Kannauj also spelt Kanauj, is a city, administrative headquarters and
a municipal board or Nagar Palika Parishad in
Kannauj yoo district in
the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. The city's name is a modern form of
the classical name Kanyakubja (The city of the hunchbacked
maidens). It was also known as Mahodaya during the time of Mihira
Kannauj is an ancient city, in earlier times the capital of the
Empire of Harsha
Empire of Harsha under Emperor Harsha. It is said that Kanyakubja
Brahmin's of which Shandilya's (Rishi Bharadwaj was one of the
disciple of Rishi Sandilya) held to have constituted one of the three
prominent families of Kanyakubja Brahmins.are originally from
Kannauj is known for the distilling of scents and is a
market center for tobacco, perfume, and rose water.
It has given its name to a distinct dialect of the
Hindi and Urdu
language known as Kanauji, which has two different codes or registers.
1.1 Early History
1.3 Medieval times
4.1 Medical College
4.2 Engineering College
6 See also
8 Further reading
9 External links
Archaeological discoveries show that
Kannauj was inhabited by the
Painted Grey Ware
Painted Grey Ware and
Northern Black Polished Ware
Northern Black Polished Ware cultures, ca.
1200-600 BCE and ca. 700-200 BCE, respectively. Under the name of
Kanyakubja, it is mentioned as a well-known town in the Hindu Epics,
Mahabharata and the Ramayana, and by the grammarian Patanjali (ca.
150 BCE). The early Buddhist literature mentions
Kannakujja, and refers to its location on the trade route from Mathura
Varanasi and Rajgir.
Kannauj may have been known to the Greco-Roman civilization under the
name of Kanagora or Kanogiza, which appears in Geography by Ptolemy
(ca. 140 CE), but this identification is not confirmed. It was also
visited by the Chinese Buddhist travelers
Xuanzang in the
fifth and seventh centuries CE, respectively.
Kannauj formed part of the Gupta Empire. During the decline of the
Gupta Empire in the 6th century, the
Maukhari Dynasty of
Kannauj - who
had served as vassal rulers under the Guptas - took advantage of the
weakening of central authority, broke away and established control
over large areas of northern India.
Under the Maukharis,
Kannauj continued to grow in importance and
prosperity. It became the greatest city of Northern
Harsha (r. 606 to 647 CE), who conquered it and made it his
capital. Chinese pilgrim
India during the reign
of Harsha, and described
Kannauj as a large, prosperous city with many
Harsha died with no heir, resulting in a
power vacuum until
Yashovarman seized power as the ruler of
Kannauj remained a focal point for the three powerful dynasties,
namely the Gurjara Pratiharas, Palas and Rashtrakutas, between the 8th
and 10th centuries. The conflict between the three dynasties has been
referred to as the
Tripartite struggle by many historians.
Kanauj Triangle was the focal point of three empires: the
Rashtrakutas of Deccan, the Gurjara Pratiharas of Malwa, and the Palas
Coin of the Maukharis of Kanauj. King Isanavarman. Circa 535-553 CE.
There were initial struggles but ultimately the Gurjara Pratiharas
succeeded in retaining the city. The Gurjara-Pratiharas ruled
Avanti (based at Ujjain), which was bounded to the South by the
Rashtrakuta Empire, and the Pala dynasty to the East. The Tripartite
Struggle began with the defeat of Indrayudh at the hands of
Gurjara-Pratihara ruler Vatsaraja. The Pala ruler Dharampala was
also keen to establish his authority at Kannauj, giving rise to a
struggle between Vatsaraja and Dharampala. Dharampala was however
defeated. Taking advantage of the chaos, the Rastrakuta ruler
Dhruva surged northwards, defeated Vatsaraja, and took
himself, completing the furthest northern expansion by a South Indian
Rashtrakuta ruler advanced back to south, Dharampala was left
in control of
Kannauj for some time. The struggle between the two
northern dynasties continued: the Pala Chakrayudh was defeated by the
Pratihara Nagabhata II, and
Kannauj was again occupied by the Gurjara
Pratiharas. Dharampala tried to take control of
Kannauj but was
defeated badly at Moongher by the Gurjara Pratiharas. However,
Nagabhata II was in turn soon defeated by the
Rashtrakuta Govinda III,
who had initiated a second northern surge. An inscription states that
Chakrayudh and Dharampala invited
Govinda III to war against the
Gurjara Pratiharas, but Dharampala and Chakrayudh both submitted to
the Govinda III, in order to win his sympathy. After this defeat
Pratihara power degenerated for some time. After the death of
Nagabhata II regained hold over Kannuaj and made it the
capital of the
Gurjara Pratihara Empire. During this period the
Rashtrakutas were facing some internal conflicts, and so they, as well
as the Palas, did not contest this. Thus Gurjara Pratiharas became
the greatest power in Northern
India after occupying Kannauj.
Mahmud of Ghaznavi
Mahmud of Ghaznavi captured
Kanauj in 1018.
Gahadvala dynasty with its capital at
Kanauj around 1090. His
grandson Govindachandra "raised
Kanauj to unprecedented glory."
Muhammad Ghori advanced against the city, and in the Battle of
Chandwar of 1193, killed Jayachandra. The "glory of Imperial Kanauj"
ended with Iltutmish's conquest.:21,32–33
Sher Shah Suri
Sher Shah Suri defeated
Humayun at the battle of
Kannauj on 17 May
During early English rule in India, the city was spelled Cannodge by
Kannauj is located at 27°04′N 79°55′E / 27.07°N
79.92°E / 27.07; 79.92. It has an average elevation of
139 metres (456 feet).
As of 2001[update]
Kannauj had a population of
71,530. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%.
Kannauj has an average literacy rate of 58%, lower than the national
average of 59.5%: male literacy is 64%, and female literacy is 52%. In
Kannauj, 15% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Government Medical College, Kannauj
Government Medical College, Kannauj is a government medical college
located in Tirwa of Kannauj, Uttar Pradesh, India. It is affiliated to
King George's Medical University, Lucknow. In 2012, the institute
become recognized for 100 M.B.B.S. seats by Medical Council of India
Government Engineering College, Kannauj
Government Engineering College, Kannauj is a government engineering
college in Kannauj. It is a constituent college of Dr. A.P.J. Abdul
Kalam Technical University (formerly
Uttar Pradesh Technical
University) in Lucknow, and has its temporary campus at Harcourt
Butler Technical University in Kanpur.
The city is served by two major railway station
Kannauj City railway station.
Kanpur - Mumbai Bandra (T.) (Weekly) SF Express passes through
Kannauj railway station on the way from
Kanpur Central railway station
Farrukhabad Junction railway station at evening 7:30 PM every
Wednesday . Return train reaches at 5:52 AM .
^ Rama Shankar Tripathi (1989). History of Kanauj: To the Moslem
Conquest. Motilal Banarsidass Publ. p. 2.
ISBN 978-81-208-0404-3, ISBN 978-81-208-0404-3.
^ Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Kanauj". Encyclopædia
Britannica. 15 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
^ Dilip K. Chakrabarti (2007), Archaeological geography of the Ganga
plain: the upper Ganga (Oudh, Rohilkhand, and the Doab), p.47
^ Rama S. Tripathi, History of Kanauj: To the Moslem Conquest (Motilal
Banarsidass, 1964), pp.2,15-16
^ Moti Chandra (1977), Trade Routes in Ancient
^ Tripathi, History of Kanauj, pp.17-19
^ Tripathi, History of Kanauj, pp.22-24
^ Tripathi, History of Kanauj, p.147
^ James Heitzman, The City in South Asia (Routledge, 2008), p.36
^ Heizman, The City in South Asia, pp.36-37
^ Tripathi, History of Kanauj, p.192
^ a b c d e f Pratiyogita Darpan. Upkar Prakashan. p. 9.
^ a b
R.C. Majumdar (1994). Ancient India. Motilal Banarsidass Publ.
pp. 282–285. ISBN 978-81-208-0436-4,
^ Kumar Sundram (2007). Compendium General Knowledge. Upkar Prakashan.
p. 195. ISBN 978-81-7482-181-2,
^ Pratiyogita Darpan. Upkar Prakashan.
^ Sen, S.N., 2013, A Textbook of Medieval Indian History, Delhi:
Primus Books, ISBN 9789380607344
^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc – Kannauj
India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities,
villages and towns (Provisional)".
Census Commission of India.
Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
Majumdar, R. C., In Pusalker, A. D., In Majumdar, A. K., &
Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan,. (1993). The age of imperial Kanauj.
History of Kanauj: To the Moslem Conquest By Rama Shankar Tripathi
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