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KENSINGTON is an affluent district within the Royal Borough of Kensington
Kensington
and Chelsea in West London . The north east is taken up by Kensington Gardens , once private, as the name suggests, but today a public park with Italian and Dutch gardens , public buildings such as the Albert Memorial
Albert Memorial
, the Serpentine Gallery and Speke 's monument.

Its commercial heart is Kensington High Street . The affluent and densely populated area contains the major museum district of South Kensington
Kensington
, which has the Royal Albert Hall
Royal Albert Hall
for music and nearby Royal College of Music . The area is home to many of London's European embassies. Cementing Kensington's indicators of connections with France
France
, the area has the Lycée Français Charles de Gaulle , French Consulate, French Embassy Cultural Department and the London Oratory on the borders with diminutive Knightsbridge
Knightsbridge
.

CONTENTS

* 1 Name * 2 History * 3 Geography * 4 Administration * 5 Newspapers and TV channel * 6 Transport * 7 Neighbouring districts * 8 Incidents * 9 See also * 10 References * 11 Further reading * 12 External links

NAME

The first mention of the area is in the Domesday Book
Domesday Book
of 1086, where it was written in Latin as "Chenesitone", which has been interpreted to have originally been "Kenesignetun" (Kenesigne's land or meadows) in Anglo-Saxon . A variation may be _Kesyngton_, in 1396.

HISTORY

Map of Kensington
Kensington
(click to enlarge ) A map showing the wards of Kensington
Kensington
Metropolitan Borough as they appeared in 1916.

The focus of the area is Kensington High Street , a busy commercial centre with many shops, typically upmarket. The street was declared London's second best shopping street in February 2005 thanks to its range and number of shops. However, since October 2008 the street has faced competition from the Westfield shopping centre in nearby White City.

Kensington's second group of non-residential buildings is at South Kensington
Kensington
, where several streets of small to medium-sized shops and service businesses are close to South Kensington tube station . This is also the southern end of Exhibition Road , the thoroughfare that serves the area's museums and educational institutions.

The edges of Kensington
Kensington
are not well-defined; in particular, the southern part of Kensington
Kensington
has conflicting and complex borders with Chelsea whether electoral or postal definitions are used, and has similar architecture. To the west, a border is kept along the line of the Counter Creek marked by the West London railway line and Earl's Court Road further south into other London districts. To the north, the only obvious dividing line is Holland Park Avenue, to the north of which is the district of Notting Hill which is part of the traditional definitions of Kensington
Kensington
and a subset of North Kensington.

In the north east, the large Royal Park of Kensington
Kensington
Gardens (contiguous with its eastern neighbour, Hyde Park ) is a green buffer . The other main green area in Kensington
Kensington
is Holland Park , just north of Kensington
Kensington
High Street, a minority of roads have small residential garden squares .

South Kensington is of the same, largely private housing, use as central Kensington; the more economically and socially nationally reflective North Kensington and West Kensington are diverse and lack the tourism of the rest of Kensington.

Kensington
Kensington
is, in general, an extremely affluent area, a trait that it now shares with its neighbour to the south, Chelsea. The area has some of London's most expensive streets and garden squares, including Edwardes Square , most of the Holland Park neighbourhood and Wycombe Square, private redevelopments in Regency architecture . In early 2007, houses sold in Upper Phillimore Gardens for in excess of £20 million. Adjoining neighbourhoods have residential areas and have accordingly been subdivided or have overlapping district names all, unlike Kensington, without an ancient parish predecessor: Knightsbridge
Knightsbridge
, Brompton , Belgravia , Holland Park and Notting Hill .

Kensington
Kensington
is also very densely populated; it forms part of the most densely populated local government district (the Royal Borough of Kensington
Kensington
and Chelsea) in the United Kingdom. This high density is not formed from high-rise buildings; instead, it has come about through the subdivision of large mid-rise Georgian and Victorian terraced houses (generally of some four to six floors) into flats. Unlike northern extremities of the Borough, Kensington
Kensington
lacks high-rise buildings except for the Holiday Inn
Holiday Inn
's London Kensington
Kensington
Forum Hotel in Cromwell Road
Cromwell Road
, which is a 27-storey building.

Notable attractions and institutions in Kensington
Kensington
(or South Kensington) include: Kensington Palace in Kensington
Kensington
Gardens, the Royal Albert Hall
Royal Albert Hall
opposite the Albert Memorial
Albert Memorial
in Hyde Park, the Royal College of Music , the Natural History Museum , the Science Museum , the Victoria and Albert Museum , Heythrop College , Imperial College, London , the Royal College of Art and Kensington and Chelsea College . The Olympia exhibition hall is just over the western border in West Kensington
Kensington
.

ADMINISTRATION

Kensington Gardens in the summer

Kensington
Kensington
is part of the Royal Borough of Kensington
Kensington
and Chelsea, and lies within the Kensington
Kensington
parliamentary constituency .

NEWSPAPERS AND TV CHANNEL

Northcliffe House, head office of the Daily Mail
Daily Mail
and General Trust

The head office of newspaper group DMGT is located in Northcliffe House in Kensington, which is the office part of the large Barkers building . In addition to housing the offices for the DMGT newspapers _ Daily Mail
Daily Mail
_, _ Mail on Sunday _ and _Metro _, Northcliffe House also accommodates the offices of the four newspapers owned by Evgeny Lebedev : _ The Independent
The Independent
_, _ The Independent
The Independent
on Sunday _, the "I ", and the _Evening Standard _.

The building also houses Lebedev's TV channel London Live , with its news studio situated in part of the former department store, using St Mary Abbots church and Kensington
Kensington
Church Street as live backdrop.

TRANSPORT

Kensington
Kensington
is crossed east-west by three main roads, the most important of which is the A4 or Cromwell Road
Cromwell Road
which connects it to both Central London and Heathrow Airport
Heathrow Airport
. To the north is the mostly parallel Kensington
Kensington
Road (of which Kensington High Street forms a large part), linking central London and Hammersmith
Hammersmith
to the area. To the south is Fulham
Fulham
Road, which connects South Kensington with Fulham to the southwest. North-south connections are not as well-developed and there is no obvious single north-south route through the area.

Kensington
Kensington
is well served by public transport . Most of Kensington
Kensington
is served by three stations in the Travelcard Zone 1 : High Street Kensington
Kensington
, Gloucester Road and South Kensington . All three are served by the Circle line which connects them to London's railway terminals. The District
District
line also serves all three stations, albeit on different branches; it links the latter two to Westminster and the City . The Piccadilly line
Piccadilly line
also links South Kensington and Gloucester Road to the West End in about 10 minutes, and in the other direction to Heathrow Airport
Heathrow Airport
in about 40 minutes. In addition Kensington (Olympia) in Travelcard Zone 2 serves the western part of Kensington, with District
District
line trains to Earl\'s Court and High Street Kensington. Nearby West Kensington station takes its name from the former boundaries with Hammersmith
Hammersmith
and is not in the Borough.

A number of local bus services link Kensington
Kensington
into the surrounding districts, and key hubs are Kensington High Street and South Kensington
Kensington
station. These bus services were improved in frequency and spread from 2007 until 2010 when the western extension of the London congestion charge area existed (which required drivers of cars and vans during the charging hours Monday-Friday to pay a daily fee of £8).

NEIGHBOURING DISTRICTS

* _ London portal

See also: List of districts in Hammersmith
Hammersmith
and Fulham
Fulham
‹ The template below (Geographic location _) is being considered for deletion. See templates for discussion to help reach a consensus. ›

ADJOINING DISTRICTS

White City Notting Hill , North Kensington Across Kensington
Kensington
Gardens: Bayswater
Bayswater
, Paddington
Paddington

Across Earls Court
Earls Court
(within Kensington): Hammersmith
Hammersmith
Knightsbridge
Knightsbridge
/Brompton Belgravia , Westminster

KENSINGTON

West Brompton Chelsea Chelsea

INCIDENTS

On 29 August 1975, a bomb was planted by the Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA) in a shoe shop in Church Street. Robert Goad, a 40-year-old British Army
British Army
bomb-disposal expert, was killed whilst trying to defuse the bomb. Later, on 23 October 1975, a civilian Gordon Hamilton Fairley was killed by an IRA car bomb that targeted Conservative MP Sir Hugh Fraser .

In the early hours of Wednesday 14 June 2017, a fire broke out in Grenfell Tower - a high rise block owned by Kensington
Kensington
and Chelsea Council - destroying the entire building. Investigations into the cause are ongoing.

SEE ALSO

* Kensington Roof Gardens * South Kensington * Earls Court
Earls Court

REFERENCES

* ^ Wards of Brompton, Courtfield, Campden, Earls Court, Holland, Queens Gate and Abingdon http://www.ukcensusdata.com/kensington-and-chelsea-e09000020#sthash.XHGxeCRe.dpbs * ^ The National Archives catalogue reference E31/2/1 * ^ Plea Rolls of the Court of Common Pleas; CP 40/541; year 1396; http://aalt.law.uh.edu/AALT6/R2/CP40no541a/bCP40no541adorses/IMG_0349.htm, with county margination "midd". Kesyngton is the place where the trespass (taking animals) occurred (line 3) * ^ _Victoria County History of England_, Middlesex, vol. 1, pp. 116–7 * ^ _Chronicon Monasterii de Abingdon_, vol 2, pp. 55–6 * ^ " Kensington
Kensington
Barracks". London Picture Archive. Retrieved 25 September 2016. * ^ "Best shopping street\' in London". _BBC News_. news.bbc.co.uk. 23 February 2005. Retrieved 2008-10-23. * ^ "Core Strategy:Putting the neighbourhood first". Royal Borough of Kensington
Kensington
and Chelsea. Retrieved 2010-05-14. * ^ "Contacts Archived 9 August 2011 at the Wayback Machine .." Daily Mail and General Trust . Retrieved 6 September 2011. "Northcliffe House 2 Derry Street London W8 5TT Great Britain" * ^ Ponsford, Dominic. "Sharing with Mail \'will safeguard future of Independent\'." _ Press Gazette _. 28 November 2008. Retrieved 6 September 2011. "Under a deal signed today, the Independent titles will share back office functions with the Daily Mail, Mail on Sunday, Metro and Evening Standard at Northcliffe House in Kensington." * ^ https://mp.channel4.com/history/microsites/H/history/t-z/year04.html

* Kensington
Kensington
– 1911 Encyclopædia article * London Kensington
Kensington
Market (Destroyed) * Ashbourne College

FURTHER READING

* Daniel Lysons (1792), "Kensington", _Environs of London_, 3: County of Middlesex, London: T. Cadell * "Kensington". _Chambers\'s Encyclopaedia _. London. 1901.

EXTERNAL

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