

100 Kanjirappally N. Jayaraj KC(M)

101 Poonjar P. C. George INDEPENDENT

102 Aroor A. M. Ariff CPI(M)

103 Cherthala P. Thilothaman CPI

104 Alappuzha T. M. Thomas Isaac CPI(M)

105 Ambalappuzha G. Sudhakaran
G. Sudhakaran
CPI(M)

106 Kuttanad
Kuttanad
Thomas Chandy NCP

107 Haripad Ramesh Chennithala INC

108 Kayamkulam Prathiba Hari CPI(M)

109 Mavelikkara R. Rajesh CPI(M)

110 Chengannur K. K. Ramachandran Nair CPI(M)

111 Thiruvalla
Thiruvalla
Mathew T. Thomas JD(S)

112 Ranni
Ranni
Raju Abraham CPI(M)

113 Aranmula
Aranmula
Veena George CPI(M)

114 Konni Adoor Prakash INC

115 Adoor
Adoor
Chittayam Gopakumar CPI

116 Karunagapally R. Ramachandran
R. Ramachandran
CPI

117 Chavara
Chavara
Vijayan Pillai CMP

118 Kunnathur Kovoor Kunjumon RSP Independent

119 Kottarakkara
Kottarakkara
P. Aisha Potty CPI(M)

120 Pathanapuram K. B. Ganesh Kumar
K. B. Ganesh Kumar
KC(B)

121 Punalur K. Raju CPI

122 Chadayamangalam Mullakara Ratnakaran CPI

123 Kundara
Kundara
J. Mercykutty Amma
J. Mercykutty Amma
CPI(M)

124 Kollam
Kollam
M. Mukesh CPI(M)

125 Eravipuram
Eravipuram
M. Noushad CPI(M)

126 Chathannoor
Chathannoor
G.S. Jayalal CPI

127 Varkala V. Joy CPI(M)

128 Attingal
Attingal
B. Satyan CPI(M)

129 Chirayinkeezhu V. Sasi CPI

130 Nedumangad C. Divakaran CPI

131 Vamanapuram D.K. Murali CPI(M)

132 Kazhakoottam
Kazhakoottam
Kadakampally Surendran CPI(M)

133 Vattiyoorkavu K. Muraleedharan INC

134 Thiruvananthapuram
Thiruvananthapuram
V. S. Sivakumar INC

135 Nemom O. Rajagopal
O. Rajagopal
BJP

136 Aruvikkara K. S. Sabarinathan INC

137 Parassala C. K. Hareendran CPI(M)

138 Kattakkada I. B. Sathish CPI(M)

139 Kovalam
Kovalam
M. Vincent INC

140 Neyyattinkara K. A. Ansalan CPI(M)

SPEAKERS OF THE KERALA LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY

Main page: Category:Speakers of the Kerala
Kerala
Legislative Assembly

COMPOSITION

The Assembly consists of 140 Members known as Members of Legislative Assembly- MLA representing each constituency.

The qualifications needed to become an MLA are almost similar to the eligibility criteria for an MP. Besides being a citizen of India, the individual should not be less than 25 years of age. On a more fundamental note, a person, who is not a voter from any constituency of the state, is not eligible to become an MLA.

It's to be noted that an MLA is elected by the people of a particular constituency and he/she represents those electorates in the legislative Assembly. MLAs enjoy the same position in the state as MPs on a national level.

RESPONSIBILITIES OF LEGISLATORS

The principal responsibility of an MLA is to represent the people's grievances and aspirations and take them up with the state government. An MLA has the power to utilise several legislative tools including ‘calling attention motion’ to raise issues concerning his/her constituency. It's also expected of the MLA to raise the issues with the relevant government agency and minister. As a legislator, his cardinal role will be to make optimum use of the local area development (LAD) fund in a bid to develop his constituency.

Appointment Of Speaker

The Speaker is the primary official of the Assembly. The Assembly elects the Speaker from among its own members. While the Speaker still represents his constituency, he remains an impartial chair of the Assembly and refrains from debating.

When a new assembly is formed, the political party/alliance which is invited by the Governor to form a government, nominates one among them as Pro-term Speaker. The Pro-Term speaker swears in front of Governor and opens the new assembly's first session.

He oversees swearing in ceremony of all legislators at the assembly hall and then becomes the returning officer for the Speaker Election.

The Leader of the House, Chief Minister presents a motion for speaker election and nominates one among his party/alliance for Speaker position.

The Leader of Opposition, supports the motion and nominates one among them as speaker position. The Pro-term speaker then asks whether anyone else wish to contest for speaker post. If any application received, it shall also be enlisted for election.

Based on motion, the pro-term speaker will order for an election and Legislative secretary will arrange an election at the floor of the assembly. The election will be closed affair with each member casting a secret vote on ballot paper. The results will be counted by Legislative Secretary in front of representatives from both Ruling and Opposition parties.

Accordingly, the pro-term speaker announces the new speaker and both leaders of assembly escorts the new speaker to Speaker Dias to take charge of the post.

Similar election is conducted to appoint Deputy Speaker who shall take the office in absence of the speaker.

OFFICIALS

The speaker is assisted by Legislative Secretariat. The head of Secretariat is Legislative Secretary. The Legislative secretary is the Executive chief of the Assembly and reports only to Speaker and house directly.

The Legislative secretary is supported by 2 Additional Secretaries, Joint secretaries and Assistant secretaries. There are under-secretaries for each committee topic and officers in charge.

The Chief Curator manages the entire house activities including housekeeping, maintenance and safety measures. The Chief Editor manages an editorial team to draft questions raised by public and legislators as well as manages answers notes, legislative records, executive orders and archival matters. The Chief Librarian manages the Central Library and Legislative Research cell of Niyamasabha.

SECURITY

From days of Monarchy Kerala
Kerala
Police were not allowed inside Niyamasabha as a matter of enforcing legislative independence. The Niyamasabha has its own security force called Watch and Ward, distinguished by its white uniforms who reports to Assembly Privileges committee and Speaker directly. Its headed by Chief Warden who is in rank of Superintendent of Police.

The Watch and ward controls security of entire Assembly area as well as nearby Legislative Hostel.

COMMITTEES

Statutory Committee

The Niyamasabha consists of following committees which are statutory in nature and cannot be disbanded, though the members do change.

1. Business Advisory Committee (BAC)

The BAC is the primary committee to decide the agendas to be listed in each sessions of the assembly. As a convention, the opposition leader will be the head of the committee with leaders of each parliamentary party subjected to maximum of 8 members. Speaker of the house is a permanent invitee to this committee.

2. Committee on Environment

3. Committee on Estimates

4. Committee on Government Assurances

5. Committee on Local Fund Accounts

6. Committee on Official Language

7. Committee on Papers Laid on the Table

8. Committee on Petitions

9. Committee on Private Members' Bills and Resolutions

10. Committee of Privileges and Ethics

11. Committee on Public Accounts

12. Committee on Public Undertakings

13. Committee on Subordinate Legislation

14. Committee on the Welfare of Backward Class Communities

15. Committee on the Welfare of Fishermen and Allied Workers

16. Committee on the Welfare of Non-resident Keralites

17. Committee on the Welfare of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes

18. Committee on the Welfare of Senior Citizens

19. Committee on the Welfare of Women, Children and Physically Handicapped

20. Committee on the Welfare of Youth and Youth Affairs

21. House Committee

22. Library Advisory Committee

23. Rules Committee

Subject Committee

Apart from statutory committee, the assembly have subject committee for each Department of Government. Though they are not statutory in nature, its established by the house on regular basis to monitor and control executive decisions of each department when a specific bill