KHANNAJO also spelt Kanauj, is a city, administrative headquarters
and a municipal board or Nagar Palika Parishad in
Kannauj district in
the Indian state of
Uttar Pradesh . The city's name is a modern form
of the classical name KANYAKUBJA (The city of the hunchbacked
maidens). It was also known as MAHODAYA during the time of Mihira
Kannauj is an ancient city, in earlier times the capital of
Empire of Harsha
Empire of Harsha under Emperor
Harsha . It is said that Kanyakubja
Brahmin 's of which Shandilya's (Rishi Bharadwaj was one of the
disciple of Rishi Sandilya) held to have constituted one of the three
prominent families of
Kanyakubja Brahmins.are originally from Kannauj.
Kannauj is known for the distilling of scents and is a market center
for tobacco, perfume , and rose water. It has given its name to a
distinct dialect of the
Urdu language known as Kanauji ,
which has two different codes or registers.
* 1 History
* 1.1 The
* 1.2 Medieval times
* 2 Geography
* 3 Demographics
* 4 Colleges
* 4.1 Medical College
* 4.2 Engineering College
* 5 Transportation
* 6 See also
* 7 References
* 8 External links
THE KANNAUJ TRIANGLE
Kannauj remained a focal point for the three powerful dynasties,
namely the Gurjara Pratiharas , Palas and
Rashtrakutas , between the
8th and 10th centuries. The conflict between the three dynasties has
been referred to as the
Tripartite struggle by many historians.
The KANAUJ TRIANGLE was the focal point of three empires : the
Deccan , the Gurjara Pratiharas of
Malwa , and the
Bengal . Coin of the Maukharis of Kanauj. King
Isanavarman. Circa 535-553 CE.
There were initial struggles but ultimately the Gurjara Pratiharas
succeeded in retaining the city. The Gurjara-Pratiharas ruled Avanti
Ujjain ), which was bounded to the South by the Rashtrakuta
Empire , and the Pala dynasty to the East. The TRIPARTITE STRUGGLE
began with the defeat of Indrayudh at the hands of Gurjara-Pratihara
ruler Vatsaraja . The Pala ruler Dharampala was also keen to
establish his authority at Kannauj, giving rise to a struggle between
Vatsaraja and Dharampala . Dharampala was however defeated. Taking
advantage of the chaos, the Rastrakuta ruler Dhruva surged northwards,
defeated Vatsaraja, and took
Kannauj for himself, completing the
furthest northern expansion by a South Indian ruler.
Rashtrakuta ruler advanced back to south, Dharampala was
left in control of
Kannauj for some time. The struggle between the two
northern dynasties continued: the Pala Chakrayudh was defeated by the
Nagabhata II , and
Kannauj was again occupied by the Gurjara
Pratiharas. Dharampala tried to take control of
Kannauj but was
defeated badly at Moongher by the Gurjara Pratiharas. However,
Nagabhata II was in turn soon defeated by the
Rashtrakuta Govinda III
, who had initiated a second northern surge. An inscription states
that Chakrayudh and Dharampala invited
Govinda III to war against the
Gurjara Pratiharas, but Dharampala and Chakrayudh both submitted to
Govinda III , in order to win his sympathy. After this defeat
Pratihara power degenerated for some time. After the death of
Nagabhata II regained hold over Kannuaj and made it the
capital of the
Gurjara Pratihara Empire. During this period the
Rashtrakutas were facing some internal conflicts, and so they, as well
as the Palas , did not contest this. Thus Gurjara Pratiharas became
the greatest power in Northern
India after occupying Kannauj.
Mahmud of Ghaznavi captured
Kanauj in 1018. Chandradeva
Gahadvala dynasty with its capital at
Kanauj around 1090.
His grandson Govindachandra "raised
Kanauj to unprecedented glory."
Muhammad Ghori advanced against the city, and in the Battle of
Chandwar of 1193, killed
Jayachandra . The "glory of Imperial Kanauj"
Iltutmish 's conquest. :21,32–33
Sher Shah Suri
Sher Shah Suri defeated
Humayun at the battle of
Kannauj on 17 May
During early English rule in India, the city was spelled CANNODGE by
Kannauj is located at 27°04′N 79°55′E / 27.07°N
79.92°E / 27.07; 79.92 . It has an average elevation of 139
metres (456 feet).
As of 2001
India census ,
Kannauj had a population of 71,530. Males
constitute 53% of the population and females 47%.
Kannauj has an
average literacy rate of 58%, lower than the national average of
59.5%: male literacy is 64%, and female literacy is 52%. In Kannauj,
15% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Government Medical College, Kannauj
Government Medical College, Kannauj is a government medical college
located in Tirwa of Kannauj, Uttar Pradesh, India. It is affiliated to
King George\'s Medical University,
Lucknow . In 2012, the institute
become recognized for 100 M.B.B.S. seats by Medical Council of India
Government Engineering College, Kannauj is a government engineering
college in Kannauj. It is a constituent college of Dr. A.P.J. Abdul
Kalam Technical University (formerly
Uttar Pradesh Technical
University ) in
Lucknow , and has its temporary campus at Harcourt
Butler Technical University in
The city is served by two major railway station KANNAUJ RAILWAY
STATION and KANNAUJ CITY RAILWAY STATION .
22443/KANPUR - MUMBAI BANDRA (T.) (WEEKLY) SF EXPRESS passes through
Kannauj railway station on the way from
Kanpur Central railway station
Farrukhabad Junction railway station at evening 7:30 PM every
Wednesday . Return train reaches at 5:52 AM .
* ^ Rama Shankar Tripathi (1989). History of Kanauj: To the Moslem
Conquest. Motilal Banarsidass Publ. p. 2. ISBN 978-81-208-0404-3 ,
ISBN 978-81-208-0404-3 .
* ^ A B C D E F Pratiyogita Darpan. Upkar Prakashan. p. 9.
* ^ A B
R.C. Majumdar (1994). Ancient India. Motilal Banarsidass
Publ. pp. 282–285. ISBN 978-81-208-0436-4 , ISBN 978-81-208-0436-4 .
* ^ Kumar Sundram (2007). Compendium General Knowledge. Upkar
Prakashan. p. 195. ISBN 978-81-7482-181-2 , ISBN 978-81-7482-181-2 .
* ^ Pratiyogita Darpan. Upkar Prakashan.
* ^ Sen, S.N., 2013, A Textbook of Medieval Indian History, Delhi:
Primus Books, ISBN 9789380607344
* ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc – Kannauj
* ^ "
India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including
cities, villages and towns (Provisional)".
Census Commission of India.
Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.