KENSINGTON is an affluent district within the Royal Borough of
Kensington and Chelsea in West London . The north east is taken up by
Kensington Gardens , once private, as the name suggests, but today a
public park with Italian and Dutch gardens , public buildings such as
Albert Memorial , the
Serpentine Gallery and Speke 's monument.
Its commercial heart is
Kensington High Street . The affluent and
densely populated area contains the major museum district of South
Kensington , which has the
Royal Albert Hall
Royal Albert Hall for music and nearby
Royal College of Music . The area is home to many of London's European
embassies. Cementing Kensington's indicators of connections with
France , the area has the
Lycée Français Charles de Gaulle , French
Consulate, French Embassy Cultural Department and the London Oratory
on the borders with diminutive
* 1 Name
* 2 History
* 3 Geography
* 4 Administration
* 5 Newspapers and TV channel
* 6 Transport
* 7 Neighbouring districts
* 8 Incidents
* 9 See also
* 10 References
* 11 Further reading
* 12 External links
The first mention of the area is in the
Domesday Book of 1086, where
it was written in Latin as "Chenesitone", which has been interpreted
to have originally been "Kenesignetun" (Kenesigne's land or meadows)
in Anglo-Saxon . A variation may be _Kesyngton_, in 1396.
Kensington (click to enlarge ) A map showing the
Kensington Metropolitan Borough as they appeared in 1916.
The focus of the area is
Kensington High Street , a busy commercial
centre with many shops, typically upmarket. The street was declared
London's second best shopping street in February 2005 thanks to its
range and number of shops. However, since October 2008 the street has
faced competition from the Westfield shopping centre in nearby White
Kensington's second group of non-residential buildings is at South
Kensington , where several streets of small to medium-sized shops and
service businesses are close to
South Kensington tube station . This
is also the southern end of
Exhibition Road , the thoroughfare that
serves the area's museums and educational institutions.
The edges of
Kensington are not well-defined; in particular, the
southern part of
Kensington has conflicting and complex borders with
Chelsea whether electoral or postal definitions are used, and has
similar architecture. To the west, a border is kept along the line of
the Counter Creek marked by the West London railway line and Earl's
Court Road further south into other London districts. To the north,
the only obvious dividing line is
Holland Park Avenue, to the north of
which is the district of
Notting Hill which is part of the traditional
Kensington and a subset of North Kensington.
In the north east, the large Royal Park of
(contiguous with its eastern neighbour, Hyde Park ) is a green buffer
. The other main green area in
Holland Park , just north
Kensington High Street, a minority of roads have small residential
garden squares .
South Kensington is of the same, largely private housing, use as
central Kensington; the more economically and socially nationally
North Kensington and
West Kensington are diverse and lack
the tourism of the rest of Kensington.
Kensington is, in general, an extremely affluent area, a trait that
it now shares with its neighbour to the south, Chelsea. The area has
some of London's most expensive streets and garden squares, including
Edwardes Square , most of the
Holland Park neighbourhood and Wycombe
Square, private redevelopments in
Regency architecture . In early
2007, houses sold in Upper Phillimore Gardens for in excess of £20
million. Adjoining neighbourhoods have residential areas and have
accordingly been subdivided or have overlapping district names all,
unlike Kensington, without an ancient parish predecessor:
Knightsbridge , Brompton ,
Holland Park and
Notting Hill .
Kensington is also very densely populated; it forms part of the most
densely populated local government district (the Royal Borough of
Kensington and Chelsea) in the United Kingdom. This high density is
not formed from high-rise buildings; instead, it has come about
through the subdivision of large mid-rise Georgian and Victorian
terraced houses (generally of some four to six floors) into flats.
Unlike northern extremities of the Borough,
Kensington lacks high-rise
buildings except for the
Holiday Inn 's London
Kensington Forum Hotel
Cromwell Road , which is a 27-storey building.
Notable attractions and institutions in
Kensington (or South
Kensington Palace in
Kensington Gardens, the
Royal Albert Hall
Royal Albert Hall opposite the
Albert Memorial in Hyde Park, the Royal
College of Music , the Natural History Museum , the Science Museum ,
Victoria and Albert Museum ,
Heythrop College , Imperial College,
London , the
Royal College of Art and
Kensington and Chelsea College .
The Olympia exhibition hall is just over the western border in West
Kensington Gardens in the summer
Kensington is part of the Royal Borough of
Kensington and Chelsea,
and lies within the
Kensington parliamentary constituency .
NEWSPAPERS AND TV CHANNEL
Northcliffe House, head office of the
Daily Mail and General
The head office of newspaper group DMGT is located in Northcliffe
House in Kensington, which is the office part of the large Barkers
building . In addition to housing the offices for the DMGT newspapers
Daily Mail _, _
Mail on Sunday _ and _Metro _, Northcliffe House also
accommodates the offices of the four newspapers owned by Evgeny
Lebedev : _
The Independent _, _
The Independent on Sunday _, the "I ",
and the _Evening Standard _.
The building also houses Lebedev's TV channel London Live , with its
news studio situated in part of the former department store, using St
Mary Abbots church and
Kensington Church Street as live backdrop.
Kensington is crossed east-west by three main roads, the most
important of which is the A4 or
Cromwell Road which connects it to
Central London and
Heathrow Airport . To the north is the mostly
Kensington Road (of which
Kensington High Street forms a
large part), linking central London and
Hammersmith to the area. To
the south is
Fulham Road, which connects
South Kensington with Fulham
to the southwest. North-south connections are not as well-developed
and there is no obvious single north-south route through the area.
Kensington is well served by public transport . Most of
served by three stations in the
Travelcard Zone 1 : High Street
Kensington , Gloucester Road and
South Kensington . All three are
served by the Circle line which connects them to London's railway
District line also serves all three stations, albeit on
different branches; it links the latter two to Westminster and the
City . The
Piccadilly line also links
South Kensington and Gloucester
Road to the West End in about 10 minutes, and in the other direction
Heathrow Airport in about 40 minutes. In addition Kensington
Travelcard Zone 2 serves the western part of Kensington,
District line trains to Earl\'s Court and High Street Kensington.
West Kensington station takes its name from the former
Hammersmith and is not in the Borough.
A number of local bus services link
Kensington into the surrounding
districts, and key hubs are
Kensington High Street and South
Kensington station. These bus services were improved in frequency and
spread from 2007 until 2010 when the western extension of the London
congestion charge area existed (which required drivers of cars and
vans during the charging hours Monday-Friday to pay a daily fee of
* _ London portal
See also: List of districts in
Fulham ‹ The
template below (Geographic location _) is being considered for
deletion. See templates for discussion to help reach a consensus. ›
Notting Hill ,
Earls Court (within Kensington):
Belgravia , Westminster
On 29 August 1975, a bomb was planted by the Provisional Irish
Republican Army (IRA) in a shoe shop in Church Street. Robert Goad, a
British Army bomb-disposal expert, was killed whilst
trying to defuse the bomb. Later, on 23 October 1975, a civilian
Gordon Hamilton Fairley was killed by an IRA car bomb that targeted
Sir Hugh Fraser .
In the early hours of Wednesday 14 June 2017, a fire broke out in
Grenfell Tower - a high rise block owned by
Kensington and Chelsea
Council - destroying the entire building. Investigations into the
cause are ongoing.
Kensington Roof Gardens
* ^ Wards of Brompton, Courtfield, Campden, Earls Court, Holland,
Queens Gate and Abingdon
* ^ The National Archives catalogue reference E31/2/1
* ^ Plea Rolls of the Court of Common Pleas; CP 40/541; year 1396;
with county margination "midd". Kesyngton is the place where the
trespass (taking animals) occurred (line 3)
* ^ _Victoria County History of England_, Middlesex, vol. 1, pp.
* ^ _Chronicon Monasterii de Abingdon_, vol 2, pp. 55–6
* ^ "
Kensington Barracks". London Picture Archive. Retrieved 25
* ^ "Best shopping street\' in London". _BBC News_. news.bbc.co.uk.
23 February 2005. Retrieved 2008-10-23.
* ^ "Core Strategy:Putting the neighbourhood first". Royal Borough
Kensington and Chelsea. Retrieved 2010-05-14.
* ^ "Contacts Archived 9 August 2011 at the
Wayback Machine .."
Daily Mail and General Trust . Retrieved 6 September 2011.
"Northcliffe House 2 Derry Street London W8 5TT Great Britain"
* ^ Ponsford, Dominic. "Sharing with Mail \'will safeguard future
of Independent\'." _
Press Gazette _. 28 November 2008. Retrieved 6
September 2011. "Under a deal signed today, the Independent titles
will share back office functions with the Daily Mail, Mail on Sunday,
Metro and Evening Standard at Northcliffe House in Kensington."
Kensington – 1911 Encyclopædia article
Kensington Market (Destroyed)
* Ashbourne College
Daniel Lysons (1792), "Kensington", _Environs of London_, 3:
County of Middlesex, London: T. Cadell
* "Kensington". _Chambers\'s Encyclopaedia _. London. 1901.