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Al-Kāẓimiyyah (Arabic: الكاظمية‎) or al-Kāẓimayn (الكاظمين) is a northern neighbourhood of the city of Baghdad, Iraq. It is about 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) from the city's center, on the west bank of the Tigris. Al-Kāẓimiyyah is also the name of one of nine administrative districts in Baghdad. Being the place of Masjid al-Kāẓimayn
Masjid al-Kāẓimayn
(Arabic: مَـسْـجِـد الـكَـاظِـمَـيْـن‎, Mosque
Mosque
of the "Two who swallow their anger"), even before its inception into the urban area of Baghdad, it is regarded as a holy city by Twelver
Twelver
Shi'ites.[1]

Contents

1 Religious significance and history 2 Government and infrastructure

2.1 Education

3 See also 4 References 5 External links

Religious significance and history[edit] See also: Iraq
Iraq
in the Quran

Al- Kadhimiya
Kadhimiya
Mosque.

Pilgrims march outside Camp Justice.

The Kāẓimayn (Arabic: كَـاظِـمَـيْـن‎, "Two who swallow their anger"), from whom the Mosque
Mosque
and area of Kadhimiyyah are named, are the Twelver
Twelver
Shi'i Imams Musa al-Kadhim
Musa al-Kadhim
and his grandson, Muhammad al-Jawad
Muhammad al-Jawad
ibn Ali al-Ridha. The qubur (Arabic: قُـبـور‎, graves) of the Kāẓimayn, and scholars Mufid and Nasir al-Din al-Tusi, are within the premises of the Mosque.[1][2] The area that now constitutes Al-Kāẓimiyyah was originally the location of a graveyard reserved for members of the Quraysh. This land was set aside for this purpose by the Abbasid caliph Harun al-Rashid. In its early history, the town was an important center of Shi'i learning, perhaps the main center, but over time the town declined, and other cities rose to prominence. The location of the city has lent it to numerous plunders, that have resulted in damage to its shrines at different times in history. Among the most damage ever experienced by the town was after the Mongol Siege of Baghdad
Baghdad
(1258) where the shrine of the Shi'i Imams was burnt down. The area was also an important center of Iraqi revolt against the British after World War I. In 2005, a stampede occurred on Al-Aimmah Bridge
Al-Aimmah Bridge
over the Tigris River. About 1000 people were killed.[3] Iraqi officials executed Saddam Hussein
Saddam Hussein
at an American operated facility in al-Kāẓimiyyah known as "Camp Justice". Baghdad
Baghdad
Security Plan: During Operation Imposing Law
Operation Imposing Law
in 2007, there were rumours that United States' forces built walls around Al-Kadhimiyya Mosque. According to Iraqslogger.com, the protests that resulted were due to an agreement between Iraqi security officials and the Mahdi Army (now called the Peace Companies) that US forces would not come within 1,000 metres (3,300 ft) of the shrine.[4] Pilgrims to the shrine were attacked on 30 April 2016, leading to wider protests.

Government and infrastructure[edit]

Souq
Souq
in Al-Kāẓimiyyah with the shrine in the background.

Kadhimiyya Women's Prison is in the area. Women on Iraq's death row are held at the Shaaba Khamsa death row facility at Camp Justice. As of 2014 the adult women's death row had 36 women as well as children even though the facility was only intended to hold 25 women.[5] Education[edit]

This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (May 2015)

Amil High School for Girls is in this neighborhood.[6] See also[edit]

Iraq
Iraq
portal

Adhamiyah Holiest sites in Shia Islam List of neighborhoods and districts in Baghdad List of places in Iraq

References[edit]

^ a b "Kadhimiya". Encyclopaedia of Iranian Architectural History (in Persian). Archived from the original on 3 October 2015.  ^ "تاریخچه حرم کاظمین". kazem.ommolketab.ir. Retrieved 2017-06-15.  (in Persian) ^ "Sunni rescuer hailed as Iraq
Iraq
hero". BBC News. 2005-09-05. Retrieved 2013-11-09.  ^ Exclusive "Bridges of Baghdad" Report. ^ "“No One is Safe” The Abuse of Women in Iraq’s Criminal Justice System" (Archive). Human Rights Watch. February 6, 2014. Retrieved on December 25, 2015. ^ Partlow, Joshua. "For Baghdad's Uprooted Girls, School Offers A Hard Haven" (Archive). Washington Post. February 16, 2007. Retrieved on May 6, 2015.

External links[edit]

New York Times article about the district, May 18, 2007

v t e

Districts and neighborhoods of Baghdad

Main districts

Adhamiyah Kadhimiya Karkh Karrada Mansour New Baghdad Al Rashid Rusafa Sadr City Al-Za'franiya

Neighborhoods

Hayy Al-A'amel Al-A'amiriya Abu Disher Al-Adel Al-Amin al-Thaniyah Arab Jibor Bab Al-Moatham Bab Al-Sharqi Baiyaa Dora Al-Fathel Ghazaliya Haifa Street Al-Hebnaa Al-Hurriya Al-Jadriya Hayy Al-Jami'a Jisr Diyala Al-Jihad Al Khadhraa Mansour Raghiba Khatoun Al-Sa'adoon Al-Saydiya Sha'ab Al-Shu'ala Hayy Al-Shurtta Al-Ubedy Hayy Ur Utafiyah Al-Washash Al-Wazireya Yarmouk Al-Za'franiya Zayouna

v t e

The Tigris

Countries

Turkey (523 km) Syria (40 km) Iraq
Iraq
(1,377 km)

Cities

Diyarbakır Bismil Hasankeyf Cizre Mosul Tikrit Samarra Kadhimiya Baghdad Amarah Al-Kūt

Tributaries

Ambar Kuru Pamuk Hazro Batman Garzan Göksu Savur Botan Little Khabur Great Zab Little Zab 'Adhaim Diyala

Dams

Dicle Ilısu Cizre Mosul

.