The JULIAN ALPS (Slovene : _Julijske Alpe_, Italian : _Alpi Giulie_) are a mountain range of the Southern Limestone Alps that stretch from northeastern Italy to Slovenia , where they rise to 2,864 m at Mount Triglav , the highest peak in Slovenia and of the former Yugoslavia . They are named after Julius Caesar , who founded the municipium of Cividale del Friuli at the foot of the mountains. A large part of the Julian Alps is included in Triglav National Park . The second highest peak of the range, the 2,775 m high Jôf di Montasio , lies in Italy.
The Julian Alps cover an estimated 4,400 km2 (of which 1,542 km2 lies in Italy). They are located between the Sava Valley and Canale Valley . They are divided into the Eastern and Western Julian Alps.
EASTERN JULIAN ALPS
Triglav from Debela Peč
There are many peaks in the Eastern Julian Alps over 2,000 m high, and they are mainly parts of ridges. The most prominent peaks are visible by their height and size. There are high plains on the eastern border like Pokljuka , Mežakla and Jelovica .
The main peaks by height are the following:
* Triglav 2,864 m (9,396 ft) – the highest mountain and the coat of arms of Slovenia * Škrlatica 2,740 m (8,990 ft) * Mangart 2,679 m (8,789 ft) * Jalovec 2,645 m (8,678 ft) * Razor 2,601 m (8,533 ft) * Kanjavec 2,568 m (8,425 ft) * Prisojnik 2,546 m (8,353 ft) * Prestreljenik 2,500 m (8,202 ft) * Špik 2,472 m (8,110 ft) * Tosc 2,275 m (7,464 ft) * Krn 2,244 m (7,362 ft)
WESTERN JULIAN ALPS
The Western Julian Alps cover a much smaller area, and are located mainly in