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JOHN ASPINWALL ROOSEVELT (March 13, 1916 – April 27, 1981) was an American businessman and the sixth and last child of U.S. President Franklin Delano Roosevelt
Franklin Delano Roosevelt
, and his wife, Eleanor Roosevelt
Eleanor Roosevelt
, and the only Roosevelt son who never sought political office.

CONTENTS

* 1 Early life

* 1.1 World War II
World War II

* 2 Career and politics * 3 Uranium
Uranium
interests * 4 Later years * 5 Personal life * 6 References * 7 Bibliography * 8 External links

EARLY LIFE

John Roosevelt was the youngest child of Franklin and Eleanor Roosevelt . His surviving siblings were Anna E. Roosevelt , James Roosevelt , Elliott Roosevelt
Elliott Roosevelt
, and Franklin D. Roosevelt, Jr. . Roosevelt grew up on the Roosevelt estate in Hyde Park, New York and attended preparatory schools The Buckley School and Groton School .

Roosevelt and his next oldest sibling, Franklin Jr., were much closer to their mother than the three older Roosevelt children had been. This was in part because by the time they were born, she was more comfortable in her role as a parent. However, others contend that as a result of his father's disability, "John had grown up with less emotional connection with his parents than any of the others."

By family consensus, Roosevelt was the son least like his father, which reflected itself politically as well as in many other aspects. James Roosevelt
James Roosevelt
wrote that he "had the smoothest, least exciting life of all of us." "The youngest, he was also the least close to father." And, he was "the most thoughtful and businesslike of us."

He was five years old when his father Franklin Roosevelt contracted a paralytic illness which confined him in a wheelchair for the rest of his life. Conscious of her husband's disability and determined that the younger children should not miss out on the sports and physical activities that their older siblings had enjoyed, Eleanor Roosevelt learned to swim and skate. She also took John and Franklin Jr. camping and to Europe. In 1937, John Roosevelt was involved in a drunken brawl and an attack on the mayor in Cannes
Cannes
that made headlines across the world.

Of John Roosevelt's activities before World War II
World War II
, a Roosevelt biographer noted: "When he was a junior at Harvard, FDR got him a summer job working in the forests of Tennessee for the Tennessee Valley Authority . At the end of the experience, his supervisor felt compelled to write Eleanor to say that her youngest son seemed to believe in 'the psychology of making one's way by influence and association rather than by hard work and personal achievement.'" However, most biographers agree that this judgment was actually far more appropriate for the other sons. After graduation from Harvard , his father's alma mater, John worked at Filene\'s Department Store in Boston
Boston
until America entered World War II
World War II
in 1941.

WORLD WAR II

On the eve of World War II, alone among the sons, John Roosevelt announced that he would seek conscientious objector status. Family persuasion ultimately changed his mind, and he served in the U.S. Navy . He was commissioned an ensign in the United States
United States
Navy in early 1941 and served until 1946. James Roosevelt
James Roosevelt
summarized his brother's service: "John was the only one of us who had no opportunity to lead a fighting unit, yet he, too, served under fire. Assigned as a lieutenant in the Navy Supply Corps , he persuaded father to get him transferred from shore to sea duty. He served aboard the aircraft carrier USS Wasp in the war zone, winning the Bronze Star
Bronze Star
and promotion to lieutenant commander for his actions while his ship was being gunned."

CAREER AND POLITICS

After the war, Roosevelt pursued a business career in California
California
as the Regional Merchandising Manager for Grayson killed in a horse-riding accident * Joan Lindsay Roosevelt (1952–1997)

In 1965, John and Anne Roosevelt obtained a divorce. Anne moved to Mallorca
Mallorca
, Spain, where she lived with Elliott Roosevelt's divorced third wife, Faye Emerson . That same year John married Mrs. Irene Boyd McAlpin (born March 8, 1931).

REFERENCES

Notes

* ^ Collier, 361. * ^ Roosevelt, 306-7. * ^ Roosevelt, 37. * ^ Roosevelt, 224-5. * ^ Collier, 361. * ^ Hansen, 680. * ^ Roosevelt, 269. * ^ Hansen, 595-8. * ^ Hansen, 593. * ^ Collier, 362. * ^ Eleanor Roosevelt
Eleanor Roosevelt
Papers * ^ Mark Steen,My Old Man, The Uranium
Uranium
King (Charles Steen) * ^ Walter Blum. Benjamin H. Swig, The Measure of a Man (San Francisco, 1968) * ^ Roosevelt, 307.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

* Roosevelt, James: My Parents, A Differing View. Playboy Press, 1976. * Hansen, Chris: Enfant Terrible: The Times and Schemes of General Elliott Roosevelt. Able Baker Press, 2012. * Collier, Peter (with David Horowitz): The Roosevelts. Simon ;background:none transparent;border:none;-moz-box-shadow:none;-webkit-box-shadow:none;box-shadow:none;">v

* t * e

Franklin D. Roosevelt
Franklin D. Roosevelt

* 32nd President of the United States
United States
(1933–1945) * 44th Governor of New York
Governor of New York
(1929–1932) * Assistant Secretary of the Navy
Assistant Secretary of the Navy
(1913–1920) * New York State Senator (1911–1913)

PRESIDENCY

* Inaugurations (1st * 2nd * 3rd * 4th)

* New Deal
New Deal

* overview * New Deal
New Deal
coalition * First 100 days * Second New Deal
New Deal

* Federal Emergency Relief Administration
Federal Emergency Relief Administration
* Civilian Conservation Corps
Civilian Conservation Corps
* Agricultural Adjustment Administration
Agricultural Adjustment Administration
* Emergency Banking Act * Tennessee Valley Authority
Tennessee Valley Authority
* National Labor Relations Act
National Labor Relations Act

* National Industry Recovery Act

* Public Works Administration
Public Works Administration
* National Recovery Administration
National Recovery Administration

* Works Progress Administration
Works Progress Administration

* National Youth Administration
National Youth Administration

* Social Security Act
Social Security Act

* Aid to Families with Dependent Children
Aid to Families with Dependent Children

* Communications Act of 1934
Communications Act of 1934

* Federal Communications Commission
Federal Communications Commission

* Securities and Exchange Commission
Securities and Exchange Commission

* Monetary gold ownership

* Gold Reserve Act * Silver seizure

* Record on civil rights

* Defense industry non-discrimination * Fair Employment Practices Commission

* Indian Reorganization Act

* Executive Orders 9066, 9102

* War Relocation Authority
War Relocation Authority
* Japanese American internment
Japanese American internment
* German-American internment * Italian-American internment

* Brownlow Committee * Executive Office of the President * G.I. Bill
G.I. Bill
of Rights * Cullen–Harrison Act * Roerich Pact

* Four Freedoms

* Four Freedoms Monument

* Black Cabinet * Jefferson\'s Birthday holiday * Judicial Court-Packing Bill

* Federal Judicial appointments

* Supreme Court

* Cabinet * "Brain Trust" * Modern Oval Office * Official car * Criticism

Presidential Foreign policy

* Banana Wars
Banana Wars

* U.S. occupation of Nicaragua, 1912–1933 * U.S. occupation of Haiti, 1915–1934

* Good Neighbor Policy (1933–1945) * Montevideo Convention
Montevideo Convention
(1933) * Second London Naval Treaty (1936) * ABCD line (1940) * Export Control Act * Four Policemen
Four Policemen
* Lend-Lease
Lend-Lease
* 1940 Selective Service Act * Atlantic Charter
Atlantic Charter
(1941)

* Military history of the United States
United States
during World War II
World War II

* Home front during World War II
World War II
* Combined Munitions Assignments Board * War Production Board
War Production Board

* Declaration by United Nations (1942)

* Dumbarton Oaks Conference

* World War II
World War II
conferences * Quebec Agreement
Quebec Agreement
* Europe first * Morgentau Plan support

Presidential speeches

* Commonwealth Club Address * Madison Square Garden speech * " Four Freedoms " * Infamy Speech * Arsenal of Democracy * "...is fear itself" * Fireside chats * "Look to Norway" * Quarantine Speech * "The More Abundant Life" * Second Bill of Rights * State of the Union Address (1934 * 1938 * 1939 * 1940 * 1941 * 1945)

OTHER EVENTS

* Early life, education, career * Warm Springs Institute * Governorship of New York * Business Plot * Assassination attempt

ELECTIONS

* New York state election, 1928 * 1930 * Democratic National Convention, 1920 * 1924 * 1932 * 1936 * 1940 * 1944 * United States
United States
presidential election, 1920

* 1932

* theme song

* 1936 * 1940 * 1944

LIFE AND HOMES

* Early life and education

* Groton School

* "Springwood" birthpace, home, and gravesite * Campobello home * Paralytic illness * Top Cottage
Top Cottage
* Little White House, Warm Springs, Georgia

LEGACY

* Presidential Library and Museum

* Roosevelt Institute * Roosevelt Institute Campus Network

* Franklin Delano Roosevelt
Franklin Delano Roosevelt
Memorial

* Roosevelt Island
Roosevelt Island

* Four Freedoms Park

* White House Roosevelt Room
Roosevelt Room
* Roosevelt Study Center * Four Freedoms Award * Four Freedoms paintings * Unfinished portrait * U.S. Postage stamps * Roosevelt dime * Books

* Films

* The Roosevelt Story 1947 * Sunrise at Campobello 1960 * Eleanor and Franklin 1976, The White House Years 1977 * World War II: When Lions Roared * Warm Springs 2005 * Hyde Park on Hudson 2012 * The Roosevelts 2014 documentary

* Other namesakes * Other works

Roosevelt family
Roosevelt family
Delano family

* Anna Eleanor Roosevelt
Eleanor Roosevelt
(wife) * Anna Eleanor Roosevelt
Eleanor Roosevelt
(daughter) * James Roosevelt
James Roosevelt
II (son) * Elliott Roosevelt
Elliott Roosevelt
(son) * Franklin Delano Roosevelt
Franklin Delano Roosevelt
Jr. (son) * John Aspinwall Roosevelt II (son) * Eleanor Roosevelt
Eleanor Roosevelt
Seagraves (granddaughter) * Curtis Roosevelt (grandson) * Sara Delano Roosevelt (granddaughter) * Franklin Delano Roosevelt
Franklin Delano Roosevelt
III (grandson) * John Roosevelt Boettiger (grandson) * James Roosevelt
James Roosevelt
III (grandson) * James Roosevelt
James Roosevelt
I (father) * Sara Ann Delano (mother) * James Roosevelt
James Roosevelt
Roosevelt (half-brother) * Isaac Roosevelt (grandfather) * Jacobus Roosevelt (great-grandfather) * Fala (family dog)

* ← HERBERT HOOVER * HARRY S. TRUMAN →

* CATEGORY

* v * t * e

Eleanor Roosevelt
Eleanor Roosevelt

* Chairwoman, Presidential Commission on the Status of Women (1961–1962) * 34th First Lady of the United States
United States
(1933–1945)

UNITED NATIONS

* United States
United States
delegate, United Nations General Assembly (1946–1952) * United Nations Commission on Human Rights
United Nations Commission on Human Rights
(1947–1953, Chairperson 1946–1951) * Universal Declaration of Human Rights * Human Rights Day

First Lady of the United States
United States

* "My Day" daily newspaper column, 1935–1962 * Co-Chair, Office of Civilian Defense * Marian Anderson
Marian Anderson
Lincoln Memorial Concert * Tuskegee Airmen flight * Arthurdale and Eleanor, West Virginia

* American Youth Congress

* National Youth Administration
National Youth Administration

* Black Cabinet * 1940 Democratic National Convention speech * Women in Defense * Freedom House
Freedom House

OTHER EVENTS

* First Lady of New York

* Presidential Commission on the Status of Women

* National Organization for Women

* Encampment for Citizenship

LIFE AND HOMES

* Val-Kill National Historic Site

* Val-Kill Industries

* Campobello home

* Franklin D. Roosevelt\'s paralytic illness

* Hyde Park home and gravesite

LEGACY

* Roosevelt Institute

* Roosevelt Institute Campus Network

* Roosevelt Study Center * Eleanor Roosevelt
Eleanor Roosevelt
Monument * Eleanor Roosevelt
Eleanor Roosevelt
Award for Human Rights * Statue at the Franklin Roosevelt Memorial * Eleanor Roosevelt
Eleanor Roosevelt
College * Marian Anderson: the Lincoln Memorial Concert (1939 film) * Sunrise at Campobello (1958 play, 1960 film) * The Eleanor Roosevelt
Eleanor Roosevelt
Story (1965 film) * Eleanor and Franklin (1976 film) * Eleanor and Franklin: The White House Years (1977 film) * The Roosevelts (2014 documentary)

RELATED

* United Nations Prize in the Field of Human Rights

* International Bill of Human Rights

* International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
* International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights

* Morgenthau Plan

ROOSEVELT FAMILY

* Franklin D. Roosevelt
Franklin D. Roosevelt
(husband * presidency ) * Anna Eleanor Roosevelt
Eleanor Roosevelt
(daughter) * James Roosevelt
James Roosevelt
II (son) * Elliott Roosevelt
Elliott Roosevelt
(son) * Franklin D. Roosevelt
Franklin D. Roosevelt
Jr. (son) * John Roosevelt II (son) * Eleanor Roosevelt
Eleanor Roosevelt
Seagraves (granddaughter) * Curtis Roosevelt (grandson) * Sara Delano Roosevelt (granddaughter) * Franklin Delano Roosevelt
Franklin Delano Roosevelt
III (grandson) * John Roosevelt Boettiger (grandson) * James Roosevelt
James Roosevelt
III (grandson) * Elliott Bulloch Roosevelt (father) * Anna Hall Roosevelt (mother) * Hall Roosevelt (brother) * Theodore Roosevelt Sr. (grandfather) * Martha Stewart Bulloch (grandmother) * Theodore Roosevelt
Theodore Roosevelt
(uncle * presidency ) * Bamie Roosevelt
Bamie Roosevelt
(aunt) * Fala (family dog)

AUTHORITY CONTROL

* WorldCat Identities * VIAF : 6572535 * LCCN : n91054114 * IATH

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