JULIE PAYETTE OC CQ (born October 20, 1963) is a Canadian
businesswoman and former astronaut and engineer who is the Governor
General Designate of Canada . Payette has completed two
STS-127 , logging more than 25 days in space.
She served as chief astronaut for the
Canadian Space Agency (CSA), and
has served as capsule communicator at
NASA Mission Control Center in
In July 2013, Payette was named chief operating officer for the
Montreal Science Centre , and in April 2014, she was appointed a
director of the
National Bank of Canada . On July 13, 2017, Prime
Justin Trudeau announced that Queen
Elizabeth II had approved
the appointment of Payette as the next
Governor General of Canada
Governor General of Canada ,
the 29th since
Canadian Confederation .
* 1 Education and early career
Canadian Space Agency
* 2.1 Spaceflight experience
* 3 Post-CSA
* 4 Governor General
* 5 Personal life
* 6 Honours
* 7 References
* 8 External links
EDUCATION AND EARLY CAREER
Payette was born on October 20, 1963 in
Quebec and lived
Ahuntsic neighbourhood, attending Collège Mont-Saint-Louis and
Collège Régina-Assumpta. In 1982 she completed an International
Baccalaureate diploma at the United World College of the Atlantic in
South Wales , United Kingdom.
For her undergraduate studies, Payette enrolled in McGill University
where she completed a
Bachelor of Engineering degree in electrical
engineering in 1986, after which she completed a Master of Applied
Science degree in computer engineering at the
University of Toronto in
1990. Her thesis focused on computational linguistics, a field of
Between 1986 and 1988, Payette worked as a systems engineer for IBM
Engineering division. From 1988 to 1990, as a
graduate student at the
University of Toronto , she was involved in a
high-performance computer architecture project and worked as a
teaching assistant. At the beginning of 1991, Payette joined the
Communications and science department of the
IBM Zurich Research
Laboratory in Switzerland, for a one-year visiting scientist
appointment. When she returned to Canada, in January 1992, she joined
the Speech Research Group of Bell-Northern Research in
she was responsible for a project in telephone speech comprehension
using computer voice recognition .
CANADIAN SPACE AGENCY
Payette was selected by the
Canadian Space Agency (CSA) as one of
four astronauts from a field of 5,330 applicants in June 1992. After
undergoing basic training in Canada, she worked as a technical advisor
Mobile Servicing System
Mobile Servicing System , an advanced robotics system and
Canada’s contribution to the
International Space Station
International Space Station . In 1993,
Payette established the Human-Computer Interaction Group at the
Astronaut Program and served as a technical specialist on the
NATO International Research Study Group on speech processing.
In preparation for a space assignment, Payette obtained her
commercial pilot licence and logged 120 hours as a research operator
on reduced gravity aircraft. In April 1996, Payette was certified as a
one-atmosphere deep sea diving suit operator. Payette obtained her
captaincy on the CT-114 Tutor military jet at
CFB Moose Jaw in
February 1996 and her military instrument rating in 1997. Payette has
logged more than 1,300 hours of flight time, including 600 hours on
high performance jet aircraft.
Payette reported to the
Johnson Space Center
Johnson Space Center in August 1996 to begin
mission specialist training. After completing one year of training,
she was assigned to work on the Mobile Servicing System. Payette
completed the initial astronaut training in April 1998.
Payette operating the
Canadarm in 2009
Payette served as chief astronaut for the
Canadian Space Agency from
2000 to 2007. She also worked as capsule communicator at the Mission
Control Center in Houston for several years, including the return to
STS-114 . She was lead capsule communicator during
Payette flew on the
Space Shuttle Discovery from May 27 to June 6,
1999, as part of the crew of
STS-96 . During the mission, the crew
performed the first manual docking of the shuttle to the International
Space Station, and delivered four tons of logistics and supplies to
the station. On Discovery, Payette served as a mission specialist. Her
main responsibility was to operate the
Canadarm robotic arm from the
space station. The
STS-96 mission was accomplished in 153 orbits of
the Earth, traveling over six million kilometres (3,700,000 mi) in 9
days, 19 hours and 13 minutes. Payette became the first Canadian to
participate in an ISS assembly mission and to board the Space Station.
Payette visited the space station again in 2009 as a mission
Space Shuttle Endeavour during mission
July 15–31, 2009, and was the flight engineer and lead robotic
operator during the mission. At that time,
Robert Thirsk was a member
Expedition 20 on the space station. It marked the first time two
Canadians were in space.
During her second mission, Payette brought a signed sweater of the
Montreal Canadiens player
Maurice Richard , stating she had
brought Richard, who was known as "The Rocket", into the rocket to
celebrate the hockey team\'s 100th anniversary .
During 2010–2011, she worked at the Woodrow Wilson International
Center for Scholars in Washington, D.C. and was also a scientific
delegate to the United States for the
Quebec Government. For the
next three years, Payette was CEO of the
Montreal Science Centre of
the Société du Vieux-Port de Montréal . During that time, she was
also a Vice President of the
Canada Lands Company .
Payette has served on boards of directors, at Queen's University,
Canada's Own the Podium Olympic program, Montréal Science Centre
foundation, Robotique FIRST Québec, Drug Free Kids Canada, the
Montreal Bach Festival, the National Bank of Canada, Développement
Aéroport Saint-Hubert de Longueuil, and others. She was recently
appointed to the
International Olympic Committee 's Women in Sports
Commission. She is a member of the Ordre des ingénieurs du Québec
and a fellow of the International Academy of Astronautics. As well,
Payette is a member of the Faculty of
Engineering Advisory Board of
Payette is set to become the 29th
Governor General of Canada
Governor General of Canada , as
announced on July 13, 2017, by Prime Minister Justin Trudeau.
According to Maclean\'s , her term expected to commence in the fall of
2017 after the completion of briefings from the incumbent, David
Johnston . After the announcement was made, Johnston issued a
statement congratulating Payette and welcoming "a Canadian of
extraordinary achievement, admired by all".
Payette married engineer François Brissette in the 1990s and her
second marriage was to William Flynn whom she divorced in 2015. She
has one son.
Payette is fluent in French and English, and can converse in Spanish,
German, Italian and Russian. She plays the piano and has sung with the
Montreal Symphony Orchestra , Tafelmusik Chamber Choir and several
Several notable Canadians, including Payette (right back),
carrying the Olympic flag at the 2010 Winter Olympics opening ceremony
Honours appearing in the Canadian order of precedence are:
Officer of the
Order of Canada
Order of Canada
Knight of the
National Order of Québec
Elizabeth II Diamond Jubilee Medal
In 2001, Payette was made a Knight (French : chevalière) of the
Ordre de la Pléiade of the Organisation internationale de la
Payette was also inducted into the Academy of Great Montrealers
(Scientific category) in 2013, and was named a Commander of the Order
Montreal in 2016.
Upon her elevation to Governor General, Payette will become the
Chancellor and Principal and extraordinary Companion of the Order of
Canada , Chancellor and extraordinary Commander of the Order of
Military Merit , Chancellor and extraordinary Commander of the Order
of Merit of the Police Forces , and Dame of Justice, Prior, and Chief
Officer in Canada of the Most Venerable Order of the Hospital of Saint
John of Jerusalem . As Commander-in-Chief, she will also be awarded
Canadian Forces Decoration .
She holds 27 honorary doctorates, NASA's Exceptional Service Medal
and was inducted into the
Canadian Aviation Hall of Fame . Among the
more notable honorary degrees, she has received:
* In 2005, an honorary doctorate of science (DSc) from the
University of Lethbridge .
* In 2006, an honorary doctorate by the
University of Alberta
University of Alberta .
* In 2010, an honorary doctorate at the University of British
* In 2010, an honorary doctorate by the
Concordia University .
Payette assisted in the carrying of the Olympic flag in the opening
ceremonies of the 2010 Olympic Winter Games in
Vancouver , British
On September 6, 2011, Payette was honoured with the opening of Julie
Payette Public School in
Whitby, Ontario .
In the science-fiction novel The 13th Day of Christmas by Robert
Blevins, the main character 'Anna Johnson' was based on Payette. The
book is about a first mission to Mars, done jointly by the Canadian
Space Agency and NASA. Payette received a copy of the book in
* ^ A B "Governor General Designate: Ms. Julie Payette, Governor
General Designate". gg.ca.
Governor General of Canada
Governor General of Canada . July 13, 2017.
* ^ A B "Former astronaut
Julie Payette to be Canada\'s next
CBC News . July 12, 2017. Archived from the
original on 2017-07-12.
* ^ Scotti, Monique (July 13, 2017). "Julie Payette: Meet Canada\'s
next governor general". Global News. Retrieved July 13, 2017.
National Bank of Canada (May 23, 2014). "Appointment Notice
Julie Payette". The Globe and Mail.
* ^ "Prime Minister Trudeau announces The Queen\'s approval of
Canada\'s next Governor General". pm.gc.ca.
Government of Canada
Government of Canada .
July 13, 2017.
* ^ "Biography of Julie Payette".
Canadian Space Agency . September
* ^ A B "Determination, generosity and spaghetti sauce: Meet
Canada\'s new GG". CBC News. July 14, 2017.
* ^ "
Julie Payette – Celebrating Women\'s Achievements".
Library and Archives Canada . Retrieved July
* ^ A B C "Julie Payette: Astronaut, Canadian Space Agency
(Biographical data)". Houston, Texas: National Aeronautics and Space
Administration. June 2012. Archived from the original on 2017-02-18.
* ^ Flavelle, Dana (February 1, 2009). "Blasting off into space
with Massey mementoes". Toronto Star. Retrieved July 13, 2017.
* ^ Hélèna Katz (2000-04-20). "Julie Payette: Right where she
McGill Reporter . Archived from the original on 2016-09-09.
* ^ A B C "Biography of Julie Payette". Longueuil, Quebec: Canadian
Space Agency. 21 January 2013. Archived from the original on
* ^ Ellis, Lee (2004). Who's Who of
NASA Astronauts. River Falls,
Wisconsin: Americana Group Publishing. p. 146. ISBN 0966796144 .
* ^ Melady, John (2009).
Canadians in Space: The Forever Frontier.
Toronto: Dundurn Press. p. 137. ISBN 978-1-55002-940-6 .
* ^ "Inventive Women Biographies: Julie Payette". Archived from the
original on 2009-02-17.
NASA (2008). "
NASA Assigns Crews for
STS-127 and Expedition 19
Missions". NASA. Archived from the original on 2017-06-08. Retrieved
February 11, 2008.
* ^ Melady, John (2011). Maple Leaf in Space: Canada's Astronauts.
Toronto: Dundurn Press. p. 136. ISBN 978-1-55488-752-1 .
* ^ "Payette to carry piece of Ottawa Valley legend into space".
CTV News. June 13, 2009. Retrieved July 13, 2017.
* ^ "Featured Alumni". University of Toronto. November 28, 2013.
* ^ "Former Public Policy Scholar Canada: Julie Payette". Woodrow
Wilson International Center for Scholars. 2011.
* ^ A B C "Biography of Julie Payette, OC, CQ". Justin Trudeau,
Prime Minister of Canada. July 13, 2017.
* ^ "
Julie Payette leaving job as director of
Montreal Gazette. The Canadian Press. October 13, 2016.
Retrieved July 14, 2017.
* ^ Raymond, Katharine (March 2, 2017). "Julie Payette". Canadian
* ^ "Former astronaut
Julie Payette will be Canada’s next
Governor General". Toronto Star. July 13, 2017.
* ^ A B Scotti, Monique (July 13, 2017). "Julie Payette: Meet
Canada’s next governor general". Global News. Retrieved July 14,
* ^ "
Julie Payette named Governor General". Maclean's. Retrieved 14
* ^ "Message Following the Announcement of Canada’s 29th Governor
General". The Governor General of Canada. Retrieved 14 July 2017.
* ^ Branswell, Brenda (May 17, 1999). "Ambition accomplished: The
Julie Payette joins the roll of Canadian space
travellers". Maclean's. Toronto.
* ^ "Payette, Julie".
Encyclopedia Astronautica . Retrieved July
* ^ "Julie Payette". ville.montreal.qc.ca. City of Montreal.
Retrieved July 24, 2017.
* ^ "Biography of Julie Payette, OC, CQ". pm.gc.ca. Government of
Canada . Retrieved July 13, 2017.
* ^ Kenney, Trevor (July 20, 2009). "Sighting schedule for space
shuttle". University of Lethbridge. Retrieved July 14, 2017.
* ^ "2010 Honorary Degree Recipients:Dr. Julie Payette, O.C.,
C.Q.". 2010. Archived from the original on 2016-03-16.
* ^ "Honorary Degree Citation – Julie Payette". 2010. Archived
from the original on 2015-10-02.
* ^ "Canadian astronaut