Kamigamo Shrine (上賀茂神社, Kamigamo Jinja) is an important
Shinto sanctuary on the banks of the Kamo River in north Kyoto, first
founded in 678. Its formal name is the Kamo-wakeikazuchi Shrine
(賀茂別雷神社, Kamo-wakeikazuchi jinja).
It is one of the oldest
Shinto shrines in Japan and is one of the
seventeen Historic Monuments of Ancient
Kyoto which have been
UNESCO as a World Heritage Site. The term Kamo-jinja in
Japanese is a general reference to
Shimogamo Shrine and Kamigamo
Shrine, the traditionally linked Kamo shrines of Kyoto. The
Kamo-jinja serve the function of protecting
Kyoto from malign
The jinja name identifies the Kamo family of kami or deities who are
venerated. The name also refers to the ambit of shrine's nearby woods,
which are vestiges of the primeval forest of Tadasu no Mori. In
addition, the shrine name references the area's early inhabitants, the
Kamo clan, many of whom continue to live near the shrine their
ancestors traditionally served.
Kamogamo Shrine is dedicated to the veneration of Kamo Wake-ikazuchi,
the kami of thunder.
1.1 Imperial visits
3 See also
6 External links
A serene expanse at the shrine
Karasu-zumo - lit. "crow sumo", a part of the festivities held each
year at the shrine during Choyo.
The shrine became the object of Imperial patronage during the early
Records from the reign of
Emperor Heizei (806-809) mention that
Kamo-mioya jinja was amongst a select number of establishments which
had been granted a divine seal for use on documents. The seal would
have been enshrined in its own unique mikoshi (Oshite jinja). This
granting of a special seal and the practices associated with its use
and preservation conformed to a pattern established by Emperor Kōnin
(770–781) in 778 (
Emperor Murakami ordered that Imperial messengers were sent to
report important events to Japan's guardian kami, including Kamo
Kamigamo, along with the Shimogamo Shrine, was designated as one of
Shinto shrines (ichinomiya) for the former Yamashiro
From 1871 through 1946, Kamigamo was officially designated one of the
Kanpei-taisha (官幣大社), meaning that it stood in the first rank
of government supported shrines.
Emperor Kanmu came as part of a grand progress.
Tengyō 5, 29th day of the 4th month):
Emperor Suzaku visited to
offer thanks for restoration of peace.
979 (Tengen 2, 10th day of the 10th month):
Emperor En'yū decided
that an Imperial visit
Hachiman at Iwashimizu Shrine should be paired
with a visit to Kamo.
Emperor Nakamikado took refuge in the Hosodono when
the palace had become uninhabitable.
The jinja is famous for its haiden (worship hall), rebuilt in
A number of priests' residences are situated on its grounds, and one,
the Nishimura House, is open to the public.
Tatesuna & Saiden
Vestige of primeval forest
Ema at Kamigamo Shrine
Modern system of ranked
Yurihonjo hinakaido, an annual traditional doll display festival held
in part of the shrine
Kyoto Prefectural Government Tourism Division: Kamigamo; Iwao,
Seiichi et al. (2002). Dictionnaire historique du Japon, p. 1712.
^ Richard, Ponsonby-Fane. (1964) Visiting Famous Shrines in Japan, pp.
^ Terry, Philip. (1914). Terry's Japanese empire, p. 479.
^ Miyazaki, Makoto. "Lens on Japan: Defending Heiankyo from Demons,"
Daily Yomiuri. December 20, 2005.
^ Nelson, John K. (2000). Enduring Identities: The Guise of
Contemporary Japan, pp. 92-99.
^ Breen, John et al. (2000).
Shinto in History: Ways of the Kami, pp.
^ Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1963). The Vicissitudes of Shinto, p. 206.
^ Ponsonby-Fane. Studies in
Shinto and Shrines, pp. 116–117.
^ "Nationwide List of Ichinomiya", p. 1. Archived 2013-05-17 at the
Wayback Machine.; retrieved 2011-08-010
^ Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1959). The Imperial House of Japan, p. 124.
^ a b Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1964). Visiting Famous Shrines of
Japan, pp. 47, 131.
^ Ponsonby-Fane, Visiting, pp. 48, 131.
^ Ponsonby-Fane, Visiting, p. 132.
Breen, John and Mark Teeuwen. (2000).
Shinto in History: Ways of the
Kami. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press.
Iwao, Seiichi, Teizō Iyanaga, Susumu Ishii, Shōichirō Yoshida, et
al. (2002). Dictionnaire historique du Japon. Paris: Maisonneuve &
Larose. ISBN 978-2-7068-1632-1;
Nelson, John K. (2000). Enduring Identities: The Guise of
Contemporary Japan. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press.
Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1959). The Imperial House of Japan. Kyoto:
Ponsonby Memorial Society.
____________. (1962). Studies in
Shinto and Shrines. Kyoto: Ponsonby
____________. (1963). Vicissitudes of Shinto. Kyoto: Ponsonby Memorial
____________. (1964). Visiting Famous Shrines in Japan. Kyoto:
Ponsonby-Fane Memorial Society. OCLC 1030156
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kamigamo-jinja.
Kamigamo Shrine website
Historic Monuments of Ancient
Kyoto (Kyoto, Uji and Otsu Cities)
chōzuya or temizuya
honden / shinden / shōden
kaerumata: see nakazonae
kentozuka: see nakazonae
Fushimi Inari Taisha
Ise Grand Shrine
Kumano Nachi Taisha
Glossary of Shinto
1 (in order of the size of the shrine network they head)
Coordinates: 35°03′37″N 135°45′10″E / 35.06028°N
135.75278°E / 35.0602