KAKINADA _ pronunciation (help ·info ) is a city and the district
East Godavari district in the
Indian state of Andhra
Pradesh . It is one of the fourteen municipal corporations in the
state and is the headquarters of
Kakinada (urban) mandal in Kakinada
revenue division . The city is often termed as Pensioner's paradise_.
The city was selected as one of the hundred Indian cities to be
developed as a smart city under PM Narendra Modi\'s flagship, Smart
Cities Mission .
* 1 Etymology
* 2 Geography
* 2.1 Climate
* 3 Demographics
* 4 Governance
* 5 Economy
* 5.2 Industrial sector
* 5.3 IT/ITES
* 5.4 Resources
* 6 Culture
* 6.1 Festivals
* 6.2 Notable personalities
* 6.3 Literature
* 7 Transport
* 7.1 Roadways
* 7.2 Railways
* 7.3 Waterways
* 8 Education
* 9 Tourism
* 10 Sports
* 11 See also
* 12 References
* 13 External links
_Kakinandivada_, a village near the present
Kakinada was a Dutch
settlement. They also used to store and export
Coconut products and,
hence, the name _Co–canada_. The
British East India Company
British East India Company also
called it with the same name when they established the first Canadian
Baptist Mission. After Independence , it finally got the name
_Kakinada_. Some theories suggest Kakasura's losing his eye by an
Lord Rama gave the name _Kakinada_ or that _Kakinandi vada_
is derived from _Kaka_, an
Ikshvaku king, who built the town. Another
theory says that it is _Kakulavada_, an abode of crows – for
catching fish on the shore.
Kakinada is located at 16°56′N 82°13′E / 16.93°N
82.22°E / 16.93; 82.22 . The 82-degrees east longitude passes
through the city. It has an average elevation of 2 metres (6 ft), and
many areas of the city are below sea level.
The city consists of two regions, connected by bridges. The southern
part, Jagannathapuram, is separated from the rest of the city by the
Buckingham Canal . The canal and its branches form Medaline Island,
which abuts the city in the southwest. During the colonisation of the
Dutch Coromandel coast, the
Dutch East India Company maintained a
trading post known as Jaggernaikpoeram or Jaggernaickpuram (among
other spellings) to the English.
An industrial belt, running north–south the length of the city,
separates the eastern part from the coast.
Kakinada is bordered on
the southeast by
Kakinada Bay and a marshy wetland, home to India's
second largest mangrove forest and the
Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary . A
branch of the
Godavari River , the Gouthami, flows into the Bay of
Bengal at this point.
Kakinada has a tropical savanna climate with hot, humid weather most
of the year. The warmest time of the year is late May and early June,
with maximum temperatures around 38–42 °C (100–108 °F). January
is the coolest month, with minimum temperatures of 18–20 °C
(64–68 °F). The city gets most of its seasonal rainfall from the
southwest monsoon, although considerable rain also falls during the
northeast monsoon (from mid-October to mid-December). Cyclones in the
Bay of Bengal frequently strike the city. Kakinada's prevailing winds
are from the southwest for most of the year, except from October to
January when they are from the northeast. The city's average annual
rainfall is 110–115 centimetres (43–45 in).
CLIMATE DATA FOR KAKINADA
AVERAGE HIGH °C (°F)
AVERAGE LOW °C (°F)
AVERAGE PRECIPITATION MM (INCHES)
As of 2011 census of India ,
Kakinada had population of 312,538 of
which 152,571 were male and 159,967 female. The
agglomeration had a population of 443,028 of which males are 217,459
while female population are 225,569. There are 101 identified slums
in the city, which contains a population of 132,185, 41% of the city's
MAIN ROAD KAKINADA CITY Statue of Buddha in Gandhinagar
Kakinada Municipal Corporation is spread over an area of 30.51 km2
(11.78 sq mi), while the urban agglomeration area of
over an area of 57.36 km2 (22.15 sq mi). The urban agglomeration
constituents include the areas of
Kakinada Municipal Corporation ,
census towns of Chidiga,
Suryaraopeta and the out
growths of Ganganapalle, Sarpavaram, Vakalapudi and Turangi.
The economy of the city depends mainly on agriculture, fishing and
industrial sectors. paddy , coconut are agro products from the city.
The majority of the industrial sector is covered edible oil
refineries, fertilizers and natural gas. During the late 1940s
(around the time of Indian independence) there was little industry in
or around Kakinada; the local economy was based on agriculture and
fishing. Until the early 1980s (before the fertiliser companies began
operation), the local economy revolved around the textile industry,
auto parts, steel-related ancillary units, agriculture and fishing.
Hope Island , about 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) from the coast, makes
Kakinada Port a natural harbour. It is home to two ports namely, an
Anchorage port and a Deep-water port ( and also third port is going to
be constructed in KSEZ which will be Greenfield Seaport ). Kakinada's
deep-water port is the second-largest in the state (after
Visakhapatnam port) and the first in the country to be built in a
public-private partnership , in 1996 It is operated by Kakinada
Seaports. Before the deep-water port was built, the Anchorage port
was the largest of India's 40 minor ports. The Vakalapudi
Lighthouse serves the port of Kakinada.
Kakinada's principal exports include seafood (Prawns ,
Shrimp , Fish
) and related products, agricultural products (including rice and
corn, oilmeals, processed food products, chemicals, iron ore, bauxite
powder and biofuel. Imports include chemicals, edible oils and
agricultural products (including wheat and sugar).
A number of industries and edible oil refineries, and serves as a
base for a thriving oil and gas industry for the state of Andhra
Pradesh are established at Kakinada. Godavari Fertilizer plant
Coconuts are exported by several companies in and around Kakinada.
The Murugappa Group-owned EID Parry (India) and
joint venture, Silk Road Sugars, has a port-based stand-alone sugar
Kakinada with a capacity of 600,000 tonnes. ONGC
EDIBLE OIL REFINERIES AND BIOFUEL PLANTS
In 2002, several edible-oil refineries were established in Kakinada,
with a refining capacity of 3,000 tons per day; they include Acalmar
Oils and Fats (taken over by Adani Wilmar), Ruchi Infrastructure and
Nikhil Refineries. The port facilitates the importation of crude palm
and soybean oil.
Bio-fuel is next big bet if crude continues to rise
publisher=Moneycontrolaccessdate=20 November 2011}} Andhra Pradesh
has entered into an agreement with Reliance Industries for _jatropha_
planting . The company selected 200 acres (81 ha) of land in Kakinada
to grow _jatropha_ for quality biodiesel fuel.
Kakinada is a tier-II city.
Software Technology Parks of India (STPI)
established a facility here in 2007. Since then, several IT companies
have come up in the city, mainly due to its educated workforce.
About 35 IT companies are operating in Kakinada. Godavari IT
Association of East and West Godavari districts (GITA) is an
association of IT companies in the twin Godavari districts and is
based in the city.
There are several power plants in and around Kakinada. Spectrum Power
Generation has a 208-MW plant, and was one of the first Independent
Power Producers in the country. The company is planning to expand the
capacity to 1350 MW in phases. Tenders for a 350-MW expansion have
been requested. A 220-MW power station (being expanded to 2400 MW at
a cost of Rs 100 billion) owned by Reliance Energy and a 464-MW
combined-cycle power plant by GVK Group are in operation at Samalkota
Kakinada Rural). These plants supply electricity to the state's
transmission utility, AP Transco, under a power purchase agreement .
NATURAL GAS AND PETROLEUM
Kakinada is the base for
Oil and Natural Gas Corporation 's Eastern
Offshore Asset. Several oil companies use
Kakinada for oil and
gasoline shipments. Baker Hughes and
field-development companies working on offshore natural-gas fields
near the city. The
Krishna Godavari Basin is considered the largest
natural-gas basin in India. Significant discoveries of oil and
natural gas were made by
Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC),
Petroleum Corporation and Reliance , which has been
extracting gas from its KG D6 block off the
Kakinada coast. Reliance
has an onshore terminal in Gadimoga, about 25 kilometres (16 mi) from
Kakinada, to process and distribute gas to other parts of the country.
Reliance Gas Transportation Infrastructure (RGTIL) has built a
1,440-kilometre (890 mi) pipeline from
to transport 120 million cubic meters per day (mcmd) of natural gas
from the Krishna-Godavari fields (owned by Reliance Industries)
across India to its west coast.
In 2010, the
Petroleum and Natural Gas Regulatory Board awarded
Kakinada's gas-distribution project to Bhagyanagar Gas, a consortium
GAIL and Hindustan
Petroleum . Construction is underway to supply
Kakinada and the surrounding towns of
Pithapuram , making
Kakinada the second city in
Andhra Pradesh to have
a piped gas supply for domestic, commercial and industrial purposes
(along with Vijayawada)
Kakinada Beach Festival (also Sagara Sambaralu) is a music festival
held in Kakinada. It was declared as an annual festival by the
Andhra Pradesh in 2012. It is a three-day event where
many artists perform.
The city has its recognition in Tollywood films with notable actors,
actresses and directors namely,
Anjali Devi , Suryakantham , Relangi
Venkata Ramaiah ,
Rao Gopal Rao ,
C. Pullaiah ,
P. B. Srinivas , S. V.
Ranga Rao , and
Chittajallu Srinivasa Rao .
There are many scholars like Kasibhatta Brahmaiah Sastry, who is a
noted Sanskrit and Telugu scholar and who coined the term "Navala" in
Chaganti Koteswara Rao (Hindu scholar), etc.
The city has various modes of transport in terms of road, rail and
sea. The primary mode of intra-city public transport is auto
rickshaws and there are about 7,000 of them being operated in the city
limits with an additional of 3,000 from the surrounding settlements.
Non-transport vehicles cover, Motorcycles , bicycles . For cyclists
and motorists, there are planned cycling paths, bicycle sharing
stations, and bike hiring outlets.
Kakinada-Banglore GARUDA Bus at KR Puram
Kakinada is connected by road to the rest of the state and other
cities of India ny means of national highways . National Highway 214
which stretches 270 km (170 mi) from Kathipudi to Pamaru passes
through Kakinada. It is a well planned city with Grid type Road
network. The city has a total road length of 719.21 km.
Kakinada Town Jn. Railway Station main entrance
Kakinada Town and
Kakinada Port are the two railway stations serving
the rail needs of the city.
Kakinada Town is classified as an
_A–category_ station in
Vijayawada railway division . It is
recognised as an one of the _Adarsh station_ of the division in South
Central Railway zone .
Kakinada Port is located on the shore of
Bay of Bengal . It is one of
the intermediate ports in the state. The
National Waterway 4 connects
Puducherry and was declared in 2008 as National Waterway
Inland Waterways Authority of India for cargo transport and
List of educational institutions in Kakinada
Rangaraya Medical College entrance
The primary and secondary school education is imparted by government,
aided and private schools of the _School Education Department_ of the
state. The medium of instruction followed by different schools are
Kakinada is an educational hub, meeting the growing educational
demands of the state. Several professional colleges in and around the
city offer courses in engineering, medicine, information technology
and management at the graduate and postgraduate levels. The Jawaharlal
Nehru Technological University,
Kakinada offers engineering courses
and has a business school, and
Rangaraya Medical College is a
respected medical college in the state.
P R College is another old and famous college and one Shri Peddada
Rama Swamy worked as principal for some time. Famous personalities
like Devulapalli krishnasastri, P V Narasimha Rao, Ushasri were
students at that time.
Andhra University Postgraduate Centre, established in 1977, is
another college in Kakinada. The university is located on a 50.93-acre
(20.61 ha) campus in Thimmapuram, six kilometres from the Kakinada
Town Railway Station.
There are a total of 65 Government Schools with 11,240 students
studying in them. High School to Degree founded by Late. Malladi
Scenic view of
Kakinada beach during evening
Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary , part of the Godavari delta, Hope Island,
India , a sandspit formed by the Godavari,
Konaseema , scenic Godavari
delta islands. It is the second largest mangrove forest in India after
sundarbans. Uppada beach is primarily considered as
which is having one of longest coastlines in Indian beaches. Kakinada
beach is meant for its mild blue waters and cold breeze all the day.
The famous temples Suryanarayana Swami and Kodandaramalayam are
located at G. Mamidada which is 20 km from the city.
Cricket is the most popular game in the city, followed by badminton
Kakinada is home to a number of local cricket teams
participating in district and zone matches, with a stadium used for
Ranji Trophy matches. The
East Godavari District Sports Authority has
a sports complex in the city with an indoor stadium and swimming pool.
Tennis is taught to students by the KTA (
Kakinada Tennis Academy) at
the tennis courts of
Rangaraya Medical College There is a
roller-skating rink in Vivekananda Park.
* List of cities in
Andhra Pradesh by population
* List of municipal corporations in
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