HOME
The Info List - Kensington


--- Advertisement ---



Kensington
Kensington
is a district within the Royal Borough of Kensington
Kensington
and Chelsea in West London. The north east is taken up by Kensington Gardens, once private, but today a public park with Italian and Dutch gardens, public buildings such as the Albert Memorial, the Serpentine Gallery and Speke's monument. The district's commercial heart is Kensington
Kensington
High Street. The affluent and densely populated area contains the major museum district of South Kensington, which is home to Imperial College London, the Royal College of Music
Royal College of Music
and the Royal Albert Hall. The area is also home to many of London's European embassies. Kensington
Kensington
possesses many indicators of connections with France, including the Lycée Français Charles de Gaulle, French Consulate and French Embassy's Cultural Department.

Contents

1 Name 2 History 3 Geography 4 Administration 5 Newspapers and TV channel 6 Transport 7 See also 8 References 9 Further reading 10 External links

Name[edit] The first mention of the area is in the Domesday Book
Domesday Book
of 1086, where it was written in Latin as "Chenesitone",[2] which has been interpreted to have originally been "Kenesignetun" (Kenesigne's land or meadows) in Anglo-Saxon. A variation may be Kesyngton, in 1396.[3] History[edit]

A picture of Kensington
Kensington
taken by scientist Sir Norman Lockyer in 1909 from a helium balloon. (This is a mirrored image of Kensington)

The manor of Kensington, Middlesex, was granted by William I to Geoffrey de Montbray
Geoffrey de Montbray
or Mowbray, bishop of Coutances, one of his inner circle of advisors and one of the wealthiest men in post-Conquest England. He in turn granted the tenancy of Kensington
Kensington
to his vassal Aubrey de Vere I, who was holding the manor in 1086, according to Domesday Book. The bishop's heir, Robert de Mowbray, rebelled against William Rufus
William Rufus
and his vast barony was declared forfeit. Aubrey de Vere I had his tenure converted to a tenancy in-chief, holding Kensington after 1095 directly of the crown.[4] He granted land and church there to Abingdon Abbey
Abingdon Abbey
at the deathbed request of his young eldest son, Geoffrey.[5] As the Veres became the earls of Oxford, their estate at Kensington
Kensington
came to be known as Earls Court, while the Abingdon lands were called Abbots Kensington
Kensington
and the church St Mary Abbots. The original Kensington
Kensington
Barracks, built at Kensington
Kensington
Gate in the late 18th century, were demolished in 1858 and new barracks were built in Kensington
Kensington
Church Street.[6] Geography[edit]

Map of Kensington
Kensington
(click to enlarge)

A map showing the wards of Kensington
Kensington
Metropolitan Borough as they appeared in 1916.

The focus of the area is Kensington
Kensington
High Street, a busy commercial centre with many shops, typically upmarket. The street was declared London's second best shopping street in February 2005 thanks to its range and number of shops.[7] However, since October 2008 the street has faced competition from the Westfield shopping centre in nearby White City.[8] Kensington's second group of non-residential buildings is at South Kensington, where several streets of small to medium-sized shops and service businesses are close to South Kensington
South Kensington
tube station. This is also the southern end of Exhibition Road, the thoroughfare that serves the area's museums and educational institutions. The edges of Kensington
Kensington
are not well-defined; in particular, the southern part of Kensington
Kensington
has conflicting and complex borders with Chelsea whether electoral or postal definitions are used, and has similar architecture. To the west, a border is kept along the line of the Counter Creek marked by the West London railway line and Earl's Court Road further south into other London districts. To the north, the only obvious dividing line is Holland Park
Holland Park
Avenue, to the north of which is the district of Notting Hill
Notting Hill
which is part of the traditional definitions of Kensington
Kensington
and a subset of North Kensington. In the north east, the large Royal Park of Kensington
Kensington
Gardens (contiguous with its eastern neighbour, Hyde Park) is a green buffer. The other main green area in Kensington
Kensington
is Holland Park, just north of Kensington
Kensington
High Street, a minority of roads have small residential garden squares. South Kensington
South Kensington
is of the same, largely private housing, use as central Kensington; the more economically and socially nationally reflective North Kensington
North Kensington
and West Kensington
West Kensington
are diverse and lack the tourism of the rest of Kensington. Kensington
Kensington
is, in general, an extremely affluent area, a trait that it now shares with its neighbour to the south, Chelsea. The area has some of London's most expensive streets and garden squares, including Edwardes Square, most of the Holland Park
Holland Park
neighbourhood and Wycombe Square, private redevelopments in Regency architecture. In early 2007, houses sold in Upper Phillimore Gardens for in excess of £20 million. Adjoining neighbourhoods have residential areas and have accordingly been subdivided or have overlapping district names all, unlike Kensington, without an ancient parish predecessor: Knightsbridge, Brompton, Belgravia, Holland Park
Holland Park
and Notting Hill. Kensington
Kensington
is also very densely populated; it forms part of the most densely populated local government district (the Royal Borough of Kensington
Kensington
and Chelsea) in the United Kingdom. This high density is not formed from high-rise buildings; instead, it has come about through the subdivision of large mid-rise Georgian and Victorian terraced houses (generally of some four to six floors) into flats. Unlike northern extremities of the Borough, Kensington
Kensington
lacks high-rise buildings except for the Holiday Inn's London Kensington
Kensington
Forum Hotel in Cromwell Road, a 27-storey building. Notable attractions and institutions in Kensington
Kensington
(or South Kensington) include: Kensington Palace
Kensington Palace
in Kensington
Kensington
Gardens, the Royal Albert Hall
Royal Albert Hall
opposite the Albert Memorial
Albert Memorial
in Hyde Park, the Royal College of Music, the Natural History Museum, the Science Museum, the Victoria and Albert Museum, Heythrop College, Imperial College, London, the Royal College of Art
Royal College of Art
and Kensington
Kensington
and Chelsea College. The Olympia exhibition hall is just over the western border in West Kensington. Administration[edit]

Kensington Gardens
Kensington Gardens
in the summer

Kensington
Kensington
is part of the Royal Borough of Kensington
Kensington
and Chelsea, and lies within the Kensington
Kensington
parliamentary constituency. Newspapers and TV channel[edit]

Northcliffe House, head office of the Daily Mail
Daily Mail
and General Trust

The head office of newspaper group DMGT is located in Northcliffe House in Kensington,[9] which is the office part of the large Barkers building. In addition to housing the offices for the DMGT newspapers Daily Mail, Mail on Sunday
Mail on Sunday
and Metro, Northcliffe House also accommodates the offices of the newspapers owned by Evgeny Lebedev: The Independent, The Independent
The Independent
on Sunday, and the Evening Standard.[10] The i newspaper, sold to Johnston Press in 2016,[11] is still produced from offices in Northcliffe House. The building also houses Lebedev's TV channel London Live, with its news studio situated in part of the former department store, using St Mary Abbots church and Kensington
Kensington
Church Street as live backdrop. Transport[edit] Kensington
Kensington
is crossed east-west by three main roads, the most important of which is the A4 or Cromwell Road
Cromwell Road
which connects it to Central London, Hounslow
Hounslow
and Heathrow Airport. To the north is the mostly parallel Kensington
Kensington
Road (of which Kensington High Street
Kensington High Street
forms a large part), linking central London and Hammersmith
Hammersmith
and Hounslow
Hounslow
to the area. To the south is Fulham
Fulham
Road, which connects South Kensington with Fulham
Fulham
to the southwest. North-south connections are not as well-developed and there is no obvious single north-south route through the area. Kensington
Kensington
is well served by public transport. Most of Kensington
Kensington
is served by three stations in the Travelcard Zone 1: High Street Kensington, Gloucester Road and South Kensington. All three are served by the Circle line which connects them to London's railway terminals. The District
District
line also serves all three stations, albeit on different branches; it links the latter two to Westminster and the City. The Piccadilly line
Piccadilly line
also links South Kensington
South Kensington
and Gloucester Road to the West End in about 10 minutes, and in the other direction to Chiswick, Ealing, Hounslow
Hounslow
and Heathrow Airport
Heathrow Airport
in around 20-40 minutes, depending on the area of choice. In addition Kensington (Olympia)
Kensington (Olympia)
in Travelcard Zone 2
Travelcard Zone 2
serves the western part of Kensington, with District line trains to Earl's Court
Earl's Court
and High Street Kensington. Nearby West Kensington
Kensington
station takes its name from the former boundaries with Hammersmith
Hammersmith
and is not in the Borough. A number of local bus services link Kensington
Kensington
into the surrounding districts, and key hubs are Kensington High Street
Kensington High Street
and South Kensington
Kensington
station. These bus services were improved in frequency and spread from 2007 until 2010 when the western extension of the London congestion charge area existed (which required drivers of cars and vans during the charging hours Monday-Friday to pay a daily fee of £8). See also[edit]

Kensington
Kensington
Roof Gardens South Kensington Earls Court

References[edit]

^ Wards of Brompton, Courtfield, Campden, Earls Court, Holland, Queens Gate and Abingdon http://www.ukcensusdata.com/kensington-and-chelsea-e09000020#sthash.XHGxeCRe.dpbs ^ "DocumentsOnline". www.nationalarchives.gov.uk.  ^ Plea Rolls of the Court of Common Pleas; CP 40/541; year 1396; http://aalt.law.uh.edu/AALT6/R2/CP40no541a/bCP40no541adorses/IMG_0349.htm, with county margination "midd". Kesyngton is the place where the trespass (taking animals) occurred (line 3) ^ Victoria County History of England, Middlesex, vol. 1, pp. 116–7 ^ Chronicon Monasterii de Abingdon, vol 2, pp. 55–6 ^ " Kensington
Kensington
Barracks". London Picture Archive. Retrieved 25 September 2016.  ^ "Best shopping street' in London". BBC News. news.bbc.co.uk. 23 February 2005. Retrieved 2008-10-23.  ^ "Core Strategy:Putting the neighbourhood first". Royal Borough of Kensington
Kensington
and Chelsea. Retrieved 2010-05-14.  ^ "Contacts Archived 9 August 2011 at the Wayback Machine.." Daily Mail and General Trust. Retrieved 6 September 2011. "Northcliffe House 2 Derry Street London W8 5TT Great Britain" ^ Ponsford, Dominic. "Sharing with Mail 'will safeguard future of Independent'[permanent dead link]." Press Gazette. 28 November 2008. Retrieved 6 September 2011. "Under a deal signed today, the Independent titles will share back office functions with the Daily Mail, Mail on Sunday, Metro and Evening Standard at Northcliffe House in Kensington." ^ Mackie, Gareth. "Johnston Press agrees £24m deal for i newspaper". www.scotsman.com. Johnston Press. Retrieved 14 December 2017. 

Kensington
Kensington
– 1911 Encyclopædia article London Kensington
Kensington
Market (Destroyed) Ashbourne College

Further reading[edit]

Daniel Lysons
Daniel Lysons
(1792), "Kensington", Environs of London, 3: County of Middlesex, London: T. Cadell  "Kensington". Chambers's Encyclopaedia. London. 1901. 

External links[edit]

Look up Kensington
Kensington
in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

The Kensington
Kensington
District, by Geraldine Edith Mitton, 1903, from Project Gutenberg

v t e

Royal Borough of Kensington
Kensington
and Chelsea

Districts

Albertopolis Bayswater Belgravia Brompton Chelsea Chelsea Harbour
Chelsea Harbour
(including Imperial Wharf) Earls Court Holland Park Kensal Town Kensington Knightsbridge Ladbroke Grove North Kensington Notting Hill South Kensington West Brompton West Kensington World's End

Attractions

Albert Memorial Chelsea Physic Garden Design Museum Holland House Kensal Green Cemetery Kensington
Kensington
Palace Leighton House Museum National Army Museum Natural History Museum Olympia Royal Albert Hall Saatchi Gallery Science Museum Victoria and Albert Museum

Theatres

Chelsea Theatre Finborough Theatre Gate Theatre Royal Court Theatre

Royal Parks

Brompton Cemetery Kensington
Kensington
Gardens

Street markets

Portobello Road Market

Parliamentary constituencies

Chelsea Kensington Westminster North

Squares and streets

Belgrave Square Cadogan Square Chester Square Hans Place King's Road Lowndes Square Onslow Square Pavilion Road Pembroke Square Powis Square Redcliffe Square Sloane Square Sloane Street Thurloe Square Wilton Crescent

Bridges

Albert Bridge Battersea Bridge Chelsea Bridge

Tube and railway stations

Earl's Court Gloucester Road High Street Kensington Holland Park Kensington
Kensington
(Olympia) Knightsbridge Imperial Wharf Ladbroke Grove Latimer Road Notting Hill
Notting Hill
Gate Sloane Square South Kensington West Brompton Westbourne Park

Pubs

Coleherne Drayton Arms Elgin Hollywood Arms Prince of Teck Shuckburgh Arms Windsor Castle World's End

Other topics

Blue plaques Council Listed buildings

Grade I Grade II*

Parks and open spaces Parks Police People Public art Schools Grenfell Tower fire

Places adjacent to Kensington

White City Notting Hill, North Kensington Across Kensington
Kensington
Gardens: Bayswater, Paddington

Across Earls Court
Earls Court
(within Kensington): Hammersmith

Kensington

Knightsbridge/Brompton Belgravia, Westminster

West Brompton Chelsea Chelsea

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 151241

.