HOME
The Info List - John Aspinwall Roosevelt


--- Advertisement ---



John Aspinwall Roosevelt (March 13, 1916 – April 27, 1981) was an American businessman and the sixth and last child of U.S. President Franklin Delano Roosevelt, and his wife, Eleanor Roosevelt, and the only Roosevelt son who never sought political office.

Contents

1 Early life

1.1 World War II

2 Career and politics 3 Uranium
Uranium
interests 4 Later years 5 Personal life 6 References 7 Bibliography 8 External links

Early life[edit] John Roosevelt was the youngest child of Franklin and Eleanor Roosevelt. His surviving siblings were Anna E. Roosevelt, James Roosevelt, Elliott Roosevelt, and Franklin D. Roosevelt, Jr.. Roosevelt grew up on the Roosevelt estate in Hyde Park, New York
Hyde Park, New York
and attended preparatory schools The Buckley School and Groton School. Roosevelt and his next oldest sibling, Franklin Jr., were much closer to their mother than the three older Roosevelt children had been. This was in part because by the time they were born, she was more comfortable in her role as a parent. However, others contend that as a result of his father's disability, "John had grown up with less emotional connection with his parents than any of the others."[1] By family consensus, Roosevelt was the son least like his father, which reflected itself politically as well as in many other aspects. James Roosevelt
James Roosevelt
wrote that he "had the smoothest, least exciting life of all of us." "The youngest, he was also the least close to father."[2] And, he was "the most thoughtful and businesslike of us."[3] He was five years old when his father Franklin Roosevelt contracted a paralytic illness which confined him in a wheelchair for the rest of his life. Conscious of her husband's disability and determined that the younger children should not miss out on the sports and physical activities that their older siblings had enjoyed, Eleanor Roosevelt learned to swim and skate. She also took John and Franklin Jr. camping and to Europe. In 1937, John Roosevelt was involved in a drunken brawl and an attack on the mayor in Cannes
Cannes
that made headlines across the world.[4] Of John Roosevelt's activities before World War II, a Roosevelt biographer noted: "When he was a junior at Harvard, FDR got him a summer job working in the forests of Tennessee for the Tennessee Valley Authority. At the end of the experience, his supervisor felt compelled to write Eleanor to say that her youngest son seemed to believe in 'the psychology of making one's way by influence and association rather than by hard work and personal achievement.'" However, most biographers agree that this judgment was actually far more appropriate for the other sons.[5] After graduation from Harvard, his father's alma mater, John worked at Filene's
Filene's
Department Store in Boston
Boston
until America entered World War II
World War II
in 1941. World War II[edit] On the eve of World War II, alone among the sons, John Roosevelt announced that he would seek conscientious objector status. Family persuasion ultimately changed his mind, and he served in the U.S. Navy.[6] He was commissioned an ensign in the United States
United States
Navy in early 1941 and served until 1946. James Roosevelt
James Roosevelt
summarized his brother's service: "John was the only one of us who had no opportunity to lead a fighting unit, yet he, too, served under fire. Assigned as a lieutenant in the Navy Supply Corps, he persuaded father to get him transferred from shore to sea duty. He served aboard the aircraft carrier USS Wasp in the war zone, winning the Bronze Star
Bronze Star
and promotion to lieutenant commander for his actions while his ship was being gunned."[7] Career and politics[edit] After the war, Roosevelt pursued a business career in California
California
as the Regional Merchandising Manager for Grayson & Robertson Stores in Los Angeles. In 1953, he became a partner in a Beverly Hills financial company but left shortly thereafter to take up residence in the family compound in Hyde Park. Unlike his siblings, Roosevelt intended to "work his way up" without seeking to profit from his name and connections. However, his department store work was under the wing and direction of Walter Kirschner, a Roosevelt family
Roosevelt family
friend who mentored and subsidized many of the siblings in the 1940s. He was also involved with Elliott Roosevelt in several businesses, especially in Cuba after Fulgencio Batista took power in 1952.[8] Roosevelt represented François "Papa Doc" Duvalier in the United States and attended his inauguration. By 1958, it was reported that Haiti "has retained the P.R. firm of Roosevelt, Summers and Hamilton at a fee of $150,000 to act as its public relations consultant for one year."[9] Although he never pursued political office, Roosevelt served on the boards of many organizations, including the Greater New York Council of Boy Scouts of America, the Eisenhower Exchange Fellowship, Roosevelt University, the State University of New York, and the Governmental Affairs Committee. Although Roosevelt leaned Republican at an early age, he deliberately kept an apolitical stance until after his father's death.[10] In 1947, John Roosevelt changed his political affiliation to Republican, a gesture his mother interpreted as an attempt to win support from his wife's family, his father-in-law being a staunchly Republican Boston banker.[11] But in 1952, he went beyond paper registration, actively supporting Dwight D. Eisenhower's bid for the Presidency against Democratic nominee Adlai Stevenson, for whom his mother was just as actively campaigning. His defection from the Democratic Party and his subsequent leadership of Citizens for Eisenhower - he vocally defended Eisenhower's running mate, California
California
Senator Richard Nixon, against attacks by his mother - caused considerable family friction. The tension was exacerbated when Roosevelt and his family moved into Stone Cottage next door to Eleanor Roosevelt's home at Val-Kill that same year. He and his brother, Elliott, who lived at nearby Top Cottage, did not get along. Elliott left shortly after John and his family arrived. John subsequently acquired what remained of the Hyde Park property Elliott had farmed with Eleanor Roosevelt. More importantly, the presence of John and his family enabled Eleanor Roosevelt to live at Val-Kill until her death in 1962. She saw John's children often and was particularly close to his daughter, Sara "Sally" Roosevelt. After Eleanor Roosevelt's death, John kept the papers from her Hyde Park home and New York City
New York City
apartment. Uranium
Uranium
interests[edit] At the height of the Cold War, when the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission was desperately seeking sources of uranium for the production of atomic weapons, Roosevelt became an officer and director of the Standard Uranium
Uranium
Company, reportedly the first and most successful publicly traded uranium corporation, which registered with the Securities and Exchange Commission
Securities and Exchange Commission
in early 1954 and soon attracted heavy investments by industrialist Floyd Odlum, one of the wealthiest men in America.[12] Inspired thereby, brother Elliott also formed a uranium company, but it floundered when the ore market collapsed in the late 1950s. According to an authorized biography of San Francisco
San Francisco
hotel magnate (and Democratic Party fund-raiser) Benjamin Swig, Roosevelt was also partnered with Swig and Hollywood producer Louis B. Mayer, the powerful "boss" of Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, in what was probably a related consortium, involving uranium investments in southern Utah.[13] Later years[edit] In 1956, Roosevelt began consulting for the investment firm of Bache and Company, which he joined in 1967, retiring as a vice-president in 1980. At Bache, he managed the Teamsters Union
Teamsters Union
pension funds and was a friend and vocal defender of Jimmy Hoffa
Jimmy Hoffa
until the latter's incarceration.[14] His philanthropic activities included serving as a fund raiser with the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis, which his father had founded, membership on the executive committee of the Greater New York Council of the Boy Scouts of America
Boy Scouts of America
and service as a trustee of the State University of New York. Within three years of Eleanor Roosevelts's death, John Roosevelt divorced and remarried. In 1970, he sold the Val-Kill properties. Thereafter, he and his second wife lived on an estate in Tuxedo, New York. John Roosevelt died of heart failure in 1981. Personal life[edit] Roosevelt received his middle name from that of his great-grandmother, Mary Rebecca Aspinwall. His siblings were Anna Eleanor Roosevelt (known as Anna), James Roosevelt, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, Jr. (I) (b./d. 1909), Elliott Roosevelt
Elliott Roosevelt
and Franklin D. Roosevelt, Jr. John Aspinwall Roosevelt married Anne Lindsay Clark (1916–1973) on June 18, 1938, in Massachusetts. Their children were:

Haven Clark Roosevelt (born 1940) Anne Sturgis "Nina" Roosevelt (born 1942) Sara Delano "Sally" Roosevelt (1946-1960); killed in a horse-riding accident Joan Lindsay Roosevelt (1952–1997)

In 1965, John and Anne Roosevelt obtained a divorce. Anne moved to Mallorca, Spain, where she lived with Elliott Roosevelt's divorced third wife, Faye Emerson. That same year John married Mrs. Irene Boyd McAlpin (born March 8, 1931). References[edit]

Notes

^ Collier, 361. ^ Roosevelt, 306-7. ^ Roosevelt, 37. ^ Roosevelt, 224-5. ^ Collier, 361. ^ Hansen, 680. ^ Roosevelt, 269. ^ Hansen, 595-8. ^ Hansen, 593. ^ Collier, 362. ^ Eleanor Roosevelt
Eleanor Roosevelt
Papers ^ Mark Steen,My Old Man, The Uranium
Uranium
King (Charles Steen) ^ Walter Blum. Benjamin H. Swig, The Measure of a Man (San Francisco, 1968) ^ Roosevelt, 307.

Bibliography[edit]

Roosevelt, James: My Parents, A Differing View. Playboy Press, 1976. Hansen, Chris: Enfant Terrible: The Times and Schemes of General Elliott Roosevelt. Able Baker Press, 2012. Collier, Peter (with David Horowitz): The Roosevelts. Simon & Schuster, 1994.

External links[edit]

The Franklin D. Roosevelt
Franklin D. Roosevelt
Presidential Library and Museum

v t e

Franklin D. Roosevelt

32nd President of the United States
United States
(1933–1945) 44th Governor of New York
Governor of New York
(1929–1932) Assistant Secretary of the Navy
Assistant Secretary of the Navy
(1913–1920) New York State Senator (1911–1913)

Presidency

Inaugurations (1st 2nd 3rd 4th) New Deal

overview New Deal
New Deal
coalition First 100 days Second New Deal

Federal Emergency Relief Administration Civilian Conservation Corps Agricultural Adjustment Administration Emergency Banking Act Tennessee Valley Authority National Labor Relations Act National Industry Recovery Act

Public Works Administration National Recovery Administration

Works Progress Administration

National Youth Administration

Social Security Act

Aid to Families with Dependent Children

Communications Act of 1934

Federal Communications Commission

Securities and Exchange Commission Monetary gold ownership

Gold Reserve Act Silver seizure

Record on civil rights

Defense industry non-discrimination Fair Employment Practices Commission

Indian Reorganization Act Executive Orders 9066, 9102

War Relocation Authority Japanese American internment German-American internment Italian-American internment

Brownlow Committee Executive Office of the President G.I. Bill
G.I. Bill
of Rights Cullen–Harrison Act Roerich Pact Four Freedoms

Four Freedoms
Four Freedoms
Monument

Black Cabinet Jefferson's Birthday
Jefferson's Birthday
holiday Judicial Court-Packing Bill Federal Judicial appointments

Supreme Court

Cabinet "Brain Trust" Modern Oval Office Official car Criticism

Presidential Foreign policy

Banana Wars

U.S. occupation of Nicaragua, 1912–1933 U.S. occupation of Haiti, 1915–1934

Good Neighbor Policy (1933–1945) Montevideo Convention
Montevideo Convention
(1933) Second London Naval Treaty (1936) ABCD line (1940) Export Control Act Four Policemen Lend-Lease 1940 Selective Service Act Atlantic Charter
Atlantic Charter
(1941) Military history of the United States
United States
during World War II

Home front during World War II Combined Munitions Assignments Board War Production Board

Declaration by United Nations
Declaration by United Nations
(1942)

Dumbarton Oaks Conference

World War II
World War II
conferences Quebec Agreement Europe first Morgentau Plan support

Presidential speeches

Commonwealth Club Address Madison Square Garden speech "Four Freedoms" Infamy Speech Arsenal of Democracy "...is fear itself" Fireside chats "Look to Norway" Quarantine Speech "The More Abundant Life" Second Bill of Rights State of the Union Address (1934 1938 1939 1940 1941 1945)

Other events

Early life, education, career Warm Springs Institute Governorship of New York Business Plot Assassination attempt

Elections

New York state election, 1928 1930 Democratic National Convention, 1920 1924 1932 1936 1940 1944 United States
United States
presidential election, 1920 1932

theme song

1936 1940 1944

Life and homes

Early life and education

Groton School

"Springwood" birthplace, home, and gravesite Campobello home Paralytic illness Top Cottage Little White House, Warm Springs, Georgia

Legacy

Presidential Library and Museum

Roosevelt Institute Roosevelt Institute
Roosevelt Institute
Campus Network

Franklin Delano Roosevelt
Franklin Delano Roosevelt
Memorial Roosevelt Island

Four Freedoms
Four Freedoms
Park

White House Roosevelt Room Roosevelt Study Center Four Freedoms
Four Freedoms
Award Four Freedoms
Four Freedoms
paintings Unfinished portrait U.S. Postage stamps Roosevelt dime Films

The Roosevelt Story
The Roosevelt Story
1947 Sunrise at Campobello
Sunrise at Campobello
1960 Eleanor and Franklin 1976, The White House Years 1977 World War II: When Lions Roared Warm Springs 2005 Hyde Park on Hudson
Hyde Park on Hudson
2012 The Roosevelts 2014 documentary

Other namesakes

Roosevelt family Delano family

Anna Eleanor Roosevelt
Eleanor Roosevelt
(wife) Anna Eleanor Roosevelt
Eleanor Roosevelt
(daughter) James Roosevelt
James Roosevelt
II (son) Elliott Roosevelt
Elliott Roosevelt
(son) Franklin Delano Roosevelt
Franklin Delano Roosevelt
Jr. (son) John Aspinwall Roosevelt II (son) Eleanor Roosevelt
Eleanor Roosevelt
Seagraves (granddaughter) Curtis Roosevelt
Curtis Roosevelt
(grandson) Sara Delano Roosevelt (granddaughter) Franklin Delano Roosevelt
Franklin Delano Roosevelt
III (grandson) John Roosevelt Boettiger
John Roosevelt Boettiger
(grandson) James Roosevelt
James Roosevelt
III (grandson) James Roosevelt
James Roosevelt
I (father) Sara Ann Delano (mother) James Roosevelt
James Roosevelt
Roosevelt (half-brother) Isaac Roosevelt (grandfather) Jacobus Roosevelt (great-grandfather) Fala (family dog)

← Herbert Hoover Harry S. Truman
Harry S. Truman

Category

v t e

Eleanor Roosevelt

Chairwoman, Presidential Commission on the Status of Women (1961–1962) 34th First Lady of the United States
United States
(1933–1945)

United Nations

United States
United States
delegate, United Nations General Assembly
United Nations General Assembly
(1946–1952) United Nations Commission on Human Rights
United Nations Commission on Human Rights
(1947–1953, Chairperson 1946–1951) Universal Declaration of Human Rights Human Rights Day

First Lady of the United States

"My Day" daily newspaper column, 1935–1962 Co-Chair, Office of Civilian Defense Marian Anderson
Marian Anderson
Lincoln Memorial Concert Tuskegee Airmen flight Arthurdale and Eleanor, West Virginia American Youth Congress

National Youth Administration

Black Cabinet 1940 Democratic National Convention
1940 Democratic National Convention
speech Women in Defense Freedom House

Other events

First Lady of New York Presidential Commission on the Status of Women

National Organization for Women

Encampment for Citizenship

Life and homes

Val-Kill National Historic Site

Val-Kill Industries

Campobello home

Franklin D. Roosevelt's paralytic illness

Hyde Park home and gravesite

Legacy

Roosevelt Institute

Roosevelt Institute
Roosevelt Institute
Campus Network

Roosevelt Study Center Eleanor Roosevelt
Eleanor Roosevelt
Monument Eleanor Roosevelt
Eleanor Roosevelt
Award for Human Rights Statue at the Franklin Roosevelt Memorial Eleanor Roosevelt
Eleanor Roosevelt
College Marian Anderson: the Lincoln Memorial Concert (1939 film) Sunrise at Campobello
Sunrise at Campobello
(1958 play, 1960 film) The Eleanor Roosevelt
Eleanor Roosevelt
Story (1965 film) Eleanor and Franklin (1976 film) Eleanor and Franklin: The White House Years (1977 film) The Roosevelts (2014 documentary)

Related

United Nations Prize in the Field of Human Rights International Bill of Human Rights

International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights

Morgenthau Plan

Roosevelt family

Franklin D. Roosevelt
Franklin D. Roosevelt
(husband presidency) Anna Eleanor Roosevelt
Eleanor Roosevelt
(daughter) James Roosevelt
James Roosevelt
II (son) Elliott Roosevelt
Elliott Roosevelt
(son) Franklin D. Roosevelt
Franklin D. Roosevelt
Jr. (son) John Roosevelt II (son) Eleanor Roosevelt
Eleanor Roosevelt
Seagraves (granddaughter) Curtis Roosevelt
Curtis Roosevelt
(grandson) Sara Delano Roosevelt (granddaughter) Franklin Delano Roosevelt
Franklin Delano Roosevelt
III (grandson) John Roosevelt Boettiger
John Roosevelt Boettiger
(grandson) James Roosevelt
James Roosevelt
III (grandson) Elliott Bulloch Roosevelt
Elliott Bulloch Roosevelt
(father) Anna Hall Roosevelt
Anna Hall Roosevelt
(mother) Hall Roosevelt (brother) Theodore Roosevelt Sr.
Theodore Roosevelt Sr.
(grandfather) Martha Stewart Bulloch (grandmother) Theodore Roosevelt
Theodore Roosevelt
(uncle presidency) Bamie Roosevelt (aunt) Fala (family dog)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 6572535 LCCN: n91054

.