JOHNNIE TO (born 22 April 1955), also known as TO KEI-FUNG (杜琪峯), is a Hong Kong film director and producer. Popular in his native Hong Kong, To has also found acclaim overseas. Intensely prolific, To has made films in a variety of genres, though in the West he is best known for his action and crime movies, which have earned him critical respect and a cult following (which include Quentin Tarantino , who once said that he really loves to watch To's gangster films ).
To's biggest international successes include Breaking News , Election
Election 2 (a.k.a.
Triad Election ),
His films, often made in collaboration with the same group of actors, screenwriters and cinematographers, frequently explore themes of friendship , fate and the changing face of Hong Kong society. Sometimes described as "multifaceted and chameleonic" due to his ability to switch tones and genres between movies, To is nonetheless seen as having a consistent style , which involves mixing subdued realism and social observation with highly stylised visual and acting elements.
* 1 Career * 2 Festivals and awards * 3 Filmography * 4 References * 5 External links * 6 Monographs
While working as an assistant TV director during the Shaw Studios
era, he directed
All About Ah-Long in 1989, starring
In 1996, To and frequent collaborator Wai Ka-Fai formed Milkyway Image , a production house that specialises in cost-efficient independent films made by To and Wai, as well their frequent collaborators from Law Wing-Cheong to scriptwriter Yau Nai-Hoi .
In April 2011, it was announced that he would be a member of the jury for the main competition at the 2011 Cannes Film Festival .
His 2011 film Life Without Principle was selected as the Hong Kong
entry for the Best Foreign Language Oscar at the
85th Academy Awards
To is a member of the governing Council of the Hong Kong Arts Development Council .
FESTIVALS AND AWARDS
Main article: List of awards and nominations received by Johnnie To
Commercially successful in his native Hong Kong, To's films have
regularly appeared at international festivals, most notably in Europe
and North America. Six of To's films have been featured at the Cannes
Film Festival : Breaking News premiered as an Out-of-Competition
midnight screening in 2004 ; Election was shown in Competition in
2005 ; its sequel,
Election 2 (a.k.a. Triad Election) was screened in
Out-of-Competition midnight screenings in 2006 , and Triangle was
screened in Out-of-Competition midnight screenings in 2007 ; Vengeance
competed for the prestigious Palme D\'Or in 2009 ;
Berlin International Film Festival
Venice International Film Festival , Throw Down was screened
Out-of-Competition in 2004 ;
In North America, To's films have been consistently screened at the
Toronto International Film Festival
In 2005, To received the "Time Machine Career Achievement Award" at the Festival de Cine de Sitges , Europe's most prestigious film festival specializing in genre films. To was also honoured as a "Filmmaker in Focus" of 2007 International Film Festival Rotterdam . In 2009, while Vengeance competed at Cannes, To was made an officer of the French Order of Arts and Letters by the French Minister of Culture in recognition for his films.
Further information: Johnnie To filmography
* ^ A B "Johnnie To". Green Cine. Retrieved 18 February 2013.
* ^ "Rotten Tomatoes Profile". Rottentomatoes.com. Retrieved 18
* ^ A B "Senses of Cinema: The Belated Auteurism of Johnnie To".
Archived from the original on 30 March 2009.
* ^ Taylor, Ella (18 August 2009). "Quentin Tarantino: The
Inglourious Basterds Interview".
* ^ A B "Interview with Johnnie To". Cineaste. 22 April 1955.
Retrieved 18 February 2013.
* ^ "Review of